Module 6   Option StrategiesChapter 14

Iron Condor

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14.1 – New margin framework

These are fascinating times we are living in, especially if you are an options trader in India πŸ™‚

Starting 1st June 2020, NSE’s new margin framework is live, which essentially brings down the margin requirement for the hedged position.

What is a hedged position you may ask? Well, we have discussed this several times in this module, but for the sake of completeness of this chapter, we will quickly discuss this again.

Assume you are riding a bike at 75Kms per hour, without wearing a helmet. Suddenly you come across a pothole, you slam the breaks to cut speed, but it’s too late, you crash and fall.Β  What is the probability of injuring your head? Quite high given the fact that you are not wearing a helmet.

Now imagine the same situation, but instead of being carefree, you decide to wear a helmet. Given the crash, what is the probability of injuring your head? Low probability, right? Because the helmet protects you from an injury.

The helmet acts as a hedge against a potential disaster.

In the same way, a naked futures or options position in the market is like riding a bike without wearing a helmet. The risk of market-moving against your position, causing capital erosion is high.

However, if you hedge your position, then the risk of losing capital reduces drastically.

Now, think about this – if your capital loss is minimal, then it implies that the risk for your broker is also minimum right? Now, if the risk for the broker reduces, it also means the risk for the exchange reduces.

So what does this mean to you as a trader?

Remember, the critical margin dynamics – the lesser the risk you carry, the lower the margin requirement. Higher the risk, higher the margin requirement.

Therefore, this means whenever you initiate a hedged strategy, the margins blocked by your broker is less compared to the margin required for a naked position.

In essence, NSE has proposed the same in the new margin framework.

You can check this presentation by NSE for more details.Β 

The presentation is quite technical; you do not have to crack your head to understand this unless you really want to.

From a trader’s point of view, there are three key takeaways from the new margin policy; all the three highlighted in 1 slide of this presentation, here is a snapshot –

Starting from the top –

  • Portfolio 1 – Margins have increased for naked unhedged positions to 18.5% from the current 16.7%.
  • Portfolio 2 – 70% reduction in margins for market-neutral positions
  • Portfolio 3 – 80% reduction in margins for spread positions

What does this mean to you as an options trader?

Well, some of the useful strategies, which looked great on paper but were prohibitive to implement due to excessive margin requirement, now look enticing.

A trick question for you here – why do you think the margin reduction is higher for spread position compared to a neutral market position?.

Do think about it and post your response in the comment section.

So given this, I want to discuss one more options strategy in this module, I had not discussed it earlier since the margin requirement was very high, but now, it’s no longer the case.

14.2 – Iron Condor

The iron condor is a four-legged option setup. The iron condor is an improvisation over the short strangle.

Have a look at this –

I’ve taken this snapshot from Sensibull’s Strategy Builder. As you can see, Nifty is at 9972.9, and I’m trying to set up a short strangle by shorting OTM calls and puts –

  • 9800 Put at 165.25
  • 10100 Call at 145.25

Since both the options are written/sold, I get to collect a total premium of 164.25+145.25 = 309.5.

For those of you not familiar with the strangles, I’d suggest you read through this chapter.

The pay off for this short strangle set up is as follows –

I love this strategy because it lets me retain the premium as long as Nifty stays within a range, which most often it does. Besides, this is also a great way to trade volatility. Whenever you think the volatility has shot up (usually it does around big market events) and therefore the option premiums, then you’d want to be an options seller and pocket the high premiums. Short strangles is perfect for such trades.

In a short strangle, since you sell/write options, it results in a net premium credit. In this case, you get a premium of Rs.23,288/-.

The only issue with short strangles is the exposed ends. The strategy bleeds if the underlying asset moves in either direction.

For example, this particular short strangle has a range of safety between 9490 and 10411.

I agree this is a wide enough range, but markets have taught that it can make crazy moves within a short period. Most recent being the COVID-19 crash in early 2020 followed by quick recovery from the lows.

If you are caught with such a rapid market move, the potential loss can be colossal and can wipe your account clean. Now, because the possible loss is unlimited, this means the risk to you and the broker is quite high. Eventually, this translates to higher margins as well –

The margin to set up a short strangle is nearly 1.45L, which is quite prohibitive for many traders.

However, this does not mean that you have to say goodbye to a short strangle. You can improvise on the short strangle and set up an iron condor, which in my opinion is a far better strategy.

An iron condor improvises a short strangle by plugging in the open ends. Think of an iron condor in 3 parts –

  • Part 1 – Set up a short strangle by selling a slightly OTM Call and Put option
  • Part 2 – Buy a further OTM Call to protect the short call against a massive market rally
  • Part 3 – Buy a further OTM Put to protect the short Put against a massive market decline

This makes an iron condor a four-leg option strategy. Let us see how this looks –

  • Part 1 – Sell 9800 PE at 165.25 and sell a 10100CE at 145.25, collect a premium of 310.5 or Rs.23,288/-.
  • Part 2 – Buy 10300 CE at 77 to protect the short 10100 CE
  • Part 3 – Buy 9600 PE at 105.05 to protect the short 9800 PE

The trade setup looks like this –

If you think about this, the short option premium collected finances the long option positions.

Since you buy two options to protect against two short options, the profit potential reduces to a certain extent –

As you can see, the max profit is now Rs.9,634/-, but the reduced profit comes with reduced stress πŸ™‚

The max loss is no longer unlimited but restricted to Rs.5,366, which in my opinion is awesome because I now have visibility on risk and it is not open-ended.

The profit is restricted, as long as Nifty stays within a range, in this case between 9672 and 10228. Notice, the range has shrunk compared to the short strangle.

The payoff of an iron condor looks like this –

Now, what do you think about the risk? The risk here is completely defined. You have clear visibility on the worst-case scenario. So what does it mean to you as a trader, and what does it mean to the broker?

You guessed it right since the risk is defined, the margins are lesser.

This is where the new margin framework of NSE comes into play. An iron condor requires you to pay an upfront margin of only Rs.44,303/-, contrast this with the short strangle’s margin requirement of Rs.1.45L.

Besides, before the new margin framework, executing an iron condor was not very viable for a retail trader. For these strikes and premiums, the margin requirement for an Iron Condor was roughly in the range of 2 to 2.2L.

14.3 – Max P&LΒ 

There are a few important things you need to remember while executing an iron condor –

  1. The PE and CE that you buy should have even strike distribution from the sold strike. For example, here we have sold 9800 PE and 10,100 CE. We have protected the sold strikes by going long on 9600 PE and 10,300 CE. The difference between 9800 PE and 9600 PE is 200 and 10,100 CE and 10,300 CE is 200. The spread should be even. I cannot protect 9800 PE by buying 9700 PE (difference of 100) and then protect 10,100 CE with 10,300 CE (difference of 200).
  2. The Max loss occurs when the market moves either above long CE i.e. 10,300 CE or moves below long PE i.e. 9,600PE
  3. Spread = 200 i.e. the difference between the sold strike and its protective strike.
  4. Max Profit = Net premium received. In this case, it is 128.45 (9634/75)
  5. Max loss = Spread – Net premium received. In this case, it is 200 – 128.45 = 71.54.

I’d suggest you look at the excel sheet at the end of this chapter for detail working of this. Please note, I have updated the excel sheet 2 days after I wrote this chapter, hence the values are different.

14.4 – ROI and Logistics

By setting up a short strangle, you receive a premium of Rs.23,288/- and for the iron condor, the premium receivable is Rs.9,643/-. Agreed, in terms of absolute Rupees, the iron condor offers a far lesser premium inflow. But when you measure this against the margin requirement, the ROI flips in favour of the Iron condor.

Short strangle requires a margin of Rs.1,45,090/-. Therefore the ROI is –

23,288/1,45,090

=16%.

The margin requirement for iron condor is Rs.44,303/-. Therefore the ROI is –

9,643/44,303

= 21%

As a trader, you need to think in terms of ROI and not absolute numbers, and the margin benefit makes a significant difference here.

The sequence of trade execution makes a big difference here. If you are considering an iron condor, then here is the trade sequence –

  • Buy the far OTM call option
  • Sell the OTM Call option
  • Buy the far OTM PUT
  • Sell the OTM PUT option

The point here is that you need to have a long position first before initiating the short position.

Why? Because short option position is a margin guzzler, so when you have a long position, the system knows the risk is contained and hence will ask you for lesser margins for the short position.

Please note, I’ve only considered the margin blocked for the ROI calculation, I’ve not considered the money paid to buy the options and the money received when you write an option.

So traders, as a next step, I’d urge you to select different strikes for the long positions and see what happens to the premium receivable, breakeven points, and the max loss.

Do post your observation and queries below.

Key takeaways from this chapter

  • NSE’s new margin framework reduces the margin requirement for market neutral and hedged strategies
  • While the short strangle is an excellent strategy, it has open ends with potentially unlimited losses
  • The iron condor is an improvisation over the short strangle
  • In an iron condor, the long OTM calls and puts protect the open ends of theΒ  short strangle
  • Margin required for an iron condor is far lesser compared to a short strangle

Download Iron Condor Excel Sheet

684 comments

  1. Mahesh Kumar Shastry says:

    If the trade is going in the direction desired, should te the whole trade be just left to expire ..till June end , meaning just let them expire..all 4 legs ?? Kindly clarify

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, that’s when you’ll get to squeeze out the entire premium. Btw, there is no desired direction here πŸ™‚

  2. manish says:

    hi karhik.iron condor is better over short strangle.would u plz highlight on iron butterfly.

  3. Sujeet Raj says:

    Thank you for Iron Condors.. It was today only that I was looking forward to studying Iron Condors. What a coincidence πŸ˜€
    Regarding the trick question, the Put Call Parity Arbitrage, even though has a synthetic long and short futures position, there is still 1 short put and 1 futures short, both of which will require big margins when done naked. Due to the volatility in market and M2M everyday, higher margin is required for these 2 positions than just 1 short position on calls in the Bull Call Spread.
    Am I correct?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      That also. The main thing is that the delta-neutral strategy may not remain delta neutral if the market start to move in a particular direction. These positions need constant adjusting to make it remain delta-neutral. The example highlighted here may not be the best for what I just said, but something thing like a straddle and strangle is.

  4. Sujeet Raj says:

    And the payoff of market neutral is actually zero (not considering transaction costs) when held till expiry.. Also more scope to exit out of 1 leg of a trade. If getting out of the bought call prematurely, then short put and short futures both have risk to the downside and it won’t be a hedged position anymore

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Pay off is not zero. I mean why would you want to initiate a strategy if the pay off is zero right? The pay off is the difference in spread. The risk of exiting one leg remains with other spread as well.

  5. Sujeet Raj says:

    Not sure why this did not come as a reply to previous comment

  6. Sujeet Raj says:

    @ Karthick,
    will the new margin framework be applicable to stock FnO? and if yes. How will it behave in the last week of expiry for a perfectly hedged strategy since the margin requirements will jump of for naked positions due to delivery

  7. manish says:

    hi karthik.in sensibull/zerodha is capital required and margin required are two different amount or capital required is inclusive of margin money.

  8. Dinesh says:

    How to execute all the 4 legs at the same time in zerodha kite…when can we expect the basket orders in zerodha?

  9. Mahesh says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Appreciate the lucid explanation here.
    Anything similar to this in Futures trading too?
    Thanks !

  10. Saravana Ub says:

    I read all the chapters in options and option strategies in varsity. And found the idea of selling option outside 1SD very good. But then the margin requirements made it not feasible. As soon as the new margin policy is implemented I sold options 1SD away on June 3 and hedged them sir. Thank you for teaching us all these.

  11. Nandhakumar says:

    Market neutral strategy has a future position embedded in it. Since the MTM in futures is cash settled it has a higher margin and more over the margin for naked futures is itself higher than naked short options.

  12. Arun Sivaraj says:

    I am unable to place far OTM options. If I embale TOTP, will I allowed to do so?

  13. Amit says:

    But now is ZERODHA allowing to trade in far OTM options like 1000 points difference with all expiry dates ? Because for most of the retail traders, this IRON CONDOR strategy works best with far OTM options ONLY.
    At least, after reducing new margin requirements, ZERODHA should allow to trade in far OTM options.

  14. manish says:

    hello karthik.yesterday i initiated a virtual trade.iron condor set up made.short nifty PE strike9950 @151.95, short CE [email protected],,
    buy CE [email protected] buy PE [email protected] 72.IV when trade initiated was 30.22.today the trade was on negative side as IV was 40%.what should be my stand now? should i wait till expiry or square off the position .if i wait till expiry if i suffer loss would it be capped as per strategy or more than that can happen.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Depends on your view on volatility. If you expect it to increase more, then the losses will mount. However, the max loss is already defined.

  15. Mehul says:

    As per margin calculator of zeordha
    It require 90000 for the follwing trade
    Nifty Buy 75
    Nifty put 10000 buy 75
    Nifty Call 10300 short 150

    But when actually trading margin require is more than 180000

    Please help for this

  16. Amit says:

    Can u pls explain how the loss of rs 5366 is calculated from this trade.??
    Thankyou.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ah, maybe I should have put up the excel calculation, but I just took the values straight from Sebsibull πŸ™‚

  17. Prashanth Kulkarni says:

    Could you please share xls sheet for reference (similar to short strangle)?

  18. Krishna Chaitanya says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Thanks for Yours new post.I have Read all Yours Post and Reading still to understand better ☺
    I have a question :using straddle,stangle and Iron Condor why are we calculating Low and High break even points using premium instead we can use 1SD/2SD ? is is not that much useful?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The strategy is independent of SD, it is dependent on the strikes. SD is an arbitration based on prices.

  19. K VIJAYA BHASKAR says:

    In example premium received may be higher than premium paid. In dynamic Market premiums are continuously changing. In any set of time is premium received is higher than premium paid? If we executed two longs first, then later two shorts. The planned payoff calculation may change beyond our view. I think if we execute four orders at a time with high speed, then our calculations and view may be protected. Please let me know am I right.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The point in that you are shorting strikes closer to ATM and going long on strikes which are further away from the ones you’ve sold. Hence the premium for short will always be higher than the longs, hence this will result in a net credit.

  20. Naveen says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Can u please put up the detail excel sheet for iron condor, it helps us understand the max loss calculation as well.
    Zerodha is doing a wonderful job by educating us with varsity. cheers

  21. Sumukh Bagaitkar says:

    Hi Karthik,

    in sensibull it shows , capital required and margin required are two different amounts, can you elaborate more on this? ..if possible with example

  22. Sajeev says:

    Hi Sir,
    Thanks for the knowledge sharing.. How the iron condors will kept delta if the spot price moves away from the range?

  23. Arvind Verma says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Thanks for sharing it but please share it’s excel sheet calculation as you shared for other strategies.
    Here we receive net premium β‚Ή128 so the upper breakeven point is 10228 and maximum loss would be at 10300 and it would be (10300-10228=72).
    Lower breakeven point is 9672 and maximum loss would be at 9600 (9672-9600=72). Right?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Arvind, I just took the values from Sensibull πŸ™‚

      I’ll update this chapter with an excel template soon.

  24. Krishna Chaitanya says:

    Hello Karthik
    Good Morning!
    Is their any link on exit strategy or Settlement for options on or before expiry date explained?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Not really, these are good to be held till expiry to juice out the entire premium. However, you can exit before expiry based on the P&L.

  25. Raju shinde says:

    Sir
    Pls provide excel sheet

  26. Nikhil N says:

    Margin reduction is higher for spreads since you are still paying some premium to put on the position. In an ideal world if you are buying a call spread or put spread as a package you dont need to post any margin whatsoever

  27. Srikant Ramasubban says:

    Can we have a customised selection of constructing an iron condor as also other multi legged option strategies in the Kite app?
    This feature is available with Dow jones/ Nasdaq brokerages.
    Also, a customised margin calculator app to support kite is to be developed

  28. Abhilash says:

    Sir
    In neutral strategies risk is limited, so any stop loss order is required for each leg.?

  29. Abhilash says:

    Sir
    In iron condor strategy if stock is between the range on expiry, then will get the all the premium collected right?

  30. Abhilash says:

    Sir
    Please explain iron butterfly strategy, is it better than iron condor?

  31. Abhilash says:

    Sir
    when will be the best time( means no. of days before expiry) to enter trade for weekly and monthly options with neutral strategies?

  32. DHAVAL says:

    sir, how i place the order for margin benefit. sell OTM banknifty put and call.

  33. kuldeep sherawat says:

    plz add and explain iron condor strategy adjustment for more learn and knowledge
    thanks

  34. PL SUBRAMANIYAN says:

    The margin reduction is indeed a boon for retail investor and broker who can attract more investors. I would appreciate Zerodha provides a Basket / Strategy builder (currently available in Sensibull for paid members) to Zerodha users.

    Thanks,
    Subramanian

  35. Swetha Urs says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Firstly thank you very much for all the knowledge you are sharing. It has really helped many retail traders like me to increase their understanding in the markets and concepts crisp clearly.

    My question- Why is zerodha not letting trade far OTM’s??
    Though the margin requirement is less for all the hedged positions, the credit we receive is also less.
    I see the strikes above 10% from spot are not allowed but it would be more beneficial if the 10% limit is increased.

    Thank you
    Swetha

  36. Md Faizan Ahmad says:

    Hello Sir, If I have total 60k in my trading account and I want to do iron Condor for 1 lot of Nifty in monthly expiry. Can I do or not?or add some money for margin requirement…..as per my opinion my risk and reward is defined so 60 k is enough for me,,, please regard me am I right or wrong

  37. Swetha Urs Naresh says:

    Karthik, I tried placing far OTM order for weekly expiry couple of times but I was not allowed to buy or sell.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      All strikes were allowed for weekly today. I’m not sure why it was rejected. Can you please touch base with our support desk for this? Thanks.

  38. Ganesh Parameswaran says:

    Karthik Rangappa – The Grand Master has explained this in such a lucid manner!! I owe it to you a lot on learning through Zerodha Varsity on the basics of Options and Options Strategies. Now, with the revised margin rules, Irom Condor comes in as a special learning gift. Thank you for all the hard work and passion you invest!
    Please can yo explain in your inimitable style;
    1. How to achieve a risk:reward of atleast 1:2 while designing the Iron Condor?
    2. How beneficial (again from a risk:reward perspective) is the Iron Butterfly to Iron Condor?
    3. Lastly, Iron Condor / Iron Butterfly calendar spread (sell Strangle / Straddle in monthly and buy protection in weekly) – is that really bulletproof safe?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thanks for all the kind words, it very encouraging πŸ™‚

      1) Very tough, but look selling strikes which are close to ATM and protect this with strikes slightly away from ATM
      2) They are similar, but RRR of 1:2 is possible with the butterfly
      3) Nope, they all need to have similar expires.

  39. Sujeet Raj says:

    Sir, does that mean, when implementing the strategy from Kite, we will need both the margin and the money to buy the options?
    Say, 44k margin to sell, and 20k option premium for the buy legs, then total capital required for implementing the strategy is 64k?

    Also, you said: “The difference between 9800 PE and 9600 PE is 200 and 10,100 CE and 10,300 CE is 200. The spread should be even”.
    Why should the spread be even? If it is not even, I am guessing the max loss on one side will not be equal to the max loss to the other side. So we will have 2 types of max losses.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thats right, 44K is to sell, you need to add the money to buy as well. True, when the spread is not even, the loss will be uneven, which is still ok if you have a directional bias. But it kind of defeats the purpose because you are better of with a bull call spread or a bear put spread for directional bets.

  40. Tarun says:

    How to place all leg order simultaneously for Iron Condor to get the margin benefit, When i am placing order separately i am not getting benefit of low margin

  41. VIJAY NARVEKAR says:

    Please post how to do adjustment if trade went against views.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Vijay, the iron condor is completely adjusted, that’s why we have 4 legs. All the outcomes are known before you initiate the trade.

  42. Ashrant Pani says:

    Sir, I am new to option selling. I am confused about the margin requirement logistics of the trade.
    1) buy far OTM call -> we will need money
    2) sell OTM call -> margin blocked (around 30k), but we will also receive premium
    3) buy far OTM put > we will need more money? or the payment can be done from the received premiums on 2nd trade?
    4) sell OTM put -> more margin blocked (to around 44k as per the example), but we will also receive premium

    I am guessing that, since premiums are received into account at end of day (I don’t know whether it is T+1 or T+2 for options, so considering same day – end of day due to M2M), so at the time of the trade setup, we will need full margin + option buying amount.
    say we started from 1 lakh account
    after trade executed: margin (44k) + 21k (option buying premium) = 65k
    thus 35k remaining in account.

    but after M2M, we will receive the option premiums of say 30k, since it is net credit spread.

    Will it increase our account balance by 30k? 35+30 = 65k,
    or the entire 65k (margin 44k and 21k cost of option buying) is blocked till end of trade until we exit from the trade or till expiry (and as per whatever P/L)

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, when you sell you receive the margins. Hence I mentioned that the sell option kind of finances your buy position. Overall basis, you’ll need margin for sell, a part of you buy is covered by the premium received.

      The benefit of receiving the premium is instant, you need not have to wait. However, if you want to withdraw, you will have to wait for T+1. Also, there is no M2M in options.

  43. Ramakrishna says:

    How to execute 4 entries simultaneously

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ah, sorry, by simultaneously I mean one after the other in quick succession. However, simultaneously should be possible soon on Kite.

  44. Ram Sahu says:

    Sir i’m also new in options trading n i’m trying to understand please correct me if im wrong.
    At any ATM we can
    1. Buy put of 400 points down.
    2. Sell the put of 200 points down.
    3. Sell the call of 100 points up.
    4. Buy the call of 300 points up.
    Can it be applicable all the time. At any ATM.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ram, this will result in a non-symetrical payoff, which may be tough to manage. Can you please put these values on Sensibull strategy builder and visualize the payoff?

  45. Ramesh says:

    From where I can apply options strategies in Zerodha? Do I need to subscribe Sensibull for option workout option stratagies?
    In Iron condor what if we sell call and put after 3:15 pm and buy the call and put for intraday. Because buy rates reduced for next day.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      No not necessary. You can execute these trades directly. I’m not sure if I understand your logic for intraday. Maybe you can give a bit more context. Thanks.

  46. SUNIL says:

    In iron condor strategy if suppose market goes in up direction so can i square off 2 legs that is sell call and buy put to get the benefit of upward direction

  47. Ritesh Jha says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Is there any change in the margin requirement of currency futures as per the new circular. I saw one slide in the presentation shared which talks about currency derivatives, and there it is mentioned ELM is proposed ‘to be halved’.

  48. manish says:

    hi karthik.as a beginner in options i need to understand if i execute iron condor strategy and the strategy is profitable before expiry and there is ample time to expiry can i square off the positions and book profit before expiry.if yes how to square off the position as 4 legs in strategy 1) short call 2)short put 3)long call 4)long put.what should be the SEQUENCE to square off and EXIT.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, Manish you can exit before the expiry. No need to wait to expiry. I’d suggest you exit by exiting the short call, long call, short put, long put sequence.

  49. manish says:

    hi karthik. u gave the sequence of exiting before expiry as 1) short call 2) long call 3)short put 4) long put.if i m not mistaken during exiting before expiry for each leg i have to cover the position at current spot price.for eg.1) to cover short put i should buy put at current price 2)to cover long call i should sell call at current price ans so on for other two legs.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      No need Manish, the assumption here is that you’d be exiting all these positions one after the other in quick succession. So there is no real need to cover and increase costs.

  50. Rishabh Chandra says:

    Hi Karthik – another great learning module. Thanks a ton for the hard work in explaining this as lucidly as ever to create hedged strategies.

    At an overall level and perhaps this question sits in the option strategies module – are you planning to create more content on how to adjust option strategies as one progresses through the expiry? Perhaps on defending the premium when you are a writer or keeping options gamma and/ or delta-neutral ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      That’s an interesting thought, Rishabh. For something like an iron condor (or butterfly, which I’ve not explained), there is no real need to adjust as these are hedged positions. What needs adjustment is a delta neutral position such as a short strangle and straddle. Need to spend some thought on this and maybe I’ll put up something.

  51. ABHILASH KUMAR P V says:

    Hi
    How filter low volatile or neutral stocks for iron condor strategy?
    Pls give IV range for low volatile stock.

  52. Subhajit Chattopadhyay says:

    Dear Karthik,
    Thanks again for this tutorial. I have one question for iron condor its very important to select the correct OTM and correct slightly more far OTM. Could yo please help me to suggesting which parameter we should consider for choosing that. OI, max pain may be PCR. Will wait for your reply. Thanks again, have learned a lot from your blog. Have a great day.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Subhajit, I’d just go with 1-2 strikes away ATM for the inner legs and another strike away from the inner legs.

  53. Premakumar Kootagal Sanjeevaiah says:

    Respected Sir,

    Long awaited strategy. Thanks a lot sir. I have gone through so many youtube videos and write up on this particular strategy (as it was not available here !!!). But, none of them have explained the underlying concept methodically. Most of the things are a kind of copy and paste. I had requested for this strategy writeup even when I was not knowing ABCD of strategies. After going through the strategies atleast for 3 times, I have now started trading options in a small scale and am able to appriciate every word of this classic write up sir. I am now in a position to understand why you have been emphasising so much about the option greeks. It was a long journey from March 23rd till today, I have covered all the modules as if I have got admission to stock market college. Thanks again for giving such a invaluable stuff free of cost.

    Warm Regards.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thanks for the very kind words and I really appreciate your patience to read through all of it. I hope you continue to learn and I hope you remain profitable! Good luck.

  54. sunil says:

    karthik sir i have seen one iron condor strategy in stargtegy wizard where there is no break even at expiry and delta is zero then there is no chance of max loss at expiry here is strategy buy put 20400 sell put 20500 sell call 21500 and buy call 21600 when banknifty is at 21592 , is it possible that delta is zero and there is no loss wherever is market go i m very much confused please help

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’m not sure about that, Sunil. In an iron condor risk is contained, but the loss does occur if it moves in either of the directions.

  55. Anil Gupta says:

    Hello Karthik,

    Implied volatility should decline post-execution of an iron condor?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Anil, you’d want both the market and the IV to stay in a range for the best case possibility. Btw, volatility is kind of hedged in an iron condor.

  56. Manpreet Singh says:

    Hello Sir… I am a beginner in options trading . And i have 2 questions
    PLEASE REPLY .
    1 QUESTION. Suppose i implement Iron condor strategy on nifty . (Spot price – 9800) . Short CE of 10,000 (OTM) and also short PE of 9600 (OTM) and again protects them by buying ( Otm PE ) AND ( OTM CE ). NOW SUPPOSE CE OF 10000 Have premium of 40 rs and premium given by Pe of 9600 is 60 rs. CAN I MAKE MONEY BY IMPLEMENTING THIS STRATEGY FOR ONE DAY . Suppose i implement this strategy on Monday at 9.20 AM and exit at 2.30 PM. Will i make money ?
    2 .QUESTION Can i use this strategy on stocks also ? …….Please reply…….

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) I doubt it since these multi-leg strategies are best held to expiry.
      2) Yes, you can do this on stocks, index or even CDS.

  57. Anil Gupta says:

    Thanks, Karthik!!

    To get the best possible risk/reward, what if the range of stock/index is their support and resistance.
    a.) My range is wide. so my losses will be minimized.
    b.) Deep OTM options so the probability to get convert into ITM is far less. (low delta).

  58. Manish says:

    hi karthik.i have few queries.
    1)how probability of profit(POP) calculated?
    2)when strategy is created what is minimum range of POP that should be looked for?
    3)How is POP related to maximum profit/maximum loss?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) One way to measure POP is to consider the delta of an individual strike or overall position. If the delta is 0.45, then the POP is 45%
      2) Higher the better, but this may not always be the right way to set up a trade.
      3) POP is one aspect, it has no relevance to INR value of P&L

  59. Sriram Viswanathan says:

    Thanks for sharing this excel calculator. It’s a boon for people like me. Can the same be used across Stock Options and Index? Do we need to make some changes in it?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, you can use it on stocks as well. I think the template should work. Try replacing the premium values, please.

  60. PRABIR says:

    Hi Karthik
    Thanks for sharing good knowledges. Just wanted to ask you;
    i) the options sold are to be closed to ATMs, shall we have to see the position delta or vega? Or just go for shorting the just OTM options. The spread of 200 between the sold & bought options is ok.
    ii) when we should we exit in case a trend is formed and seems to violate the boundaries(BEP range), or just wait for the expiry for the capped loss.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yes, stick to OTMs, it accounts for all greeks.
      2) This depends on what you expect from the market. If the premiums have moved in your favour and you are profitable, then you can exit the position anytime you wish. No need to wait till expiry.

  61. Rohit Gadi says:

    Hello sir,

    In one of your response about selecting OTM and slightly far OTM strike, you wrote “Subhajit, I’d just go with 1-2 strikes away ATM for the inner legs and another strike away from the inner legs.”

    Could you put this in an example by giving strikes for all 4 positions of iron condor and clarifying which part is called inner leg in your quoted response above?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The inner legs are the ones which you sell…i.e. both the CE and PE. The outlets are the 2 long positions. The example is in the chapter itself, Rohit πŸ™‚

  62. Sriram Viswanathan says:

    thanks Karthik. The excel calculator is awesome. Great work in helping out.

  63. Yuvraj says:

    Hi Sir,

    I see Nifty max pain is 10000 for Jun month. Under which scenario it will break this support in this month? You indicated about black swan events. As per your experience what was the trigger caused max pain value?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      That support can be taken away by day to day movement itself, we don’t really need a black swan for this.

  64. Yuvraj says:

    I mean under which all scenario market cross the max pain value?

  65. Rohit Gadi says:

    Thank you for your response, sir. I did go through the example. I was confused about relating the legs part with strikes☺️

  66. vivek says:

    Hi Karthik,
    1. In Iron Condor, we buy OTM put and call options for restricting loss on both sides.

    2. If I construct Short strangle and place 2 GTT stop loss orders on each side of strangle leg, i should able to save on buying premium cost . My profits will be same – premium received from selling option.
    If market moves to one side , stop loss will triger for that leg , protecting my position.
    Only my margin requirement will be higher.

    Is this understanding correct?

  67. Rohit Gadi says:

    Talking about happy learning, i do have one more thing to learn, sir.

    In the entire module, whenever you discussed a strategy, you came up with precise strikes(ATM or OTM or ITM) to enter the market for multi legged ones.

    Did you decide on these by trial and error method or are these strikes universal in nature and professional traders use the combination of these strikes ONLY be it condor, bull call spread etc?
    Please enlighten.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’ve explained the thought process in the chapters itself, Rohit. If you want to stick to safety, I’d suggest you look at ATM or slightly ITM option.

  68. TP says:

    Hi Kartik,
    How to rectify the iron condor if the NET spread is negative after entering all the legs?
    How to execute the strategy correctly to ensure there is always a positive credit spread after entering all legs.
    TIA,

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      It cannot go -ve as you are selling strikes which are always at a higher premium compared to what you are writing.

  69. Rohit Gadi says:

    Thank you, sir.

    One last query as did not want to wear you down with a prolonged one at once.

    Two options were described in theory module which were european/american. When i look into zerodha kite, it shows call and put as CE and PE which is european system. That means it can be squared off on the expiry day only. The strategies module says we can square off any day before expiry if we meet our profit targets. Please clarify?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Rohit,CE or PE implies that you can exercise the option on the day of the expiry only. However, you can buy-sell the option by trading the premium. Trading the option premium and exercising the option are two different things.

  70. Balu says:

    What does held till expiry mean?

    If I set up an iron Condor today, should I just wait out till jul 30th Thursday closing bell?

    Will the system square me off ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You can decide to hold till expiry or you can decide to square off before the expiry. No issues with that.

  71. naresh says:

    sir,
    i bought nifty call option strike price @11000. Before expiry if nifty goes to 11100, and i square off my postion ,then will i get profit of Rs 100 on my call option. ?

  72. Balu says:

    sir, i need little more clarity since i am setting this up first time

    for eg: If i sell a nifty 11200 CE for a premium of 20 rupees. ie value = 20*75 = 1500 rupees

    and the nifty closes on 10800 on jul 30th 3.30 pm

    Do i get to keep the 1500 rupees if i do no nothing on the 30th ?

    Or do i have to manually buy back the 11200 CE at market price @ 3.29 pm (i.e square off my sell transaction with a buy transaction to complete the trade)

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      That’s right if Nifty closes below 10800, then the 11200 CE would expire worthlessly, hence you get to retain the entire premium i.e 1500/-. However, it is always better to close the trade before expiry to avoid paying STT for ITM options.

  73. suresh says:

    iron Condor
    if market close at 9000 or 11000
    max loss??

  74. k suresh says:

    iron Condor
    if market close at 9000 or 11000
    max loss??
    This makes an iron condor a four-leg option strategy. Let us see how this looks –

    Part 1 – Sell 9800 PE at 165.25 and sell a 10100CE at 145.25, collect a premium of 310.5 or Rs.23,288/-.
    Part 2 – Buy 10300 CE at 77 to protect the short 10100 CE
    Part 3 – Buy 9600 PE at 105.05 to protect the short 9800 PE

    iron Condor
    if market close at 9000 or 11000
    max loss??

  75. Gurudarshan says:

    Hi Sir,

    Butterfly startegy was listed at the start of the module ,but could not see any explanation, are you planning to add soon , also saw that iron condor was recently added, the old pdf that i downloaded did not have even iron condor, any specific reason not to go in deep discussion with Iron condor and butterflies, please do reply

    Thanks
    Guru

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Its just that the margins were prohibitive for executing these 4 leg strategies, but with the new framework this is now easily possible. Hence added it now.

  76. Gurudarshan says:

    Sir,

    Just a follow up on my previous question, i see 2 other strategies which you said will be discussed at the start of the modiule, Strips and straps, please do add them when ever you find time, I would like to thank you for this education , I have learnt many things through varsity

  77. Shailesh Godse says:

    How my P&L will look like if I exit iron contour before expiry? What I will get and what will be the loss?

  78. Rohit Gadi says:

    Thank you for your response sir.

    I am a swing trader in index futures and trying to learn options. I have another mundane query, if i am trading premium what is the process of squaring it off on kite? Alternatively, if i am supposed to exercise an option at the time of expiry, how does this process differs at the time of execution on kite?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Goto the positions tab, click on exit position and you are done. Exercise an option is simple, you let your position stay in the system without squaring off. If you do so, its deemed exercised.

  79. Ravi says:

    But zerodja not allowing buying OTM options to place iron condors

  80. Rohit Gadi says:

    Perfect!

    Thank you so much for responding to all my queries without cringing. Appreciate it, sir.

    I have read both theory and strategy modules now and i loved the cartoons to describe a peculiar situation. They were witty. Also, admire your ability to interwoven your favorite Terentino and Moneyball with options! Learning an art and sharing it with others through teaching is a different ball game together. Zerodha picked up the best guy for this job. Cheers!

  81. S Kumar says:

    How should I consider Implied Volatility while trading options ?
    Like , on what day or what time while trading Nifty options..

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, IV is a critical input for options trading. You should look at it. Have highlighted the importance across several chapters.

  82. Shadab Hussain says:

    This chapter is not available in Hindi language

  83. Trupti says:

    I tried executing this strategy but could not do it due to OI restrictions.
    Fortunately, it was the very first trade of buying OTM put which gave this error and then I stopped the entire trade altogether.
    However, this made me wonder what if I would have got the OI error after 2 orders were executed.
    Total mess and instead of safe limited risk trade, it would turn into a nightmare.

    The risk of all four legs *not* being completed seems to be too high. What if only 1,2 or 3 legs get executed and then OI restrictions kick in? I will be stuck with bad trade with high loss probability.

    One way to make this a viable strategy as claimed in the article is to display the OI restriction before placing the trade.
    The Buy/Sell interface can have a button which displays if this strike is within known OI restriction.

  84. Amol says:

    Hello kartik,

    Regarding option, would please explain about how profit & loss are calculated before expiry & on the day of expiry? Also on the day of expiry can we square off the position before 3.30 pm or system will do it automatically on expiry day at 3.30 pm.

    Regards,
    Amol.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Before the expiry, the P&L is simply the difference between the buy and sell price of the option premium. After the expiry, the P&L is dependent on the intrinsic value of the option.

      For CE, the intrinsic value is the positive difference between the spot and strike and for PE, it is the difference between the strike and spot. I’ve have explained this in detail in the previous module.

  85. Rohit Gadi says:

    Hello sir,

    In regards to Trupti’s query above, what are OI restrictions error? Additionally, the link given for strikes allowed for trading is showing the upper range for next week nifty as 11400. However, when i go to kite and search for 11500 ce strike, it is shown for 23 July expiry? Does it mean i will not be able to trade for 11500 ce since the range mentioned is 11400? How does this work. I did see why zerodha have a limited range for OTM strike as 15 percent thing kicks in. Please clarify, sir.

  86. balu says:

    Karthik,
    This is my understanding, please correct me if i am wrong

    Options trading works best
    1. if the underlying stays in a range (so that we can deploy a condor and lock-in profits)
    2. we are already in a position and needs hedging or day trading (say we already have 100 qty of stock, but we feel a news may take the stock 5% down. and we dont want to exit the stock – but reap some profit in the meantime πŸ™‚ )

    If we are clear on the direction or the main trend, i guess futures trading gives higher return than options trading.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yes, for iron condor to work, you want the stock/index to stay in a range
      2) Yes, usually ATM PUT works best for such scenario

      Yes, futures is best when you are clear about the direction.

  87. Yuvraj says:

    Thank you for your guidance.

    On day of expiry.. What time one should square off the positions?

    For example on expiry I want to square off 11000CE short and Nifty is trading around 11050 with premium 150. As per analysis Nifty will close around 11080 on expiry day . In such case if I don’t square off 11000 CE what will happen?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      It is better to square off the position before 3:20PM on the expiry day and avoid the hassle of getting the contract assigned.

  88. amol says:

    Hello Kartik,

    where do i get OTM strike range for nifty & banknifty for weekly expiry?

  89. Sharan says:

    Hi Karthik,
    I tried to calculate Margin requirements for Iron Condor Strategy on Zerodha’s Margin Calculator, step by step as mentioned in this chapter, on Grasim July 30 CE Options but the margins were still pretty High, i.e., 2,30,000 Rupees. The major component is Exposure Margin – 2,12,000.
    Why is the margin requirement still so high?

    Thanks

  90. Rohit Gadi says:

    Hi sir,

    I was going through your comments about Greeks on above strategy. You said volatility is taken care of in iron condor itself. Something like this for delta also.
    My query is, when i place iron condor which is 4 legs strategy, is this strategy greeks independent? If this term exists. Alternatively, if greeks matter in condor, which ones to look out for and how does it work? I mean what should be the iv and delta etc at the time of entry/exit?

    Thank you for your time.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Iron condor insulates against direction (delta) and volatility (vega), so what you really need to look for is time. However, the same cannot be said about other 2 and 3 leg strategies.

  91. Amol Morde says:

    hello kartik,

    where can see restrictions on certain OTM strikes as far as nifty & bank nifty is considered with respect to weekly expiry.

  92. Amol says:

    Hello kartik,
    i had sold nifty 11200 CE at 17 rupees on 22.7.20(non-expiry day) and if buy the same on 23.07.20 (expiry day) when nifty is hovering below 11200(it was around 11186) at 11.00 am then will i able to keep 17 rupees premium OR should i wait by 3.20 pm?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      It depends on what price you are buying back the option. Suppose you buy back at 15, then your profit is 2. Or suppose you buy back at 2, your profit is 15.

  93. Rohit Gadi says:

    Hi sir,

    W.r.t Amol’s query above, don’t we get the maximum profit when we let the Sold options expire worthless.? This is in context to Candor. So, if the underlying remains within the OTM strike range we chose for Candor, we get maximum profit at the time of expiry as we get to keep the entire premium. In Amol case, if we buy back before, it will depend on the premium traded at that moment of time as mentioned in your response? Please clarify if i am on the wrong train of thought?
    Regards

  94. Shyam Raghavan says:

    hi kartik sir,

    1.The new margin rules brought by sebi is little confusing. When SEBI is talking about no margin for fno from Aug, how will this impact Discount brokers who offer huge leverages to entice retail traders?

    2. With the end of margin facility does that mean we will have to pay 122k (as per zerodha margin calculator) to initiate a position in bank nifty futures for an intraday trade (buy or sell) against a fraction of amount that I’m paying right now for MIS? Or is it only for option sellers?

    3. If this rule is in force from 2021 as sebi says, I’m sure many of the traders with capital base of 1-1.5lacs will have to leave the market as it is impossible to sustain with such a small amt in long run.

    4. Do You think there will be a drastic reduction in trading volumes?

    5.IT looks like SEBI wants to stop retail traders from selling options and they want to drive the traders into buying.

  95. Rammohan says:

    Good Morning. At the very start of this chapter, you have written that “Starting 1st June 2020, NSE’s new margin framework is live, which essentially brings down the margin requirement for the hedged position.” Could you send me the link for whichever NSE Circular this pertains to, please?

  96. Amol says:

    Hello kartik,
    With reference to my query dated on 23.7.20, if I buy back sold option on expiry day on anytime between trading hours (9.15am to 3.20 pm)then would I able to keep entire premium provided that it is below strike price OR will we have to wait till expiry time.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      No, you will get to keep the amount which is the difference between the buy and sell price of the premium.

  97. Milan Nagori says:

    Hello Karthik,
    suppose bank nifty spot price is 22600
    and i shorted 23000 call option and 22400 put option
    and suppose I am getting 4000 profit if spot price come down to 22400 or it move to 23000
    So can I square off my position in between or i have to wait till the expiry because I have shorted the position.
    please give my brief because i have never shorted call option.
    And also what amount of margin is prohibited for traders.

  98. Milan Nagori says:

    Ok And Is there any Limit for Margin i.e. like 1.45L above that margin you cannot trade.

  99. Rohit Gadi says:

    Hello sir,

    I am back with another query πŸ˜”

    I was going through the example above and the excel for the payoff attached in iron condor module.

    In both the scenarios, the max profit was greater than the max loss. However, is this the case always or it changes with the selection of strikes?

    I checked the profit and loss ratio by selecting far otm strikes within zerodha oi range and the max loss was greater than max profit?

    Please clarify.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Rohit, usually this is the case i.e. if you choose slightly OTM to write and far OTM to buy. But then this can change based on the premium and the market circumstances.

  100. Vikas says:

    Hi karthik,

    Few questions.

    1. What type of stocks are more suitable for this strategy?
    2. Any formula to determine the range to stay profitable? Either % or stdev, anything.
    3. When should the trade be executed, beginning of month, mid or later?

    Seeking guidance on stock and range selection, I did iron condor for Pnb in jul and the margin requirements shot up dramatically week over week, almost 10 times of original margin. I had to exit before expiry.

    Great series. Thank you.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Any stock which is liquid
      2) Nothing specific that I can think of
      3) Around mid if good enough

      Did you have other positions apart from the Iron Condor?

  101. Vikas says:

    For Point# 2 – How far OTM should be considered for iron condor? Too close is risky and too far is not liquid. Is stdev 1 a good enough distance considering we are at mid way for expiry. Or should I go by max OI positions on both sides? How do you choose the strike prices for this strategy?

    Yes Karthik, Now I realise that I had squared off the CE side before PE side considering the movement in the stock.

  102. shivam puri says:

    Sir i have two questions
    1. Do theta decay happens during the market ?
    2. what will be the impact of carrying positions over weekend ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yes, it is on a continuous basis. However, the effect of it is largely felt closer to expiry.
      2) Only some theta effect, nothing apart from that from the Greeks perspective.

  103. Gaurav Kumar says:

    Hii Karthik,

    I was trying Iron condor on stocks and I observed that the Net premium received is less than the max loss. But same I tried with Nifty index it is reversed, premium received is more than max loss.Why it is so?
    Pls elaborate this..

    2).Another query suppose I make Iron condor yesterday with Nifty spot price 11095 (Sold 11300CE and 10900PE, Bought 11500CE and 10700PE). Net premium received 120 and Max.loss 80.

    If I want to exit in 2-3 days then how much premium would I able to make considering the index in range.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      But why are you comparing a max loss with net premium received? What you need to look at is the potential max loss versus the potential max profit at expiry. It is hard to estimate the P&L before expiry as it involves multiple assumptions. However, you can log into Sensibull platform to check this.

  104. koushik says:

    sir,
    I have been working on these hedged positions for a while and today morning when i thought of doing a earnings trade for tomorrows results of amarajabat share it happens to go like this, amarajabat spot =720
    720ce buy premium =28*2 lots (leg 1)
    740ce sell premium =21*3 lots (leg 2)
    780ce buy premium =10 one lot (leg 3)
    now ,i was able to figure out the max profit that is on expiry if spot ends up near 740 and it happen to be 37,600 and does matter how low the share price goes the max loss is limited to 3000, now im struck calculating the loss if share price goes beyond 780 (eg: if spot goes up to 900) so please help me solve this .
    thank you very much.

  105. koushik says:

    yes sir ,this is not an iron condor .I just need help in calculating the risk if share price rallies up and my reason is to collect premiums before the results were volatility is high and at same time hedge the position so that we come out with minimum loss if share price moves violently .
    thank you .

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The best way to deal with this is to put the numbers on excel and measure the pay off from each strike against hypothetical market expiries. This will help you understand the risk and reward. In fact, I’ve done the same thing on every strategy chapter.

  106. koushik says:

    sir ,
    And it turns to 3000 max loss either side (from 722 down side and from 777 up side ) am i correct sir ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Possible, cannot comment on this unless you put the numbers on excel or actually you can do this on Sensibull strategy wizard as well.

  107. koushik says:

    thank you sir got it

  108. Jitu says:

    Hi Karthik sir , I am a big fan of Zerodha varsity as whatever trading knowledge I have today is coz of Virsity, Thank you for everything sir:)

    I am trying to learn Iron fly strategy as well, when it is going to get added on virsity , I am searching for “what should be the ideal IV percentile” to initiate iron fly, Please provide your guidance on this sir …
    Thanks…

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ah, I’m not sure about the Iron fly myself, have never traded that. Will have to research myself πŸ™‚

  109. Ketav says:

    Hi
    I get that when iron Condor is implemented the margins reduce by a great margin.

    How will the margins for Iron Condor behave in the last two days of expiry? Will the margins double for iron Condor as well?

  110. Shireesha says:

    Hi kindly clarify this strategy would be good for monthly or weekly.

  111. NIPJYOTI BHUYAN says:

    Thanks….If in any neutral strategy like Short strangle or Iron condor, If at any point of time the market strongly moves out of our profit range should we still hold the position till expiry or come out with a loss before expiry or do you advice us to make any other adjustments as per our skills..?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, this depends on your holding capacity and risk tolerance. Please close the position of you think its outside this boundary.

  112. shyamal says:

    If I take a BWB (Broken Wing Butterfly ) position of 27th August Expiry of Reliance with no downside risk as mentioned below:
    Buy 2160 PE
    Sell 2180 PE and 2180 CE
    Buy 2360 CE

    Net Credit – 25477
    Capital – 2.17 Lac
    Downside sure shot profit – 15377
    BEP – 2230
    My query: Is it necessary to close & exit the positions before expiry or can I let the whole basket expire. will I get assigned as my PE sell position will go In The Money(ITM).

  113. Ramesh Kumar says:

    Sir please add the chapter for strategy adjustment.

  114. Gaurav Kumar says:

    Hii Karthik,

    Thanks for your valuable insights on Iron Condor.
    I have a few questions here.
    Lets say I need a total margin of Rs. 100000(SPAN + exposure) to write one lot of Banknifty option and I have Rs. 100000 in cash, and then I take the position (NRML).
    I did Virtual trading on Friday in Bank Nifty(Spot-22150) as per details mentioned below…
    Sell [email protected], Sell [email protected], Buy [email protected] & Buy [email protected]
    Now suddenly bears took the grip and Banknifty breaks my breakeven(21753). But I still feels that it will bounce back and will be within my range so I decided to carry forward the position to next week.
    I have 2 questions here….

    1) Does the broker automatically square off my position Since it breaks my breakeven strike point and closed below it?
    2). Does the broker ask me for more margin requirements ? If yes, then how much?

    Pls elaborate in details as it is practical case .

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) No, as long as there are margins available. Also since this is a hedged position, your margin requirements are low
      2) Unlikely since its a hedged position. But if he does, then you will be notified by the broker.

  115. Gaurav Kumar says:

    So you mean to say my position will not be squared off even though I have reached my maximum loss. Closing price was 150 rs below my lower breakeven. Does It means price can go anywhere beyond my range but it will not be squared off by broker.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The broker won’t bother about the range, they will look at it purely from a risk perspective. Risk versus the margins covered.

  116. Milan Nagori says:

    hey karthik,
    while trading iron condor like Buy 20800put, sell 20200 put and sell call 22000, buy 22400 call will it require different margin for sell call and sell put or it will require single amount margin of 34000. because in sensibull it shows total fund require only 34000 but while trading it shows insufficent margin.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The margins are combined. You will have to ensure the buy position is in place before you do the sell positions.

  117. Arun Appukuttan says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Thanks for the wonderful explanation. In the above example, the margin required for Iron Condor is 44,303 and for short strangle is 1,45,090. What if I enter the Iron condor position but later exit both my buy positions? Will my sell positions be squared off immediately ?

  118. Gaurav Kumar says:

    Hii Karthik,

    Could you please share us the excel for P&L calculation for Iron condor strategy if someone wants to exit before expiry.

  119. Rohit Gadi says:

    Hello sir,

    Is there any other strategy in options other than iron condor which has almost negligible Greeks impact, is price direction neutral?

    Regards
    Rohit

  120. MONU says:

    Sir, can I put a stop loss in a options short positional trade(over night)?

  121. Gaurav Kumar says:

    Hii Karthik,

    I have using the excel shared by you but it is calculating P&L considering expiry day.
    How can

  122. Gaurav Kumar says:

    Hii Karthik,

    I have using the excel shared by you but it is calculating P&L considering expiry day.
    How can we calculate P&L if I want to exit Iron condor position well before expiry since it carries time value also.

    Should we consider the drop in Premium value of both the short strike of PE and CE for Profit.?
    Kindly guide.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ah, the excel is based on the assumption that the option is held to expiry. I’d suggest you use Sensibull’s strategy wizard for visualizing the P&L before expiry.

  123. Rohit Gadi says:

    Thank you for your response, sir.

    I read about iron butterfly on investopidia. I could not differentiate between condor and butterfly as it seemed similar. Is there any intricate difference i am missing between these two?

    Regards
    Rohit

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      From the max profit perspective, in an IC, you expect the underlying to stay in a range, in IB you expect the underlying to stay at a single point.

  124. krishna says:

    HI i want to know how to exit a iron condor. should be first close the inside positions or? how..Exit part is as crucial as execution right.Please share some light on on it for me.

  125. Santosh Udipi says:

    The NSE new margin framework is indeed a real gamechanger for someone who wants to earn a monthly income trading Iron Condors.
    The losses are limited, no matter what!

  126. Srinivasan says:

    Hi, Iron Condor is the good strategy to use either on market direction. I have one doubt as it was already discussed in the forum on July 9.
    Q: How to rectify the iron condor if the NET spread is negative after entering all the legs?
    Ur Ans :It cannot go -ve as you are selling strikes which are always at a higher premium compared to what you are writing.

    But i just did paper work using this strategy and seen the NET spread is negative after entering all the legs?
    Is there any other way to rectify it?
    Thanks

  127. Vijay Punde says:

    #BIG_FAN_FACING_ISSUE

    Hello Karthik Sir,
    I am a big fan of yours and the way you present the contents in Varsity. Thanks for all your efforts.

    By the way, I am facing an issue as below;
    On 31st of July approximately, I completed “Option Strategies” certification from Varsity mobile app. Today for the very first time app asked me to re-login using multiple options (Google account, Kite etc.). I tried using both of them, but I am unable to see this certificate alone in the progress section.

    I had also completed 4 other certs. all of them are visible. But this alone is not (Option Strategies).
    Can you please help me, as I don’t want to lose my achievement ??????????????

    Thanks in advance.

  128. Vijay Punde says:

    There is no facility to attach the certification image to this post; else I would have done that.
    Also in the certificate Issued on Date was not visible. I perfectly remember I had answered 13/15 questions correctly but still the score was shown in correctly as 97.5/150.

    Not sure how to get this corrected. Please help !!!

  129. Srinivasan says:

    Hi, As requested, here is the IC details for Axis bank which taken on Tuesday.
    Spot Price 450
    CE Strike, Sell 470
    PE Strike, Sell 430
    CE Strike, Buy 480
    PE Strike, Buy 420
    CE Premium received for short 18.45
    PE Premium received for short 10.55
    CE Premium paid for Long 14.45
    PE Premium paid for Long 7.8
    Net Premium (Credit) 6.75

    How to rectify the iron condor if the NET spread is negative after entering all the legs?
    Thanks

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The point is that you wont get a -ve spread. Think about it, you are always writing a valuable option and selling something which is less valuable, so it will result in a +ve cash spread.

  130. Vijay Punde says:

    Karthik Sir,
    Can you please reply to my comment/query as well ?
    Please do the needful.

  131. Ashutosh says:

    With Iron Condor, as margin is getting reduced almost one-third (1/3) – We can increase the lot size to match that with Short Strangle?

    Also, is there any specific strategy when lets say TCS goes up by more than 7-10 % in short span (may be a week) –
    The premiums for the OTM CEs would also increase. And if our view is that it is already run-up, it will not run more…its safer to short OTM CE (lets say 7% more from the strike price).

    Do we have any hedged strategy for this situation?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You can increase the premium provided the capital permits you to do that. Yes, you can short OTM options if you think the stock has had its run.

  132. animesh kumar says:

    Sir,How to do with option hedging with cash market and future market.Please explain how to do option hedging.

  133. Vijay Punde says:

    #BIG_FAN_FACING_ISSUE

    Hello Karthik Sir,
    I am a big fan of yours and the way you present the contents in Varsity. Thanks for all your efforts.

    By the way, I am facing an issue as below;
    On 31st of July approximately, I completed β€œOption Strategies” certification from Varsity mobile app. Today for the very first time app asked me to re-login using multiple options (Google account, Kite etc.). I tried using both of them, but I am unable to see this certificate alone in the progress section.

    I had also completed 4 other certs. all of them are visible. But this alone is not (Option Strategies).
    Can you please help me, as I don’t want to lose my achievement ??????????????

    Thanks in advance.

  134. Rahul Singh says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Very nicely explained. Can this be applied for an individual stock as well? in that case also the spread of Put and call buying (to safeguard) has to be same like for Nifety?
    Or this is only for Nifty spread?

    Also when we cancel the trades near the expiry, will the margin increase as we reduce one by one in case of a stock?

  135. Vijay Punde says:

    Its same as the one I have shared in this comment. Its;
    [email protected]

  136. Dr Abhishek N Z says:

    Karthik sir, First of all i’d like to congratulate you for the time and efforts that you have put in creating this forum..Every portion has been explained very meticulously. If you could suggest any examples on adjustments with Iron Condor it would be really great. Thank you

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thanks for the kind words, glad you liked the content πŸ™‚

      There are no adjustments really to the IC, since this is a completely hedged strategy.

  137. kumar says:

    sir , i tried to implement iron condor using basket order and my capital is extent to the margin benefit only. The sell orders got rejected and only buy orders got executed.
    why the sell orders got rejected?
    do i need full margin to get margin benefit?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Kumar, like I’ve described in the chapter, you need to ensure you have the buy orders in place before selling. This will get you the margin benefits.

  138. ARUN says:

    Can you please suggest any real time trading website(simulator)for educational purpose.

  139. Vijay Punde says:

    Team,
    Despite my multiple messages on this portal, my issue is still not resolved. My Option Strategies certificate is still not visible, on Varsity mobile application.

    I had passed it in the first attempt and certificate was also visible for few days. But after the last login, it got disappeared from the progress section. In the meanwhile I again gave the certification exam. But despite of showing me my certificate, it still shows;

    1. “No internet connection. You can still continue reading.”
    2. When I click on “Show Answers”, it again shows the message from point-1.
    3. Under the point earned section, it shows ” /150″. Not showing any marks.

    I am really disappointed as my certificate, which I had earned after lots of efforts, is lost from Varsity.
    My Email Id for Contact: [email protected]

    Please resolve at the earliest.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Sharing it with the team, Vijay.

    • Kulsum Khan says:

      Hi Vijay, we have fixed this issue, can you please logout and login with this mentioned email ID again. All your certificates should reflect now. If the issue persists please write to us here again. Thanks πŸ™‚

  140. N.N.MENKUDALE says:

    PL. COMMUNICAE THE POSSIBLE ADJESTMENTS TO BE MADE IF TRADE STARTS MAKING LOSS

  141. Aashray Patel says:

    @N.N. MENKUDALE

    Iron condor is not delta neutral strategy, so delta or gamma hedging won’t do any good. however, if you look at the structure of the strategy, essentially it is nothing but two vertical spreads combined together. (bull put and bear call spread combined together). if the underlying starts trending, say it starts to decline sharply, what you can do is exit bull put spread leg which is the ATM/OTM Put sold and OTM Put bought, with that you have a bear call spread still open. so taking a small loss from exiting the bull spread goes a long way, making the delta negative. (opposite is true for bullish move in underlying). In another scenario, if you expect the volatility to increase significantly and expect a violent move in underlying, you can exit both short call and short put positions and take loss/small profit, now you are left with one long OTM call and one long OTM PUT which is a Long Strangle Position, a much smarter position given the high volatility forecast.

    Mr. Karthik do comment if you have more methods to adjust an iron condor in mind.

  142. Vijay Punde says:

    Hi Karthik Sir and Kulsum,
    The issue still persist for me. I am still unable to see my “Option Strategies” certification.
    Followed all your instructions, tried logging into Varsity using Google ID and Kite ID both, but in vain.

    I am Zerodha customer, so you can even check using my Kite ID.
    Contact : [email protected]

    For more information, pls refer to the Comment # 163151 and earlier comments on this topic.
    I have tweeted on the Varsity Tweeter handle as well about the issue with snapshots of my “Option Strategies” certificate issued and other error details.

    ” HOPING TO GET IT RESOVLED SOONER “

    • Kulsum Khan says:

      Hi Vijay, we were able to find your certificates with no issue. To inspect this further can you please share the screenshots of:

      1. Progress screen (Profile -> Progress)
      2. Certificate screen (Horizontal scroll and screenshots of all the certificates)
      3. Certificate Quiz screen of Option Strategies module (Modules -> Option Strategy -> Certificate -> Quiz Screen
      4. Profile Screen (Profile tab)

      It would be more feasible if you would contact us at [email protected].

  143. Manoj says:

    Sir I’m doing iron condor in nifty weekly my problem is premiums are very low & risk is more then reward
    When to trade the iron condor in weekly for getting more premiums?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thats right, Manoj. The best bet is to set up the IC early in the expiry. So set it up on Friday for next Thursday’s expiry.

  144. Srinath jayanna says:

    Sir will these kind of multileg strategies give good RR in intraday or is it better to use multi leg strategies only for positional trades. And for intraday can we repalce ITM options for futures

  145. Lohit says:

    Hi Karthik,
    1) Is there any scenario in Iron-candor strategy where one needs to give/take delivery of a stock?
    2) If I let all the 4 legs to expire on their own irrespective of the closing market price at expiry:
    a) Max loss would be a) Diff b/w PE strike sold and bought minus net premium or b) Diff b/w CE strike sold and bought minus net
    premium) as explained in your excel file – Yes or No ?
    b) Would there be any give/take delivery liability at expiry ?

    Thanks

  146. Lohit says:

    Can you explain any one example where physical delivery can come ?

  147. Lohit says:

    Also , is it possible to square off iron condor through reverse iron condor ?

  148. Alok kumar says:

    If market shifted to any direction of iron condor range then how to manage or adjustment that trade.

  149. Ashish says:

    Can we exit from long position early and have only short call till expiry?
    Lets say for the sake of reducing margin, i have taken this strategy and now want to exit long position to continue with short only.
    Is it possible in kite?

  150. Ashish says:

    Your margin requirements go up meaning?
    I already have the short position with me.
    Will it ask for more margin at the time of exiting long position? Please share if there is any article on this.

  151. Ashish says:

    Thanks Karthik.
    Very nice article and prompt response 😊

  152. Nanda says:

    I would like to understand if i am selling a OPTION/FUTURE of a stock and not buying it buy the time expiry. What would happen in this case.

    EG: FOR RELIANCE stock i am shorting a PE @ 10 Rs. Considering the LOT size for RELIANCE OPTIONS is 505.

    Now at the time of expiry the PE what i have bought is still OUT OF THE MONEY and has becoming 0 and finally as i have short the PE the total profile right now should be 505*10 = 5050. But as i have not squared off the the position what would be the scenario, i mean would that auto square off. Or is there any charges or penalty. Please clarify.

  153. Ashish Ranjan says:

    Hi, thanks for explaining this in very easy language. My question is how can we deploy iron condor strategy in zerodha kite. Is it doable without the help of Sensibull or any other platform or do we need to take paid subscription for deploying these strategies?

  154. Sachin says:

    Thanks for the article.
    The sold and protective strikes on both long and short sides, should have matching delta ?

  155. ajay kasture says:

    chapter 14 not showing in the pdf download

  156. Lekhraj dagur says:

    Thank you sir this is very nice strategy.

    Sir I am Zerodha Account holder and want to ask one question.

    What is this strategy call sir.

    e.g. Nifty tRADING at 11035

    BUY ITM NIFTY 11000 CE – (-131)
    BUY ITM NIFTY 11050 PUT – (-119)
    Sell OTM NIFTY 11350 CALL – (+12)
    Sell OTM NIFTY 10700 PUT – (+25)

    I am thinking about this .. I do not know what this strategy called but it looks similar to opposite of IRON CONDOR.

  157. Lekhraj Dagur says:

    Sir what do u think it will work ?

  158. UPAMANIAH says:

    WHILE SQUARE OFF WHAT ARE THE STEPS TO BE FOLLOWED IN THIS FOUR LEG STRATEGY

  159. Shyamal says:

    Can you please let me the way to take Far OTM Iron Condor position “Outside the range of Allowed Strike Price Range”

    For example today ( 28.09.2020) Banknifty allowed strike price range was 21300 to 22000 CE & PE for current week expiry. I could not execute the following Iron Condor.
    Sell 21100PE Buy 20700PE
    Sell 22300CE Buy 22600CE

    Banknifty Iron Condor with 2 – 2.5% ROI per week can not be executed due to the above restrictions. Can you please throw some light on this.

  160. shyamal says:

    I have not been able to take any Far OTM Iron Condor position in Nifty and Banknifty weekly expiry for last two weeks. This is pretty frustrating. With 200 point OTM Iron Condor in nifty, retails trader will never be able to make any profit.

    If this restrictions are mandatory than why in sensibull SW( Strategy Wizard) we get to see Far OTM Iron Condor Smart Option Strategies when we give our “BETWEEN” view. These Strategies get rejected when we try take the trade. They should not come in to that list.

    Can you please throw some light on this.

    I have sitting on cash as I am a safe Iron Condor Trader.

  161. shyamal says:

    Mistake. “I have been sitting on cash for last weeks as I am a safe Iron Condor Trader in Nifty.

    I made good profit till September 1st week. But since last 2 weeks have not taken any trade.

  162. Sastry says:

    Sir,
    Can you kindly suggest the selling range and also buying range of OTMs from SPOT PRICE that are best suited for weekly options in NIFTY and BANK NIFTY to be traded in NEXT WEEK EXPIRY for trading an IRON CONDOR strategy
    (2) And also a suitable OTM BUYING RANGE from SPOT PRICE to hedge OTMs that will be SOLD in WEEKLY OPTIONS for IRON CONDOR. This will help me in a great way as a beginner.
    Thanks & Regards.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Weekly works the same way as monthly, all parameters remain the same..as in the strike selection. The payoff behaviour too is the same.

  163. Sastry says:

    Sir,
    Sorry. My request for point no.2 is for MONTHLYOTMs BUYING RANGE only. Please note
    Thanks.

  164. Sastry says:

    Sir,
    Can you kindly suggest the selling range and also buying range of OTMs from SPOT PRICE that are best suited for weekly options in NIFTY and BANK NIFTY to be traded in NEXT WEEK EXPIRY for trading an IRON CONDOR strategy
    (2) And also a suitable OTM BUYING RANGE in Next Monthly Options expiryfrom SPOT PRICE to hedge OTMs that will be SOLD in WEEKLY OPTIONS for IRON CONDOR. This will help me in a great way as a beginner.
    Thanks & Regards.

  165. Shyamal says:

    Hi.
    If I have to make a Rule Book/Algo for the following, is there any way Zerodha or Sensibul can assist.

    Instrument : Nifty Option(Writing)
    Expiry: Weekly
    Stop Loss: Equal to Premium received
    Profit(ROI): 1.75% on Margin
    Strategy: Iron Codor( PE-400 point away from Spot) – 12 Point Premium
    (CE – 300 point away from Spot) – 10 Point Premium
    Adjustments: 1 Time roll up on the wining side.
    Entry Day : Friday for next week expiry.

  166. Lohit says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Few days back , I tried iron condor on SBI stock but still have few queries as below :

    CE buy at strike : 220 @4.1 premium
    CE sell at strike : 200 @9.3
    PE buy at strike : 160 @1.6
    PE sell at strike : [email protected]

    1) Delivery obligation at expiry would not be there between PE sell and CE sell levels ( 180 and 200 in this case) or between 165 and 215 (positive payoff) also , there is no delivery obligation?

    2) Also what about the delivery obligation if last traded price is between lower protection and upper protection levels ( I.e between 171.8 and 208.2)

    3) Do I have to change call spread also if price goes above 215 or only roll up put spread ?

    4) In case of roll up put spread (incase price goes above 215) , do I have to close previous put spread ?

    Thanks

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yes, as long as the ITM options offer each other, there wont be any delivery obligation
      2) Evaluate the moneyness of the option and see which ones are ITM, all ITM options netting off against each other will result in no delivery
      3) Roll up the put spread?
      4) Not sure about the rolling up the put, can you elaborate on this, please?

  167. shyamal says:

    How do GTT stop loss order mitigate Gap up Gap down risk?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Gap downs and up are sudden movements in prices which mostly occur at market openings, while GTT helps you get out of positions, it may not help you totally eliminate the effect of the gaps.

  168. Lohit says:

    Thanks Karthik

    1) Ok, let us take example . Suppose price at expiry for above condor is 165, then below would be the moneyness
    – CE buy at 220 : ITM
    – CE sell at 200 : OTM
    – PE buy at 160 : ITM
    – PE sell at 180 : ITM

    Is this correct ? What would be the delivery obligation in this case ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’m assuming 165 as the Spot price. Since both are CE are OTM, there is nothing to worry. 160 PE and 180 PE are ITM, they would net off.

  169. Lohit says:

    Thanks Karthik!

    Can you please elaborate how come CE buy at 220 strike is OTM in this case?

  170. Lohit says:

    Thanks Karthik!
    Can you please elaborate How come PE 160 is ITM?
    Because IV is -5 or zero (160-165)

  171. Lohit says:

    Yes this is clear, as IV is -ive/zero

  172. Lohit says:

    Just gone through moneyness chapter in Zerodha as below

    We know the intrinsic value of put option can be calculated as = Strike – Spot
    Intrinsic Value = 7500 – 8200
    = – 700
    Negative intrinsic value, therefore the option is OTM

    As per the above logic PE @160 strike considering spot price=165 should be OTM ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Lohit, the intrinsic value of an option cannot be negative. Its 0 or a positive number. So for Put option, Intrinsic value = Max[0, (strike-spot)] Do read the previous module.

      =Max[0,(165-160)]
      =Max [0,5]
      =5 , hence ITM.

  173. Lohit says:

    Thanks Karthik for clarifying

    But in this case , PE 160 is strike and 165 is spot
    = Max[0, (160-165)]
    = 0

    So, will it be ITM or OTM? Sorry am confused

  174. Lohit says:

    Ok got it, so in that case below is the final scenario of the below case considering spot at 165

    CE buy at strike : 220 – OTM
    CE sell at strike : 200 – OTM
    PE buy at strike : 160 – OTM
    PE sell at strike : 180 – ITM

    And hence there would be delivery obligation for PE 160 if I don’t square off.. correct?

    And also, Karthik, in iron condor what you suggest – do one needs to square off all 4 legs even if only 1 leg is ITM?
    Or else how the margin framework would change?

    Thanks

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thats right. It is best if you can sq off all legs in 1 go. The single short leg will increase the margin requirements.

  175. Lohit says:

    Ok thanks ; appreciate your prompt revert

  176. RajeevRajan says:

    Hello sir… Amazing article !
    I have few queries here…
    1.While placing basket orders can I follow the sequence of 2 buy orders followed by 2 sell orders against the one buy one sell followed by another buy and sell orders.
    2.While exiting the iron condor , should I create a separate basket where I buy the two sell orders followed by selling the 2 buy orders?. Kindly confirm the same.
    3.Sir does falling implied volatility/ India Vix play a role here for any of the position or all of the positions.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Its better if you match the buy with sell to reduce the margin obligation
      2) No, you simply square off the positions, that will do
      3) Not really for IC since the positions are kind of hedged.

  177. darryl denis says:

    i have a short strangle strategy in wipro and i wish to caputre the volitility that shot up due to the results , i am now not sure on the ce that i have short sell, what should i do here?
    should i exit the profit pe side and increase it further or should i purchase an additional otm call ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Like the way you initiated, you need to square off both the legs together. However, if you think the stock price will increase then maybe you should ride on the make PE short.

  178. Rajeev says:

    Hello sir, I am not able to clearly understand about square off the position without having a separate basket
    1.So once I place an iron condor, should I go to the orders tab and buy back the two sell orders first followed by selling the 2 buy orders, once my target profit is reached, even if it’s before expiry.

    2.So wat would happen if I create a separate basket for exiting the iron condor, if I place the buy back of sell orders followed by selling of 2 buy orders.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Square off the Short CE, long CE, Short PE, and long PE, in the same order
      2) That also works, but you can do this easily by placing the orders directly

  179. yuvraj yewale says:

    Hi,

    How much net premium ( profit) one should target in any options strategy by keeping all transactions in mind? I am targeting Rs 15/- per lot.

    What are your recommendations ?

  180. Nithun says:

    Say with 14 days to expiry iron condor trade as below
    CE Strike, Sell 11900 1 lot
    PE Strike, Sell 11700 1 lot
    CE Strike, Buy 12000 1 lot
    PE Strike, Buy 11600 1 lot
    1. If spot reaches my upper breakeven 11973, what are the firefighting ways I could look at to either minimize my loss or widen my range so that spot is within my range?
    2. Also after making the iron condor trade, what are ways to maximize profit if your sure of directional movement long before expiry? Like can I average down my long position(s) by buying additional lots?
    Thanks!

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Frankly, with IC, there is very little scope to a firefight in a clean way, since the strategy is already loaded with option legs. The dirty way is to cut the lose making and make it a 2 leg spread.
      2) Same as above πŸ™‚

  181. Harry says:

    Does timing the Iron condor trade hold significance?
    Thanks!

  182. Harsh Singh says:

    Dear Karthikji, good evening
    I’ve two different set of queries

    1) I take 5 lots of Nifty hedged trade each averaging about Rs 27-28k per lot for 150 strikes difference say for eg 12250 CE hedged buy & 12100CE sell near 1-2 days before expiry. But in RECENT 3-4 DAYS to my surprise the hedged margin increased!! That too even for 100 strikes difference say 12100 CE sell 12200CE buy averaging nearly Rs 30k per lot & again repeating for 100 strikes difference! Now this is hedged & after SEBI norms a low risk hedged should at least must not increase margin since risk is predefined. Still at zerodha day after day there’s increasing margin!

    2) My 2nd query is about sometines OI restrictions in Zerodha. Whenever zerodha shows buy options Oi restrictions there’s violent move in market next day I saw esp on 31st Aug, one on 14th Aug expiry, one on 24th Sept crash & so on. In all these dates crashes there’s Oi restrictions day before & even on gap-up times too. PLS & PLS DON’T MIND ME Bt It’s as if some BIG PLAYERS are hatching CONSPIRACY against us retailers positions by taking COUNTER TRADE.
    NOW U TAUGHT US SELLING OPTIONS 1 STD DEVIATION OR MORE AWAY as safety trade to success. BUT THE Oi RESTRICTIONS are HARDLY 100 pts away from SPOT & next day OPTIONS SELLING POSITION ARE ON LOSING SIDE EVEN ON EXPIRY DAYS!! Believe me when zerodha showed Oi restrictions on 23rd Sept I TOOK straddles OPTIONS BUY positions day before Sept expiry & I won handsomely by making near to 38k alone that day itself. Again today too there’s Oi restrictions u can see from 12000 to 11300 CE & PE. Why such stuffs happens on some days while on others day it’s normal?? Don’t you think Oi restrictions in Zerodha violate your principles of 1 std deviation or more when it comes to Options selling πŸ™

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Margins are a function of market volatility. Increase in volatility leads to an increase in margins. Btw, the increase to 30K from 28K is not much right?

      2) There is no connection at all to this πŸ™‚ Think about it, OI restriction means what? It means you can not take a trade for a particular strike no? how is this a conspiracy?

      The 1SD can be applied to other stocks and Nifty.

  183. Harsh Singh says:

    Good morning Karthikji

    28k happens to be on 150 strike difference & now that’s around 35k. Whilst 28k now is on 100 strike difference which before was 22k. Anyway thanx for your rply. 1st one as function of volatility I got.
    Bt for 2nd one I ALWAYS PRACTICE HEDGING way before margin has came & STRICT POSITION SIZING WITH at LEAST 1 STD DEVIATION for risk management & I’m trying to sell bt couldn’t due to Oi restrictions for hedging. I’m very much ok with getting net premium of Rs 4 or 5 or 6 per lot of Nifty which you’d taught us translates to 1-1.5% RoI. Bt with Oi restrictions of far strike buy for hedging, I can’t take risk of selling options near to spot even if it is hedging or near to expiry.
    Hopefully zerodha solves this πŸ™‚

  184. VIGNESH MOHAN says:

    HEY KARTHIK IS LIVE DATA ANALYSIS JUNK???? CAN I TBE USED TO TRADE THE MARKETS

  185. Satyam says:

    Pls add chapters on straps, strips butterfly etc
    I would love to read and learn about them

  186. Rajesh jain says:

    Whether iron condor will have margin requirement as per existing contract on last week of expiry for stock which have physical settlement? Or the whole contract margin will be charged for all the four leg in last week of expiry?

  187. Karthik Raman says:

    Hi Karthik, can you please write about the Butterfly strategy?

  188. Albin says:

    Hi, Karthik
    I got a strategy that i can make 5 to 7 percentage per month but the problem is the capital.I got very less capital. Do you know any funding program ,so that i can get enough capital to trade.

  189. Albin says:

    Ok thanks for replying
    I made a mistake in my question instead of year i wrote month…my real question is, i can make 5 to 7 percentage profit yearly..any luck or funding program??

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Not really, Albin. Btw, I’m just playing your devil’s advocate, 5-7% is what you get in SB/FD right? Why take the effort to trade?

  190. Albin says:

    Ok then tell me the returns of a avg trader or investor and thanks in advance

  191. Albin says:

    Its just people don’t believe me when i say i can make 5% per month i thought you are just skipping my question that’s why i changed the question…i just want a funding program ,i will write their exams or papper trade and show them ,i am sorry if i hurt you ,i got lots of questions if you don’t like this question ignore this but please ans my future doubts i got lots of them

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Albin, 5% per month is good and quite a tough thing to achieve. Its just that I don’t know of any funding program.

  192. Albin says:

    Thanks sir for the reply, seems like i have to fund my acct on my own

  193. Shyamal says:

    Hi !!
    When you build a Option Strategy in Sensibull, in the Summery, one gets to see a format with the following information:
    Max Profit
    Max Loss
    Capital Required
    Premium (Rec/Get)
    Margin Required
    Return and
    Decay
    After taking a position the amount that is shown in Margin Required is the amount one needs to have as available cash in his account. Am I correct?
    For example: For a position, if I get to see the following
    Capital Required : 3.63 Lac
    Margin Required : 3.42 Lac
    That would essentially mean that
    I would need 7.05 Lac to take and maintain this position till expiry. Am I correct? Other wise I will get get a Margin Call.

  194. Shyamal K B says:

    WITH 3 DAYS FOR EXPIRY CAN I ENTER SHORT STRANGLE WITH APPROPRIATE STOP LOOSES ON BOTH LEGS INSTEAD OF IRON CONDOR.

  195. shyamal says:

    Thank you.
    But what is that Margin Required Rs.3.42 Lac.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      YOu need margin for selling options and 100% can for buying options. I think both put together is referred to as ‘capital required’ by sensibull.

  196. Raj Maithia says:

    sir how did u come across the conclusion of max loss which according to you is Rs 5366 ..?

  197. Arvind Sampath says:

    Karthik, when possible please add on Chicken Iron Corridor to this article as most traders are recommending that near high vol events. Also the logic of 1/3rd credit for IC may be introduced. (1/2 for Chicken IC).

  198. Pranav Deshpande says:

    Hi Karthik, thanks for this amazing series on options strategies. Are you planning to write a tutorial on the Iron Butterfly as well?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Not sure on the iron butterfly, maybe I will sometime later. But I think IC is a much better strategy to deal with πŸ™‚

  199. Albin says:

    Can i get margins reduced to sell options and carry forward without using spreads??

  200. Pranav Deshpande says:

    Hi Karthik, thanks for the reply.
    I actually read about it elsewhere and agree with you that the Iron Condor is better as it is considered to have a higher probability of making profit.
    I wanted to ask you one more thing. How does one develop a view on the underlying? Example be it an index (NIFTY) or a stock (RELIANCE). Do we have some tutorials on the same/can you suggest me any?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      There are two ways using which you can develop a point of view – either TA or FA. Both the modules are available in Varsity πŸ™‚

  201. arun says:

    Hi Karthik ,
    After reading twice Options theory and Strategies chapter now getting confidence .. Thanks a lot for this.
    Just want to know in option now how to make Adjustments in given strategies(Specially Strangle, Straddle, Iron Condor ) .. could you please suggest proper book / material for this.

  202. Amol Morde says:

    Hello kartik,
    I have taken the position on short call @12750 at 123 x 1 lot. now this position is in loss, now premium rose up to 225. can i recover this loss by taking position of short put @12750 at 30 x 4 lots. Also i will put stop loss on both side, call side SL will be (123+120), Put side SL will be (30+123/4). Also i will leave both option to exercise by exchange. Please let me know can i reduce the loss in call option by doing so upon expiry.

    Best regards,
    Amol

  203. Priyanka Kumari says:

    When i put figures of in the downloaded excel sheet, only updated max P&L is showing. Not the whole excel sheet calculations. Why?

  204. Trace says:

    Hello Karthik,
    Hope you are doing well.

    I have two questions.
    First, you mentioned that you prefer not to sell puts as fear is stronger than greed which makes perfect sense. However, most of these option strategies mentioned here require us to sell puts. What should we do?

    Second, This is a question regarding the fundamental analysis chapter.
    Where can we view if a company has related party transactions and what would be a limit before considering it to be risky to invest?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Its upto you, depends on your risk appetite. As a trader, you need to understand the risk involved for each position you’d like to take.
      Related party transaction – please dig into the annual report to get the info.

  205. Trace says:

    Dear Karthik,
    In your Fundamental Analysis module, you have not mentioned about it.
    Could you give an idea for above what figure for a related party transaction wrt to sales should one get worried about.
    Like for example,
    Indo Remedies Pharma has a related party transactions wrt to sales of about 3% while Alembic Ltd has the same as 93%.
    Please advise.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The best way to figure is to look into the notes associated with the related party info and understand the nature of these transactions. There is no particular way to learn about this, its best to straight away jump into transaction details and start understanding.

  206. Trace says:

    Dear Karthik,

    Thanks for your reply.

    How would I know the details of the transaction from the annual report? They don’t exactly specify this and give disclaimers saying that these transactions are regulated etc.
    How would I spot quid pro quo and faulty transactions like this?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Most companies with decent AR structure give out a section with notes for related party transactions. Use this as a starting point. For example, I remember, DLF would sell properties to a sister company and book it as revenues, but at the cost of inflated receivables. But nevertheless, this was reported in related party transaction in their AR.

  207. S Gowda says:

    Hi Karthik, assuming an iron condor trade works in our favour (underlying stays within the range until expiry), since all the options in our leg expire as OTM we will not be charged a huge STT right?

  208. Raj Rao says:

    Assuming 24/12/20 expiry, when will you place Iron Condor order? Thanks in advance Karthik!

  209. Manas says:

    Sir please tell about the calendar spread strategy

  210. Natwar Mandal says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Please let me know if Iron Condor strategy is applicable (safe) for weekly expiry of both nifty and Banknifty

    Thanks,
    Natwar

  211. Kathiresan S says:

    Nice Article. I came to know I have to go long first and then short to reduce margin. That’s ok. Please clarify sequence while square off all positions.

  212. Manas says:

    Sir, the arbitrage where a stock future is in premium and we short the futures and long the same amount of equity to capture the difference as the futures and spot have to be same on expiry, is this feasible to do just before 1 or 2 days before expiry, as T+2 wouldn’t be completed & i hope i wouldn’t have to face the penalty that i didn’t have the equity in demat to settle the shorted futures

  213. Narayanan says:

    If we leave the 4 legs to expire, will there be any penalty/charges for the exchange to square it off?

  214. Gopal S K says:

    What happens if I sell first buy option in iron Condor

  215. ARJUN SINGH says:

    If the max lost is caped couldn’t the mergin required be the same plus the broker charge.

  216. Mathew says:

    Hi Karthik, thank you for making stock market simple to understand . Is the margin benefit for iron condor applicable only for day trading(MIS) or also for holding till expiry(Normal delivery)?
    Moreover isn’t there high chances that I can make a profit through theta decay if I buy a OTM call option by around 10am and square it off by 1pm as the volatility also tends to decrease during this period?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Mathew, the theta decay is applicable on overnight positions, unless you are trading very close to expiry. MArgin benefit is for overnight positions as well.

  217. Anand Dudala says:

    Dear Karthik,

    Appreciate the subject and the way you teach will not find even with IIM Professors. This is the reason behind Zerodha’s success with in short span of time. Combination of you master people made Zerodha a successful broker in india.

  218. NandaKishore says:

    Please sir add the indications in zerodha kite which is means cpr orb bxtender which is very helpful to everyone intraday thanks.

  219. Soumen says:

    Do I need to have sensibull to deploy this strategy? Suppose I have 1Lakh rs and I am also concern about brokerage and I want to deploy 1 lot of nifty iron condor. Does Zerodha’s kite platform provide any to deploy the strategy with less brokerage?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Kite provides you with a platform to execute the transactions, you will have to deploy this yourself by placing individual legs.

  220. Ankit Kumar says:

    Hi Sir,
    I have two questions.
    1. As you have mentioned we have max profit and max loss if we hold the trade till the expiry but on the contrary how we can hold the trade till expiry if we don’t have enough margin to give or take the physical delivery as per the new rules.
    2. Suppose we initiate the Iron condor and trade is successful means our view is right. Is there any chance we still can make a loss due to options greeks?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) In that case your position will be squared off
      2) Thats right, the winds can change any second in the market πŸ™‚

  221. Obul says:

    I have a basic question about options. when the theta decay value will be reflected in the premium? i.e. whether in the opening price on the next day or it will be decayed every second/minute/hour. (please answer this by keeping in mind that all else are unchanged i.e. Spot, IV, Delta, Gamma, Rho etc.)

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Usually, the theta decay is experienced on the end of day basis i.e. from the close price of today to open price of t’row.

  222. Tango says:

    Hi sir,
    For above stratergy, whats theta and volatality effect.? How should be volatality and theta in perspective?
    And cosidering above ,what should be best time before expiry to initiate above stratergy? I mean ’15 days before expiry’ like short strangle or different Considerations? πŸ€”πŸ€”πŸ€”

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ah, since this is a fully hedged position, I’ve not really covered that part as I think it is not so important πŸ™‚

  223. santonu says:

    Can we square off the legs either of North poles (put side) or South Poles(call side) which gives us profit and there after adjust(re-enter) the position maintaining the same spread as well as the net premium received . Would it create unbalance ?

  224. Swapnil Kulkarni says:

    if we do this in the basket will it show less margin?
    can we execute this in one shot by adding a position in the basket?
    and exit in one shot through the basket?

  225. Subhash Chandra says:

    This is very clear. Thanks a lot Karthik for the efforts to make it simple and more meaningful.

    Can you please tell me how successful it is to do Iron Condor Strategy on Weekly Bank Nifty as an Intraday trading. I am expecting 1% return on intraday basis. Even lower than that is fine but I am looking for consistent returns. Can I go with Iron Condor Strategy to achieve my goal. Or else please suggest any intraday strategy to get consistent returns at defined risk.

    Thanks in advance.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Subhash, personally I prefer naked options to trade intraday as these are more effective. Spreads can be an expensive affair for intrday.

  226. Allen says:

    ” The difference between 9800 PE and 9600 PE is 200 and 10,100 CE and 10,300 CE is 200. The spread should be even. I cannot protect 9800 PE by buying 9700 PE (difference of 100) and then protect 10,100 CE with 10,300 CE (difference of 200).”
    I refer to the above sentence. Could you kindly advise what is the reason that the “spread should be even”.
    I mean in order to get a particularly uniform premium from both sides…. say Rs. 65 from both sides… the CE & the PE…
    it may be possible that the difference on once side could be 100 and the other side be 200. What are the specific
    disadvantages of this kind of set up. After all the positions are Hedged except for the difference of the spread.
    Looking forward to your esteemed reply. Thanks

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      If they are not even, your payoff won’t look like an iron condor’s pay off and it will be skewed towards one or the other side. Hence it is best if the spreads are even.

  227. Allen says:

    Thanks for your prompt reply. I just had another related query and would appreciate your response.
    1. Apart from the distance (or difference) between the two PE or two CE strikes being even …Does the two SELL strikes – both the CE & PE –
    also HAVE to be at equidistant levels from the Spot… for an Iron Condor.
    2. If not maintaining a SIMILAR distance between the strikes and spot…. can the Bull Put Spread and the Bear Call Spread (which comprises the Iron Condor)…be strategized and dealt with individually to suit our comfort level and risk taking capability – though all four legs may or may not have been bought at the same time..and the difference between the strikes too may or may not have been maintained.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yeah, that would be better
      2) That probably works as well, but I’d be comfortable executing this in 1 shot and the same holds true with the sq off as well.

  228. Abhishek says:

    Iron Condor 2% return Weekley or daily trading days

  229. Rajat pahuja says:

    hello sir ,
    sir sometime i observe that market trade in a short range say 20-30 points proceeded by a sudden sharp fall and fall in so sharp that even SL is not trigggered and market kept on falling another 100 points and more . sir is there any way to predict such move prior to that fall by observing that market is trading in short range means that people are squaring off their position and something big is coming. yes it is all about chart reading but still find indicators not much reliable in predicting that move or might be i am interpreting those indicators in wrong sense

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      It is hard Rajat, of course, over years with more market experience, you can develop market instincts which will help you get better at this.

  230. Srikrishna Rowthu says:

    Simple explanation as always:)

  231. Mehul says:

    Hello sir thank you so much for explaining new margin system in simplified manner…sir how to calculate margin for call ratio back spread..when we buy additional long we are getting margin benefit but how to calculate it..please explain

  232. Rajat pahuja says:

    hello sir
    sir as we extend the market watch of a particular stock it give us information regarding bid and asked quantity.
    sir if under ORDERS it is given one and quantity is 1000 then does it mean that it is the order of a single person as order is 1 ?

  233. Option Strategies Insider says:

    This has been an incredibly wonderful post. Very informative.

  234. Mustafa says:

    Hello Sir,

    An iron condor is essentially a bull put spread + bear call spread that has sold OTM and bought further OTM correct?

  235. Allen says:

    Hello Karthik….
    The Iron Condor strategy is more often than not a strategy that is carried forward till the expiry – weekly or monthly – as the case may be… so that maximum gain is extracted by way of time decay. It isn’t ideally an intraday strategy. Such being the case, is there a way to protect the trade set up…especially if there is a huge gap up or gap down… on any particular day during the life of the trade… given the fact that we cannot keep or carry forward a Stop Loss on the trade. Given the very volatile movements that we see these days… when the Nifty opens between 100 – 200 points up or down in either direction…..could you kindly advise:
    1. If there is a mechanism available where we can keep or carry forward the Stop Loss that was established today to be carried forward to the next day… so that we are protected against huge one-sided moves the next day.?
    2. If you could kindly advise what are the options available to protect the trade.?
    3. Can buying an ATM Long Straddle at the end of each day be a viable option to protect the Iron condor trade.?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Allen, if you think about it, the IC itself is a fully protected strategy. Any other alterations to this can lead to over-engineering and increase the cost. It May not be worth it.

  236. Gulam says:

    Hello Sir,

    For writing options you have mentioned that we should calculate SD etc.

    But this is an extremely tedious process to download data and calculate this every day correct? There must be a better way that calculates daily volatility and daily returns every day?
    Does zerodha have this option or any other website have this option?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I agree. This is quite easy for programmers. No, unfortunately, we don’t have this in Zerodha. However, you can use a simple indicator like Bollinger band to identify these SD levels.

  237. Aishwarya says:

    hi Karthik,

    i have to say , nobody nobody nobody does it better (than U) OMG iron condor was difficult to understand but u r genius u taught me easiest way that my friend who is teaching me trading c ould not teach me well.
    I would like to say kindly conver iron butterfly and import parts that could help us in practical way

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thanks for the kind words, Aishwarya. I’m glad you liked the content πŸ™‚

      I’ll try and put up the content on IB, but I think the strategy is kind of limited. Will try and put this up sometime.

  238. Aishwarya says:

    hi Karthik,

    i have to say , nobody nobody nobody does it better (than U) OMG iron condor was difficult to understand but u r genius u taught me easiest way that my friend who is teaching me trading c ould not teach me well.
    I would like to say kindly conver iron butterfly and import parts that could help us in practical way

  239. Sivaji says:

    Hi Karthik,
    You are the best and any words would be less.
    My whole hearted appreciation for the efforts by you and zerodha team for providing such a wonderful content. There is no place I can found such a content like in zerodha varsity.

  240. Dhairya Trivedi says:

    Hi Karthik,

    I have a question regarding the Iron Condor strategy for April series of ITC.
    ITC CMP- 224
    Sell 250 [email protected] 2.7
    BUY 260 CE @ 1.9
    Sell 200 PE @ 1.4
    Buy 190 [email protected] 0.6

    Net premium received = (2.7+ 1.4) – (1.9 + 0.6) = 1.6
    Spread = 10

    In this case for one lot(3200 qty) my max profit = 1.6*3200 = Rs. 5120 while my max loss is (10 -1.55)* 3200 = Rs. 27040.
    Isnt the risk reward ratio too skewed. What do we do in a situation like this?

    Thanks,
    Dhairya

  241. Sharwan says:

    When in the market, would u advise not to deploy an iron condor?

  242. prathik says:

    please describe the exit order for iron condor

  243. Kartik says:

    Tried to execute this on zerodha but facing margin issues.
    While executing first step of selling a call or a put, it requires a margin of 1.4L approx which is a blocker for iron condor since zerodha margin calculator says I require a margin of only 53k.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Kartik, did you follow the same order of execution?
      Buy the far OTM call option
      Sell the OTM Call option
      Buy the far OTM PUT
      Sell the OTM PUT option

  244. Adarsh says:

    Hello sir,
    I’ve read all of this strategies and they’re very useful too. Could you please elaborate butterfly and synthetic strategies.
    Regards Adarsh

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Have described by synthetic strategies as well. Butterfly strategy can be a bit restrictive in terms of its range, hence I’ve avoided it.

  245. Amith CS says:

    What a fantastic content man. Hats off to you! Let me ask for some books suggestion for weekly option selling? Thanks again!

  246. Naveen says:

    Hello Karthik,

    First of all thank you so much for the strategies you have explained in detail. I have learned so much from varsity.

    I have a small request if you can teach us about the adjustments to be done in Iron condors.

    Thanks in advance πŸ™‚

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Glad to note that you liked the content, Naveen. The iron condor is a fully hedged position and its P&L profile does not change much. So any further adjustments could be over-engineering in my opinion πŸ™‚

  247. Siddharth says:

    Hi Karthik,
    about the trick question you posed in the article: margin reduction is higher for spread position compared to a neutral market position?

    Is it due to the fact that a spread strategy has a upper bound on potential loss whereas a delta neutral strategy like strangle can potentially lead to unlimited losses once the spot price of the underlying moves beyond the breakeven points. Also while a strategy can be delta neutral, as the spot price moves, due to the influence of gamma maybe the strategy will not remain delta neutral forever and therefore an element of risk will start coming back?
    I hope that answer made sense.

  248. Neehar says:

    To answer why the hedged postion requored higher margin inspite of no risk, the delta remains same for put and call options as long as the the strike price remains at the money. When the option becomes otm/itm the delta is no more equal for both options. So rate if increase of one option price is not equal to rate of fall of other option price. Hence the position is no longer hedged. Please correct me if Im wrong

  249. Neehar says:

    Hello sir, I always have appreciated your work on varsity. Can you please do article on adjustments of straddles and strangles?

  250. Sulaika says:

    I have two questions,
    1. How is the Break even high and Break even low is calculated in case of iron condor, (i calculated as LOW=Short put strike price – entry price HIGH = Short call strike price – entry price) but that was not matching with your value
    2. If I square off all the 4 legs before expiry will i still get profit provided if the price stays between the breakeven points, and is there any order need to be maintained i which i have to close the orders to avoid margin issues.

  251. Sulaika says:

    Sorry made a typo in my original comment correcting it here

    1. How is the Break even high and Break even low is calculated in case of iron condor, (i calculated as LOW=Short put strike price – entry price HIGH = Short call strike price + entry price) but that was not matching with your value
    2. If I square off all the 4 legs before expiry will I still get profit, provided if the price stays between the breakeven points, and is there any order need to be maintained in which I have to close the orders to avoid margin issues.

  252. Sulaika says:

    Thank you fpr your reply.
    On my second question, is there any order need to be maintained in which I have to close the orders to avoid margin penality issues ?
    I mean while squaring off the four legs is there any order needs to be maintained?

  253. Vaishakh says:

    Hello karthik sir,
    I hope you are doing good.
    Today i.e. 23rd-April is “World Book Day”.
    And I want to say thank you to you a million times or perhaps a billion times for creating a Digital Book called ‘VARSITY’. The experience of reading and learning about stock market from you is something that I can’t forget throughout my lifetime, I am grateful for every minute I spend reading these blogs and I honestly enjoyed it. Its been almost a year since I have started reading varsity (March 2020, start of lockdown) and I learned lot of things about the market and this business from you whether it be Fundamental analysis, quantitative analysis, technical analysis , understanding Derivatives and trading psychology. I realize I have evolved more as compared to a year ago period & still have a long way to go in future. And all credit for that goes to you, sir. Your writing style and explanation made sure that the readers get so much value after reading a chapter. And more importantly you were there to solve any doubts that I had regarding the markets.
    I believe I can make a proper use of the knowledge i gained from varsity in my trading career.
    Sir, you are the best teacher I found.
    I hope god keeps you and your family always safe, happy and healthy. 😊😊

    Happy learning and happy reading to you !

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thanks so much for the kind words, Vaishakh. It means a lot to me and my team. Comments like this is what motivates us to do better and work harder to educate people. Hope you continue to like reading and learning on Varsity!.

  254. vijay says:

    Hello Karthik,

    Would you prefer these strategies for intraday? if yes, in that case, which options strategies will be the best!

  255. VIDYADHAN GEDAM says:

    Dear Sir,

    1. Is it good to execute iron condor on first of every month?
    2. Any relation of Vix with Iron Condor?
    3. +/- 4000 is a good range for Iron Condor?
    eg :- 1st May 2021, Bank Nifty is at 34000. Should I Put in Sensibul Strategy Wizard, range as 30000 to 38000?

  256. VIDYADHAN GEDAM says:

    Dear Sir,

    Thanks for your reply.
    But Answer to first question is confusing.
    Till date I am using call and put spread for weekly expiry, which are giving decent 1% weekly profit. Please elaborate on you statement
    1) Yes, but do your research properly
    for my question
    1. Is it good to execute iron condor on first of every month?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      By research, I mean the profitability if you were to do IC at the start of the month. Maybe you can do paper trading and see how it goes?

  257. VIDYADHAN GEDAM says:

    Dear Sir,

    I have done some mathematics. I think it is best for weekly trading and trade to be taken on Wednesday as we are able to buy all strikes Wednesday onwards.
    Last 10 year range is on wednesday opening (Strikeprice – 1500 TO strikeprice + 1500).

    Your guidance please.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Perhaps, I can’t comment since I don’t have any insights into this. You should backtest and observe this for a while before placing a trade.

  258. Samayshah says:

    Hello Sir,

    Can you explain delta hedging to maintain the delta neutral position?

    You have said to maintain a delta neutral position one must buy/sell Futures as they have a delta of 1.
    But this essentially increases margins, increases transaction cost etc.
    How does one avoid this?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Essentially delta hedging requires you to look at the delta of your position all the time and ensure that the delta is 0 (by adding up the deltas of the position). If the delta is +ve, then you sell the option to negate it and if the delta is -ve, you buy the option to neutralize it again.

  259. Vidyadhan Gedam says:

    I have taken this condor trade for first time at Banknifty closure.
    This is based on Analysis, last 10 years 95% time banknifty lies in +/- 800range on weekly expiry day.

    B-31700PE
    S-31900PE
    B-33800CE
    S-33600CE

    Net Prenium : 14,925
    Max Profit :- 14,925
    Max Loss :- 85,075
    Break Even :- 31870,33630
    My concerns is POP:- 69% only.

    Humble request request what is the best value for POP on trade to be taken at 3:15 on wednesday?

    Thanks in advance.
    Vidyadhan Gedam

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      By POP I’m assuming you are talking about the Probability of profit. It is very hard to estimate this, I’d rather suggest you look at the risk to reward ratio and take a call.

  260. Vidyadhan Gedam says:

    In this case it is Reward/Risk = 0.18.
    How much it should be ?

  261. Vidyadhan Gedam says:

    Dear Sir,

    i m facing important issue while executing iron condor.
    restrictions on buying range.
    Whenever I want to buy PUT or CALL to protect my sell positions that strike is locked. it is only open on Wednesday for weekly expiry due to OI restrictions.

    Sir, guide Pls.
    Vidyadhan Gedam

  262. Satya says:

    Hi Karthik,
    NIFTY SPOT = 14740 at 3:25 PM on expiry day ( May 6 2021 weekly expiry).
    14600 CE was trading at 125, even though the intrinsic value is 140, it was trading at 125. 15 rupees less than intrinsic value.
    14750 PE was trading at 25, even though the intrinsic value is 15, it was trading 10 rupees extra.

    Both 14600CE and 14750PE are in the money, but why PE was trading 10 rupees more than intrinsic value and why CE was trading 15 rupees less to intrinsic value. Please clarify.

  263. Satya says:

    Hi Karthik,

    if settlement/STT cost is almost same for CE and PE, when both were in the money, then both should trade below intrinsic value, but PE was trading 10 rupees more than the intrinsic value and CE was trading 15 rupees less than intrinsic value. Still I am unable to understand.

    Thanks
    Satya

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      ITM options start factoring in STT costs on the day of expiry and start to factor this cost in. Its hard to figure what a certain ITM was few Rupees lesser than the other. Day’s supply and demand will also play a role.

  264. Krishna Tiwari says:

    How to select stock options for which we can execute this strategy and at what time we need to execute this ? in the start of the month or at the time of an event?

  265. Prathik says:

    Hello Sir,

    This is a fundamental/ options question.

    You have been saying to deploy several strategies if you expect a 3-5% move or if a big move is expected post quarterly earnings.

    How exactly does one know if the quarterly earnings of a company is good/bad until the result is out.
    How do you expect a 3-5% move?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      This is where your fundamental understanding of the company comes into the picture. The better you know the company, the better is your call on this.

  266. RANAPRATAP SINGH says:

    HI,

    Iron condor is risk management ,We should allow the position to expire or close the position manually,If we are closing manually then how the system knows that we have used iron condor.

    Regards,
    Ranapratap singh.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Depends on the P&L situation. The system won’t know what strategy you do, it will only read the positions and the associated margins.

  267. Gagan says:

    Great content.
    For more depth knowledge, Can you recommend a book on options.

  268. VIDYADHAN GEDAM says:

    Dear Sir,
    Just for analysis purpose. Please let me know at what date you have taken this trade on sensibul.

  269. VIDYADHAN GEDAM says:

    Dear Sir,

    Brake even points in above example of short strangle is 9635 & 10245.
    Pls correct me

  270. Christapher Antony says:

    sir
    1. can we use max pain theory for weekly option to calculate probable expiry strike?(for NIFTY & BANK NIFTY)
    2. for the best result in weekly expiry, when we should calculate max pain?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Theoretically yes, although I’ve not done this myself.
      2) I’d suggest 3 days before expiry.

  271. Christapher Antony says:

    sir
    1. As per above scenario can i plot iron condor with only having rs 50,000 in trading a/c? ( margin is reduced to 44,303)
    2. After entering iron condor, may broker ask to pump in more cash in any situation?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yup, do follow the sequence of trade execution
      2) Possible, depends on the movement in the underlying

  272. L.KAMALAKSH RAO says:

    Karthik
    I am 76,and have to admit and feel jealous of the enormous patience you have inculcated..Great.Though some comments are irritating you have held yourself and answered politely
    Your analysis of Iron condor on excel sheet is simply marvellous.Earlier I was looking for some such detailed exercise for which I had no time .Though I am with zerodha for many years ,I never read University and had obtained various material on payment.
    Thanks a lot.
    Have you given anywhere about concept of theta,delta etc.

  273. L.KAMALAKSH RAO says:

    Hi Karthik,
    I had short an OTM call option .but the nifty went rising .I received msg I have to arrange extra margin.Have I to increase margin on daily basis if nifty keep rising on 2 continuous days.?what %in rease is there in margin daily? If nifty reverses,will the blocked released to me.?
    2.Is there source for knowing delta of stocks
    Does it change daily,? Where can we get this value?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Thats right, you will have to make provisions for the margins. By how much it will increase depends on the market conditions
      2) YOu can check Sensibull. Yes, delta changes as long as there is a variation in the underlying price.

  274. Vijaykumar Sawant says:

    Can you through some light on margin calculation with an example ?

  275. Hussain says:

    Hello Sir,

    Synthetic calls and puts are usually buying/selling future and hedging with put/call.

    This gives a pay of structure similar to a buying a naked ce/pe. Why would someone use a synthetic option over a naked option when the pay off is the same and the cost is more.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Some of the strategies require you to do this, Hussain. Like I have a long future, I want to perfectly hedge this…so I deploy a synthetic short.

  276. Hussain says:

    Hell Sir,

    Lets say I think nifty would go down in the next few days.

    Would one buy a future and buy atm call (synthetic short) or buy a naked put option.

    Plugging into Sensibull, I would require a slightly higher premium to purchase an ATM put than buy an ATM call.
    But the future MTM is not a good idea.

    So what could I do?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Hussain, Synthetic short is Buy Put + Sell call. If your outlook is bearish, you should look at shorting futures, else buying put. Synthetics are used in a slightly different context…more in terms of hedging position.

  277. santhosh says:

    THANK YOU, OWE THIS TO YOU, ALL SET TO TAKE OFF:) FIN OPTION THEORY AND STRATEGIES;)

  278. Hussain says:

    Hello Sir,

    To follow up you say hedging position I already own? For example I own some stock and I expect it to become bullish so I buy a put just to safeguard it?

    If I am bearish I can only buy a future correct cause short selling a cash stock is only intraday.

    So I could either sell a future and buy a call as protection or just directly buy a put.

    What would be better to implement?

  279. L.KAMALAKSH RAO says:

    Hi Karthik
    I have a short position on a call option with expiry on 3rd June.I presume option may become .15 or zero on expiry day.Is it necessary to back this when I am in profit?Will the system square off?
    2.If nifty goes up and I sustain loss should I back or will the system square off ?
    Kindly reply

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The system will square off. If you are under loss, it is better you square off just to ensure you are out of the market.

  280. chidambaram says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Is it because in the neutral strategy, it involve future and options ,system will not be able to identify it and so is the margin higher compared to spread strategy? or is it because it involved three legs compared to 2 legs in spread strategy? or is it because of the execution risk involved?
    I am not sure.Confused. Could you please explain the why it is so that margin for spread is lesser compared to neutral stragery.

  281. Hussain says:

    Hi Sir.
    I think you skipped my question.

    Hello Sir,

    To follow up you say hedging position I already own? For example I own some stock and I expect it to become bullish so I buy a put just to safeguard it?

    If I am bearish I can only buy a future correct cause short selling a cash stock is only intraday.

    So I could either sell a future and buy a call as protection or just directly buy a put.

    What would be better to implement?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      For a portfolio of stocks, you can hedge the following way –

      1) Short futures
      2) Buy PUT
      3) Sell CALL

  282. Tasneem says:

    Hi Karthik,

    I was watching one of Sensibull’s webinar videos.

    They take about buying a future with less margin.

    In the video Mr. Abid said that if I was bullish, I would buy a future and buy a atm put (effectively) making a buy atm call.
    However, buying a future and a put is much more expensive than just buying a naked call.

    So he mentioned to buy a future and buy the earliest expiry atm put to reduce costs etc.

    My question is if I were to implement this, wouldn’t theta affect my put drastically since it is the last week and reduce its ability to protect my future if I were to be wrong??

    How could one implement this?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Hmm, it will have an impact but I guess Abid would have mentioned this to lower the margins. However, if you are bullish maybe just buy the futures.

  283. Tasneem says:

    Hello Sir,

    The video I watched his here.

    I have also linked the time stamp.

    https://youtu.be/OzyhJ4GDots?t=833

  284. Tasneem says:

    Hello Sir,

    But buying a weekly option contract may not be able to protect against the future properly correct?

  285. Ketan says:

    Hello Sir,

    Volatility strategies like short call butterfly and short put butterfly( buy itm call/put sell 2 atm call/put and buy 1 otm call/put) are net credit but the moment you implement them are already at a loss till the market moves above your breakdown and break up the price.
    When would one decide to choose between call or put?

    Secondly wouldn’t it be better to implement an iron butterfly instead?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The decision of call or put depends on the premium available at the moment, which in turn is dependent on the current volatility. Yes, Iron butterfly offers a better risk management, but I’d prefer a IC over IB πŸ™‚

  286. Ketan says:

    Hello Sir,

    Shouldn’t puts have greater IV than calls the further ITM they move?

  287. Ketan says:

    Hello Sir,

    I watched this video from sensibull hence I am confused.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ayeeICl2IdY

  288. MANDEEP SEHGAL says:

    Dear Sir

    As times the FAR Nifty CE & PE STRIKES are blocked making the execution of Iron Condor impossible.

    How to buy blocked strikes so that Iron Condor is executed?

    Thanks & Regards

    Mandeep

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I understand Mandeep, this can be issue. Trying very hard to find a solution around this. For now you can check the arrangement with Orbis, if that may help you.

  289. Sangeet says:

    Hello Sir,
    Suppose i have initiated an iron condor strategy, so at the end of the expiry, do i have to square it off by 3.30PM on the expiry day, or shall it be expired automatically(i.e i don’t have to do anything from my side) or what to be done to pocket the whole premium till expiry.

    Thank you.

  290. sangeet says:

    Hello Sir,
    I have one more question.
    When i am buying an option call/put, the maximum loss that i can face is the premium paid. So why is the margin much higher than that. Just as in Iron Condor case the maximum loss that is possible is 5366 but the margin required is 44303. I know that margin is calculated on some percentage of the total contract but in the first case or the latter(post hedging), shouldn’t the margin be the maximum loss because in that case the broker and the exchange won’t face any risk. So what are the possible reasons for having a higher margin than the maximum loss?
    Thank you.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      For buying option there is no margin, you only pay a premium. Margins are reduced when you hedge your short positions.

  291. Kuldip says:

    Hello Sir,

    I hope you are doing well.

    If I feel bullish about a certain stock would it be better to:
    To purchase an ATM Call option or
    To purchase a Future and hedge with ATM Put option. (Synthetic call)

    Both have the exact same pay off graph, maybe the ATM call option.

    What should I do?

  292. Kuldip says:

    Hello Sir,

    But buying futures has a huge risk compared to buying an call option or synthetic call..

    Should one implement a synthetic call or buy a naked call option.

    If I were to purchase index options.
    The future expires at the end of the month.
    While what expiry date for the option should I choose, same as the future or any other?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Synthetic Future (not call) is the same as buying futures. Yes, it is risky but if the outlook is bullish, then maybe you should consider futures since the best payoff for the bullish outcome is futures.

  293. sangeet says:

    But sir, in case of iron condor(after all the four legs executed), when the maximum loss can be 5366, why the margin is 44303. I mean, since the maximum loss is capped and there is minimum risk for the broker and the the exchange, shouldn’t the margin be only around 5366 after all the four legs of iron condor executed. What can be the reasons for a higher margin than the maximum loss? That’s my question sir.

    Thank you.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Right, I understand Sangeet. But the margin is calculated for the portfolio of instruments (SPAN basis). Cant really overrule this. Also, remember the loss of 5366 is assuming you hold to expiry. The loss can be different if you choose to exit before expiry. The exact measurement of loss before expiry is very tricky since the variable is many and unpredictable.

  294. sangeet says:

    Got you sir.. Thank you for your quick reply πŸ™‚

  295. Anshul K.S. says:

    Explanation on Iron Butterfly is awaited Karthik bro. Kindly squeeze some time to update it out here. Thanks and Regards.

  296. Kuldip says:

    Hello Sir,

    I hope you are doing well.

    Let say I am moderately bullish on said stock in the near future. Not sure if its price will rise in the next week or by the end of the month.
    Should I just buy a vanilla atm call option or instead buy 1 future and buy 1 atm put option.

    The payoff is roughly the same, but the future + atm put option requires more margin.

  297. Kuldip says:

    Hi Sir,

    If suppose I do take a Buy Future buy ATM put, and the position stays flat pretty much towards the entire month.

    Time decay slowly eats away my put option, but will my put option be able to hedge my position properly or would it not?

  298. veena says:

    Hellow,

    Please clarify ….suppose i make an iron condor or butterly on monday …can i close it same day or is it necessary to hold till weekly expiry. thanks for your reply

  299. Darshan Siddappa says:

    Hi,

    Suppose I do an iron condor and all orders are executed with margin benefit.
    Now, can I sell OTM long legs individually?
    Post which iron condor will be converted to strangle. Does it mean that I should have more funds to maintain this trade?

  300. nancy says:

    Hello, Sir, can we exit iron condor same day or is it compulsory to wait till expiry. please clarify.
    as we take iron condor, it enters in green zone. so can we exit same day

  301. sajith says:

    Hi Karthik

    A long journey of reading, and now i am here. Options is the area i always wanted to concentrate, and these articles gave me a lot of insights. Thanks a ton for that.
    Also i have read somewhere doing options without adjustments is like driving a car without a driver. Could you please shed some light on how true this statement is. And if that is important , if you could write an article on how to do adjustments, i believe we are covered on every area of options. Thank you !

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Sajit, what you’ve heard is not necessarily true. Adjusting options can be quite complex and also quite an expensive affair. Most retail participants don’t need this.

  302. sajith says:

    so many articles and thousands of queries all together. and you answer each and everything. Hats off !
    Thanks a lot for your reply !

  303. Ketan says:

    Hello Sir,

    I have having a lot of trouble initiating positions in stock options.

    I tried to initiate 2 bull call spreads with Guj Gas and Cadilla HC. The OTM strike prices are having a bid/offer spread of roughly 2-4 points.
    So does this mean I cannot implement options on stocks apart from nifty/bank nifty and 10 stock options.

    Buying futures is risky, so what else could I do?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yup, these options have wide spreads, hence bulk of liquidity is in Nifty. Some of the larger companies have better liquidity, you should check that.

  304. keerti says:

    thanks for this strategy. I understand that stoploss is not required here, as it is a covered call. Also i agree that only very few times nifty will move out of our range in a week.
    But still if i want to exit with a minimum loss from this strategy ( as i dont want to bear the max loss shows in the sensibull platform), how can i put a stoploss in this strategy. Agree that i can exit manually if the loss exceeds my risk threshold, but i dont want to take risk on the big moves happenning in the market, if i am not infront of the screen ( you know very well how crazy nifty move was, during covid peak and while market was recovering from Covid)

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Keerti, its hard to place a SL, its best to exit all the legs. Which means SL for individual legs. But I guess your margins will increase if you do this.

  305. shyam says:

    Yes where to put, how to put stoploss for a iron condor strategy is my question as well. I dont want to get into a max loss if i am away from my monitor. Thanks in advance

  306. keerti says:

    which means i should be check my screen in regular intervals. isnt it πŸ™

  307. Ketan says:

    Sir to follow up with my previous question.

    Only nifty, nifty bank have tight bid ask spreads. So does this mean I should not initiate derivative positions in a Gujarat gas, Nam-India even though I think that the company will move/stay in the direction I expect to?
    Can you give a list of other top companies that have tight bid ask spreads?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’d be hesitant to trade contracts that aren’t liquid, Ketan. I’d rather stick to liquid counters.

  308. Ketan says:

    Hello Sir,

    This essentially reduces my positions to 12-15 such companies.
    What could I do for other companies? Buy them in cash? It wouldn’t not result in the same rewards as options?

    Even if I implement futures, it does not implement the same versatility as options.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      12-15 is ok, as long as you get profitable trading situations, Ketan. I’d be happy with 1 trade a month as long as I know enough conviction about it.

  309. Samindar says:

    Hello,

    Assuming I initiate a Bull call spread on HDFC bank. 1530 CE and 1550 CE. My max profit is when the cmp reaches 1550 on expiry.

    Lets say the CMP reaches 1550 much earlier before expiry, however around 1560 ish levels and reverses to 1545.
    When the stock was at 1560ish levels I had not yet achieved my full profit and it was roughly one third of the max profit I would get if I closed my position early.
    My question is should one close their position earlier in that situation or is it better to wait and hold on?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The decision to hold or sell really depends on your conviction, Samindar. Yes, the profit will not be to its full extent before expiry, so what you take home will be lesser than the estimate. Its only upon expiry where you will realize full profits.

  310. Trace says:

    Hello Sir,

    TCS is announcing their quarterly results on July 8, 2021.

    I am confused on whether I should initiate a long straddle/straddle or short strangle/iron condor.
    The ATM volatility has been rising slowly everyday, so not sure what I could do in terms of that? According to sensibull the IVP is increasing.

    I have been trying to find anything meaningful regarding the results, read that analyst expect the revenue to increase by 4%.

    Let’s say I was to initiate a long straddle/strangle, when would be the best time to initiate? When exactly next to the result should I initiate?

    If I were to a short strangle/condor when would be the best time to initiate? When exactly next to the result should I initiate?

    Sincerely,
    Trace

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’d not be very comfortable with buying options around events, shorting maybe. Why don’t you paper trade all the strategies, both long and short to figure which one worked the best. MAybe you can be better prepared for the next big company announcing results?

  311. Trace says:

    Hello Sir,

    TCS is announcing their quarterly results on July 8, 2021.

    I am confused on whether I should initiate a long straddle/straddle or short strangle/iron condor.
    The ATM volatility has been rising slowly everyday, so not sure what I could do in terms of that? According to sensibull the IVP is increasing.

    I have been trying to find anything meaningful regarding the results, read that analyst expect the revenue to increase by 4%.

    Let’s say I was to initiate a long straddle/strangle, when would be the best time to initiate? When exactly next to the result should I initiate?

    If I were to a short strangle/condor when would be the best time to initiate? When exactly next to the result should I initiate?

    Thank you,
    Trace

  312. Trace says:

    Hello Sir,

    In your option strategies modules you have mentioned that the best time to implement long straddles call/put ratio back spread, bear call ladder and bull put ladder around results of stock options.

    Let’s say I would like to initiate an iron condor/short straddle on TCS.
    The result on July 8 after market hours.
    Do I initiate the position on July 7 and close it before July 8 end?
    Not sure when exactly do I enter the position as the premiums are rising due to a rise in IV

  313. Trace says:

    Hello sir,

    If I do initiate a short, when exactly do I exit? 7th before close (before results announced) or after 8th close (after results announced)

  314. Trace says:

    Hello Sir,

    The results would be announced on Thursday 8th pm after hours. So before Friday morning, everyone would already know the result.

    What can I do to exit my position. When would be an appropriate time?

  315. Shail says:

    Hi,
    Can put/call seller exit before expiry date like in put/call buy?

  316. Trace says:

    Hello Sir,

    You have mentioned that it is best to exit a short strangle/iron condor just before the announcement.

    If I exit Friday morning, the market has already understood the result and could likely gap up or gap down.

    Not sure what I could do?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The idea is to ride the volatility, short at the peak (i.e. before the event) and exit when the volatility starts to cool off i.e. after the event.

  317. Trace says:

    Hello Sir,
    I understand that.

    My fear is that once I initiate a short iron condor and wait the next day for the markets to acknowledge the results, there could be a high chance that there could be a gap up or gap down. Which could wreck my position.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      How would that happen? IC keep you insulated right? And you’d know the worst case outcome even before you initiate the position.

  318. Tracw says:

    Hello Sir,

    IC does keep me insulated. But to earn 1200-2000 I would end up losing easily 9000-10000 by creating an Iron Condor.

    Not very easy to apply before results if the stock decides to gap up or gap down.

  319. Sapna says:

    Hello Sir,

    Infy is announcing its results on July 14 AMO.
    Do I initiate an Iron Condor on July 13 or July 14 closing time and exit July 15 on market opening?

  320. Nishit says:

    Hello Karthik,
    How important it is that the protective strike price distribution should be equal as you mentioned in your example, 200 on either side?
    I am confused the strategy (link below) in Moneycontrol by Santosh Pasi, the distrubution is not equal. Lower side it is 3 (63-60) and on upper side it is 5 (75-70).
    Kindly guide. Thanks.
    https://images.moneycontrol.com/static-mcnews/2021/07/BHEL-0907.jpg

  321. Sapna says:

    Hello Sir,

    Would I initiate this on the 13th Morning or during closing time?

  322. Deekshith says:

    Why we use Spread to calculate the loss? P&L depends on the premium given and taken right? Please help me understand why Spread is used to calculate the Max Loss in Iron Condor. Thanks in advance.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      YOu can consider the entire strategy as a whole, and if you do, then the P&L can be captured looking at the spread. Otherwise, you can look at each leg separately and consider its P&L.

  323. Chetan says:

    Hello Sir,

    I am thinking of shifting to zerodha from HDFC sec.
    I have a couple of questions if you are able to answer.

    For writing options in Nifty/Bank Nifty I would like initiate short bear call spread/ bull put spread/ iron condor etc.
    I have to buy the higher up/protection option and the sell the main leg option.

    I have been reading that Zerodha does not allow one to initiate OTM buy options.
    What range of options do I get to initiate for this? It says for Zerodha I would have to Initiate the sell position first and then the buy position. For the system to reduce my margin.
    Creating a naked sell position first would require a substantial margin requirement.

    Is this true and can you explain what I should do?

  324. Chetan says:

    Hello Sir,

    What is the range of OTM options I can buy with on Nifty and Bank Nifty.

    Is this also restricted in stock options?

  325. Santosh says:

    Hello Sir,

    You have mentioned that you try to implement several strategies when you expect the volatility to rise.

    When exactly do you know that the volatility would rise for a certain stock apart from events etc?
    When exactly do you know that the volatility would drop for a certain stock?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You can always calculate the historical volatility and compare that to the current volatility to get a quick sense of where the market is. Its more of a quick and dirty method to get a sense of where volatility is, but it helps.

  326. Santosh says:

    Hello Sir,

    I am using Sensibull’s IVP for volatility.

    It tells me where the volatility is but, it doesn’t exactly tell me if IV will rise in the future or not.

    So it is very hard to asses if IV will increase in the near future or decrease in the near future. Confused about this.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      That opinion is something you will have to develop, Santhosh. Generally speaking, if current volatility is lower than the historical volatility, then expect volatility to increase, else the other way round.

  327. abhijit manna says:

    iron condor or iron fly…its now very tough to apply this strategies due to open interest restrictions on OTM long stikes prices any workarround to this

  328. Hamit says:

    Hello Sir,

    I had initiated a short iron condor last friday.

    I had sold 15600 PE and bought 15300 PE and sold 16200 CE and bought 16500CE.

    My issue is now that I was initially profitable, but nifty is not gapping down badly. Should I square off my PE position or do I adjust it and sell 15400 PE?

    Also when initiating Iron Condors, do you create a tight spread or do you create a large spread so that one could adjust the position?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Hamit, you can adjust it by rolling the puts, i.e maybe by buying 15100 PE and selling 15200 PE or something like that, but these things will increase the cost of your transactions and put you in a tighter spot. Breakevens will increase. Rather I’d suggest you figure out your original thesis on why you initiated the IC and if you still hold that thesis then stay out or get out completely.

  329. Harmit says:

    Hello Sir,

    So Nifty moved to 15585 and changed direction.

    My 15600 PE was broken, but nifty expired much above my PE position.
    I got worried and squared of my PE position resulting in a loss.

    1) My question is, lets say I am facing this situation again.
    2) When exactly should I roll the put, when the Spot becomes 15650 or 15550? And do I roll it down 100 points or 200 points?
    3) Also is it better to keep a tight spread which prevents adjustments or a larger spread which allows me to adjust my position?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1&2) You can keep rolling and adjusting, Harmit, but at some point this is of no use since your transaction changes will mount and works against your profitability. You’d rather stay with your original position πŸ™‚
      3) Yes, I personally prefer that.

  330. Mahendra Kumar Beesani says:

    Hi, Karthik,
    I am a complete novice. I started learning ropes two months back. I studied the first 8 chapters of your module 5. Then studied Iron Condor which lures me to stock market. I still need some clarifications, please:

    1. This strategy is for one month expiry.
    2. If long call 10300 is hit and market reverses to 9600 – before expiry; then the loss booked is 5,366/-. Should I trade again for the same strikes?
    3. What happens when 10,300 is hit; market reversed, but remains above 9600 – again a scenario before expiry; and vice-versa. In this case should I sell & buy call options as before?
    4. What if I play the same strategy for weekly expiry?
    You have explained with utmost lucidity & am really grateful for the same, but still some confusion persists. Please, help. I wish to start with options and am joining Zerodha soon. Many thanks,

    Mahendra Kumar Beesani

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Please don’t get lured easily, stock markets are the toughest place to make money. You need to fully understand the risks involved before venturing into the markets.

      1) Yes, but you can apply this on weekly expiries as well
      2) Depends on your conviction. But if your conviction is strong, then you should not be squaring off the position in the first place
      3) Same as above
      4) No issues

      Btw, an IC by design covers you for all sorts of market situations, in my experience, there is no need to tweak this.

  331. Virendra patil says:

    Hi Karthik ,
    Great explanation of iron condor strategy. Thank you.

    I have a question,

    Even though this strategy is hedged and maximum loss is already defined, how can I still put stop loss.?
    Say max profit is 5k and max loss is 10k but I want to limit the loss I can bear to say 2.5k, then how one should adjust stop loss?
    Does it need to be placed for individual order of all 4 legs?

  332. LIONEL says:

    Sir,
    1) Can I create a IRON CONDOR , by buying far OTM options for next week or monthly expiry and simultaneously sell OTM options for the current week for INDEX OPTIONS ( if total premium payed for long options is less then premium received for short options ) ?

    2) Can we create this strategy directly by buying options initially and then simultaneously selling options, or do we need to place a BASKET order ?

    3) Does BASKET orders always get executed in the defined sequence of order , even if we place all orders as limit orders, because if sell order gets executed before buy order then the margin requirements will not reduce ?

    4) Do margin requirements increase for the index options position which we already have with us ( similar to stock options ) as we move closer and closer to the expiry date ( even if I am not facing any loss )? ( because there is no physical settlement in index options ). or will margin requirements increase only if my loss extends over and above the funds available with me ?

    5) Will I need any extra margin for squaring off my IRON CONDOR position if I square off the short option legs initially and then square off the long option legs ?

    6) When I analyze any option strategy on sensibull it shows both THETA and DECAY in option greeks, I know what is THETA, can you explain me what is DECAY ?

    SIR, I REQUEST YOU FOR A QUICK AND CLEAR RESPONSE; AS I HAD ALREADY POSTED ALL THIS QUESTIONS BY CREATING A SUPPORT TICKET THREE DAYS BACK AND HAVE NOT RECEIVED A SINGLE RESPONSE FROM ZERODHA SUPPORT TEAM YET AND IT IS ALMOST NEXT TO IMPOSSIBLE TO GET IN TOUCH ON PHONE WITH ZERODHA SUPPORT TEAM .

    Thank you in advance, and Thank you for all the queries you have solved in past, they are already working out for me .

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yes, initiate the sell leg first in monthly options to avoid rejections
      2) Sell and then buy
      3) No sequences in baskets
      4) Yes, margins increase a bit, but there is no physical settlement
      5) No
      6) Its theta decay as a single term. I think its the same term.

      Good luck.

  333. LIONEL says:

    Sir,
    Are we able to buy far OTM options for the same expiry or different expiry if I already initiate a sell order for OTM option for the same expiry or different expiry ? On Zerodha ?

  334. Renu says:

    Dear Kartik, Please clarify me the below and really need help on this topic.

    On thursday 29th July i placed a trade as under
    1. 15950CE 5TH MARCH SELL – 2 LOT
    2. 15900CE 5TH MARCH BUY – 1 LOT
    3 16300CE 5TH MARCH BUY – 1 LOT

    The above 3 were placed in strategy mode together in delivery. only the buy side got executed and sell side got rejected.
    now the customer support is telling me that short selling is only intraday and cannot hold till expiry.

    1. sell order is only for intraday and cannot be hold till expiry – {please clarify this}

    2. suppose i place a butterfly or iron condor which consists on buy and sell together, how can i hold the trade till expiry.

    3. IF SELLING IS ONLY INTRADAY THEN HOW CAN WE PLACE A IRON CONDOR FOR MONTHLY CONTRACT.

    please clarify the above to me. thank you very much.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The execution of IC seems off, it should be 4 different strikes, with all being the same number of lots.

      1) This is because of OI issue, to avoid, you should sell the options first before placing the buy order
      2) You can, provided you sell first
      3) This is not only for intrday.

  335. LIONEL says:

    Sir,
    Do we get margin benefits for IRON CONDOR strategy even if we execute sell order initially and then execute buy order, same to the margin benefit that we get when we buy first and sell later ?

  336. Manish says:

    quick question :-

    so if i initiate a iron condor and which broadly like two buy and two sell positions the margin is less and risk is managed. But after sometime if i decide to square off 2 legs ( sqaure off one SELL and one BUY ) position obviously risk is increased but how does that affect marigin. Do i need to pay new margin or nothing new to broker or exchange?
    As if i would have initiated like just one SELL+BUY strategy from beginning it would have costed more margin….Please help understanding this.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      This depends on which legs you square off. If you Square off just the puts or just the calls, then what you will be left will still be hedged. For example, if you square off both the Puts, then you will have a long CE and short CE, both of which are hedged. You’d still get a margin benefit.

  337. Renu says:

    Hi Sir,
    Please clarify…for any hedging trade in options which order should we place first in strategy mode to get margin benefit.

    1. is it buy order
    2. is it sell order

    i have one lak funds in my account. I placed a sell order 36500 1 lot at 65 and 37500 buy order at 11. for 12th august expiry. the calculator tool showed me the margin requirement is Rs. 45000/- but still my sell order got rejected and only buy order was executed. the reason flashing was that funds are short and i need to add more 50000 to execute the sell order.
    this order was placed together in strategy mode. first sell order and then buy order.
    please explain to me what went wrong.
    thanks you

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Here is the order of execution for IC –
      Buy the far OTM call option
      Sell the OTM Call option
      Buy the far OTM PUT
      Sell the OTM PUT option

  338. Karan says:

    Hello Kartik!. Nice stuff here. May I know whether this module is finished or not? I did not come across all the strategies you mentioned in the opening chapter of this module. Will they going to get published?
    Thank you.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      This is sort of complete for now, Karan. Decided to not proceed with a few of the strategies due to high margin constraints. Will try and revisit this sometime soon.

  339. Harish says:

    Hello,

    Today on Friday 13 August. Nifty monthly PE options from 15700 and below prices increased despite nifty 50 moving 1% upwards.

    There was decent liquidity, so why would this be the case?

  340. Harish says:

    Hello Sir,

    My question is how do I know if Vix is gonna rise or not?
    Usually when the market falls vix rises, but yesterday vix rose while the market also rose.

    How does one understand the movement of the vix if one need to sell options??

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Harish, one easy way to do this is by comparing today’s vix with historical volatility. Not a clean way, but works as a quick reference/guide.

  341. Nisha Patel says:

    Hello Sir,

    Last chapter “Iron Condor” is not included in Option Strategies – PDF available for download.

    Kindly make it available.

    Thanks,
    Nisha Patel

  342. sai says:

    can you please suggest the best option strategy to practise and earn for working proffisionals
    (9-5)?

  343. SOUMYA SUBHANKAR says:

    I got what benifit we can get from Iron Condor, but i do feel that Iron Fly is more benificial than this As it has more risk side than Iron Fly. Although probability of staying in profit side is more on Iron Condor. Can you please include one chapter on Iron Fly that would be nice.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I will try and do that Soumya. Meanwhile, I personally prefer the IC over IF simply because of the probability reason that you stated πŸ™‚

  344. Viraj says:

    Sir whats the difference between iron condor and butterfly strategy?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The difference is only with the range within which the underlying has to remain for the trader to remain profitable. In IC, it is a big range, in butterfly it is a very narrow range. Apart from this, everything else is the same.

  345. Harish says:

    Hello Sir,

    I have been comparing historical vix and today’s vix. Todays vix is clearly less than historical Vix yet it is not rising.
    It slowly rises and then drops back to the same place. It has been range bound for a while now.

    How do I know when to use it so I can sell options?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You cant precisely time the volatility (in fact, you cant time anything in that market for that matter), you can only develop a perspective. Having said that, you can look at volatility along with price action to get a sense of where the prices are heading and therefore the volatility.

  346. Sudheer says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Thanks for the lucid explanation.
    If we went long the call and put at nearer prices to CMP than the Short entries, would there be any difference?

  347. Sudheer says:

    Well, in Iron condor, the shorts are entered near to the cmp of the underlying and the longs are further away. What if we reversed this i.e. enter the long call and long put near the cmp of the underlying, and the shorts further. As example, if CMP of BN is 30000, enter long call @ 30100, long put @ 29900, and short call @ 30200, short put @ 30300.

  348. Sudheer says:

    Sorry, correction (short put @ 29800):
    As example, if CMP of BN is 30000, enter long call @ 30100, long put @ 29900, and short call @ 30200, short put @ 29800.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      There is no problem, Sudheer. I’d suggest you enter these numbers and plot the payoff, if it matches up to the payoff of an iron condor, then you are good to go.

  349. satish semwal says:

    sir if spread is narrow and received premium is higher then what will happen . for example in banknifty 36700 put at 446 and 36800 call at 500 then 37600 call at 195 and 35900 call at 197 . there are 15 days to expiry . in this case Total premium received 554 and what would be maximum loss because as per rule spread – premium received is max loss but in this case it is confusing. plz clarify

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Satish, usually narrow spread is lower breakeven, which means higher risk. I’d suggest you put these numbers in excel to get the exact values.

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