Module 11

Personal Finance

  • 1. Background and Orientation

    Personal Finance revolves around planning your financials today so you can have a better tomorrow. This chapter explains the importance of having a personal financial plan and how you can build the sa ..

  • 2. Personal Finance Math (Part 1)

    In personal finance, one of the key things to learn is the math that surrounds it. This chapter will help you understand the math bit, the application of it and to make life easier and financially sta ..

  • 3. Personal Finance Math (Part 2)

    The time value of money is the concept that money available at the present time is worth more than the identical sum in the future due to its potential earning capacity. This core principle of persona ..

  • 4. The retirement problem (Part 1)

    To get to the bottom of the retirement problem will help you in identifying your sources of income, estimating the expenses, implementing a savings program, managing your assets and risk and evaluatin ..

  • 5. The retirement problem (Part 2)

    The ideal retirement financial plan should include a multi-asset portfolio, distributed around fixed deposits, gold, real estate, equities, cash, and cash equivalents. The overall aggregate value of t ..

  • 6. Introduction to Mutual Funds

    Mutual funds have advantages and disadvantages compared to direct investing in individual securities. A share of a mutual fund represents investments in many different stocks (or other securities) ins ..

  • 7. Concept of fund & NAV

    In a mutual fund, different people invest in a collective investment vehicle with a common investment objective and every investor is treated equally in terms of percentage return. At the start of the ..

  • 8. The mutual fund fact-sheet

    Read this chapter to understand how to read and understand a mutual fund factsheet. ..

  • 9. The Equity scheme (Part 1)

    In this chapter, you will learn about the different categories of Mutual Funds. ..

  • 10. Equity Scheme (Part 2)

    This chapter focuses on the Multi-cap funds which are the diversified mutual funds that are invested in stocks across market capitalization. They are relatively less risky compared to a pure mid-cap o ..

  • 11. The Debt funds (Part 1)

    11.1 – The origins of debt Over the next couple of chapters, we will cover the basics of debt mutual funds. As you may recollect from the earlier chapters, there are about 16 debt mutual fund catego ..

  • 12. The Debt funds (Part 2)

    12.1 – Overnight Fund We are in living in strange times, as I write this, the market is down nearly 30% from its peak. I’ve seen markets get hammered for a variety of reasons – recessions, busin ..

  • 13. The Debt funds (Part 3)

    13.1 – Debt jargons As we enter the 27th day of the nationwide lockdown, I hope you and your loved ones are staying home, staying safe. The number of COVID19 cases in India has crossed 17,000 with M ..

  • 14. The Debt Funds (Part 4)

    14.1 – Liquidity Risk In the previous chapter, we discussed the Franklin debt fund saga. Thanks to this episode, as investors, we now very clearly know that investing in debt fund should not be base ..

  • 15. Investing in Bonds

    15.1 – Context I understand we concluded the previous chapter by hinting that we would discuss Index funds next. However, I’m taking a bit of a detour to introduce how one can invest in Bonds dire ..

  • 16. Index Funds

    16.1 Overview In chapter 6 & 7, we discussed the basics of a mutual fund and how a fund works. Just to recap, a mutual fund is a pooled investment vehicle that takes your money, invests and manage ..

  • 17. Arbitrage Funds

    17.1 – Arbitrage We were to move ahead and discuss MF attributes and gradually steer our way to identify techniques of building a mutual fund portfolio. While I was all set to do that, I just rememb ..

  • 18. Measuring Mutual fund Returns

    18.1 – Mutual Fund metrics By now, I suppose we understand different types of mutual fund categories and what goes under the hood of each of these funds. While we have not covered the entire gamut o ..

  • 19. Rolling Returns

    19.1 – Point to Point return  The previous chapter gave us a perspective of how returns are calculated given the time frame under consideration. So, now if I were to provide you with the following ..

  • 20. Mutual fund Expense Ratio, Direct, and Regular plans

    20.1 – Expense Ratio In the last chapter, we discussed the ‘Rolling Returns’, and why rolling returns offer a better insight into the return pattern compared to a simple point to point return. C ..

  • 21. Mutual Benchmarking

    21.1 – TER savings  I probably should have discussed this in the last chapter itself, but don’t know why (and how I missed it). While we discussed TER, Direct, and Regular plans, I should have pe ..

  • 22. Mutual Fund Beta, SD, and Sharpe Ratio

    22.1 – Beta Over the last few chapters, we discussed various attributes of a mutual fund. We will continue the same in this chapter and focus on key risk measures of a mutual fund. Risk measures inc ..

  • 23. Sortino and the Capture Ratios

    23.1 – The Sortino’s Ratio In this chapter, we will discuss two other ratios related to the mutual fund performance/risk measures, i.e. the Sortino Ratio and the Capture Ratios. These are fairly e ..

  • 24. How to analyse an Equity Mutual fund?

    24.1 – Recap I’d like you to take a moment and reflect upon the last 23 chapters in this module. I want you to recap the things we have discussed so far mentally. In a nutshell, here is what we ha ..

  • 25. How to analyze a debt mutual fund?

    25.1 – Confused Portfolio In the previous chapter, we picked up an equity fund (Kotak Standard Multi cap Fund) and looked at the steps to analyze and Equity fund. The idea was to highlight the steps ..