Module 2   Technical AnalysisChapter 9

Multiple Candlestick Patterns (Part 2)

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9.1 – The Harami Pattern

Before you get thinking, the word ‘Harami’ does not stand for the word harami used in Hindi :). Apparently, it is the old Japanese word for ‘pregnant’. You’d appreciate the intuitiveness of this word when you see the candlestick formation.

Harami is a two candle pattern. The first candle is usually long, and the second candle has a small body. The second candle is generally opposite in colour to the first candle. On the appearance of the harami pattern, a trend reversal is possible. There are two types of harami patterns – the bullish harami and the bearish harami.

9.2 – The Bullish Harami

As the name suggests, the bullish harami is a bullish pattern appearing at the bottom end of the chart. The bullish harami pattern evolves over a two day period, similar to the engulfing pattern.

In the chart below, the bullish harami pattern is encircled.


The thought process behind a bullish harami pattern is as follows:

  1. The market is in a downtrend pushing the prices lower, giving the bears absolute control over the markets.
  2. On day 1 of the pattern (P1), a red candle with a new low is formed, reinforcing the bear’s position in the market.
  3. On day 2 of the pattern (P2), the market opens at a price higher than the previous day’s close. On seeing a high opening price, the bears panic, as they would have otherwise expected a lower opening price.
  4. The market gains strength on P2 and manages to close on a positive note, thus forming a blue candle. However, P2’s closing price is just below the previous days (P1) open price.
  5. The price action on P2 creates a small blue candle which appears contained (pregnant) within P1’s long red candle.
  6. The small blue candle on a standalone basis looks harmless, but what really causes the panic is that the bullish candle appears suddenly when it is least expected.
  7. The blue candle not only encourages the bulls to build long positions but also unnerves the bears.
  8. The expectation is that panic amongst the bears will spread faster, giving a greater push to bulls. This tends to push the prices higher. Hence one should look at going long on the stock.

The trade setup for the bullish harami is as follows:

  1. The idea is to go long on the bullish harami formation.
  2. Risk takers can initiate a long trade around the close of the P2 candle.
  3. Risk takers can validate the following conditions to confirm if P1 and P2 together form a bullish harami pattern:
    1. The opening on P2 should be higher than the close of P1.
    2. The current market price at 3:20 PM on P2 should be less than P1’s opening price.
    3. If both these conditions are satisfied, one can conclude that both P1 and P2 form a bullish harami pattern.
  4. The risk-averse can initiate a long trade at the close of the day after P2, only after confirming that the day is forming a blue candle.
  5. The lowest low of the pattern will be the stoploss for the trade.

Here is a chart of Axis Bank; the bullish harami is encircled below:


The OHLC details for the pattern are as follows:

P1 – Open = 868, High = 874, Low = 810, Close = 815
P2 – Open = 824, High = 847, Low = 818, Close = 835

The risk-taker would initiate the long position at the close of P2, which is around 835. The stop loss for the trade would be the lowest low price between P1 and P2; which in this case, it is 810.

The risk-averse will initiate the trade the day near the close of the day after P2, provided it is a blue candle day, which in this case is.

Once the trade has been initiated, the trader will have to wait for either the target to be hit or the stop loss to be triggered.

Here is a chart below where the encircled candles depict a bullish harami pattern, but it is not. The prior trend should be bearish, but in this case, the prior trend is almost flat, which prevents us from classifying this candlestick pattern as a bullish harami.


And here is another example where a bullish harami occurred, but the stoploss on the trade triggered a loss.


9.3 – The bearish harami

The bearish harami pattern appears at the top end of an uptrend, allowing the trader to initiate a short trade.


The thought process behind shorting a bearish harami is as follows:

  1. The market is in an uptrend, placing the bulls in absolute control.
  2. On P1, the market trades higher and makes a new high and closes positively forming a blue candle day. The trading action reconfirms bulls dominance in the market.
  3. On P2 the market unexpectedly opens lower, displaces the bulls, and sets in a bit of panic to bulls.
  4. The market continues to trade lower to an extent where it manages to close negatively forming a red candle day.
  5. The unexpected negative drift in the market causes panic making the bulls to unwind their positions.
  6. The expectation is that this negative drift is likely to continue, and therefore one should look at setting up a short trade.

The trade setup for the short trade based on bearish harami is as follows:

  1. The risk-taker will short the market near the close of P2 after ensuring P1 and P2 together forms a bearish harami. To validate this, two conditions must be satisfied:
    1. The open price of P2 should be lower than the close price of P1.
    2. The close price of P2 should be greater than the open price of P1.
  2. The risk-averse will short the market the day after P2 after ensuring it forms a red candle day.
  3. The highest high between P1 and P2 acts as the stoploss for the trade.

Here is a chart of IDFC Limited where the bearish harami is identified. The OHLC details are as follows:

P1 – Open = 124, High = 129, Low = 122, Close = 127
P2 – Open = 126.9, High = 129.70, Low, = 125, Close = 124.80


The risk-taker will initiate the trade on day 2, near the closing price of 125. The risk-averse will initiate the trade on the day after P2, only after ensuring it forms a red candle day. In the above example, the risk-averse would have avoided the trade completely.

The stop loss for the trade would be the highest high between P1 and P2. In this case, it would be 129.70.

Key takeaways from this chapter

  1. The harami pattern evolves over 2 trading sessions – P1 and P2.
  2. Day 1 (P1) of the pattern forms a long candle and day 2(P2) of the pattern forms a small candle which appears as if it has been tucked inside the P1’s long candle.
  3. A bullish harami candle pattern is formed at the lower end of a downtrend. P1 is a long red candle, and P2 is a small blue candle. The idea is to initiate a long trade near the close of P2 (risk taker). A risk-averse trader will initiate the long trade near the close of the day after P2 only after ensuring it forms a blue candle day.
  4. The stop loss on a bullish harami pattern is the lowest low price between P1 and P2.
  5. The bearish harami pattern is formed at the top end of an uptrend. P1 is a long blue candle, and P2 is a small red candle. The idea is to initiate a short trade near the close of P2 (risk taker). The risk-averse will initiate the short near the day’s close only after ensuring it is a red candle day.
  6. The stop loss on a bearish harami pattern is the highest high price between P1 and P2.


  1. kashish shambhwani says:

    though i understood engulfing piercing and harami pattern, it would be nice to illustrate the differences amongst them as three are quiet similar.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      All 3 patterns (Engulfing, Piercing, and Harami) are 2 candlestick patterns. The 2 candles are opposite in colour.

      In Engulfing the 2nd candle is bigger than the previous candle

      Piercing Pattern is similar to engulfing except that the 2nd candle engulfs little over 50% of the previous candle

      In Harami Pattern, the 2nd candle is short an looks contained withing the 1st candle.

      • Gyan says:

        Then doesn’t it mean that trend reversal is being suggested from candlestick chart perspective whenever 2 days candles are opposite in colour in a trend? Taking scenario of bullish engulfing, peircing pattern and bullish Harami – 2nd day opposite blue candle will be bigger/equal/shorter than 1st day red candle.

        • Karthik Rangappa says:

          Yes, it does. As per candlesticks, all the patterns you mentioned indicate trend reversals.

        • gauthamk20 says:

          two candles of opposite colors doesn’t always mean a reversal. Lets say in a down trend, when P2 opens higher than P1’s close and closes higher than the P1’s open, it doesn’t come under any of the reversal patterns.

          • Karthik Rangappa says:

            Yes, agreed. However, along with prior trend and other checklist variable, the probability of a reversal increases.

  2. Kushal says:

    Hello karthik sir,
    What do we mean by a Sideway trend ?
    Thank you

  3. Sridhar says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Thank you for the excellent tutorials.
    When you mention about shorting in these lessons, do you think that the risk averse will get an chance to gain in the cash market as the short positions are closed by the EOD?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You cannot short in the cash market for extended period – to short and carry positions you need Futures. Of course you can short cash market on a intra day basis.

  4. Soumyajit Roy says:

    HI Karthik,
    Does Zerodha software provides information on for what stocks the SIngle/Multiple Candlesticks patterns are happening on a day basis? IMO, It is not possible to track all stocks for all the different patterns.

  5. madhukar says:

    dear sir, small correction required in 9.2. ->3, a. The opening on P2 should be higher than the close of P1.

  6. manickame says:

    Excellent Keep it Up

  7. Vasanth says:

    Can you confirm the Stop loss & target for the pattern?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      This can be tricky Vasanth – I guess you are looking at a tick by tick chart where the variation is quite tight. Hence placing the stop can be difficult. I would suggest you look at least 5 minutes chart for intraday, 10 mins is even better. Anyway, the stoploss would be the higher high of the pattern, in this case it would be the upper shadow of the green candle.

  8. Vasanth says:

    Thank you sir for your quick response…

  9. Vasanth says:

    Kindly clarify the highlighted candle in the chart.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Vasanth – It would be difficult to classify it as a bearish harami since there is no prior trend. There has a prior uptrend before classifying a pattern as bearish. In fact I see there is a good bullish marubuzo which suggest you go long on the stock, keeping its low as the stoploss.

    • rohit.kumar4000 says:

      have you seen the signal The first Green then Harami formed by second my personal experience that ypu have to wait for confirmation which is not in third candle thats why trade failed

  10. vasanth says:

    Can i consider the highlighted pattern as bullish engulfing? Real body of Green candle(3rd candle) engulfed around 3 times as compare to the Doji(2nd) real body.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes you can, but I personally would be a bit hesitant to trade on such patterns simply because the volatility seems a bit high, and the stoploss has to be a bit deeper to take up these trades.

    • rohit.kumar4000 says:

      Even though you left the trade see carefully if i consider your dozi as first candle in circle then the sixth candle also confirming bullish engulfing with confirmation the perfect one to enter and after that what a perfect rise stock taken

  11. R S says:

    Has M&M formed a bullish harami pattern on this chart ? It is of 4th februrary. If yes, then should the stoploss be at 1190 ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, this looks like a Bullish Harami pattern. Do check for the volumes and other variables in the checklist before you can initiate the trade. However I must say, I would have been happier to see the bullish green candle to have opened (gap up) slightly higher than what has happened now.

  12. Nutan says:

    Hi Karthik…M&M continued slide after forming bullish harami…suggest what additional variables to check before taking the plunge.

  13. SaikiranGarapati says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Generally you used to say,Look for the prior trend before concluding any pattern.So how many days you want us to take for calculating downtrend or uptrend?


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The look back period should be at least 5-7 candles to establish prior trend. So if its a EOD chart you are looking at then it means to establish prioor trend you are looking at, at least 5-7 trading sessions to establish prior trend.

      • SaikiranGarapati says:

        Thanks for the reply Karthik, Nifty has formed a Inverted hammer on 24-03-2015..So what does that mean? Can we expect it has started upward momentum now?

        • Karthik Rangappa says:

          No, in fact if you think about it an inverted hammer has a long upper shadow – this means that the bulls made an attempt to take the market higher, therefore a long upper shadow was formed. However the bulls were not able to sustain the high and eventually the market gave up its gain, this is evident by the fact that the market closed near the low point of the day, thus forming an inverted hammer. Clearly there could be a bit of weakness in the market…however because there is a support at current level market may eventually bounce. These are situations which can be very tricky to trade…hence the need for options. I have spoken about a situation very similar to this in chapter 3 of ‘Options Theory’ module. Suggest you read through it. It will be uploaded in few days.

  14. Purvseh says:

    Sir, Has unitech formed a bullish harami pattern on this chart ?

  15. rohit.kumar4000 says:

    You are looking for bullish harami pattern and not looking for confirmation if bullish harami gives confirmation than buy call otherwise this is a temporary retracement wait till it gets over and go for sell in this script when any particular sell signals generated.

  16. T RAMA DEVI says:

    Dear Sir,

    Inverted hammer appears to be an Shooting star, correct me if Iam wrong. Once has to look for shorting if prior trend is an Uptrend. Regards

  17. Kartikey says:

    Can this be considered a Bullish Harami (The green candle is also a spinning top and the shadow is not fully contained).

  18. T RAMA DEVI says:


    which candle stick pattern i.e Engulfing, Piercing/Dark Cloud and Harima can be considered as strongest.

  19. Robin says:

    Hi Karthik,
    What is the difference between BEARISH HARAMI and BEARISH HARAMI CROSS?
    Thanks 4 ur time.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Bearish Harami = White candle followed by a small red candle contained within.

      Bearish Harami = White candle followed by a doji contained within.

  20. madhu nair says:

    Hi Karhik, is this a failed Bullish harami ? The primary trend is down and the bullish harami was formed at substantial support with volumes. The RSI too is oversold. The secondary trend is up though. how does one read the secondary trend in such cases? Do you think the bearish candle today was a retracement as the volumes relatively low and can we go long from here?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Two conflicting signals here –

      1) Bullish harami is suggesting a buy (the SL has not been triggered hence too early to call it failed)
      2) On low volume prices are increasing suggesting a sell

      Hence I would be a bit cautions although my bias would be towards a buy …also due to the fact that the stock has formed a double bottom and since support is there near the current market price.

  21. madhu nair says:

    Thanks for those observations. are you suggesting that as the volumes were constantly dipping as the price moved up should have been a sign of caution? i have marked a blue line on the volume panel for the same. also, the day the bullish harami was formed the volumes were lesser compared to the days the price retraced upwards. should that have been noted too?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Absolutely. Declining volume with increase in price, especially after a bout of selling should be treated with caution. Options is the best instrument of choice if one were to trade these setups.

    • madhu nair says:

      Also, how does one trade a spinning top or a doji at support or resistance? do we wait for a recognizable candle post them to place trades?

      • Karthik Rangappa says:

        Yes, it makes sense for a pattern to emerge. But the bias is towards a reversal. Think about it – if there is a support the chances are that the demand could emerge. Add to this a doji – by definition a doji is supposed to show indecision, which means the sellers strength is now questionable. Hence from both the angles its justified to build a bias towards a reversal.

  22. Robin says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Adaniports chart from 1st Jan 2015 attached.
    1) Candle No. 2 is a doji… can candle no. 1 & 2 be considered as a BULLISH HARAMI CROSS ?
    2) Can candle No. 2 & 3 be considered as a BEARISH ENGULFING PATTERN ?
    3) Can candle no. 3 be considered as a HAMMER?
    Thanks for your time.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Candle 2 is a doji.

      1&2 and 2&3 are not valid Bullish Harami Cross and Bearish Engulfing patters as there is a lack of convincing prior trend.

      Candle 3 is a hammer.

      • Ravi says:

        Karthik, why do you call Candle 3 a hammer? – is it only because of its form (it seems to be occurring during a sideways trend)?

        • Karthik Rangappa says:

          A paper umbrella is called a Hammer only if it occurs at the end of a downtrend. Else its just a paper umbrella with no significance.

  23. Pramod Beri says:

    sir in we go short(CNC).. is there a limitation that we have to square off within some stipulated time??

  24. Ravi says:

    Many thanks for putting together this great material! I have been following Bharti Airtel for the past week and it seems to be at a very very interesting position. I am bearish on it due to the following reasons and i’d be happy if you could provide your insights.
    1/ Seems to be forming a triple top @ 418-430 levels
    2/ Last high was made @435 at a very high volume of ~68m. On the day, stock closed ~10 bucks lower from the high (losing ~30% of the day’s gains). Despite the volume shocker, prices could not go higher.
    3/ A week of dojis and spinning tops after the long candle day. Bullish uncertainty? or are they consolidating??
    4/ Last two candles are dropping. Bulls haven’t given up yet though – low of the long candle of 29th @ 403 hasn’t been breached yet (bears did test it though!).
    5/ On the verge of an MACD crossover? 9 day EMA is still above the 26 day EMA though!
    6/ Finally, is there a bearish harami?!

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Seems perfect! Except for the last point on bearish Harami everything else makes sense. However it make take sometime to crack especially if the markets starts to go up from here. Hence I’d be happy to buy a Put option here. Good luck.

  25. madhu nair says:

    Karthik, using the flexibility rule can we treat the formation indicated by the green arrow as a bullish harami? i ask as the close of previous black candle after a sustained downtrend was at 574.35 and the opening of the BH candle was at 574.10. also, i am using a 14 day volume MA as opposed to a 10 day volume MA. what are your views.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You certainly can Madhu, although a higher open (say 576 or 578) would have been preferable. 14 day MA is just fine. No problem with that.

  26. RS3909 says:

    Hi Karthik,

    is this bearish Engulfing with doji? and bearsih harami after that? can we sell at this level? as RSI is also showing overbought.

  27. RS3909 says:

    could you please try to upload image on this page?

  28. Vivek says:

    Dear Karthik, I feel so grateful to you for sharing the immense knowledge you have. I have a few doubts about trading as a whole:
    1. When should be trade in equity, futures and options?
    2. As a beginner I was told that one should avoid trading in futures as it involves very high risk
    3. Since then I have been trading in options (cnx Nifty) and been earning decent enough returns based on news (related to bank rate cut, if nifty rises continuously for 2 days then high chances of falling the 3rd day etc.
    Kindly guide me

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Vivek my answers as below –

      1) I know this may sound like a boring advice, but start ‘trading’ only when you develop a trading strategy. Until then try and invest your money and experience how wealth is generated over long term.

      2) As a beginner you should avoid both futures and options…at least till a stage where you are comfortable understanding how these work. Trade them only when you fully understand how to deal their risk reward characteristics.

      3) Try and develop this into a proper strategy so that you can back test this and understand its behavior patterns.

  29. Ankit says:

    Karthik sir
    i am tracking the IDBI stock for couple of weeks and enjoyed a near about 50% surplus in just 8-10 days.
    but now sir there is little bit of confusion about pattern
    sir i am posting this image here, can u please teach me is this bearish harami pattern forming on IDBI one day chart

  30. SaikiranGarapati says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Can i expect last candle as a Doji? I am in Dilema, Before last candle It has fomed Bullish harami right?

  31. abhijeet says:

    Is it the bullish harmi pattern formed in the following chart ?

  32. AKBAR BASHA says:

    just started trading past15 days, can you advise me to find a coaching classes in personal, i am from Chennai. trying to study your candlestick all parts, understanding well but i can not recall it, please give me your valuable advice.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Not sure about other places…I would sincerely suggest you stick to the contents in Varsity and practice regularly.

      • AKBAR BASHA says:

        Thanks for your advice, please let me know how to keep remember the candlestick patern in mind. If there’s any practical training.

        • Karthik Rangappa says:

          I would suggest you pick up one pattern and trade that for a while till you get accustomed to it. For example you could choose to trade only Marubuzo for 3 months..end of 3 months you would be perfect in marubuzo and hence move the next pattern.

  33. ABHISHEK MUKIM says:







    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, whenever you see a bullish pattern in a downtrend, you should look for buying opportunities. Its best if you buy it towards the close of P2, maybe around 3:15 PM.

  34. RK kumar says:

    Hi karthik, in the harami method how to establish the pattern? only by observation,visualizing and interpretation? if the p2 is lower part than the middle can it be called harami?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      A simple visual sniff test helps. The body of P2 should be within the P1 and preferably the shadows too. I’d give the engulfing of body more importance over the shadows.

  35. Ram Prabhu says:

    Karthik Correction needed “The current market price at 3:20 PM on P2 should NOT be less than P1’s opening price?” NOT should be added

  36. jitendrameghrajani says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Would you include your valuable knowledge s on chart patterns like head and shoulders, double top and bottom in varsity site.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      There is already a chapter on Double top/bottom. Suggest you check the Dow Theory chapter.

  37. George says:

    Sir, under the heading trade set up for Bearish Harami, you have said under 1(b)that’The close price on P2 should be less than the open of P1′
    I think it should be closing price of P2 should be greater than the open of P1 ? would you kindly clarify.

  38. aditya says:

    Can i get a pdf of this…so that i cn hv a hard copy to read and apply

  39. sudheer says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Is it safe to replace the word “day” with week in your examples of Haramai pattern.I believe the behaviour and expectation remains the same irrespective of day charts or weekly charts.Also i could see a bullish Harami kind of pattern on weekly charts of asian paints(21-11-16).It had a prior downtrend that started 4 weeks before exactly.Can we go long with this pattern now?

  40. Kavitha says:

    Does colour of the P1 candle really matter? As I came across a scenario similar to a bearish harami where both P1 and P2 being red in an uptrend.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, colour represents price action, and the whole of TA is based on price action, so it is kind of important 🙂


    for TA futures contract, whether to look at underlying scrip chart or scrip future chart?
    Bcz if it is the first day of contract then to do TA on it?

  42. Ayush says:

    Does upper and lower shadow matter while forming bullish or bearish harami?

  43. shabaz says:

    So, according to you, if i am not wrong, the harami pattern formed when the traders got traped and forced to sell or buy there stocks in the loss result in reversal of the stock.
    Am i right? If not, can you please explain.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yup, traders also refer to this as short covering. Candlestick patterns is all about price action and the ensuing actions that you can take.

  44. ALOO says:

    Hi there, so after a span of 1 month I’ve seen several stocks with interval of 10 or 15 minute candles.

    So, as per all the candlestick patterns –
    Firstly, the frequency of pattern formation with proper prior trend is pretty low in 10 or 15 min candle interval.
    Secondly, if a pattern forms by chance, half or even more than that of the time the volume is below average(though several times it still does work and achieves my set target)
    And finally, when a pattern forms with correct volume it still like a 50-50% chance for it to work for a decent target

    So by all that mentioned above, the possibility of earning any money in intraday interval of 10 or 15 min candle via patterns is almost nothing.. Could you please advice me what should be done ?

    Patterns seems to work the best imo in EOD basis only.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) I’m surprised, in fact it should be higher if the liquidity is good
      2) If this is true, then maybe you should change the duration and check for other timeframes. Never force fit a pattern.

      • ALOO says:

        Hello, yes all the stocks that I’ve kept an eye on have decent liquidity so it shouldn’t be a problem at all, naming few stocks like techm, dlf, sbi, zee, airtel, bpcl etc

        Yes, I’m trying it in 5 min timeframe now and will tell the results as soon as I’m able to conclude it myself. :o)

  45. Sauravseman says:

    What if offer price(quantity) is 00(0) trade will occur or not???

  46. shabaz says:

    yesterday, nifty 50 formed bullish harami pattern, is it true that when such a pattern occurred during an uptrend, it is considered as bearish signal and it clearly implies that the market will continue the corrective tendency for sometime and no runaway rise is likely.

  47. Rajiv says:

    Hi Sir, on 12th May Gail has formed a bearish pregnant pattern. also it looks to have formed a hammer pattern at 3.20 pm but on close because of the averaging of last 30 minutes, it closed below with a long upper shadow. can we apply exception here and treat it as bull with a SL of 400. Please share your thoughts. Thank you.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      No, it does not sound too convincing for me. You may want to look at the chart on a EOD basis.

  48. shabaz says:

    what is mat hold pattern and how to analyse it and use it for the price behaviour ?

  49. shabaz says:

    is it true that in a bearish harami or bullish harami pattern, the smaller the second candlestick, the more likely the reversal. It is thought to be a strong sign that a trend is ending when a large candle is followed by a small candle.

  50. Somya Rana says:

    can you explain why in the IDFC Limited example , the risk averse trader avoided the trade?

  51. Sai krishna says:

    Can these candle stick patterns be used for intraday.which module contains strategies regarding intraday.please sujjest

  52. Shreesh says:

    First of all, great job compiling these materials and explaining on simple language for a layman like me.
    I happen to notice that in any of the charts, you have not shown the timeline in X axis. Are these for intraday? Also in the beginning it was mentioned that TA is for short term trades. You also suggest to vaise the trend referral around 3:20 pm of P2 day. So are we placing orders for few days? But isn’t our order valid GFD. If yes, then are we taking delivery of the shares? In case of short, don’t we have to close of our position the same day otherwise it will get auctioned that should be avoided? I’m quite confused. Pls explain.

    • Shreesh says:

      Typo- ” …You also suggest to validate the trend reversal around 3:20 pm of P2 day…”

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Shreesh, I guess I must have chopped off x axis for space constraints :)….honestly, dont know why I did that.

      If a trade is taken at 3:20, then naturally we are talking about carrying forward the trade. You can do this via futures or an options position….this holds true for short positions as well. Remember, short positions in spot has to be closed within the same day, not futures and options.

  53. Jignesh says:

    Hi Karthik,
    I have been reading these candlestick patterns since past few days. However, whenever you mention that Risk taker would initiate trade around 3:20 pm at the end of the day, I find it very difficult to understand.
    (1) why would someone initiate trade around 3:20 pm, given that there are only few minutes left to execute the trade on the same day( 3:20 pm to 3:30 pm)? here I am assuming that its intraday trading.
    (2) or is it like buying today around 3:20 pm and selling next day?

    I am novice to trading as its apparent from questions !

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Not intraday, this is assuming he will carry forward the trade. Remember, once the trade is initiated, you hold till SL or target is hit
      2) Like I mentioned, you hold till SL or target

      Happy learning 🙂

  54. Ash says:


    Thanks for the lessons.

    How do I maintain a stop loss for a period of over a day? Is there a greater than day type of order in Zerodha where I can put a stop loss order for more than a day and leave it there? If yes, what is it called and how do I initiate one?


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You will have to place it every day. Unfortunately, that feature is not available.

      • Ash says:

        Thanks Karthik. The best part of these lessons are you prompt replies even after years of writing the article.

        Don’t you think a feature like GTD that we have in our competitors be a good idea to be implemented in the Zerodha Kite Platform too? Would you be willing to take this as a feedback and bring it to the attention of your leadership?


  55. Nayan raj says:

    Hello Karthik,

    Should both the candles P1 and P2 in a Harami pattern satisfy the volume condition in checklist. Also in general for multiple candlestick patterns should all the candles involved in pattern formation should have at least avg vol traded.


  56. Tarun says:

    Both the piercing pattern and bullish harami seem the same, what’s the difference between them?

  57. akshay says:

    I’ve been going through the chapter. My question is that if one does identify any particular multiple candlestick pattern for eg, a bearish harami, what is the levels that they should be looking to square off the position created on that chart view. Till chapter 8 i have derived where the possible stop loss for a trade is based on the information but there is no mention of prospective targets or how does one go about ascertaining that?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’d suggest you read the chapter on support and resistance. This will give you a perspective on how to place targets and even stoploss orders.

  58. Rushabh says:

    Dear Karthik,
    Thanks for providing such awesome material.
    One doubt: What exactly is trading sessions? Can these multiple candlestick patterns be useful for Intraday trading? Because you are mentioning Interday (like day 1 and day 2) in these chapters of multiple candlestick patterns

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Rushabh, a trading session simply refers to the daily market opening and closing.For example on Monday, the market opens at 9:15 AM and closes at 3:30 PM, this would be a considered as a trading session.

      Yes, you can use candlestick patterns for intraday trading.

  59. Mayank Agarwal says:

    Hi Karthik, please address a few doubts of mine, Thank You.

    1. What if, multiple and opposite patterns are observed in simultaneous candles? For example, if there is an uptrend in the stock and then then a bearish candle is observed (forming a Bearish Harami Pattern), but right after it a bullish candle engulfs the previously made bearish candle. What do we infer out of such a pattern?

    2. While observing the intraday charts, sometimes contradicting observations occur for different time frames, for example, a buying opportunity in the 5 minute chart wheres as the 15 minute chart shows a prolonging down trend. What do we take into consideration when such crossovers take place? What should be an ideal number of points to set as the target in intraday trading since on several occasions the S&R calculated is way too high or low?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Possible to get stuck in such situations, hence the basic rules – buy on a blue candle day and sell on a red candle day.
      2) Possible. For this reason, you need to stick to one-time frame and trade that. Also remember, longer the time frame, better is the quality of information. I’d prefer 15 for intraday trading.

      • Mayank Agarwal says:

        Thank You. Also, if you could please suggest an ideal number of points as target for an intraday trade?

        • Karthik Rangappa says:

          Mayank, that would be hard to quantify. You need to look at the %return. Something as low as 0.2%, a day, achieved consistently is great in my opinion 🙂

  60. ravi says:

    How many data points (number of days) should we take into consideration to determine whether it is a upward trend or a downward trend in case of intra day share trading?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      If you are looking at intraday or swing trading, then you need to look at at least 5-8 trading sessions. For longer-term trades, look at at least 15 days of data.

  61. invest_novice says:

    Hi by the way what determines the opening price of the stock. The pre opening session? Or the very first trade after the market opens that day?

  62. Daniel says:

    Firstly,thanks a lot for providing an exceptionally good platform for learning! I have a small doubt. Regarding all the candle stick patterns mentioned in this module which time frame would it best apply to? And what’s your suggestion sir?
    Kindly reply!

  63. rahul says:

    all these chart pattern are valid for positional or swing trading right ?
    are they valid for intraday? ,because in all the articles I see that 3-4 trading sessions is mentioned

  64. shweta says:

    Can we use above candle sticks charts for buying and selling opportunities in Futures as well ? and also what time frame should we choose to observe trend?

  65. Nishant says:

    What is the timeline taken for the trends to form these patterns. In fact for all the patterns like engulf,haraami etc.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, that is a bullish harami and like I have said earlier – there are no guarantees in the market. CS patterns only enhance your probability of success.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes this is a piercing pattern.

      • chirag says:

        hi sir , as we know that piercing pattern is bullish type as we double confirm by seeing the volume chart here,but sir as we see the two indicator MACD and RSI is showing selling symbol on day when piercing pattr form,for such type of case what we have to do?thanks for all your reply its really helping me learning and understanding,

        • Karthik Rangappa says:

          Chirag, I always pay more attention to the candlestick patterns over the indicators. But then this is just my comfort level while trading. You need to discover your comfort for a better trading experience.

          • chirag says:

            so for these case what will u do?by seeing that chart?
            as i am asking for learning expericence

          • Karthik Rangappa says:

            Well, you cannot have a target based on resistance for stocks at ATH. The only option is to trail the profits.

  66. chirag says:

    hi sir ,lets say after0330pm i started analysising 50stocks,along with candlesticks pattern,priortrends,volume,indicators,etc,now suppos i left with 4stocks,
    so should i trade nextday at time of 0320pm or inthe next day at the start of morning?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Depends on your risk appetite. Some traders prefer to play it safe and trade at the close, some prefer to trade at the open. I’d suggest you take it on a case to case basis.

  67. Tarun says:

    Hi karthik , what if I keep my stoploss equal to the price that I have bought the shares in case of going long?
    Wouldnt that reduce my losses in case the pattern reverses?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, you can place it there….and by doing so, you will neither have a profit or a loss (assuming the SL triggers).

  68. Venkatesh N says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Thanks for simplifying the concepts!!

    Small query
    In case of Bullish Harami, what happens if P2’s closing price is > P1’s Open price?? Will that indicate a buy for a risk taker?? (or may be answer to my question is yes but the candle stick pattern would better be named as Piercing Pattern)?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      That would kind of invalidate the harami pattern. The whole idea here is that P2 is contained within P1, there is a sudden shock for the bears here. The price is likely to increase only if this shock translates to panic and shorts starts covering up their positions. In case, the close of P2 is higher than P1’s opening, I’m afraid there won’t be much panic.

  69. Rachit Sethi says:

    Hi Karthik
    The material prepared by you is quite omniscient and gives a holistic view of the markets. I really did find it enlightening.
    Just had few queries.

    1.) For pure intraday trades, which candlestick chart portrays the most accurate trend…. 5 min.. 10 min… or 30 min etc
    rather … I should ask which one should be preferred the most
    2.) Does keeping a daily target of overall profit/loss count as a fair strategy for rookie players ??

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) If you ask me, I think the higher the periodicity of the candle, the better it is. Given this, I’d prefer 5 mins over 1 min or 15 mins over 10. My default preference is 15 mins
      2) Don’t do that. It will lead to stress and you cannot trade (take a rational decision based) when under stress.

  70. Pankaj shrivastava says:

    How we can decide target value in candle stick pattern…please suggest

  71. Debdeep Nanda says:

    Hi Karthik, in all these examples, a person has to carry over his position to another day. How is it possible in intraday trade? Also, if it’s CNC, we can only do BTST, or wait for the shares to be delivered(+another day+more STT); what if the trend reverses within this time period, how should we buy/short our positions then?? Kindly help me understand.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Think about this – you notice a bullish engulfing pattern at around 3:20PM. The default trade is to go long on futures and carry forward the position. However, assume you are not comfortable with overnight risk. So you don’t initiate this trade. Next day, you want to trade this stock? Will you go short? No right? You would want to be buyer in the stock at every possible dip. What I’m suggesting is that you can use these patterns for intraday as well. The biggest challenge while placing intraday trades is to figure out if you are a buyer or a seller…this is where these patterns will help.

      • Debdeep Nanda says:

        Thanks a lot Karthik for the response. So I understand that the time period of a day can be replaced by 30, 15, 10 or 5 min in each of the examples, i.e., the effect of the patterns will be same in these time periods as well. I hope the understanding is correct??

  72. sahadev says:

    I have seen in so many instance where the markets makes high and on P2 opening will again be higher and hits the day high as same as in bearish pattern case also. In these cases the harami does not apply right?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      As long as the real body is within the previous day candle, one can consider it as a Harami pattern.

  73. Manish says:

    Why there is a distinction created between the two patterns ( harami and engulfing)? E.g. if we look from broader perspective, both bullish patterns i.e bullish harami and bulish engulfing, are preceded by downtrend, followed by red and blue color candles, respectively. Only thing that differentiate these two patterns is the size of candles. Hence if generalised , in any case at the bottom of a downtrend if one finds two candles one red and other blue respectively, the Patten shows trend reversal. And exactly opposite for bearish patterns.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Manish, the open and close in both cases are different. This difference leads to change in sentiment.

  74. Srikrishna Rowthu says:

    In the above lesson, there is a minor printing mistake in the below statement.
    “Here is a chart of IDFC Limited where the bearish engulfing pattern is”.
    Instead of “bearish engulfing”, it should be “bearish harami”.

  75. Apurva Anil Kunkulol says:

    Hi Karthik Sir,
    In general, why is it important for the P2 candle to be as small as possible compared to the P1 candle(colour notwithstanding).
    Let’s take a Bullish Harami, I understand about the open of the P2 candle being above the close of the P1and thus indicating bullish sentiment, but wouldn’t it be a stronger signal, if the close of P2 was above the open of P1?
    Why or why not?


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      All candlestick patterns should be looked upon by the perspective of buyers and sellers. A small candle casts a doubt in the minds of the bears (who are otherwise in control). A slight move up on P3 will convert this doubt to panic, which leads to a short covering rally, which is exactly what you need as a buyer.

  76. Apurva Anil Kunkulol says:

    Hi Karthik Sir,
    I have tried to identify instances of Bullish and Bearish Harami in the IDEA chart here.
    Could you please take a look, and share your thoughts on them.


  77. Aman says:

    “The risk averse will initiate the trade the day near the close of the day after P2, provided it is a blue candle day, which in this case is.”
    Doe this mean the risk averse will have to initiate the trade during closing time around 3.20 PM on the next day after P2?
    or its nearer the close price of P2 on the next day?

  78. Apurva says:

    Please Explain:

    How the bullish harami pattern lead to loss after applying stop loss.(In the last chart of the bullish harami pattern)

    Image address

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Apurva, like I have explained, CS patterns only enhance your probability of success. There are no guarantees here.

  79. Arun poddar says:

    Hi Karthik, I really like the way you explain which has also enhanced my interest towards candle stick.
    But I want to know that these candle stick tell us the trend but what should be our target. At what point we should square off the trade. You often speak about stoploss. Kindly guide

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Arun, the best part of candlesticks patterns is that it comes with inbuilt risk management mechanisms (SL). However, it does not gives you insights into placing targets. For this, I think simple techniques like support and resistance helps.

  80. Anand says:

    Dear Sir,
    Many thanks for such wonderful information.

    Can you please help me understand the below points?

    1) While considering bullish or bearish trend, what’s the typical timeframe/duration to be considered for assuming the trend? Is it 6 months?
    2) How to take a short position for a shorter term trader? Is it to be taken in derivatives?


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Look at both 6 months and shorter-term time frame (like 5-8 trading sessions)
      2) Ideally yes, but no harm initiating short-term equity trades.

  81. MURALI says:

    I failed to get the point on Axis bank of 1st Oct trading results with previous days candle stick pattern.
    pl explin if possible

  82. Nick says:

    “On day 2 of the pattern (P2) the market opens at a price higher than the previous day’s close”

    Shouldnt the opening price of a stock on a given day be equal to the closing price of the stock on the previous day??

  83. Appu says:

    Which is more reliable/strong among three(Engulfing/Piercing/Harami) candle stick pattern? I think Engulfing is most reliable for reversal….what do you think?

  84. Rishabh says:

    Sir..You Are Really Doing A Great Work..It is Really Very Very Helpful..
    I Have Doubt..If a Stock is in downtrend and then For Few Trading Sessions it is Side way range..So Can We Apply The Candlestick Pattern Technique in Those Situation

  85. Anuragh says:

    Hello Karthik,
    Please clarify this query for me

    Using these candle stick patterns in Intraday Trading , as a RISK AVERSER
    1. for eg : if I see Shooting star pattern on two different occasions on the same day like one at 11a.m and another at 02;00 p.m is it safe to enter into trade for a quick shorting or should I wait for more than that to confirm a proper shorting situation.(Bulls are in control)
    2. If I need to wait for more than 2 patterns to be formed wouldn’t I missing the opportunity to trade for that day as I might not even get a similar pattern after that .
    3. If two formations are enough for me to do a quick shorting then what is the time gap between these patterns should be or it doesn’t really matter.
    4. Similar above mentioned questions for Hammer or hanging man pattern as well.


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Since this is intraday, maybe you should enter the take the trade
      2) Yup, hence evaluate other things in the grand checklist and take the trade if required
      3) Again, these are intraday trades. It does not really matter
      4) Works for all candlestick patterns

  86. Srinathjayanna says:

    Sir can we consider this as bullish harami pattern with good volumes and price around support and go long here but macd is below signal line what would be your opinion in this type of trades.

  87. Srinathjayanna says:

    Sir can we consider the pattern formed in m&m as bullish harami with good volumes and price around support and go long here but macd is below signal line what would be your opinion in this kind of trades.

  88. Ansh says:

    Hey Karthik,
    Thanks for the excellent tutorial.
    Just a small query, if after forming the pattern, the stock does not jump immediately but forms another bearish candle the next day, however the stoploss does not get triggered, does the pattern yet remain valid or is that considered the failure point?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Bearish pattern (except for marubuzo) will not matter. Remember for a bearish pattern we need the prior trend to be upwards.

  89. Deepak says:

    Whether all these analysis apply to intraday trading as well? I mean, if the candles are 15 min candles can i use the same analysis?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, the candlestick pattern can be applied to any asset (equity spot, eq futures, commodities, currencies) across any timeframe (5mins, 10 mins, 15 mins, EOC etc).

  90. Diganta Ghosh says:

    Why will the bears panic if day 2 opening price is more than day 1 closing price?

  91. Bharani says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Would like to validate my understanding.

    Can I say Maruti has formed a bullish Harami, as on 1st Mar evening? I have the trade setup as below
    Stock: Maruti
    Pattern: Bullish Harami
    Buy: around 6930+
    Target: 7300
    SL: 6800
    Prior trend: Downtrend – (From feb 8th it has come down, though last few sessions have been flat).

    Please advise.


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, it has formed a Bullish Harami. However, I think 7200 is a more reasonable target.

      • Bharani says:

        Thanks for the quick response Karthik.

        I thought as per the charts the resistance level should be 7300 – are we choosing 7200, to be on the safer side or is there any other reason, that I am missing?


        • Karthik Rangappa says:

          Plotting S&R is a very visual concept and may differ from person to person (but not by a huge margin). I thought 7200 had a fair amount of price action. Why don’t you recheck once?

  92. Anish says:


    For a piercing pattern, is P2’s opening being lesser than P1’s closing, a necessary condition?
    If no, a Harami pattern that covers more than 50% of P1, could that also be interpreted as Piercing?

  93. Roshan says:

    Sir, does Asian paints qualify bullish harami pattern on 11 April 19

  94. kishore says:

    it has been stated that the harmani pattern develops over two days and does this mean if we are using minute charts in intraday trading it happens and we get a confirmation in two minutes. And can someone please clarify me on basically if this is the best for intraday because all these examples over here are illustrated on the basis of days and not according to what an intraday trader would like to have.

    //please help me out with the proper way to learn and practice trading even though varsity is a good material is there any other sources that can I rely on. please also feel free to mail [email protected]

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Kishore, all examples are with respect to intraday, however, you can use the same techniques for day trading. For example, if you are looking at a bullish harami over a two-minute chart, then the pattern will complete at the end of 2 candles (which is 4 minutes) and you can take the trade on the 5th minute.
      In my opinion, however, you should not be looking at 2 minutes charts to trade intraday 🙂

  95. Nithun says:

    Also during an uptrend or downtrend should the end value of the trend be either all time low or all time high or what is the reference point?

  96. Rajesh says:

    hello karthik

    if shooting star appears in a downtrend so what it means ?

  97. Jitu says:

    In bullish harami pattern, if close of P2 is higher than open of P1.Why won’t it be more reliable than ‘close of P2 lower than open of P1’?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The idea with this pattern is sudden, intense, and short price action by bulls. A close above P1’s open will not have the desired impact.

  98. vinay thallam says:

    Hi Karthik, Have few doubts.

    In the Harami pattern, do you recommend being risk taker or risk averse, since this is also a multiple candlestick pattern like Engulfing. For engulfing pattern you recommended being risk taker.

    And if two stocks have harami and engulfing at same time, which one should be preferred

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Hmm, it is hard to recommend as it really depends on many factors. If I were to trade this, I’d imagine myself to be a risk-taker in most of the cases. Between the two patterns, I’d go for the one which has a higher volume.

  99. tharun KANDUKURI says:

    Hi Karthik

    is trading can only With Futures or even it can be happen with CNC model. my question is considering deposit charges charged by DP’s.

  100. Punyaslok Kar says:

    Sir, can you please explain how the triggering of the stoploss lead to a loss, in the image just above the title “9.3 – The bearish harami” ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Stoploss implies that the stock has gone in the opposite direction of your trade position. Hence, a loss.

  101. rohan says:

    If Bullish harami is formed in UPTREND, it has no significance. Is it Correct?
    In general, Can we say if a pattern is formed opposite to its trend in which it should have formed then it as no Significance.
    Am I correct?
    Sir do replay.

  102. Saurabh says:

    Dear Sir,
    An explanation in the first paragraph, you have written that On day 1 P1 and day 2 P2, sir my doubt is these P1 and P2 can form in the same day.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      No, P1 and P2 are two different days, unless you are looking at intraday in which case P1 and P2 can be same day.

  103. Shanmukh Sripada says:

    If I am looking at daily data, how many previous candlesticks do I need to look at to recognize a trend?

  104. Aditya says:

    Can you tell me the difference between The Piercing Pattern and Bullish Harami as both should have a prior down tend and The second candle is generally opposite in colour to the first candle?

  105. Mahesh Krishnamurthy says:

    Are these correct assumptions?
    1. An engulfing pattern is a stronger indication than a harami.
    2. A piercing star is more commonly seen than a bullish engulfing (and similarly the bearish counterparts)

  106. Raju says:

    Hi sir,
    1. In Piercing pattern, should there be only gap down opening by P2? or, gap up also is OK?
    2. In Kite charts, are the pivot points same as the Resistance and support levels studied in R&S chapter? Or should we plot R&S separately as told in that chapter?

  107. Nirav Joshi says:

    Dear Karthik,

    Many thanks to you for bringing this amazing material. As I am progressing with Varsity modules, I am enjoying more and more. However, I have a query. Whether this candlestick patterns work in the extreme situation such as present pandemic or negative news flow such as bad news flow for banking industry?

    Also, I have gone through few QA here and found that many readers have uploaded charts to clarify their doubts. But, I am not able to see them. Is there anyway to see those QA with the images?

    Again, Much appreciated for your efforts to provide great content.



    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Glad to note that, Nirav 🙂

      When you have a fundamental situation in the market, TA has very little relevance. I’d suggest you don’t rely on TA for this.

      Images are user uploaded, they may have deleted the same.

  108. Nirav Joshi says:

    Thanks for your prompt reply Karthik

  109. Vishal says:

    Dear kartik bhai, thank you very much for all these detailed tutorials. I have just started reading this zerodha varsity.
    However i have confusion about p2 day and thought process of whole pattern.
    1) Here according to pattern, p2 day’s candlestick should be in under shadow of p1 candlestick. Like most of the charts you mentioned follow this. Is it what pattern wants to convey?
    2) your mention : “However P2’s closing price is just below the previous days (P1) open price” .
    Now my confusion is in p2 candlestick. Lets say in harami bullish pattern p2 candlestick close is above p1 candlestick’s open. If we interpret it with the thought process you mentioned we can say on p2 day bulls are in more strong position than actual harami bullish pattern. What should we do in this case?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) Yes, that’s what it means 🙂
      2) Please treat this from a case to case basis. Not every candle had the same P2 inference

  110. Karthik says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Thanks for wonderful content you have put together. A quick question: Can I apply the candlestick pattern to any length of session – eg instead of a day can it be a minute or 10 mins or 15 mins or 1 hour etc while intraday trading? Would it still hold good? TIA.

  111. Kim says:

    Are candlestick patterns useful on pullbacks?

  112. Aniruddha Chourasia says:

    Hey Karthik,
    In Indian markets we cannot short on a CNC trade right? We can only short on intraday!?

  113. Shreya Dangayach says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Taking bullish piercing into consideration,we say that the open on P2 should be lower than that of P1’s close,in order to show the continuity of P1’s sentiments,so after contemplating on P2,the long decision can only be taken at EOD ?

    Whereas in Bullish Harami ,the open of P2 is more than P1’s close giving a clear indication ?
    The close again as we say is lower than p1’s open ? Could you highlight the fundamentalism behind this.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’ve discussed this in the chapter itself, is there anything specific you are looking at?

  114. naga says:

    sir downwards trend — then sudden Marubozu — then downwards trend following
    I’m seeing this kind of pattern more and more, am I missing anything, since Marubozu is a trend reversal pattern

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, but then you need to avoid trading on long candles, I’ve explained why in this chapter.

  115. Ashish says:

    Good day Sir,

    In order to find out a pattern, do we take OHLC values and plot one candle per day in order to find out the trend?
    Pardon the ignorance.


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, that is right, these are called End of day candles. You can look at the end of days candle to identify trading opportunities.

  116. Mrinal says:

    Hi Kartik,

    In the last chart in 9.2, (4th one in the chapter)…where you mention that the stop loss triggered leading to a loss…
    Isn’t the prior trend a bit dicey ?? As in, it’s not actually a down trend…but a minor down and then almost flat trading ??

    Just wanted to check if I am developing the right sense for reading the charts.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      The best thing to do is to quantify, Mrinal. For example, you can define a downtrend only if the stock has declined 5-8% over at least 4-5 trading session. I’ve just given an example, you can improvise on this. In fact, you can quantify every aspect of TA like this and make it more tangible.

  117. Mrinal says:

    I mean to ask does it qualify truly as a Bullish Harami ?

  118. Mrinal says:

    Thanks a ton Kartik !!
    The sense is much clearer now.
    Also, I quickly understood to some extent what quantifying actually means.
    Thank you once again.

  119. Sharan says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Suppose with a prior downtrend, a Gap Up Green Candle is formed but by the end of the day, it closes above the open of the previous day’s Red Candle. It would neither be a Bullish Harami, nor an engulfing and neither a piercing. So how would we classify such a candle? Is it to be considered an opportunity to go Long?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Sharan, just because a candle cannot be classified as a pattern, does not mean you don’t trade on it. Candlesticks are all about price action with 100’s of patterns. So yeah, if this looks convincing for you, then yes, you can track it and paper trade and gain experience. Next time you spot the same, perhaps take the trade 🙂

  120. a om prakash says:

    Respected Sir, when we combine all the previous patterns mentioned i.e. bullish harami, bullish engulfing and the piercing pattern; a combined conclusion can be made that if at the end of a downward trend, you observe a red candle followed by a green candle then that shows there is an opportunity for long trading i.e. trend reversal.
    Am I right, sir? and if yes, then what purpose do they solve by getting classified into different categories, instead of a single one? Thank you.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      True, in fact, that is the purpose of candles, to help you identify patterns which are nothing but the manifestation of price action.

  121. Pradeep says:

    Hi Karthik,

    Thank you for sharing these candlestick patterns, it has really improved my knowledge and has definitely set me on the right track as far as TA is considered.

  122. Harshil says:

    Hello Sir,
    Thanks for such great learning material.
    For justifying prior trend as a bullish or bearish, how much should be the price change for particular stock? Is there any relation between price change over number of trading session to justify it as a trend?

  123. Moha says:


    In case of Bullish Harami, if the closing of P2 is more than the opening of P1 (given that opening on P2 is higher than the close of P1), why won’t the same principles apply? I think the same principles should apply because the market is anyway showing strength for the bulls on day 2.

  124. Mradul says:

    Hi Karthik,

    1. For the Bullish & Bearish Harami Pattern, on P-2 what causes the prices to open higher & lower than from the previous day’s close? My guess is that when the bears exit their position before starting another round of selling the bulls caught hold and vice versa.

    2. Similarly, how does gap opening works, you did explain that bulls are willing to buy at any price and bears are willing to sell at any price resulting in a gap, however, the only logical reason to do so should come from strong fundamentals of the underlying or are there any other reasons?

    3. Is varsity the the only medium through which we can ask you questions as I have multiple other questions which are not related to this module?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) It is usually an attempt by the bulls (for bullish harami) and bears (for bearish harami) to move the prices in the desired direction. The attempt is not successful, hence the short candle. But nevertheless it is an attempt.
      2) Gaps are usually a function of excess supply or demand
      3) This is the best way, although I do respond on Twitter as well.

  125. shubham garg says:

    hi kartik ,
    i had a question regarding bearish harami !
    In bearish harami is it necessary that the close of P2 should be higher than open of P1 , or it could be equal also and same goes with bullish harami that close of P2 should be lower than open of P1 or it could be equal also ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, the close of P2 should be higher than P1’s opening. Equal would make it a bearish engulfing pattern.

  126. sham says:

    Hello Karthik
    “The risk taker will short the market near the close of P2 after ensuring P1 and P2 together forms a bearish harami. ”
    So if I’m being the risk taker here , I sell the stock at end of the day? how exactly does that work? Is there something like STBT? or can these be used for intraday ?at what timeline?
    I went through all the comments searching for the answer , but only a few were there and those did not give me a clear picture to my doubt. I believe most beginners will have the same doubt So could please elaborate the same.
    On a side note , Amazing content out here, really helpful , kudos for that !

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Sham, if you are selling then you need to do this via a Futures or options, this way you can carry forward your position on an overnight basis.

  127. Rajnish Sinha says:

    Hello Karthik,
    Thanks again for the wonderful training material and for your continuous support.
    Please clarify these queries for me :
    1. In downtrend, on P1 red candle, P2 Doji (green colour, I know colour is not important in Doji). Can we consider this pattern as bullish harami ?
    2. What should be basis of trailing SL ? For example stock X bought on Monday @ Rs 100 and SL 95. On Tuesday, EOD close price of stock is 105 and low price is 101. Should be trail SL as 101 for Wednesday onwards ?
    Or, we should trail SL on basis of next support/resistance ?
    What should be correct method to trail SL? Please guide.
    3. On P2, if i miss to take position at 3.20 pm, should i place order next day at 9 am ?


    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) No, this cannot be considered as a harami
      2) Trail SL should be based on the number of points or on a % basis. For example, you trail the SL when the stock moves every 5 points in your favour or say 1% in your favour
      3) Yes, you can look for the immediate next entry point

  128. Rajnish Sinha says:

    Thanks for prompt response.
    With reference to my query no.1, if there is green colored Spinning Top in place of Doji then can we consider it as bullish harami ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Not as convincing as a small green candle, but yes, you can considering the overall circumstance.

  129. Kiran Hegde says:

    Hello Karthik,
    I have a question with respect to the daily charts of Eclerx.
    Eclerx formed a bullish Marabuzo on 13th August 2020. On 17th and 18th August, a bearish Harami has been formed.
    Now in cases like this, what candlestick pattern should be considered and why?
    Any advice would be very much appreciated.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Depends on which pattern you acted first. If it is the Marubuzo, then after you initiate, stick to your Tgt or SL. If its the bearish Harami, then stick to that. The point is that if you’ve acted on a certain pattern, ignore everything else till you trigger your Tgt or SL.

  130. Prakash says:

    Why can’t Q1 in the question above be classified as a bullish harami (provided that P2 doji is completely contained within the limits of P1 ? Strictly speaking it will be a bullish harami. If not, why ? Can you please clear this doubt ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You need to have a proper candle on P2, unlike a doji or spinning top. Only then, by definition, it is considered a bullish harami.

  131. dhaval vibhakar says:

    In daily chart for PNB Housing, the combination of candles for 12th June and 15th June are said to be forming a Harami pattern when you enable the candlesticks in Studies. But the closing price of P2 candle is quite less than the opening of P1 candle. How is that a Harami pattern.

  132. Dhairya says:


    In the candlestick patterns, while analysing daily charts, how many days of data should be studied to classify the data as uptrend/downtrend?


  133. Kiran Hegde says:

    Hello Karthik,

    It has been mentioned that to determine a trend, we need to look at the last 5-8 trading sessions.
    How do I correlate this to a 15 min timeframe? Should it be the last 5-8 candles on a 15 min chart?

    How about the following timeframes:
    -Weekly chart
    -Monthly chart

    Kiran Hegde

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      If you are looking at 15 mins chart, then you need to look at the 15min chart for at least 2-3 days to get a sense of the prior trend.

  134. Kiran Hegde says:

    Hello Karthik,

    Thanks for responding back.
    I am confused with your last response. Couple of questions.

    1)We are talking about 15 mins chart here. You have stated lot of times that to determine the trend, we look at the last 8-12 sessions. For a 15 min chart, we have about 25 candles on a particular day. If that’s the case, shouldn’t just looking at 8-12 15 min candle formations on a single day be sufficient?
    Why do we need to look at the last 2-3 days for a 15 min chart?

    2)Also kindly clarify on the following timeframes:

    Kiran Hegde

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Kiran, depends on how long you want to position the trade. If its a proper swing trade that you have in mind, say position held for 8-10 days, then go back 25 days. Else a shorter lookback period is also ok.

  135. Kiran Hegde says:

    Hello Karthik,
    Thanks for the prompt response as always and patiently answering my queries. I still have few questions which I guess need clarification.

    Now what confuses me is that, all through varsity, it has been mentioned that the lookback period should be the last 8-12 sessions for determining a trend. Now, this makes perfect sense for “day” charts.
    However, the above statement just does not add up when it comes to “1m,5m,10m,15m,30m” charts.

    Two questions:
    1)Does your previous response mean that the 1m,5m,10m,15m,30m charts can also be used for “swing” trading where the position is held for about 8-10 days?
    If yes, wouldn’t EOD charts make more sense for swing trading?
    2) It’s my understanding that 1m,5m,10m,15m,30m are only to be used for intraday trading and the lookback period should be the last 8-12 candles on the “very same” day prior to the point of trade.
    Am I mistaken here?
    3)Why would we want to look at the charts of the past few days for “1m,5m,10m,15m,30m” charts when there are enough candles available on a single day itself?

    Kiran Hegde

  136. Kiran Hegde says:

    Hello Karthik,
    Thanks a ton for your previous answers. Its been very very helpful.

    I have been getting a lot of questions in my mind as I start trading in the markets. Apologies if this is too overwhelming for you to answer.
    However, I think your answers benefit a lot of traders just getting started and hence, is helping the investing community as a whole.

    1)How is the bullish harami different than the bullish engulfing? Why is there a need for distinction here?
    The reason I ask this is, for both a bullish harami as well as bullish engulfing, the green candle appears ***all of a sudden on P2*** when it was least expected. The P1 candles in both cases is a red candle.

    2)In terms of ***sentiment***, how is the bullish harami different from bullish engulfing?
    Remember, the P2 candle is green in both cases.

    3)Would it be fair to say that with a prior down trend, as long as the P1 red candle ***engulfs*** the P2 green candle, a bullish Harami is formed?

    4)For a bullish Harami, what characteristics should the P1 and P2 candles have?
    Something on the lines of : P1 candle’s body should be x times bigger than the P2 candle’s body
    Should the P2 candle be small or big or how big should be the real body of the P2 candle?

    5)In the chart of Axis bank at:, Kite indicates a bullish Harami.
    However, the second green candle looks like a spinning top to me.
    Hence, this looks like a bug in Kite, giving a false indication as bullish Harami.
    Could you please confirm?

    Kiran Hegde

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) These two are similar, except for the amount of conviction developed for the bulls. That’s the only difference.
      2) In terms of sentiment, if I were to trade, I’d deploy the entire designated capital on an engulfing pattern and maybe about 60% on a Harami pattern.
      3) If it engulfs, its an engulfing pattern right and not a harami pattern?
      4) P1 should be a red candle, P2 should open lower than P1’s close and power its way to recover at least 50% of P1’s losses. Thats all. No other specifics.
      5) Its not a bug, that’s the way the indicator works. I’d suggest you ignore it.

  137. Kiran Hegde says:

    Hello Karthik,

    Thanks for the responses so far.
    I need clarity on the following part in your previous response:

    My question: Would it be fair to say that with a prior down trend, as long as the P1 red candle ***engulfs*** the P2 green candle, a bullish Harami is formed?
    Your response: If it engulfs, its an engulfing pattern right and not a harami pattern?

    1)What exactly is the difference between “engulfing” and “appears contained (pregnant) within P1’s long red candle”?
    For a bullish Harami, the phrase that has been used is: appears contained (pregnant) within P1’s long red candle?

    2)Why wouldn’t you say that in a Bullish Harami P2 blue candle is “engulfed” within P1’s red candle?
    Why is there a need to use the phrase: appears contained (pregnant) within P1’s long red candle

    Kiran Hegde

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, that would be a bullish harami.

      1) The price action is slightly different. In an engulfing pattern, the conviction of the bulls is higher.
      2) How else would you describe P1 and P2?

  138. Rajnish Sinha says:

    Hi Sir,
    This is in reference to your previous response regarding trailing SL.

    Karthik Rangappa says:
    August 18, 2020 at 9:15 pm
    Trail SL should be based on the number of points or on a % basis. For example, you trail the SL when the stock moves every 5 points in your favour or say 1% in your favour.

    Suppose if I go long at Rs 100 with SL 95. Stock moves to 103 and I trailed my SL as 98. But again stock retraced back to 101. What I should do in such situation ? Stick to revised SL 98 or shift SL as 96 ? or again shift SL at original SL that is 95 ?


  139. Raghav says:

    Hi Karthik,

    In the bearish Harami Pattern, we set the stoploss to be the highest of the high between P1 and P2. This would obviously be higher than the current trading price (on P2). So what significance does stoploss have when it is higher than the LTP?


  140. Kiran Hegde says:

    Please take a look at:

    Look at these 3 candles. The first red candle and the second green candle form a bullish Harami. The Harami was formed on 29th and 30th Oct at the S1 level of 1854.77. 30th Oct was the last trading day in the month of October. In the month of November, the S1 level is at 1730, which is very different from the S1 level in October, when the trade was taken. The immediate next trading after Oct 30th happened on 2nd November 2020 which is a different month altogether with a different S1 level. In this case, the candle on Nov 2nd 2020 is a red candle , whose low is lower than the lowest low of the Harami formed in October. Should a loss be booked and the trade be exited, even though the S1 level in the month of November is much lower now, than it was in October?

    How do we approach the trade here?

    Kiran Hegde

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Why are you looking at pivots fro S&R? You can plot these levels manually, right? Its much better that way. Else if you want to use pivot, then these level shifts are inevitable.

  141. Sheirsh says:

    After reading about these candlestick pattern, it is still not guaranteed whether there will be a reversal in trend or not, it is still just a probability ,right ,its basically guessing based on previous trends(like in some patterns, reversals happen, so it is probable that it might happen again since we saw this pattern ), is it right.

  142. Chandu says:

    How many days must be well spaced or candles for defining the trend

  143. Chandu says:

    Sir should we consider wick or shadow in harami..does the wick also should be within the range of P1 Or close within the range of P1 candle

  144. Madhav Shinde says:

    Could you please tell us that what time period you have put to get this chart pattern? I am very confused in this , which is correct time period to see which chart pattern has occurred.

    Thanks in Advance.

  145. Vinodhkumar S L says:

    The market gains strength on P2 and manages to close on a positive note, thus forming a blue candle. “However P2’s closing price is just below the previous days (P1) open price”.

    Why is it necessary for P2 Closing Price to be lesser than P1 Opening? Even if P2C>P1O, would it not be an indicator of bullish sentiments in the marker?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Think about the price action, the bears would think they are still in control, while at the same time losing grip slowly. Leads to a price squeeze.

  146. Chinmay says:

    Is it necessary in bullish harami pattern that the open on day 2 should be higher than close of day 1 ?

  147. Ayush Garg says:

    Hi Sir ,

    Can Harami , Engulfing , piercing & dark cloud be applied on intrady or it is only viewed on 2 day timeframe . And if it can be used in intrady what should be the body range because in 5 min chart it’s very rare to find 1 % body range

  148. Pranay Bhat says:

    What time frame in these candlesticks will validate something like a harami being formed? A day based candle can only be used right in this case?

  149. Garima says:

    Kiran can u share me the link for the API

  150. Nikhil says:

    Sir, I have read this topic before but I came back here for revision n noticed something I hadn’t noticed before. A bullish harami at times looks like a spinning top, you agree?

  151. Prahar mukharjee says:

    Sir, why is the opening on top in the red candle? I have been trying to figure out.

  152. Nikhil says:

    But sir a candle like a spinning top can also be a bullish or bearish harami at the end of the trends, right? A bit confused sir.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thats right, Nikhil. But it cant be based on just 1 spinning top, it has to be based on a series of spinning tops and doji’s.

  153. Nikhil says:

    But sir the approach behind a bullish harami is such that it’s formed after a bearish candle, so how can we look at a series of dojis? I mean one bullish harami after a bearish candle at the end of the trend signifies it.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, but if the candle on P2 is a spinning top, then I’d prefer to see 2-3 spinning tops after P1. That’s what I meant.

  154. Nikhil says:

    Hmm sir, a spinning top after a big red candle doesn’t mean it’s a bullish harami? U need something bigger than that?

  155. Shashanka K S says:

    Are all these candlestick pattern also applicable for a 5 minute window rather than a window of 1 day?

  156. kanav says:

    Hi Karthik

    After going through engulfing , piercing and harami . My understanding is that engulfing is the strongest among the three with the other two in descending order am I right in interpreting the same ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Hard to say that, you need to look at it from the overall market perspective and then take a call 🙂 But yeah, I personally like the engulfing 🙂

  157. Hemant says:

    Is Harami pattern a really strong pattern to be traded ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      No pattern is inherently strong or weak, it depends on the overall market context. Remember these patterns only improve the odds of success in the market, no guarantee as such 🙂

  158. Arpit Goyal says:

    in the last bullish harami example, how did the stop loss on the trade trigger a loss?

  159. HARISH says:

    Hello sir, a small correction on 9.3 the close price on p2 should be greater than the price of P1 (bearish harami)

  160. santhana says:

    Hello, First i am saying thanks for varsity app. i am getting good clear from this.
    Here my doubt :
    Bullish and Bearish Engulfing pattern want to see in Higher time frame (HTF) dayTF and above, only. we can’t follow this pattern at LTF ? because your examples at LTF only… you are preferring day only?

  161. Saksham says:

    I am feeling i have read so much but i won’t be able to implement it in actual market and will loose money

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ah, take one thing at a time, Saksham. For example, concentrate on just 1 pattern, forget about everything else. Try and spot just that 1 pattern and see how you can trade that. Get good at it and then move to the next one.

  162. Girish says:

    I was checking INTELLECT daily candle stick chart and after 3-4 days (11th, 12th, 15th, 16th march) of uptrend, a bearish engulfing pattern is getting formed (16th, 17th March) followed by Doji on 18th march. Does that suggest strong sell sign for INTELLECT on 19th March? I can’t post the image, but it is pretty much visible in Kite.

    16th March
    Open = 527. 05
    Close = 617

    Low = 527. 05
    High = 626.20

    17th March
    Open = 606.50
    Close = 588.60

    Low = 531
    High = 647.55

    18th March
    Open = 597.50
    Close = 595

    Low = 564.40
    High = 624.20

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’d not consider this as a strong sell, the bullish candle on 16th looks quite strong given the volumes as well. Would wait and watch for price action before taking any action.

  163. Girish says:

    Thanks Karthik. Thanks for creating such an amazing content.

  164. Priyank Soni says:

    sir, are these one day candle charts? are these candles of one single single day? and does these patterns works on 15 min or 5 min intraday basis? or is this for going long

  165. Ritesh Srivastava says:

    Hi Karthik,
    In all the examples you mention 3:20 pm before the market closes.
    I intend to use TA for intraday trades. How good these analyses are for trades let’s say at 11:30 am?
    And will a 15 min candlestick pattern provides the same insights?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      3:20 here refers to the close of the EOD candle. If you are using a 15-minute candle, then the reference point would be the 13th or 14th minute. Basically, the idea is to act after confirming if the candle is forming the desired pattern, which you can, near the close because the chance of forming something else is low.

  166. Parth khambhadiya says:

    Here is both engulfing and harami looks like confusing pattern . Can you elaborate more about this two things to differentiate when use of this pattern will more useful .because when i read this topic this two pattern looks same their is no different

  167. mamta p says:

    first of all thank you so much sir, and zerodha
    you are a great teacher and im really greatfull
    so,as i learned these candlestick pattern, sir you taught that risk averse can take trade the day after pattern formation… like if i notice bullish engulfing pattern and i want to take trade on p3 but on p3 the day is red so i avoid…. but what should we do further ? can we completly ignore that pattern and look for another opportunity or day p4 should be fine sir ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, if there is too much time after the pattern formation, then maybe you should look for something else.

  168. Anand Batra says:

    What is the importance of stock price on day 2 closing below the opening of stock price on day 1 during a bullish harami pattern? Similarly for bearish Harami pattern, what is the importance of price on day 2 closing above open price on day 1?

  169. Ab says:


    When you say 2 days pattern for engulfing/ piercing/ Harami etc. then, does it mean it has to be ‘2 full days’ or it can be 2 sessions also of 15 min. or 30 min. etc. ?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, 2 full trading session if you are looking at EOD chart. Basically 2 full candles of whichever time frame you are looking at.

  170. Rahul says:

    Hello sir,
    Kindly explain difference between inside bar pattern n Harami candlestick pattern.
    Thanks in advance

  171. Omkar Karande says:

    Dear sir,
    i guess there is mistake in IDFC LTD berish harami OHLC details in Day P2 candle.

  172. Abhishek says:

    Hi, Don’t you think it’s better to have a Harami bullish pattern where in a downward trend the P2 close is higher than the P1 opening. It means bulls are so heavy in P2 that they took the price above P1 Open. Somewhere you mentioned that P2 close it should be lower than P1’s open for it to be a trend reversal pattern.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I’d rate both bullish harami and engulfing as equals, Asbhishek. While one pattern may work on stock, the other may not. Hence its a good idea to keep an open perspective about these patterns and know which one works best for a given stock.

  173. prakash says:

    sir, to validate these pattern you are saying to see the market at 3:20 so that means we have to trade within the last 10 mints of the day? or should we take the trade on the next day say P3?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      You take these positions by reviewing the market end of the day, positions can be initiated in F&O.

  174. Shashank Singh says:

    does all this can taken into account while using 15 and 5 min TF.

  175. kunal Jain says:

    Sir, how to set target price , here?

  176. Omkar says:

    In the last point of bullish harami the stoploss is triggered… But what if we dont put the stoploss, and wait for a long run as in the module it is said that bullish harami have a long run.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, you can choose not to place a stop loss, but the issue is that you will have an unprotected trade and in case of a crash, losses can be high.

  177. Deathstroke08 says:

    Is there a way I can upload an image here?

  178. Damanjeet Singh says:

    Hey Karthik,
    Can this be called any pattern? when in a downtrend p1 is a red candle and the next day p2 directly opens higher than the close of the red p1 candle (around 50%) and closes above the high/open of the red p1 candle?
    Thanks a lot 🙂

  179. Vikash says:

    Hi Karthik,

    In Harami pattern, can we say P1 engulfs P2?

  180. babu says:

    Sir what is the different between consolidated and standalone?.. I have absolutely no idea about it sir, can you explain me clearly.

  181. babu says:

    okay sir after complete this module I will do it thanks for your reply.

  182. Mohit Jain says:

    The stock is at uptrend, so what pattern can we consider this as-
    Is this an engulfing pattern? I am confused as the opening of the second candle is above the closing of the 1st candle:)

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Yes, looks like a bearish engulfing pattern. Would have preferred to see it close below the previous candles open though.

  183. Saksham Kaushal says:

    What do you mean by trend reversal? Can you give example.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Trend reversal is the price reversing and moving in the opposite direction. For example, the trend reversal for a bullish stock is bearish.

  184. VR says:

    Dear Sir,
    You are doing really a great work by educating all of us about the stock market, explaining its complex concepts in easy to understandable way.
    Its very appreciable work done by Zerodha.
    Thanks a lot!!!

  185. Jai Sipani says:

    Hello Sir,
    Why is it important for P2 to close below P1’sprice in Bullish harami?
    What if the closing price is above the opening of P1 in Bullish harami. It will indicate a strong bull presence. then why are we restraining this statement.

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      P2 can close below or above, based on which its either bullish harami or engulfing. If its above, its the bullish engulfing.

  186. Frank says:

    When you mention either stoploss will be triggered or target will be reached.
    What do you exactly mean by “Target”
    Kindly Explain.

  187. Vikram says:

    Kiran, can you please share your email id

  188. Vivek says:

    Hi Kiran,
    Can you share the API details for the candle pattern?.


    What does shorting mean? selling the stock

  190. utkarsh says:

    Are these patterns relevant for intra-day trading where all the trades initiated at the beginning of trading session have to be squared off by the end of the trading session ?

  191. utkarsh says:

    Please ignore this comment as you have already answered this in the previous comments.

  192. SS Raghav says:

    Which other indicators can be used to confirm the reversal with harami.

  193. Deepak says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Very well explained..
    am yet to read further..i am investor but want to understand concepts of CE and PE. if i face difficulty, i will ask for help.

  194. pavan says:

    In Harami patterns, the two candles must be opposite?
    Lets an example
    P1:Open-180 Close-160
    p2:Open-172 Close-164
    1)Here P1 and P2 both are red and will form bullish harami?
    2)If yes is it applicable to bearish harami also?

  195. Sanket says:

    Will these candlestick pattern be applied in intraday trades?

  196. Pavan says:

    Hello sir,
    1)In downtrend, candle opens above previous close and engulfs previous candle then it become trennd reversal?
    2)for Gap up,gap down openning, are sometimes not become trend reversals, for considering them as trend reversal what parameters we need to consider?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      1) If it opens above the previous close (assuming the previous candle is red) and then engulfs, then it implies the 2nd-day candle is also bearish, hence the trend continues right?

      2) Yes, gaps can lead to trend reversals. But it’s hard to predict them.

  197. Pavan says:

    In downtrend, If p2candle opens above the previous close (assuming the previous candle is red) and then engulfs, then it forms blue candle engulfing previous candle(but it does not opens below or equal to previous candle for considering engulfing pattern) then will it consider as trend reversal(bullish or start of uptrend)?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Pavan, you need to look at this in the larger context of the trend and take a call. It is very hard to generalize it.

  198. Rakesh says:

    Harami patter use in intraday?

  199. Roshan says:

    Hello sir,
    I have one doubt, is the nifty 50 had formed bullish harami toady (21/12/21) in eod chart
    Thanks in advance …

  200. Roshan says:

    Thanks sir,
    So to qualify harami pattern
    body of P2 should be more than spinning top and P2 definitely should not be like doji, hammer or shooting star like pattern (i am talking about
    Only shape and size of P2)

  201. sai kumar kalakuntla says:

    today i saw head and shoulder pattern in HDFC stock(EOD).. do you think it is head and shoulder pattern?

  202. Vikas P Joshi says:

    What is target in this kind of patterns?

  203. Sumit Yadav says:

    Dear Sir, Please explain about tweezer top and botoom

  204. Ankith says:

    Hello sir, hope you are doing great!
    Small correction required in 9.3 IDFC limited example. On P2, the low>the close, which doesn’t make sense.

  205. ZESHAN says:


  206. Sam says:

    I’m new to technical analysis. But when I look into the charts, the trends and patterns change drastically when I change the frequency from 1 day (possibility of price increase) to 3 hours (possibility of price decrease) to 2 hours, sometimes pointing in totally opposite directions. So what should we do in that cases

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      I agree. So you need to be clear about your trading strategy – if it’s intraday, then look for intraday charts and it will be great if both EOD and intraday charts point to the same outcome. However, that need not be true about positional trades where you hold positions for a few days. In this case, you can look at just EOD charts.

  207. Chandrapalan says:

    Long position in this chapter implies for intraday trade & not for CNC, am I right?

  208. Suvarcha says:

    Hi Karthik,
    Thanks for the great tutorials.
    I have a question, in multiple candle stick patterns (harm/engulfing patterns) you mention, two candles have to be formed on 2 different days. As in, the 1st candle should be formed at 3:20 pm on day 1 & 2nd one on the next day. This is not necessarily intra-day, is it?
    Can’t we use these patterns during the day ( eg at 11 am) over different charts like 5 or 15 mins & make our trades?
    Pls note, I am very new to trading & its concepts. Hence, the question.
    Look forward to the answer.

  209. Dhruv Nathwani says:

    Hello Karthik Sir,

    Can we consider this as a Bullish Harami Pattern

    Thanks in advance!!

  210. Akhil Singh says:

    I didnt understood the 3rd chart under the bullish harami pattern, i mean the prior trend is bearish then i can find a new low how is it not forming a bullish harami pattern?

  211. Suresh Baskaran says:

    in both Bearish and Bullish Harmis What would be the target?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Target depends on your outlook on the market. It could be based on S&R or it could be a fixed % target as well.

  212. P A Salman Sabiq says:

    What time frame and candlestick duration are you referring to in in single and multiple candlestick patterns brother?

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