Mr Consistent returning incredible returns

December 21, 2013


Madan is part of our illustrious top 25 traders from almost 35000 who trade at Zerodha. He has won 3 challenges in a row, and he is consistent, not very aggressive, and has still managed a return of over 300% in the last 1 year + trading with us on a good sized trading account. Following is the very interesting interaction I had with him on his journey, his trading and money management strategy, and more.

Name: Madan K

Education: B.Tech (University of Madras), M.S (Virginia Tech, USA)

Background: Worked in the US for 5 years after graduation, came back to India for good in 2009. Wife is an M.S from Virginia Tech too.



From Computer Science to Trading Markets, how did it all start?

Have always wanted to do something more than a 9-5 kind of job, and had tried various ways of making money part-time. I had always been fascinated about the idea of financial markets from young, but got exposed to it only when I went to US for my masters. My friend used to trade the markets, and soon I started trading E-mini S&P, Soybeans, and more, this was back in 2008. Β What also helped then was that I worked from home, and hence was able to trade part-time.

Was it all smooth in the beginning?

Smooth πŸ™‚ Β I blew up almost USD 70,000 in 2008, in just under 3 months. I tried all kinds of indicators, backtesting, and only then trading on them. I was spending quite a bit of time, to figure out a strategy that can tell me what will happen next. Out of desperation to recoup the losses, started taking random impulsive gut trades as well.

What happened next?

My biggest influence came from a full-time trader John Carter (author of “Mastering the trade”), and things started to change slowly. Also thanks to “Trading the Zone” Β book by Mark Douglas, I started to firmly believe that “anything can happen next in the markets, and I don’t need to know that to make money trading”. It was a completely new perspective to how I was trading previously, instead of worrying about finding what happens next I started to now think that every moment in the market is unique, I started looking at trading more as a study of probability.

Came back to India for good in 2009, traded the US markets in the nights for a while until waking up and trading when everyone around was sleeping got to me. This is when I shifted to Indian markets and started trading on Nifty and Banknifty.

Why only Nifty and Bank Nifty? Why not Stocks?

When trading stocks, you are taking a chance of trading against an insider who probably knows more about the stock than you, lowering the chances of winning, not the same case while trading indices.

Can you give a brief on your trading strategy?

Trading strategy now is just pure price action with support and resistances.

Can you explain the concept of “Price Action Trading”?

Price action is a form of technical analysis, but it is unlike most indicators that I had given a shot when I started off. Most technical indicators usually try to predict the future based on past prices whereas in price action trading the main focus is on the relation of the current price to its past prices.

So if you look at my chart, you will find no indicators, not even candlesticks, just bars. Price leads indicators always. πŸ™‚

How are the trades planned?

It is based on the breakout of pivot high/low value of 10 min chart, these keep changing as the day goes by. I never wait for a pull back, always entering only on breakouts.

What about Stoploss and Targets? How many trades do you take on an average and what is the success ratio?

There are no predefined stops, stop loss is based on the previous pivot low (If I am long) and vice versa when short. I just keep trailing them when market moves in my direction.

Similarly there are never targets put, I cannot put my will on market by putting a target. I don’t try to guess what is the maximum I can make on the trade, I just trail my stop, markets tells me what it wants to give and I gracefully take it. πŸ™‚

I typically end up taking around 15 trades on Nifty and 15 on Bank Nifty in a month, usually lasting between 3 hours to 5 trading days. Around 45% of my trades are successful, but as a breakout trader, I catch a lot more when I am right, and there is always a stop based on the recent pivot low/high depending on if I am long or short to limit the loss when I am wrong.

What about the money management strategy?

When my account was small, I was using “Fixed Ratio” method to build the account aggressively, it is now more of “fixed fractional”, let me explain.

Using fixed ratio, I increased my account size from a few lakhs to a decent size now. It has only 1 variable, called delta. Delta is basically the maximum drawdown of your system (Basically backtest your strategy for 8 to 10 years, and you will know what Β has been the maximum drawdown historically). Β Assume you have Rs 100,000 in your account and you have found the maximum drawdown to be Rs 20000 for 1lot. You can now increase your trading size to 2 lots once the account balance goes to Rs 120,000 (profit of Rs 20,000), and so on. If the account balance goes down, you reduce the size, this is a very aggressive way and was good when my account size was small.

In a fixed fractional, you basically risk no more than x% of the account balance per trade. So if your % is say 2%, when the account balance is Rs 100,000 you risk Rs 2000 and if the account goes to Rs 110,000 you risk Rs 2200. This is the strategy I follow now, a lot more conservative Β because of my increased account size.

Favourite Books?

  • Mastering the trade by John Carter
  • Trading in the Zone by Mark Douglas for Trading psychology
  • Disciplined Trader by Mark Douglas for Trading psychology
  • Definitive guide to position sizing by Van Tharp for Money management
  • Market Wizards by Jack Schwager
  • Trading for a living by Alexander Elder

How does it feel to be part of the top 25 amongst 35000 traders in India? What are your future plans?

Feels good, but I will feel a lot happier and content when I can be 100% efficient in executing my plan. I strive to focus on process goals rather than profit and loss, but I guess money follows when you meet your goals. πŸ™‚

Future plan is to continue trading for a living, with a lot more capital hopefully.

Parting notes/quotes that have helped you, for the benefit of all readers

  • Plan the trade and trade the plan
  • It is impossible to predict market turns
  • Losing trades are a natural part of trading
  • Focus on process goals rather than profit/losses
  • Step away from the screen and Get a Life!Β 


We wish Madan all the best in scaling his trading account and winning many more challenges.

I hope the above interaction is insightful, do click here to read similar interviews with some of our outstanding winners of the 60 day challenge.

Happy Trading,

Founder & CEO @ Zerodha

Post a comment

  1. Rony says:

    Whos still reading in 2023. πŸ‘ˆ

  2. Dhairyasheel says:

    I really am impressed by your performance.

  3. Prince Thamburaj says:

    Hi Madan

    How do you protect your Nifty or Bank Future, when carrying the position overnight ?


    Prince Thamburaj

  4. Mani Raj says:

    Wow.. just wow.
    Inspiring for sure.

  5. Yashoda mungi says:

    Thank you very much,received refund today

  6. Yashoda mungi says:

    Sir, my 60 day challenge brokerage refund not given.
    Daily saying that you will get refund by end of the day.
    Token number 477094
    When will i get refund money?

  7. MANISH TYAGI says:

    Is Madan still active/reading this archive chat??

  8. AmIt yadav says:

    Dear sir
    What is the best time frame for plotting pivot points in intraday trading.

  9. CrackerJacker says:

    Hi Madan,
    I just wanted to show my appreciation for the time & knowledge you had shared in this thread. Almost anytime I was directionless in my trading journey, I ended up reading this thread and concurred with your trading philosophy, & course corrected. Its been 3.5 years since I first started trading (2.25 years actual trading), and have learnt a lot from my own experiences, market’s roller-coaster scenarios and in the end have realized only one true fact.
    That if you have a “trading plan” with positive expectancy, good “money & risk” management, and the discipline to execute/follow it through draw-downs, then its just a matter of time that compounding works to your advantage and grows your account to significant size.

    And also there is no shortcut to this learning phase, everyone will have to go through losses/learning curve, even if somebody served all the teachings/trading plans on a platter to them. So thank you for all your insightful posts, as they were really helpful to me (I had read the whole comments thread the first time I landed on this page, and still came back few more times in following months).

  10. MONI SHANAKR says:

    Very much inspired from ur story and couple of times i had read ur story and showed to my frnds too..I jst want to ask you the book u have mentioned MASTERING THE TRADE BY JOHN F CARTER is a quite old book,the psychlogy,strategy and setups are they still can be applied to Indian market..because now a days people are much aware about markets as compare to earliepr days…please reply…

  11. Malli says:

    HI Madan,

    Nearly i blew up 3 lacs during Aug 2017 month while trading naked nifty options by thinking of nifty will go up.
    but unfortunately, it was not went up due word war between north korea and US, other environmental conditions .
    Can you please clarify below queries and suggest me some important key information while trading.

    – Will you trade Nifty/BankNifty futures (or) options ?
    – If you are trading in options, will you consider pivot points levels on derivative chart (or) index chart?
    – What is position sizing which you used ?
    – All of your trades are intraday (or) positional ?
    – I have go through so many indicators, finally frustrated with all of them. Really don’t know which will work better, will Price Action give better results?

    Waiting for reply, since there were so many people attention to this page for more than 4 years.
    Please spend 5 mins time to reply this comment.


  12. Sumit says:

    Why have you stopped replying? Can we know your results after this interview please?

  13. Pallavi says:

    I have found the book ” Mastering the trade ” but it’s very costly..can anyone plaese give me the pdf of this book..thanks..Regards Pallavi

  14. Sumit says:

    Returns wise which has delivered better? Nifty or Bank Nifty?

  15. sagar says:

    hi Madan,
    where would I find van tharp’s book on position sizing at a relatively cheaper price. if not is there any cheaper books on position sizing.

  16. aditi says:

    Hi Madan, I got this thread after so long time. I just want to know do you use any scan to search for this strategy? what are your higher and lower timeframe to trade?

  17. Gaur Krishna says:

    Hello Madan,
    how much points SL do you keep while taking intraday trades in NF?
    yes,I know,it should be previous low/high,but point wise how much are you willing to risk?

    Gaur Krishna

  18. Sumit says:

    I have one more doubt, if you have an open long position and your strategy is giving a sell signal, what will you do? Continue with long position or exit long and open short? Your reply would be much appreciated. Thanks, Sumit

  19. Sumit says:

    Hi Madan ji,
    Firstly many congratulations on winning the Zerodha 60 day challenge. I have just completed reading the entire page with QnA. Given the fantastic quality of reply given to each and every question, most of my doubts are clear. I just have one question. Somewhere you have mentioned that the last few minutes of the market can give you a buy/sell signal which can trigger the next day. Incase there is a buy signal the previous day and the market gaps up today, what do you do? Do you ignore or buy at the open of gap or punch a limit order to buy at your signal price? Your answer would be much appreciated. Thanks!

  20. makarand pande says:

    This discussion is pretty much older, don’t know if you’ll reply or not. you could have just stopped paying attention to this page but for my satisfaction I gotta ask (Even if I’m a bit late on this spot). I have read john carter, mark douglas and van tharp.
    I started studying markets right from these authors’ perspectives(now mine too). But I’m having problem with a ‘little bit’ of the “EDGE” needed for increasing my Probability (dont misconceive it as search for the grail/ i knw u wouldnt). SO my questions:
    1. To trade nifty futures , u dance with nifty spot or nifty future chart ?
    2. (Might sound stupid, hey i’m a humble guy) what are swing high/low pivots ?
    3. please give me something to increase the probability in my setup..
    4. I’m not so in a condition to buy/rent backtesting platforms, so im gonna hav to do it manually in excel, would take some time (but by god i’ll do that!), so tell me, will it be profitable?

  21. Pawan Sharma says:

    Thank u sir for wonderful tips.. Can u suggest any good book for trading in commodities for beginners? Being a regular office guy, presently I am trading in commodities only

  22. AMIT says:

    Dear Mr. Madan

    First of all i’d like to congrates Mr. Madan for his consistent performance…wish u the same n beyond in every single year to come…sir ur success is an inspiration for millions like us.

    I want to thank Mr.Nithin & Team Zerodha, for this wonderfull,motivating coversation.

    Sir,my name is amit,a research student,currently follwoing ETF- BeES route,
    i’ve few Qs
    1. At current scenario of hiked lot size,will it b a smart choice for person with limited money in hands to get in to FnO segment…if not thn, what are the other alternatives now ?
    2.Plz. suggest some boot camp exercises for beginers (with limited time n resources) who r moonjobing it now, bt planing to b a full time trader in near future ASAP ? Pl Guide.

  23. kasi says:

    success rate is only 45% and that too on nifty & banknifty ???.
    There are many better ways of trading as Madan is doing intraday 10 min TF and its impossible to be away from screen when doing intraday as SL can hit at any time, in this case pivot low or High.
    Frankly speaking, money made in intraday will fly away & finally one lands in the loss, no matter what’s the strategy.
    One can make money only in positional trading, be it investment or trading futures as ture trend can not be found in intraday charts. This is one of the reasons success rate is only 45%

  24. sam says:

    Hello Mr. Madan,

    As you have said that you are a pure price action trader and do not use any indicators, then how in the world do you back test any thing that is purely price action based and not on some indicators.

    please answer my query. Quiet new in market. Still in learning phase.

    Thanks in advance.

  25. Anoop says:

    Hi Madan

    Congratulations for you winning streak in the markets i have a couple of doubts kindly try to solve them
    *How do you decide when to enter if any stock breaks out do you wait for the confirmation in next candle ?
    *How do you decide the stop for the same?

    Hope you solve my above queries .


  26. Vinay says:

    Hi Madan ,

    I have one question, how one can decide the performance of a the system is in peak or not.
    for ex. if my system makes 700-800 points in the year 2015, do you think it is a good system or need to develop more.

  27. Rohit says:

    Hi Madan,
    Are you trading as an individual or as a company (One person company or LLP or PVT) ?
    Does trading as a company helps us to make use of the tax advantages more than as an individual?

    If you are trading as an individual currently, do you have any plans to register a company and start trading as a company in future (to get more tax benefits)? or is it safe to continue trading as an individual to avoid more formalities being a company?

    Kindly share your views.


  28. Usha Anand says:

    Mr. Madan,
    Can i get a chance to meet u or any contact number to contact you, because in a short period i got loss of 20 lakhs. Pls help me how to go further.

  29. Salsa says:

    Thank you Madan for your valuable inputs.

    I am on the journey to restart trading and your answers have been a guiding force.

    Havent seen your replies off late. Trust all is well at your end.

  30. SATISH says:

    Mr. Madan, please continue your advisory services

  31. shreyas says:

    Hi Madan,
    Hope you are doing good. Markets have been volatile lately.
    I have a Q if you would mind answering.
    If you have back tested your system, what has been the max Drawdown in terms of Nifty points ?

  32. MKS says:

    Dear Madan,

    U are using recent pivot low/high as ur stoploss. So ur stoploss can vary from 10 points to 100 points. But ur risk % is fixed.
    Do u vary ur position sizing for every trade?..
    Do u eliminate any trade which gives big stoploss.? (Eg 80-100 points stoploss).
    Do u face any problem in executing big orders? ( more thn 200 lots)


  33. Rohit says:

    Madan’s name/photo is now not there in the “60-day all winners” page with EQx5 or 6.
    Is he not a winner now or does he stopped trading with zerodha?

    Kindly reply. Some of us are eagerly watching continued performance of all the previous winners.

    • Madan says:

      Hi Rohit,

      I have requested Zerodha to not display my name anymore…so, Zerodha respects people’s privacy and updates only if the winner gives them permission.

      Hope it answered your question

  34. Anshul says:

    Hi Madan

    Congrats for such an awesome achievement.

    I am in a little bit trouble here. I currently only have Pi as a trading tool. How can I see live Tick Indicator for Nifty/Banknifty??

  35. tools says:

    hi madan,, congratulations on being such an awesome trader,,, everyone wants to be like u but i think it becomes increasingly difficult with such volatile times., and i am sure u will become better in these times. please keep up the good trades u do::
    anyways i have 3 questions::
    1. i want to know what do u do when the markets are dull,, i mean suppose u have a big trade which worked for you and then the markets stop moving,, do u sit out or u play small.. most of the money earned in good trades is lost in pilferage trades after that.
    2. do u use normal laptop setup and pi from zerodha with normal internet connection or some hi performance system trading platform with direct nse line..
    3. u said in ur interview that u traded in US markets from india but zerodha doent offer u platforms to do that..are there any brokerage house or trading platforms which gives u trading platforms in all futures markets throughout the world.. and are they very costly or require high amounts of capitals..

    thanks and best of luck..

  36. Anonymous says:

    Hi Madan,

    Have a query not related to trading at all.

    Since most of the time you would be trading from home. Wat else do you do to keep yourself occupied in a day…….I meant sitting in home/office in front of the computer all day alone (If wife is working)…a person may feel preety bored…..

    Everyone thinks they will leave their job and do only trading but after initial months…..isn’t a person get bored….so just wanted to know wat all u do to keep urself fresh n occupied…..need this ideas for my own self…….m thinking of leaving my job in sometime but keep on thinking won’t i get bored alone…..definitely i will spend some time in Gym and evening walk with wife but still all day alone….wanted to know ur thoughts on this…

  37. MM says:

    Hi Madan,

    Congratulations for being a part of the Elite Club of Zerodha Consistently Successful Traders.
    I read through your answers and they are very informative and helpful…
    I have couple of questions… Hope you will answer these…
    1. How to enhance the confidence in our trading system
    2. How to improve execution of the trading system
    3. How to isolate oneself from the emotion of Profit and Loss and Follow the process of trading/Trading plan 100% of the times.
    4. How to isolate oneself from the emotions (Greed and Fear)
    5. How to increase the risk incrementally without hitting your emotional balance.
    6. Howe to build a very objective trading plan without any subjectivity.

    Thanks ~MM

  38. vivek says:

    hi madan/zerodha,
    What is the correct way to backtest? using continuous back adjusted contracts or maybe some other way
    madan said that he backtested futures contracts for very long periods of time(the contract has a lifespan of 3 months only). does esignal back-adjust the price data?
    also zerodha, does pi also work like esignal as far as this aspect of the software is concerned(noticed substantial price difference between BNFMAY and BNFJUNE)?

  39. venkat says:

    Hi Nithin,

    I came to know your website few days back only, it was very useful to our Indian traders.

    Pls can i know, whether your comment systems is own coding or any free service taken from 3rd party ( like Disqus), it is good looking.

  40. Vikas says:

    Hi Madan,

    your favourite are nifty and bank nifty.
    what do you suggest is more rewarding ? index future / index option ?
    what are pros and cons according to you.
    I did studied on above question from various places, but want to get real answer from experienced live trader who is dealing with nifty and bank nifty daily like a lion master battle with lion in closed cage !!!

  41. Ananth says:

    I have seen the article in Business line dated 12th April on How stocks became their bread and butter it was awesome

  42. TNDS4023 says:

    Great to see a person like you.
    Have been trading since 9 months, and lost around 18 lakhs which I earned by investing in the last 10 years. no mater Still I have money to lose for learning.
    I trade only Bank nifty Range breakout scalping . SL would be 5-10 points and target is around 15-20 points. previously I used to trade 1000-2500 Quantity for single trade and now reduced that to 200-300 and also improved SL execution.
    I really need your guidance.
    1.I do look at previous day high, Low, and close along with range high,low , Do I need to look something more for high convincing break out?
    2. second Am I in right Path in Trading Range breakout scalping with 5-10 point SL and 15-20 Points target? Please share your experience. can also mail me [email protected]

    • Madan says:


      1. Conviction of a breakout cannot be quantitatively measured. A break of swing high/low, previous support/resistance can give us some clue. It is better to wait few minutes to see how market reats around breakout region. Please bear in mind that breakout failures are often more rewarding and easy trades.

      2. I would tend to not answer this question but i can say that trading BNF for 15 pts with 10 points can be very tiring and risky (we are all aware that risk is embedded in every trade but how we handle it is the key). BNF moves like a bull coming out of the pit. Highly volatile and the SL you are mentioning would be taken out within a second sometimes.

      Hope it helps

  43. vijay says:

    Congrats madan,
    I have some Q…. tradewith 10 tf pivots…i think its not intraday…also not SAR based…so you take positions to home at EOD? mentioned use support& resistance…is it also from 10tf ?or use to look hrly?

    • Madan says:


      1. I have mentioned elsewhere that market decides whether its an intraday or carryover trade.

      2. and resistance on 10 min tf but would also keep an eye on daily tf support and resistance as well. I will be more watchful at those S/R and take action accordingly.

  44. Umesh says:

    Hi Madan,

    Do you believe that brokers can steal someone’s way of trading , as they have large record of your
    trades . also they have much more capital they can easily steal your way use this , ultimately your trades will also be affected . Is this possible ?

  45. sangram24 says:

    Hi Madan – first of all congratulations on trading well and making a living out of it and in the process leading a well balanced life the way u want to. to me this i think is an achievement and not 300% or winning a contest. i ve read the entire blog and on most points i couldnt agree with you more . i just have 2 queries if you can shed some light on them –

    1. On your MM strategy – You said that u use fixed fractional now which is risk = x% of the account. But at the same time you also trade 1 lot per 1.5 lacs in your account , which i believe is the units per fixed amount of money MM method. Why have 2 MM methods , isn’t this confusing. If i use fixed fractional , say 1% of my account size and can sustain the drawdown ( 1.5 to 2 times of the historical drawdown’s) isn’t this sufficient in your view ?
    2. Well you have already mentioned that you are uncomfortable with the 300% return being mentioned so i wont dwell too much on that . i am just asking you if this is a right parameter in judging trading performance . as u have mentioned and i can make out ur actual capital utilization from the total capital in your account is pretty less, i don’t think on an avg it wud be even 30 – 40%. In my case peak capital utilisation is not even 40%. So if my net profit for a period is Rs 100, returns are to calculated on total capital x or 40%of x or 30%of x which is the avg.

    • Madan says:


      1. Yes – you can use 1% of your account and if you able to sustain 2 times of your max drawdown, thats wonderful..Keep doing what you are doing.

      2. Returns are usually calculated on the total capital and not on ‘capital employed or used’. I use total capital.

      Hope it helps.

      • sangram24 says:

        Thanx Madan for the reply… i just wanted to check one thing with you on the MM startegy you outlined.
        1. when ur account was small u used fixed ratio, ( i am assuming u were trading the same strategy then with a sucess ratio of 45%) did fixed ratio work for u fine, i mean was it difficult coz with 45% hit there will be long consecutive losses and periods of drawdowns. how did u cope with it in fixed ratio….
        2. is there a ratio u shud maintain for account size vis a vis delta, for eg in the instance u mentioned 100, 000 a/c with 20k delta … 1:5…. is there some ratio like this which is desirable ?
        3. since there has been no conclusive answer till date as to what shud be th e delta, can u mention what was the logic in u taking delta to be the highest drawdown of the system…

        will be glad if u can answer these , regards

  46. Rohit says:

    Hi Madan,
    While filing IT returns, do you get your books audited by a chartered accountant?

    (I assume that your turnover is greater than Rs 1 crore and Auditing is mandatory if your turnover is either greater than Rs 1 crore, or if your turnover is less than Rs 1 crore but your profit is less than 8 per cent of your turnover).

    If auditing is done, kindly tell me the fee you are paying to your CA. (or expense for this in general).

    I am asking you this because my CA is asking me Rs 50,000 for getting books audited and told me that this is standard fee in Bangalore. My turnover is crossing 1 crore and the contribution to this turnover is mainly from ‘Loss’ and not from profit. I am not able to pay this high fee to my CA year after year.

    Kindly share some ideas to tackle this issue.


    • CA Prateek Chhabriya says:

      Dear Rohit ,

      I am a Chartered Accountant practicing in Nagpur ,
      i would like to inform you that while trading in FNO , the turnover or Rs 1 cr is not calculated on the basis of traded value , but is the sum total of all the profit and loss made in a transaction during the year , if that is exceeding by 1 cr then you would require your books of accounts to be audited .
      Also since the accounts are easily available from the broker and are online , the fees appears to be too
      much .
      If you need any help pls feel free to ask .

    • Krishnan says:

      50,000 is way too much ! At bhubaneswar , we settle at anywhere between 5-10k

  47. Amit Sengekar says:

    Hello Madan ji,
    Hats off to you for transforming yourself from the situation of losing US$70K to becoming 3 times Zerodha 60 day challenge winner and trading with huge account size now. I am writing this to you to come out of a similar situation in which you were at that time when you lost US$60k. Bro I have lost arount 12 lakhs trading options and lost my hard earned money savings of 4 years. I know that there is almost a 100% chance that you may not help me what I want from you but then also I thought let me try with you as you might have also seen and felt those hard depressive days .
    I have no big savings plus now NO job, still giving interviews for getting a job. Means I have gone broke in every way plus loan EMI pressure. I want that I want to give you an amount of Rs.50k and can you give me any monthly returns as per your wish without any compulsion from my side,by trading in nifty, so that I can have some little income support for paying the loan EMI till I get a job in few months. I understand that any loss of my capital will be purely my responsibility. Pls help me if you can.

  48. Seema says:

    Hello Madan,
    to identify a pivot, how many candles/bars you generally look for to the right/left of low or high bar? And is this strictly in 10 min time frame?

    • Madan says:


      Dont have a number of bars lookup rule like that. I use lot of trendlines and visual pivots to trade.

      • Seema says:

        Hello Madan,
        what do you exactly mean by visual pivot? How do you try to identify one?

        • Seema says:

          Hello Madan,
          one more question. Suppose we are getting a up swing and there is a sudden big down bar that comes. Do you take that as a down swing and take it as pivot or no?

  49. Sophie says:

    Hi Madan,
    Thank you for answering all our queries. I was curious to know if you ever traded US stock futures or indices. If you have, how does it compare to trading Indian index and stock futures?

    • Madan says:


      Yes – have traded eminis but not for a long time. S&P moves a bit different than Nifty (basically, it reverts to the mean more often than not). Russell2000 moves more like Nifty.

  50. Kam says:

    Hi Madan,
    In your interview you mentioned about focusing on process goals instead of profit.
    Could you give more details on what all should be covered under process goals?

    I currently maintain a trading journal and have a trading plan, but still feel it’s not complete. Your point about process goal might help me put a better structure to my trading plan.


  51. Neethi says:

    Hello Madhan,

    Congrats for your success and sharing your experiences. Thanks, bought John Carter’s Book and in progress of understanding Futures etc. will be great if you could give an idea/suggestion for the following ques.

    1) are you using TTF Squeeze tech ? if so, how far it is helping/successful ?
    2) eSignal – they are having 4 packages, which one will be fine to look for Nifty,BankNifty real time data charts and TTF Squeeze etc ? (the first one with 15-min delayed data, so , hope 2nd one eSignal Premier is ok ?)
    3) about your analysis, are you doing last 10yrs (or) 5yrs back testing for the Nifty, to make sure about your current setup’s success ?
    4) about recent High/Low Pivots analysis, you said you are using 10mts chart? are you seeing 30mt, 1hr, day chart also to make sure before doing the trade decision (or) just 10mts chart alone you are using ?


    • Neethi says:

      sorry, that is TTM squeeze. tks.

    • Madan says:


      Thanks for your kind words. Glad that you picked up a book to read more about trading πŸ™‚

      1. I don’t use any indicators to decide on my trades. I go with Price action.

      2. esignal premier would be ok for futures. If you are planning to see options chart, then you have to go for esignal premier plus

      3. 5-10 years is good enough. Higher the number, the more better it is.

      4. I usually don’t see higher time frame charts but would definitely be cognizant of the 60 min trend.

      • Neethir says:

        Hello Madhan,

        πŸ™‚ yes the book is really very useful to understand the basics and advanced.
        Thanks for your detailed answers. currently using esignal premier, yes will go for plus when planning to go with options sure, tks.

        sorry, bit more questions, If you don’t mind please ?
        – about the price actions, hope you mean about the daily pivots, If I am correct ?
        – is there any effects depends on the daily Nifty futures Gap like US future markets ?
        are we should take care Gap issues too ?
        – do you use RSI ? to make sure with Price actions ?

        Thanks again,

        • Madan says:


          1. I don’t trade based on daily pivots but know people who use them.
          2. Did not get your question on gaps.
          3. No – i do not use any indicators.

  52. Pravin says:

    Hello Madan Sir,
    Does it works for trading nifty with zero minute line chart.
    Did you watch news while trading.
    How many days chart you use for analysing and trading purpose.
    Can we success in trading nifty options.
    Thank You Sir

    • Madan says:


      1. There is no verifiable relationship between the charts we use and the success in the markets.

      2. No news.

      3. I don’t analyse the charts, per say. Generally, would like to see atleast 3 days of action in my monitor.

      4. The choice of instrument is irrelevant to making money in stock markets. If you understand options, i don’t see why you should not trade them.

  53. Naresh says:

    Hello Madan,

    I am in this dilemma in understanding the visa regulations. Please whenever you get time share your US trading experience. How you were able to trade on Student/H1B work visa? I read all over the internet that
    H1B visa are allowed to do passive investment i.e. buying stocks and selling on certain period of time but not trading. I have been doing virtual trading in NasDaq100 e-mini since 8 months and quite satisfied with results. I would like to start on real money.

    But I am not getting proper answer on Visa regulations. Sharing of your experience and guidance would help.

    • Madan says:


      I was on EAD (the penultimate step in the GC process) when i started trading US mkts. I checked with Mrs. Sheila murthy of before doing trading and i was absolutely fine. Please check with an immigration lawyer if you are on H1B. If i were you, i would check first as i don’t wanna mess with IRS and USCIS. If you are a patterned day trader(please google the term) in the states and make money, you get 1099 (business) and not W2 (employee)

      Hope it helps.

      • Naresh says:

        Thank you for your reply. I will definately check with Immigration lawyer. could you also help with the good future brokers? if I get positive sign from lawyer. I know about infitnity futures, future online with good commissions.

        • Naresh says:

          Hello Madan,

          Hope you are doing well. A very happy new year and consistent profitable to your trading. I finally got a positive reply from my employer/Immigration lawyer that I am allowed to do trading in futures. All I need is to take care of filing my returns when I get 1099 from the broker. After reading your comments, I have started reading Mastering the trade by John Carter. Its a wonderful book. I started testing some of his ideas described chapters Pivot levels/352 play virtually but you have t stick to the rules. it works great.

          Since you have traded in US and have good experience, I would need a little help in my start up. My initial amount would be $10k. I still have not chosen broker since I am in confusion between Tradestation and Infinity Futures. So who is better according to your experience ? they offer same brokerage but Infinity doesn’t have mobile or web platforms.

          1. Which futures I should be start trading with and safer considering risk ? Nasdaq100, DOWJones or S&P500 e-minis?
          2. I know trading is risky in any kind of markets and I know the pain of loosing. I would follow 1:2 risk reward for all trades.
          3. Based on my $10k initial money, what strategy would best fit and help me stick to 1:2 risk/reward.

          Your assistance would be highly appreciated.

          • Madan says:


            Thanks for the new year wishes..You too.

            1. I was using Tradestation for charting and Infinity for executing my trades. If your account size is 10K, i would encourage you to open an acct with tradestation as you get nice charting as well. TS used to waive the monthly fee if you do minimum number of trades. Please check with them. The advantage with Infinity is they have quick fills with less slippage. But that becomes an issue only when you trade relatively big (>100 emini lots). You should be OK with TS as of now.

            2. There is no safer instrument. Everything carries risk. You can never separate trading and risk. Its like Humans and oxygen πŸ™‚ As you are talking about futures, it has high leverage and you should clearly know what you are getting into. Well, NASDAQ moves violently when compared to S&P or DJIA.

            3. Am afraid to say that you should come up with the answer to this question.

  54. Naresh says:

    Hello Madan,

    Congrats and all the best for your consistency profits. I read you have traded in US markets. I am in US and have a question for you. What visa type (H1B, Greencard etc) were you here in US ? I am in US and trying to understand if we can trade Nasdaq E-mini on H1B visa ? Could you please share your US trading experience.

    It would be really helpful to me.

  55. rahul says:

    hello madan Sir

    Can you share your money management rules with long term investment especially cash n carry segment (stocks) and do you average below when market goes down , for this segment ?


  56. rahul says:

    hello Madan Sir

    I understand that you keep 2% as max. SL on any trade of your account. But do you keep any limit on maximum no. of lots you can trade, if SL point is very low. ?


  57. Reso says:

    Hi Madan,

    I see that your trading method did not produce positive returns in last 6 months or so. Did you see this kind of ‘no-return’ period while backtesting your system. I ask you because i also trade “mechanially” based on my well defined system/rules and I have seen good returns in last 6 months as well. Do you plan to change or tune your sytem?

    • Madan says:

      Yes, i have seen flat periods during my backtesting and live trading as well.. This one just got elongated few more months !!

  58. Naveen says:

    Hi Madan,

    If Nifty is in no mans land, how do you define swing pivot.
    Ex: currently nifty is @ 8300 if you are holding long its good so that you can trail on swing lows, but if you want to initiate new trade how do you manage. I am facing these kind of situation where nifty goes to new range so there are no candle formed on left hand side of the chart & could not define S/R ultimately i will miss the move.


  59. Rajendra says:

    is there any preference given to time? as in you will not trade for say 15 minutes after the pivot is formed, or any such rule?

  60. naveentalkin says:

    Hi Madan,

    Do you take any position after 3.00pm, suppose if your system gives buy signal @ 3.00 pm, will you wait for market to open next day morning to take trade or directly enter into the trade at 3.00 pm.

  61. Zephyr says:

    Hello Madan,

    Congrats on your interview. It was so nice of you to answer so many questions in a candid way. I have 2 questions:

    1. why usdjpy is going up consistenly in the last 1 month? Does it have any impact on Indian markets?

    2. INR relationship with our equity markets – your take.

    • Madan says:



      1. Not sure about the correlation between USDJPY and indian markets but there is a positive correlation between s&p and USDJPY. USDJPY is commonly used for ‘carry trades’. Basically, a trader goes long the currency with a high interest rate and finances that purchase with a currency with a low interest rate. The traditional yen carry trade is an interest rate play, where investors borrow yen and buy higher interest vehicles (U.S. Treasuries). So, these carry trades happen and unwinding follows. So, this sudden surge might be a carry trade.

      2. Two things to consider here – FII’s do portfolio positioning during currency swings and that can impact our markets directly. Currency depreciation can also affect govt ratings but our foreign currency debt comprises only approx 6.5% of our total debt and 5% of GDP So, no issues there. I am not ver familiar with macros that much but as long as there is money inflow into our country, INR should not depreciate a lot and its good for equity markets.

      Hope it helps.

      • arcus says:

        For a Carry trade to exist there needs to be interest rate differentials. Both US & Japan currently have zero interest rate policy.

        However, there is a carry trade currently between AUD-JPY, NZD-JPY & a little bit between GBP-JPY among the majors.

        • Madan says:


          You are right about the interest rate differentials. It used to be the case with JPY and USD few years ago. As i don’t follow much of fundamentals, did not keep track of their interest rates. Maybe i am skewed little bit towards US markets(traded them before) and i tend to refer carry trades w.r.t USD. Usually, big players in US do not touch any pair except EURUSD, USDJPY, EURGBP and EURJPY.

  62. Ranga says:

    Hi Mr.Madan,

    My name is Ranga and i live in an european country. I am a NRI and would like to know if you traded India markets when you were in USA.

    Started reading PA books after your interview and am slowly moving out of the ‘indicator’ mindset. Thanks for being such a great inspiration to many. I know you have a system in place but do you stop taking new trades before any major announcement like FED day, RBI rates day?

    Please reply.

    Thanks once again for sharing,

    • Madan says:


      1. No – i did not trade Indian mkts while i was in the states.

      2. No, i don’t stop taking trades. But, i reduce my usual size. BTW, it is not a bad idea to stop trading before major announcements. There is always the next trade.

      • Ranga says:

        Thanks for the reply, Mr. Madan.

        I know you do not trade with indicators but can you tell what is your favourite indicator? and Why?

        • Madan says:


          Actually, there are no favorites. Its like asking someone’s favorite food and gauging which food is better? You get what i am saying πŸ™‚

  63. Samual says:

    I was looking for that MADAN , who NEVER MADE A MAIDEN over trades – and I found him.
    Dost, I too am in a similar situation.Making 6 month trips here and there ( == US).My fam situation is such that I cannot take a FTJ and I’ve been making luke warm attempts at establishing some kind of stable system but essentially I always have lost a “Mercedes” to earn back a “used permier padmini”. Wanted some pointers on how to get my feet firm here.
    Some Q’s in this context :
    — How do you get pivots ( know the formula). Is there some free website that gives all this info or do you use a s/w with data feed ( who sells the data at best prices btw if any )
    — Do you still trade the US markets or just India. Where did you make the max profit
    — Do you do only Futures or options. If the latter, do the Greeks give you any realtime value or its just another FYI. How do you play options ( if so ) – spreading or covering or simple options.
    — What about stuff like schoastics and MACD. Do those 2 have any role in any of your strategies ?
    Thank you again

    • Madan says:


      Funny compliment. Infact, i have not made money in the last 6 months trading my Zerodha account. πŸ™‚ So, as long as a trader understands the concept of ‘sample distribution’- it is fine.

      1. Pivots are swing high/swing lows..they are very visual and one cannot miss it. Please google it. There is no website involved here. Data feed can vary based on your needs. But, please make sure you take the data from authorized vendor or better yet, wait for Zerodha’s pi to get released. You can get the charting for free πŸ™‚

      2. No – i stopped trading US mkts few years ago. Max profit is made in India markets.

      3. Only futures.

      4. Nope. I do not have any indicators in my screen. πŸ™‚

      Good luck with your trading !!

      Hope it helps.

      • coolblr says:

        I could not reply to your reply, posting it as a new message/reply here.

        Madan said “i have not made money in the last 6 months trading my Zerodha account. πŸ™‚ So, as long as a trader understands the concept of β€˜sample distribution’- it is fine.”

        Me: Really? Or you are kidding? Or you have been trading elsewhere is what you are saying πŸ˜‰ JK. What really changed in the last 6 months? The system that you had in place had to be tweaked or was it more of a buy, sit tight and ride kind of market or too many gaps and SL’s getting hit or you stopped trading for this time and focused on the long term account as you said in another post? Would be interesting to know πŸ™‚ from your analysis and perspective.

        Also, please reply to this:

        IB? You mean IB India? Any particular reason/advantage for Long term account with IB?

        Cheers! Hope you had a colorful Deepavali.

        • Madan says:


          It would be very inappropriate to talk about my other accounts in Zerodha’s blog. Not fair to dwell onto it more here.

          1. Well, that is exactly why i said ‘did not make money in Zerodha’s account’ πŸ˜‰

          2. Trading in Zerodha was as usual. No change. Did not stop trading in it. Having said this, lost very little percentage and my long term swing account and stocks account elsewhere did very well ( thanks to modi-mania)

          3. IB means IB india..there is no specific advantage in having IB but just want multiple accounts to diversify risk.

          Happy Diwali to you and your family !!

          • coolblr says:

            For point number 2.

            2. Do you attribute any particular reason/reasons for this happening, what did you journal say, I understand not all systems work at all the times, but you could attribute it to some reason, why it failed, so just curious to know from your postmortem analysis, why it was a flat period.

          • Madan says:


            Lost few hundred points in my execution error (lack of discipline)…thats why my mentor always say ‘Trading is like a battle..u need to be disciplined everyday to not get killed’ πŸ™‚ On top of that, market was not very conducive for my idea. So, i would not say it as a flat period but falt for my strategy!!

  64. Alok says:

    Dear Madan or Dear Nitin,

    How many sixty days challeges Madan have won ? any lost in last 5 challenges or no lost ? Zerodha winner website showing only EQ x 3.

    • Madan says:


      I have lost the last 2 challenges by a very small margin. I guess, law of averages is in play here πŸ™‚

      My long term account with Interactive brokers is doing extremely well (thanks to the recent run in the markets).

      • Alok says:

        Madan, Thanks for Reply……….

        • stock hunter says:

          Hi Madan,
          Do u trade In Equity ? what stretegy u following there..I mean swing/intra-day/long term investment ? how you choosing stocks there? why you choose Interactive brokers even if there brokerage structure is very expensive..

          I appreciate your response

          • Madan says:

            As i said elsewhere, i am just comfy having multiple accounts. No specific reason. Infact, i hold IB account from 2009 and have zerodha account only from 2012.

      • coolblr says:

        Long term? How long is long term here, is it positional trades or Long term investment/trading based on daily/weekly charts?!!

        IB? You mean IB India? Any particular reason/advantage for Long term account with IB?


        • Madan says:

          @ Stock hunter,

          I don’t trade in equity but i have some long term investments in them. It is actually very difficult to be a trader and investor at the same time. The reason is the difference in psychology between trading and investing. Till this minute, i am struggling in this regard.

          Yes – IB structure is very expensive if we actively trade but i have only 5-7 trades/month in, i am OK there. Bottomline is that i wanted to diversify risk and hence, opened account with them.


          Long term for me could be either more than 1 week (in futures) or anywhere between 3 months to few years(stocks). All my zerodha trades are short term – few hrs to 3 days.

          As i answered in the other question, IB is Interactive brokers – India

          Hope it helps.

          • coolblr says:

            “It is actually very difficult to be a trader and investor at the same time.”

            This is one of the reason I really appreciate RJ (Rakesh) for this as he does both, has very long term view, positional view and trades as well in the short term.

            Wish I had that psychology and brain πŸ™‚


  65. Sanam says:


    I have a very important doubt. Since u r using continuous contract chart to trade, on expiry day, how do u execute ur trade? In the sense, which contract do you buy(current month or next month) and how do u decide what price to buy since continuous contract charts will show current month price but we are intending to buy the next month contract? Pl explain the process to buy on expiry day(last Thursday of every month). Your answer would be of great help. Thanks..

    • Madan says:


      If i get a new trade on expiry day, i take the trade in the next month contract but i get good slippage though. In esginal, a trader can plot next month contract.

      If your charting does not allow to see next month contract, then you can take the trade in current month and carry over to next month around 3 PM.

  66. AKS says:

    Dear Madan

    Thanks for the replay,

    One more question pls ans it,

    If you execute one trade @ 5000 with sl 4980, suddenly nifty goes against you and hit sl,
    If again it goes above 5000, will u trade once again that same trade or not?

  67. vicky says:

    Hi Madan,

    Based on your answer to Raj on 29th April (pasted below for easy reference), I have two questions:-
    1. do you close your positions even if your trailing SL is not hit.
    2. Regarding pivot break location answer, Do you reverse your position even if your trailing SL is not hit (or do you SAR on the trailing SL)?


    29 Apr 2014 at 10:38 AM



    It completely depends on the markets trend and direction. So, in some trades, i just close out the position and wait for the market to tell the direction. Sometimes, the pivot break is in such a spot wherein i see taking reverse making sense and hence, would go close out and reverse.

    • Madan says:


      1. Yes but very rarely. Maybe once or twice in a month.

      2, Nope – will not reverse my position before trailing SL. According to me, market has not signaled a reverse trade if it has not hit even my trailing SL. SAR on trailing SL is also very rare as you can see from the answer to Raj…lot depends on the market.

  68. vicky says:

    HI Madan,

    You mentioned that you put alarms at important price points. What are these price points? What rules do you use to differentiate between important and unimportant price points.


  69. AKS says:

    Dear Madan,

    What is your average, max n min stoploss you got from your swing pivot till now.

    I was waiting for your replay, pls ans me when you free.


    • Madan says:


      Avg = 11-13, Max = 44(high volatile period), min = 5

      • vicky says:

        Hi Madan,

        Are you referring average of 11-13 points as difference between entry price and initial SL or entry price and trailing SL which got hit?

        Example, if you buy at 7800 and keep 7780 as initial SL, then 20 is your SL loss, but if NF moved to 7820 and your moved your SL to 7795, then 5 is your SL loss.

        So, this average of 11-13 is your (20 kind of SL) or (5 kind of SL)?


        • Madan says:


          As you asked the average SL, i said 11-13 points. But, my initial SL is less or more than that range (depends on the market right?) So, it depends on the volatility of the stops are not based on some fixed is dictated by the market and unfortunately, not by me πŸ™‚

  70. Babu says:

    Hi Nitin, is thread closed OR what is Mr.Madans schedule to reply?????


  71. Sama says:

    Sir , I am up +4.13% of my full capital in the month of july from which There are a total of 32 trades. Out of 32 trades 16 trades are of Bank Nifty(futures) ( 8 Positive and 8 Negative) My positive trades of BNF accounted a Net profit of +4.01% and my negative trades stood at -1.35% and other trades are of stock futures which are near to break even..
    Will you suggest me to Trade in just BNF or in both and improve my stock future trades, and Sir can you please Share your performance for the month of july(in terms of percentage) If you dont mind.

    Most of my profit came from SHORTING…need ur views.please…..
    And sorry for my bad English:)

    • Madan says:


      You did good. If your trading system/plan lets you take the trades on both Indexes and stock futures(based on some filter), keep doing what you are doing. If not, i would focus only on 1 or 2 instruments. Some traders have filter criteria and they take any instrument that falls in that criteria. Some traders trade only 1 or 2 instruments and they practically know how they move(and make it as an advantage to their trading)…It boils down to personal choice, really.

      By the way, your english is not bad πŸ™‚

  72. Python says:

    i Want to have some idea on creating Position Sizing in Excel
    for Example

    i used to trade 2 lakhs Per Lot of Nifty
    if i made profit of 60K i need to add 2nd lot in my Position Sizing Method
    and if i made 120 K profit and from my 2 lakh capital i want to increase to

    same like that in loss side i want to reduce position sizing to 1 lot from 2lot once i made loss


  73. rahul says:

    hello Madan sir
    How often do you take break from trading, like going on vacation , or torelative place like that. As a trader i feel very much uncomfortable, missing market action because of not so urgent matter like going on vacation.
    The reason i feel is that my system gives good return in 3-4 months in a year and rest of the time when market is not trending it is not good. So i always get this feeling that if i miss market action then it will impact on your yearly performance.
    Instead of becoming financialyy free , sometime i feel like becoming slave to it.
    Your thoughts on this matter.


    • Madan says:


      Interesting question.

      Taking time-out from trading can be caused by two things – 1. Market gives a drawdown and forces a trader to take a break(if his MM plan warrants that break), 2. Trader takes a vacation by choice.

      I clearly understand what you are going through. “sometime i feel like becoming slave to it.” – this is because of the account size and need to make money. Lets say, a trader is trading a 5 cr account. and he has 1-2 crs stashed outside for fall-back. He would not mind taking a two weeks vacation(after closing out all his positions, if any). But, if the same trader is trading a 10L account and he is trying to build the account size(or taking money off the profits), he would want to be in the market all the time(esp after a drawdown) as there is fear of missing the recovery.

      Essentially, what you are going through is normal(if you have a small account size and/or trying to build the account from there). This too shall pass.

  74. Harshit says:

    HI Madan, Great to hear your story! How many nifty lots do you generally trade nowadays?

  75. BABU says:

    Dear Madan,

    It will be of great help if you can share you last 5 entries and exits.


  76. rahul says:

    Madan Sir

    How do you recommend backtesting.
    Iam subscriber of icharts and there you open 5 years charts and backtest. But problem is you can see the right side of chart and sometime you dont take trades in account but in reality you take those trades, when you cannot see the right edge of chart.
    I have tested my system again and agin for 5 years data and everytime i get different result, and in live trades the results are altogether different.
    If you know any service where we can see chart candles one by one , pls let us know.


    • Madan says:


      You should use a software that has ‘bar replay’ function. Bar Replay feature plays back data for all symbols at once with user-defined speed. It means that data for all symbols will end at specified “playback position”.So, you can move one bar at a time and you cannot see the RHS of the chart.

      Amibroker, esignal has bar replay function. I know Spider software(indian s/w) has it.

      Hope it helps.

  77. Dear Madan,

    As part of this trading journey and expiration taken from your skill , knowledge , I am able to execute the 34 trade for July month with investing 50K for per nifty future lot and keeping SL as 20 Point.

    Details trades are..

    Execute trade — 34
    Profitable trade — 9
    Loss trade — 25
    Current position –nil
    Current principle — 49050 (Including Brokerage)
    total Principle loss till date — 950 /- (-2%)

    I am really glade to see this result in a month , where past i have blow my 100% money may times in option trading.

    I am believing, this is the power of trading plan and executing of the rules with Strict followup, the is a major role of make success in stock market.

    Please comments you valuable input ——

    Regards ,

  78. Python says:

    Hi Madhan, Can you Share the Position Sizing Method incase if you Use 2 lakhs Per lot of Nifty ,when will u add the second lot in ur position sizing and when will u decrease it

    • Madan says:


      As i mentioned elsewhere, it is based on your max. drawdown(delta). If you are talking about the fixed ratio method, please read it again.

  79. Sarvar says:

    Madan ji,

    ur wiggle room in NF is Rs.2/-, how much in bank nifty?

  80. Rajesh says:

    July is almost coming to an end.. if u don’t mind, can u share whether ur June & July performance is similar to last years performance pls?

  81. DG0555 says:

    Hello Madan Sir,

    I have read this blog and got to know many more things to practice. And happy to see your responses for the questions.

    All the best.


  82. maan says:

    Hi Madan ji..

    You like to backtest your strategy and at the same time you believe like Mark douglas that
    every moment in market is unique. you also dont like indicators. Think about it … its paradoxical , bcz BACK TESTING is also a kind of Indicator as most indicators are nothing except price and volume derivation of past data…
    So is it necessary to back test the robustness of a system considering anything can happen in the market.
    One more point Mark Douglas and john carter have never been very successful trader themselves…

  83. Madan says:


    Fewer rules have lesser degrees of freedom (stats term). In layman terms, fewer the rules – easy to implement and execute. One problem i am aware with more rules is that it infects the trader with overoptimization. Unfortunately beyond that I don’t know any numerical rules, that tells you exactly how many rules are too many.

    However Walk Forward testing will likely tell you, if your system is overoptimized or not. I would suggest using 10 years worth of data, use the first 5 years for system development, then use the last 5 years for Walk Forward testing to prove the robustness of the system.

    Hope it helps.

  84. Hiranand says:


    Incase u have a setup at 7400, but market closes today. next day it gaps up and opens at 7410. in this situation, will u punch limit order to buy at 7400 or buy at 7410 or simply negate the trade because market gapped up?

    • Madan says:


      Will wait for few minutes and if the buy setup is still valid, then will buy at CMP. So, will not put a buy order at 7400 or 7410 and also, will not negate the trade if my buy setup is still valid.

      Hope it helps.

  85. Suresh says:

    can u share what order type do u use to rollover please? thanks

  86. Rahul says:

    hi madan

    Do you take every single setup your system says.If suppose somebody is trading 2 instruments and he can be wrong at least 8 times in a row for his system, and gets upto 15-16 trades wrong because of 2 instruments.

    Then to recover mentally, he misses 1-2 trades , which were ( lets suppose) becomes good trades.Then it again became psychologically more depressing because of left out feeling.
    I am pretty much suffering from above phenomena.
    How do you cope up with loosing streak? How to cope up mentally when traders give back profits of months because of loosing streaks ?

    • Madan says:


      Every trader goes through this phenomena. You are not alone. I have answered this question in various posts ( please read the entire blog again – if time permits πŸ™‚ )

      Lemme summarize it briefly.

      1. Reduce size. If you can’t handle 10-15 losers in a row, then you are trading big for your current psychology.

      2. Don’t trade for monthly expenses. Have stressed this point with explanation before.

      3. Understand your system’s parameters(from backtesting and real trades). If your system can statistically give 15 losers in a row, whats stopping you to plan for it?

      4. Losing is part of trading. A trader has to start embracing it. If a trader has utmost confidence in your system, then losing streak should not make a substantial difference to his account and psychology.

      Hope it helps.

  87. maan says:


    Hi Madanji…
    Kudos for your fantastic achievement. The greatest trader on Planet ever Jesse Livermore said one can never win trading market in the long run. There are very few time when money can be made but money can not be consistently made in trading. Its like a track. You can win a race but not racing. And no matter what any one says these are incontrovertible facts.
    What the master says scares me a lot… Your comments please,,,,

    Great man believed in patience. He preferred to let the market come to such critical level wherein even if a trader is proved wrong he wont get heart much. Similarly Jim Roger also believe selling the hysteria and buying the value.. And they sound fairly logical as markets are mean reversing. You believed leaving everything on market to decide and as they say markets are always right. Where as jim Roger says Markets are mostly wrong if one has patience..

    • Madan says:


      Completely agree with what the legends say. Thanks for elucidating them.

      I strongly believe money can be made in trading if we leave our bias and ego on the doorstep. This is just my opinion and i could be 100% wrong. Time will tell.

      Nevertheless, when a trader is trying to build his ‘desired’ capital, he can allocate most of his funds to trading. But, once it is attained, it is wise to start putting money in long term investments(and consequently reducing the %age of capital allocated to trading).

  88. Shradha says:


    Earlier somewhere you mentioned you reduce ur position size during events. Cud i know how much do u reduce? thanks..


  89. David says:

    sir i want to know if u r trading the exact same rules that u formulated 3 years back or u kept fine tuning ur strategy as days passed?

  90. Hey Madan,
    Please help me to take looks of my trading diary is it good or bad , please sugess.

  91. Calculator says:

    i am extremely saddened to see someone else answer my question. this person by name Somasundaram Karthikayan is only trying to gain some publicity to promote his blog. i have nothing against someone promoting his blog, but my question is whether this is the right way to do it? to answer questions posted to someone else and misguiding people by answers he doesn’t even know. Nithin, please do something to keep away such people. i think this page and each comment typed by Madan is a gem in itself, and then someone bumps into it only to ruin it. sad, ain’t it?

  92. Karthik says:

    sir if u don’t mind cud u tell us what ur strategy will be for the upcoming budget? thanks

  93. Hi, Madhan ,iam karthik from pondicherry, trader and a blog writer,am very impressed of your understanding ,backtesting and execution and that iam happy you are in the trade execution in Last 4 months of 2013 and you worked your plan very well, are you making now any alternate source apart from trading???

  94. Rajan S. says:

    if suppose u r long and ur stop in nifty is 7000, then next day mkt opens at 6999 then in the 1st minute itself it goes above 7000, so u exit ur trade or no?

    • Madan says:


      I do not exit if it comes above my SL point in the 1st minute itself. If it breaks 7000 again, then will get out.

  95. Calculator says:

    in a article i read that fewer the rules, better ur trading can be.. if u don’t mind, can u share how many rules u have(like 2 rules, or 3 rules or 5 rules, etc)?

    • Madan says:


      Fewer rules have lesser degrees of freedom (stats term). In layman terms, fewer the rules – easy to implement and execute. One problem i am aware with more rules is that it infects the trader with overoptimization. Unfortunately beyond that I don’t know any numerical rules, that tells you exactly how many rules are too many.

      However Walk Forward testing will likely tell you, if your system is overoptimized or not. I would suggest using 10 years worth of data, use the first 5 years for system development, then use the last 5 years for Walk Forward testing to prove the robustness of the system.

      Hope it helps.

  96. Dev says:

    a swing high can be 1 high followed by HH followed by 1 HL, or 2 highs followed by HH followed by 2 HL, .. 3 highs followed by HH followed by 3 HL … and goes on .. 4 .. 5 … etc .. how many do u look for to validate a swing high?

  97. Rajesh says:

    Madan ji,

    If there is a swing high according to ur rules at 7500, will u buy at exactly 7500 or at 7500.05? basically will u buy 1 or 2 ticks above swing high or exactly at swing high?

  98. Sevak says:

    Hi Madan,

    I trade Nifty on 60 minutes and I don’t have a trade for almost a week now due to choppy conditions. Just out of curiosity, how many days do you go without a trade?

  99. Ramjeth says:

    if u have a swing high at round numbers such as 7600, 7700 etc, will u go long?

  100. Krystal says:

    madan ji earlier somewhere u mention that u r 95% mechanical trader and 5% discretionary. u suggest new trader to be 100% mechanical or some element of discretion is fine.. what is ur suggestion? thanks

    • Krystal says:

      can u also share which part of trading do u use ur discretion?

      • Madan says:


        New traders have no business with ‘discretion’ I would highly recommend mechanical trading systems for newbies as it inherently reduces psychological mistakes.

        I use discretion on exits…very rarely.

  101. Jude says:

    sir u mentioned that u use SL-L and not SL-m for stops. i ve been taught that if stop price is hit, no matter what we must exit. by using SL-L, dont u run the risk of not getting a fill when stopped? i am still unable to understand why u use SL-L and not SL-M for stops..

    • Madan says:


      Yes – You are right about that risk. That is exactly why i get nimble around my SL points. If my order is not filled as soon as the trigger is active, i will come out immediately.

  102. Savithri says:

    somewhere u have mentoned that ur wiggle room is 2 rs and 5 rs when market is volatile. cud i knw how u decide whether market is volatile or not? do u use atr to decide?

    • Madan says:


      It depends on the VIX. When VIX is more than 20-25, then time to increase the wiggle room. It is not a hard rule on the wall but just a benchmark.

      Hope it helps.

  103. Jude says:

    i understand that u r not a SAR system trader. but somewhere earlier u have mentioned that depending upon market movement u may have to stop and reverse position. i have a doubt with regard to order punching when u stop and reverse position. so if u r long 10 lots, and now u get short signal, so u will punch SL-M for 20 lots or SL-M for 10 lots and SL-L for balance 10 lots? thanks

  104. Akshay Kumar says:

    Madan ji,

    I am watching Nifty and Bank Nifty and I notice that both have almost same movement. But earlier you are mention that Bank Nifty is more volatile, could you comment on this…….


    Akshay Kumar

    • Madan says:


      In absolute terms, BNF index is approx. 2.2 times of Nifty. But more often than not, when NF moves 50 points, BNF moves 200 pts and when NF pulls back 20 points, BNF pulls back 80 points. So, that is reason for calling it more volatile. It is like a mad bull that runs(lot of times) amok.

  105. shreyas says:

    Madan pls answer the question when u get time. thanku

  106. Vijay says:

    sir u have mentioned that u buy at break of pivot. by pivot u mean R1, R2 etc or V/inverted V pivot? thanks for clarification..

    • Madan says:


      Am not familiar with the usual R1, R2, S1, S2 pivots. I just see swing high/low pivots. Because its simple, it is tough to believe and follow it. Our mind needs complexity in everything πŸ™‚

      • maan says:

        Hi Madanji…
        Kudos for your fantastic achievement. The greatest trader on Planet ever Jesse Livermore said one can never win trading market in the long run. There are very few time when money can be made but money can not be consistently made in trading. Its like a track. You can win a race but not racing. And no matter what any one says these are introvertible facts.
        What the master says scares me a lot… Your comments please,,,,

  107. Ajay says:

    there was a strong rally in price yesterday(17.6.14), my question is that if u get a long signal after such a strong rally, will u consider it or negate it? i am not asking whether u went long or not yesterday or any other specifics, just asking if u will consider a long after such a strong rally or not incase u get a setup. thank you.


    • Madan says:


      I just follow my rules/setup. We are not in the business of predicting tops(after a strong rally, lot of ppl predict tops) and bottoms. Who are we to tell that the rally or selling is over? πŸ™‚

  108. Chandan says:

    i am a victim of chop.. r u?

  109. coolblr says:

    @Madan, I was planning on opening an account for the US markets, few reasons:

    1. I could spare full screen time during the first half of the US session.
    2. More tools available – in terms of options being liquid, and accesss to wide varity of ETF’s etc and access to markets across the globe in terms of ETF’s to be begin with, but depending on which broker I open the account with, I may be able to trade markets across the world as well (which I would not, but is a +)

    Do you think:

    1. First of all is it a good idea? (I will give you the reason why in a while)
    2. I have been flat for 1-2 years then made some profits upto 40-50% in the recent 1-2 years, do you think I would be able to sustain in the US markets – as the market there is more efficient.
    3. As you said you had already traded, which broker would you suggest? IB? Any more ideas?
    4. As a non-NRI, we could only open a cash account AFAIK, which has restrictions like you cannot short in cash (but there are alternatives like short ETF’s where one could go long, instead of shorting SPY), options are available, but only certain strategies could be taken, do you think this will be a big boon?
    5. Does it help in terms of learning?

    Or would you say cut the crap and go full time here πŸ˜€

    • Madan says:


      I typed a big comment but it did not get posted. Not sure why. So, gotta type again.

      1. Whether its a good idea or not, only time can tell. Based on my personal experience, it is very diff to juggle few balls at a time. Your choice though.

      2. Great job. Congrats on making money in the markets πŸ™‚ Well, i have typed somewhere about the differences. But, a different way of handling is needed. S&P moves a bit different than Nifty.

      3. Tradestation(stocks) is good. I like their charting and execution integrated into one piece. For futures, i was trading with Infinity futures(lightning fast execution) . Thinkorswim is really good for options. If you want everything in one package(including Indian equities), IB might be a good choice.

      4. AFAIK, no shorting is allowed in stocks and ETFs. But there are reverse ETFs for every sector and even currencies, emerging markets. So, you can just buy them if you wanna short something. Futures trading is not allowed for Indian residents. Not sure about options trading though. Please check with a good CA.

      5. Maybe. But market learning is similar everywhere. You might get to know more ETF names, s/w features and get amazed with the volumes. But, thats pretty much it. Oh one more imp. thing, you can flaunt about trading US markets πŸ™‚ Just kidding !!

      Hope it helps !!

      • coolblr says:

        Thanks for the detailed response Madan.

        1. I understand and will not trade in both NSE and US at the same time, I will stop here if I open an account there.
        2. I did subscribe to the US data couple of weeks back and started seeing them, definitely SPY behaves very different from NIFTY here, I felt IWM (Russel) is pretty close to how NIFTY is here. Also, the other ETF’s are of huge advantage, like long/short ETF’s for different segments/indices/markets/countries. It is a huge advantage I felt. Even for gold/silver/crude we can trade the ETF’s almost 24 hours both long/short ETF’s, unlike here where markets closes and next day we see a gap on the other side at times (gap on our side is pleasant).
        3. I know about tradestation, had not heard of Infinity futures, will check them out. Yeah, that is the biggest advantage with IB, you can trade in multiple countries with one single account.
        4. Sure, will check out with CA. I think futures and options are allowed, but they are not margin accounts, the entire margin amount needs to be there in account. But, all option strategies are not allowed, there are restrictions over there.
        5. This is not for flaunting :D, just to get exposure to multiple markets (as one could do positional trading in these ETF’s of different indices/countries), options and yes learning as well. Charts are the same irrespective of the markets, this is mostly to get more screen time.

        BTW, what do you think of Walter peters, Lance Beggs?! and their methods and whose methodology you felt is better and close to what you trade, price action is mostly the same, but which one you liked.


        • Madan says:


          I was just kidding about point 4. Hope you got it. Looks like you have done some research on US trading. I like it when somebody does their homework. Good. But still, i would recommend you to go full-time here. As you are residing in India, its easier on time and tax purpose.

          I have not gone through Walter’s stuff but Lance is good.

          • coolblr says:

            Yeah, I got that you were kidding about point 4. (Well, you mentioned that you were kidding too, even otherwise I would have known you were kidding and would not have taken it otherwise).

            Thanks much for your prompt replies, really appreciate it buddy.


          • coolblr says:

            I will keep you posted about going full time and the process of how its going, this year may not be possible, but I would like it to happen early next year. Meanwhile, if I have any questions, will post them here for your replies.

            Thanks again.


  110. kayanath says:

    Hello madan its good to read your interview and comments.And its also great that you explain not to predict.
    Can you let me know what your profit factor is

    Thank you

  111. Zeenat says:

    Hello Madan,

    I need some help. I am in the process of formulating my breakout strategy. I am formulating it only for nifty on 15 mins timeframe. Say if my swing high is at 7050(my entry point) and the swing low(for stop) is at 7000. Price is just about to break the swing high, but it doesn’t. It starts to stall. Price is stalling between 7050 and 7000. If price stalls for about 8 bars between the entry price and stop price, will you still consider the trade or negate it? Please help on this.



    • Madan says:


      Why 8 bars? Why not 7 bars or 10 bars? If there is a logic behind 8 bars, please let me know. In the same sense, i find it difficult to understand the logic behind choosing random numbers for moving averages. 5 day or 20 day makes some sense(5 days in a week and 20 days in a month) and even fibonacci numbers are widely used. But using 32 or 49 or 4 just shows someone’s creativity. Am not saying its wrong. It just goes beyond me.

      Hence, irrespective of what you want do with bar counts (initiate or negate), the number of bars should be immaterial , in my opinion.

      To answer your question, a big NO – # of bars cannot initiate or negate my trades.

      Hope it helps.

  112. Rohit says:

    Imagine- as per your pivot point analysis, you got a long entry in nifty futures. But when you are about to enter, you’ve noticed that the total buy quantity in the market is 4,20,000 and total sell quantity is 18,30,000.
    Will you still buy long irrespective of the less TBQ than TSQ? Will you stick to your rules and buy ignoring the majority betting against you?

    Kindly Reply

  113. Vikash Mudra says:

    Madan Sir,

    Do you have any rule which says if price is nearing higher timeframe(say daily timeframe) resistance, you will ignore buy signal on 10 mins and consider only short setups since price is near daily resistance(swing high)?

    • Madan says:


      Its actually a valid question and point. But, i don’t look at multiple timeframes. It just makes my decision process simpler. But, while typing this answer, i am curious to go back to my trades and see what would have happened during those trades.

      Thanks for kindling that thought.

  114. Jyoti says:

    Madan Sir,

    I have a few questions for you

    1. After a long position that generated profit, will you look only for short position or if you get signal for long for 2nd time, you will continue to take it.

    2. Any reason behind not choosing tick charts?

    3. I read earlier that you do not use order flow trading, but can you tell me if its worth learning it? I am hearing a lot about it in many forums. Pls suggest.


    • Madan says:


      1. Yes – would take the long signal again.

      2. It is too fast for my personality. Just FYI – only data vendor offering tick charts in India is esignal.

      3. Nothing wrong in learning something new. We all learn every day and i honestly believe that the moment we stop learning, we stop living. But after learning something new in trading, you gotta check if it suits your personality.

      Hope it helps.

  115. shreyas says:

    Dear Madan,
    great going.
    I have 2questions .
    1-do use Bollinger Bands
    2-do you use time stops

  116. Swarali says:

    in a reply to Pawan u had typed this – “on a side note, the whole slippage and impact costs worsens if somebody is using SAR type of system as he/she has to squareoff and take new trade in the opp direction ..” my question to u is since we r exiting short and going long in the same order, aren’t we selling to ourselves? so how does it worsen incase of SAR?

    • Swarali says:

      or rather aren’t we buying from ourselves? so how does impact cost worsen?

      • Madan says:


        I might not be the correct person to answer this one. Would you mind posting this question in (Zerodha’s Q&A forum)?

  117. Yashwant Singh says:

    congratulation sirji, do u trail even on minor swing lows or u want to see a significant pullback to trail?

  118. DZT says:

    can a red candle followed by a green candle which is an inside bar for a swing low?

    • Madan says:


      I don’t use candle chart..just a OHLC bar chart. Even if i use candle chart, i might have been color blind πŸ™‚ Red or green does not matter !!

  119. Larry Hite says:

    u said when the VIX is at 20-22, u take some profit off table. what is ur profit booking strategy?

    • Madan says:


      There is no steadfast rule here. I would just take 50% off the table when VIX is high and ride the rest according to my exit plan.

  120. PTJones says:

    let me explain my question in a sequence format..

    1. there is a pivot at 6100 to go long
    2. u punch 10 orders to go long at 6100
    3. but u get a fill only for 3 lots, balance 7 lots unfilled
    4. as price unfolds, there is one more buy setup as per ur rules at 6200.

    my question is whether u will punch order for balance 7 lots at 6200?

    • PTJones says:

      i meant u punch order for 10 lots to go long at 6100 in point 2.

    • Madan says:


      Usually, i enter the mkt in full position. So, if i am not filled completely at my initial entry price, i would probably would have entered at 6110. So, there is no question of waiting until 6200. And by the way, i don’t add to my positions. I am just not comfy with it YET.

  121. Abhishek says:

    if i traded nifty on 10 mins and generated 200% last year, is it likely that i generate the same rate of return if i traded nifty using the same strategy but on daily time frame?

    • Madan says:


      It is hard to tell. There is a popular cliche in market but its true to every ounce – ‘there are no guarantees ion the market. Markets dictionary will not have that word in it”

  122. Jose says:

    can u pls tell ur fiber internet service provider pls? like airtel, bsnl?

    • Madan says:


      Airtel. More than speed, trading needs consistent internet connection. If i were you, i would focus on that.

  123. Abhishek says:

    since history repeats itself, is it right to say that if i made a loss in june and july 2013, i am likely to make a loss in june and july 2014 as well?

    • Madan says:


      I wish there is a correlation like that. If it can be statistically proven, then we will all be sipping pina-colada in the beaches of the world. Markets doesn’t work that way.

      Not sure if this is the answer you were looking for. Hope it helps !!

  124. Deepti says:

    I have one more question. How many points of slippage do you recommend for a beginner who is starting with just 1 nifty lot. Please help on this question as I am new to trading and very very confused on the whole slippage thing.

    Nithin, if you wish to answer this, you are free to do so. Thank you.


    • Madan says:


      Saw both of your posts. Basically, you are asking the same question twice.

      Slippage is a function of the thickness of the mkt traded + volatility. If you are a 1 lot nifty trader, your slippage might not be more than a 0.5 to 1 nifty point (remember, in extreme volatile conditions, you might not get filled as the mkt runs away fast)

      • Deepti says:

        Thanks for the reply Madan. Just to know your practice, can you tell me is your slippage fixed on every order you punch or does it vary based on the volatility? thanks.


  125. Surjeet says:

    sir when taking the trade, u calculate ur position size mentally or using calculator or excel or anything else? please share sir.

  126. Kishan says:

    someone asked a question on bracket order and u told him that u prefer GTC. but at the same time u mention that u wait for a minute or 2 to punch ur stop every time the market opens to avoid opening volatility. so how will GTC benefit u?

    • Madan says:


      GTC might be useful for me if it is combined with trailing SL. When there is a huge gap against me (usually pre market can tell us that), i can cancel GTC and re-enable it. But, that happens only 5-10% of the time. Remaining 90% of the time, i can keep GTC intact.

  127. Jaswant says:

    in an earlier post u have mentioned that 133 and 512 are fib numbers.. how did u do ur calculation?

  128. Deepti says:


    This is the 1st time I am commenting, so I want to start with congratulating you on your splendid achievement. I took about 4 days to read the entire page and I am glad I took time out to read it. I’ve just one question for you, I understand that you do not wish to disclose how much slippage you are willing to face, but can you tell me is your slippage fixed on every order you punch or does it vary based on the volatility?



  129. JayZ says:

    any shorts today(26.5.14) sir? market crashed for a few minutes..

  130. kathiravan says:

    It is impossible to predict market turns; please explain

    • Madan says:


      I would like yout to read the book – Trading in the Zone by Mark douglas. I believe he has dedicated a chapter to explain this concept. I am sure i cannot do any justice explaining it here (vs. Mark Douglas)

  131. Selvin says:

    Hi Madan

    Your answers here have already helped me to trade in a much safer way(Its been only a week since I came across this post).Thanks a lot for that.

    I have a few questions though ….

    Why do you choose Futures over Options?.

    How do you find Indian markets when compared to US markets.Are they same ?
    Which broker did you choose to trade in US markets?.Should we file for tax in US for trading in their markets?

    You have said that you choose to trade in index because you are concerned about insider trading in stocks.Is this problem specific to Indian markets or does this happen in other markets too.Do you think insider trading is that big a treat, enough to totally avoid trading in stocks?.

    How do you spend the time when you have nothing else to do other than watch the ticker .I find this much more difficult than actually trading in stocks.The boredom kills me sometimes.

    Do you work from home or do you have a separate office ?.If you work from home do you manage to separate work life from your social life?I am single.So I would like some inputs from a guy who is married.

    *******If you find some of the questions too personal,please avoid answering those .I would understand.

    • Madan says:


      The following are my opinions.

      1. I have answered this q before. In India, we are not able to put orders in options based on the underlying. So, went for futures.

      2. You need to file tax in India not in US as you are not a US citizen(am assuming here) or a resident there.

      3. Insider trading is prevalent in all the mkts.. Laws against it are omnipresent but the real question is ‘enforcement’

      4. Answered this one b4.(reg killing time)

      5. I have a separate room with computer in my home..that’s it. Just have to realise that when i close my PC around 3:35 PM, i have to attend to a family(wife/kids). Gotta compartmentalize that way πŸ™‚

      Hope it helps.

  132. Sukh says:

    Reply to your comment dated 24 Dec 2013 at 12:47 PM

    I am testing a rule based trading system. I have calculated a drawdown of 1500 nifty points after doing backtesting for 8 years data of spot nifty. This equates to 1500*50=75,000. Now would you take Rs.75,000 as safety margin or would you add a buffer to that and take a higher amount?

    • Madan says:


      First off, i am assuming it is 75000/lot. If yes, that is one heck of a drawdown. You might wanna revisit your system. Sorry for jumping in with this unwarranted suggestion.

      Well, to answer your question, I would double the drawdown amount to create a buffer..So in your case, it is 1.5L

      • Sukh says:

        Thanks for replying Madan. Just ran the test again for past 6 years and Max System DD is 950 points. This was done as “Points Only Testing” i.e. Max position size 1 lot. So, would you double the drawdown amount to create a buffer?

  133. Gmd Imran says:

    Hi Madan,

    First congrats for finding a system, which have more winners ratio than losses. Thanks for the naming book Mastering the trade by John Carter, it is the must interesting and realistic approach to the market.

    • Madan says:

      Gmd Imran,

      Thanks. One small correction – i don’t have more winners than losers…it is just that the winning trades are bigger than losing trades. Hope you get that.

  134. Rajnesh says:

    for a swing pivot to form, how many minimum number of candles do you look for in the pullback? thank u.

    • Madan says:


      Markets ebb and flow. So, a low /high is clearly seen. One cannot miss it. There is no fixed number here.

  135. stocky says:

    madan what is your strategy for elections? meaning have u paused trading or have u reduced ur position size etc?

    • Madan says:


      It might be a little bit late for me to answer this question.

      I am currently flat in futures and hold some puts (taken as an hedge for carrying over my long on Monday – 12/5/2014). I don’t see myself taking a trade until Monday(5/19) morning.

  136. Chande says:

    incase u punch a order to buy 10 lots if nifty, but u get only 3 lots. immediately, there is a pullback to ur entry price, will u buy the remaining 7 lots or not?

  137. Sharma says:

    hi sir, if a system is not performing, the trader stops trading after a series of losses, and resumes trading once the system is in sync with the market. my question is – how to know when to stop trading and when to resume?


    • Madan says:


      It depends on one’s risk appetite and the drawdown encountered during the testing period.

      Lets say, if your drawdown is 25% while backtesting and the real trade scenario hits a 30% drawdown, one should start looking closely. The caveat in this idea is that the markets are dynamic and it could well be the case that your system may not have seen the worst drawdown during backtesting. So, there is no steadfast rule here but i would get nimble when my historical drawdown mark is near or breached.

      Hope it helps.

  138. Jack says:

    Dear Madan,

    If one wants to start afresh, you suggest starting with Nifty or BankNifty?


  139. munna says:

    sir u asked me to read more about swing pivots and to ask my question incase of any doubt. definition is swing pivot is high candle, higher high candle, and higher low candle. my question is – this 3rd candle(higher low candle) must be a red candle or it can be a green candle also? thank u

  140. Yogeshwar says:

    Madan Sir,

    Since you are trading for a living, how do you decide how much to withdraw from your trading account? Is there any formula behind it or you simply withdraw as and when you need money for expenses? Thank you..


    • Madan says:


      According to me, withdrawing should happen in a systematic way not according to our whims and desires. Let me put it this way. It depends on the individual needs. Some people would take 50% of their profits every quarter, some take only 20% of their profits every quarter. I know some people taking all their profits every month and keep the same trading acct size month after month (usually, they have a big account).

      So, as you can see,

      1. It depends on individual’s needs
      2. and size of the account.

  141. Karan says:

    madan sir r u long on bank nifty at 13150 today?

  142. Raj Kumar says:

    Hello Madan,

    Today is the 1st time I read your interview. I congratulate you on your success. I have a question. Will be great if you can clarify. Incase your long position is open, and you happen to get a short setup, what do you do? Continue to trail long position or exit long and open short?



    • Madan says:



      It completely depends on the markets trend and direction. So, in some trades, i just close out the position and wait for the market to tell the direction. Sometimes, the pivot break is in such a spot wherein i see taking reverse making sense and hence, would go close out and reverse.

  143. prakash1 says:

    HI Madan,

    In the below reply you said you wont wait for the SL to be taken. It mean that you place you order for exit and entry as and when the pivot is formed. If so some or many times I see that Nifty Spot Pivot wont break but NIfty Future pivot breaks. If orders are placed we will hit and go in oppos direction. How you handle this situation.
    1. Keeping mental SL. Wait for nifty spot to come near or cross the pivot then exit the NF. OR
    2. Place the orders according to NF chart Pivot values get in trade and exit if oder executed in wrong direction and re-enter according to trend.

    Please reply let us know how to handle this situations.



    I would wait for the market to cool off a bit, close my position in loss. This 1 trade cannot make or break a trader right? There is always the next trade. I never wait to take my SL…never, ever.

    Some traders have mental SL’s but i think i am not into that league yet and i guess i never want to be…Different people are comfy with diff mindset (that leads to diff exit mechanisms). Nothing is right or wrong in the market as long as we are able to protect our capital in a reasonable way.

    • Madan says:


      Trades are taken based on NF values and not spot. So, there is no question of confusing myself with spot values. I always keep real mental SL. Your point # 2 assumption is correct.

  144. Somebody(don't wanna disclose ma name) says:

    Madan Sir, what will be your take if market gaps us next day with 100 points and you were holding a position, So will you take profits or keep trialing stoploss?

  145. Pattabhi says:


    I use eSignal data too. On the day of expiry, the continuous contract chart does not open up after the market hours. Do you have the same issue or is it only me?


    • Madan says:


      If you are using NIFTY 1!-NSF and BANKNIFTY 1!-NSF for futures, you should see it at any time of the day.

  146. munna says:

    madan sir when i read your blog one think i notesed is u r not intrested in shring how many points u will get in mone mont an avergge why u r not disclsing this u clarify every trader wants to know how many points u got at lest in 2013

    • Madan says:


      Please tell me one logical reason for you to know that info. How it would help your trading? If i am convinced that it would help your(others) trading endeavor, i would gladly talk about it.

  147. coolblr says:

    @Madan, I understand you mentioned you would take a break from this thread. It would be great if you could reply to this query.

    I went through your recommended book “PsychoCybernetics”, and found it to be very interesting. There are lot of things that we could apply to ourselves to become better not just as a trader, but in our day to day lives to become better person as well.

    Coming to trading I did find few things that we could apply (definitely the other things should also help us become better overall), it would be great if you could go over the things that you applied in your trading or your methodology/discipline/system from the teachings in this book.


    • Madan says:


      Your post made me come out of the recess a bit. πŸ™‚ Not sure, if its good or bad.

      I have applied the concepts in various aspects of trading.

      Disclaimer: For those who don’t believe in visualization, this post has no use. So, have a supermarket approach to this post – take whatever you like !!

      1. I used to have ‘pulling the trigger’ issue and after visualizing the execution of orders in a calm way, i guess i overcame it. Please understand that it takes time and effort as stated in the book. Nowadays, i don’t even blink before pulling the trigger anymore. It is as easy as transferring stuff from my left hand to right hand.

      2. Nowadays, this is what i do for 30 mins everyday in the morning. Details are extremely important to cheat the brain that it’s real. One should see, feel, hear as if its real.

      1. I visualize myself getting relaxed.
      2. Set goals – trading, personal and health…see myself achieving them. Remember, these change over time and new goals would replace old ones.
      3. I see myself in a relaxed state before my PC and executing my trades calmly..see the SL’s being set and trailing them(bith NF and BNF)
      4. I see my equity curve going up nicely and also see the trades in the journal that made that equity curve possible (this will take time to visualize but eventually, one would get it…this is more so true for traders who have lost money on the market and have not seen consistent money)
      5. I see a huge trade like the March 1st week trade and executing my plan calmly. After a windfall trade, i also see myself not getting high but still follow my plan in a calm way(being relaxed is very important in anything we do in life)
      6. I see mkt opening against me in a huge way but i wait calmly for few mins to settle and come out.
      7.I see myself not carrying pas trade as baggage. See myself clearing my mind and getting ready for the next trade without worrying about the outcome of the previous trade.
      8. Lastly, see myself entering trades in the journal and calmly switching off my system and getting out of the room

      So, you can custom-made your sequences based on your current needs in trading and other aspects of your life.

      Hope it helps.

      • coolblr says:

        @Madan, thanks for coming out of break and replying my query. Please keep an eye on this thread, I might ask you few more questions/queries (It will not be related to anything that you would not want to share, because I understand and respect it should be private and moreover, I know it is not going to help me, like the system you trade, or the returns that you’ve had or made, because like they say, even if I take the best system from the market, I can screw it up big time :D, because it would be me who would be executing it, not the person who developed it or owned it). It will be mostly related to psychology, trade management or money management.

        Coming to your reply to my query, really interesting, especially when you say “cheat the brain till its real” or otherwise what they popularly call it as “fake it till you make it” to get confidence, and eventually brain gets trained and it becomes natural from there. As you said there are so many aspects that the book explains which can be applied to our life and trading, to make it better. Highly appreciate sharing an example how you are applying visualization techniques in your trading. Will try to have some custom made visualization points both for trading and life to make it better.

        I would like to check on point number 5 that you made, did you mean you anticipated that move or even after that kind of huge move (Feb – March 2014 move was a superb move! Wooof..!!), you stuck to your plan and executed it?

        One more question, I remember you mentioning booking out profits early in case when IV’s go up (IV’s usually go up when market makes huge down move and wild swings with volatility increasing), this time it was the reverse, IV’s increased (because people rushed in to cover their calls) even when markets went up, did you do anything different this time?


        • Madan says:


          Well, i followed my plan to the dot in Feb and no regrets there πŸ™‚

          Yes – i trade with less quantity when the VIX goes above 22-25. Just not too comfortable with extreme volatility as i carry over my positions.

  148. Monk Trader says:

    Hello Madan…
    First of all congratulations for your success & best wishes for future trades and a big thank you for being so humble & helpful to others.
    It’s really fascinating to read your views, i can relate to your thoughts and your trading method, i have been trading in a similar way for past one year & its been good.
    My only question is that in case of gap opening in nifty…if market opens hugely against your position & suppose it has also jumped your SL in a big way then what do you do?
    I mean you close your position immediately & accept big loss or you wait for the price to come near your SL(the last pivot point).
    I hope i was able to convey my problem here, i am not good with words and i must say that you are really amazing with words & express your thoughts with amazing clarity.

    • Madan says:


      I would wait for the market to cool off a bit, close my position in loss. This 1 trade cannot make or break a trader right? There is always the next trade. I never wait to take my SL…never, ever.

      Some traders have mental SL’s but i think i am not into that league yet and i guess i never want to be…Different people are comfy with diff mindset (that leads to diff exit mechanisms). Nothing is right or wrong in the market as long as we are able to protect our capital in a reasonable way.

  149. munna says:

    madan sir u told we get 5 years of intraday data of nift clarify wether its spot or fut nifty and one more think i am new to tecnical analysis i want to know the diffrense between days low and swing pivotlow plese help me sir and one more thing is why u use 10 min why not 5 min or 15 min

    • Madan says:


      Please google for swing pivots. After you read couple of them, ask your question here.

      To be honest, there is no specific reason for trading 10 mins. Timeframe is trader’s choice. The real question is’ Should i trade smaller TF’s like 5-30mins or bigger TF’s like 240min or Daily or weekly chart?’. Only you can answer that question.

      Hope it helps.

  150. Rohit says:

    Completely agree what you’ve said here.
    What is “Dimensional Pivots” ? Is there a link or documents which explains this? If you have, Kindly email it to me. [email protected]


  151. munna says:

    madan thank u for your reply on intrady data but 5 year intraday data of spot or fut u clarify

  152. jaya says:

    Hai Madan,
    Congrats for ur success,
    Please can u tell me about the continuous wins & Loss of trades, Expectancy of your system if possible

    • Madan says:


      As my system is less than 50% winning system, statistically the consecutive losses can be as high as 20 trades. I have personally seen 16 trades in live trading. So, if someone pledges 3% in a trade, it is possible to lose 60% of the acct size. This is where proper money mgmt kicks in. Goal is to live today to fight t’rrow..survival is key.

      I dunno the consecutive wins as i don’t keep track of that parameter. Expectancy can be calculated from my previous posts(all you need is winning/losing ratio, Average Risk to reward)..don’t want to dwell into it much.

  153. munna says:

    congrts madan this is my first post can u tell me wher u get 8 to 10 years 10 mi data as u told at we have to back test at lest 10 yers whre will we get 10 years of nifty fut intraday data

  154. munna says:

    congrats madan this is my first entry can u tell me u said that u r using 10 min bar and u also telling one should back test for 8 to 10yers wher will u get 10year 10 min data o future nifty please

    • Madan says:


      5 yrs of intraday data is available in eSignal. When i backtested, intraday data was available from 2004 onwards….now, its available from 2009..10 years might be possible with someone else but not sure who.

    • coolblr says:

      Google might help you here, you may not get for all the stocks, but NIFTY you should be able to get 5 mins data from 2004 I feel. Check it out…!!

  155. stocky says:

    Hi Madan, You are playing only Breakout ? Most of the time Breakout will turn into breakout failure…. and SL will hit immedietly .Any tips can u give how can we make sure breakout will happen this time ?

    • Madan says:


      Have answered this one before..I am pasting the response here again.

      “There is actually no way to know if a breakout is true or false (unless a trader have hindsight bias πŸ™‚ ). That’s where money mgmt kicks in. Need to follow MM to the dot to see if the breakout is fake or true. No easy way out.”

      • stocky says:

        Madan thanks for reply, You mean book loss according to our stop loss limit and look for another opportunity ..Correct ?As a small investor what i experienced most of the time if i put stop loss 10-15 pts away…it will hit immediately and then price will move against me !!All operators know this well then they sweep up this price level(SL)…Problem is as a small player how can we manage stop loss level (more than 1500 rs stop loss i cant afford..that much less capital i am playing )..I appreciate any input from anybody

        • Madan says:


          Your SL is based on some Support/resistance or just based on point value?

          Lets say, the S/R or pivot or whatever ref point you choose is 30 points away from your entry. What would you do in that situation? You have 2 choices – pass on the trade and wait for next one that confirms with your risk mgmt or reduce the lot size to match with your risk appetite. But if you are trading with only few lots in the first place, the second choice is not feasible. So, have to pass on the trade and wait for the next one. Small account has it own pros and cons.

          Hope you get the point.

          • stocky says:

            Hi Madan, I use stop loss based on previous support level. problem is if i choose SL 30 pts away from purchase point then i would wait for profit target at least 50-60 pts away..I dont have guts to carry forward position so most of the day profit target not achieve..But stop loss net account always loss!!!!!

  156. RAHUL says:

    This is why investors do not make money ,
    i dont have remote of nifty ,
    i have to respect the trend ,
    if i would have sticked to my short ( which also made profit )
    i would not have got 30 pts in long and i would be a loser ,
    Markets dont follow us , we have to follow the market ,
    also i dont que that i am better than Madan ( not even 1% ) ,

    Good Day

    • Manish says:

      if u understand that u do not have the remote, why did u mention that ur short trade is going to work like “magic”? and when u gave ur long call, u’ve mentioned that ur long call is going to be a “sure shot”. when u don’t have the remote, how can u be so sure that ur long call is going to be “sure shot”? pls stop misguiding ppl. and yes, u r right, this is why investors do not make money. glad u understand.

    • Rahul,

      I’d appreciate that you don’t post any calls on this post or anywhere on Zconnect. The idea behind Zconnect is to educate, but we are working on a platform where you can share your trades with others. But until then do hold off giving any trading calls.


  157. Manish says:

    but u said short right? that too with no stop. and u said short call will work like magic by 3:20? what happened to the magic? its high time u understand why this page features Madan and not u.

  158. Raji says:


    This is public forum – no one can question and take ownership. As long as this is available public, everyone has right to respond and counter the observations. If someone appears on public forum, they should discuss the topic without grey areas – This is an educative forum and not a place for marketing circus.

    I neither want to know any simple/complex stuff from anyone. I have spoken on behalf of 500+ folks who were excited about this interview and kept pouring queries expecting some magic answers. Neither I have a question rather I questioned the attitude of individuals in this forum against the masses.

    My comments neither addressed to Madan nor other individuals…When I said ‘you are claiming’, I didn’t point to you. Just wanted to bring down the unnecessary enthusiasms that fellow members showing in this entire interaction! Bye!

  159. Prashant kumar says:

    Hello madan ji,
    I am now just tired of losing my hard earned money. Also I am tired of different techniques for trailing stop loss but none works. Pls explain in detail how you trail the stoploss. If u are not comfortable here on the forum to explain with high details then pls mail me on my email id “[email protected]”. Pls help me recover my hard earned money to come out this hell phase I am presently going through.

    • Raji says:


      Spend some time and read the entire blog posts. You will not get answer for your question and medicine for your frustrations and that is what was told repeatedly. My views:

      a. Restrict to one or two scrips – I use TELCO, TISCO, HINDALCO and NIFTY – not all simultaneously but whichever develops the required signals.
      b. Try and understand swing pivots such as Higher High, Lower Low, Higher Low and Lower High
      c. Understand Dimensional Pivots and different timeframes – They develop like MAs but not exactly MAs. Real action happens on these points.
      d. Watching some of lag indicators such as ADX and RSI would help gauge any major trends. But do not use indicators to entry/exit. It never helps!
      e. Applying elliot wave principles and Fibonacci retracement rules will certainly help. Again this is also similar to point d.

      Madan certainly provided few inputs on Money management and positional sizing. These are good.

      I don’t know my intrusion to your question will satisfy you…but certainly you will receive a reply that go and study on your own.

  160. RAHUL says:

    Raji ,
    As per me Madan appears very satisfied with his strategy ,
    there are many many people in market who charge subscription for strategy some give it free ,
    but think with cool mind ,
    if someone is thinking of earning money by subscription fees rather than trading ,then there is big big question on his credential ,
    believe me or not – its a hard fact that using indicator is gambling , but still the whole world is behind it .

    many people who were supposed to have possessed the remote of nifty once ,
    have failed because the are dependent on indicators ,
    i think Madan will agree with me


    • Raji says:


      Indicators always have lag effect – Everyone agrees to it. No doubts raised over the satisfaction attained by Madan and similar such folks. It’s a mindset.

      Whole lots of things available for free and as well as for fees. There are free open source softwares and paid softwares, free emails, paid emails, etc….But it shouldn’t raise question about the credentials of paid services – True, several paid services are worth nothing. But, all cannot be viewed with same lens. I tried a trial service of one of the much proclaimed winner in this blog – just monitored it for few days; alas! As usual all fails during real play – then there is a sting attached as usual, that, one cannot read other’s reactions to the market!!!!!

      My expressions were only about the heavenly sacret played around the secrecy of the strategy all through these discussions. It reminded me of one thing – “Astrologer syndrome”…If you go and meet an astrologist, he will self proclaim to be an extraordinary human – end of the day it is art and science of planet and stars positioning. Secrecy is meant only for the continuity of the business for the particular group/community and assurance of sustaining wealth for them to get rid of poverty. Same principle holds good for all such secrecies around ‘businesses’/’services’.

      I just go with 5 day, 7 day and 15 day dimensional pivots, this will change constantly the current day’s reference pivots as the trading hours progresses and this is what set as SLs for me; I tried to apply elliot wave principles and Fibonacci levels as well some times to understand likely momentum and targets – Just wonderfully takes care of the price action trading rules; Mine is positional and swing trading – Works wonderfully 60% of the times. Yet the toughest part is emotional management because of lack of it I get many trades wrong – still a toddler on this aspect. I have no hesitancy sharing my learning here! I earned a little, lost huge, but learned great! I am able to anticipate losses now!!


      • Dharan says:

        first of all what madan has achieved is commendable…..for the account size he handles, getting this return in great. But there are many things which no retail trader is going to understand. If you break up his performance, then many will start cursing him, and will leave him all alone.

        As per his system, his drawdown is maximum 30% and average 15%, he has clearly mentioned that he uses approx 1 lakh capital per lot, so to get a 15% draw down he will make a loss of 300 points before his equity curve turns back. Now this is not acceptable for retail traders, they want 80% accuracy, not 45%.

        As A.E said compounding is the 8 wonder of this world, to get his performance of 300% return per annum, its enough if you get just 125 points per month, and keep on increasing the lot size accordingly every month. 125 points per month, is not at all attractive for a retail guy who is looking to get everyday 50 points, so his target for 22 trading days is more than 1000 points, where as madan has reach this 1000 points in 6 months time. So he is consistent, patient, and knows how to handle big money, and last but not least how to handle losses, because 55% of his trades get stopped out, 80 percent of the people lose out in this last point, they cant handle the loss, and press the self destructive button.

        so what he achieved is great, but when you break it up into pieces, it just normal and simple stuff, but we all fail to do the simple stuff, and complicate it beyond our reach.

        • Raji says:


          Thanks for summarizing. I fully appreciate Madan’s strategy. In both of my posts, I never questioned or raised any doubts about his performance. He is honest when he said about his losses and patience.

          I am surprised about under estimating retail traders, their strategies, patience, expectations and knowledge. Many of them do very well, at least I have seen, consistent and make decent profits with smaller capital in size. Only limitation is they don’t come out in public forums.

          You are claiming again about normal and simple stuff, and you blame others of not doing simple stuff…What are those??? It is simple to do – but difficult to explain over blog posts????

          Do not divert topic again on Money psychology, emotion management, risk management etc….This is what happened in this entire blog post!!!! One should not underestimate and undervalue other human brains!

          • Dharan says:

            raji…..what you really want to know…i dont get what you want to know….this is madan blog, and i dont want to share any of my views here. If you really have want to know the simple stuff??….do mail me with ur doubts to [email protected]………i am not diverting the topic. If you are serious to know, clearly type in ur question. cool

        • Mak_T says:

          Excellent comment Dharan.

          Just 125 points and right MM, one can get 300% returns. Other way to explain is: Consider if someone is trading 1L per lot in NF and makes consistently 125 points on an average. So points made= 12*125=1500. Now 1500*50 = 75000 that is 75% returns on 1 L capital.

          Now as Madan explained about MM fixed ratio & fixed fraction; initially we will use more aggressive technique and add after every 20 K profits.

          So after 3 months, one will be trading 2 lots and after again 3 months one will be trading 4 lots and so on. So if we can do simple calculation, its easily 300% …..

          But again how many are going to do this in next one year. Very few , why? So thats where mindset comes in picture….

          just my 2cents….


  161. Raji says:

    Well. With all the readings and interviews sound good, just my ounce of thought: Till towards the end, Madan never seem to have shared his look, Setup and Trade patterns – all he kept saying is his ‘secret spice mix’ of entry/exit and TSL setup through ‘chart setups’ and ‘visionary observations’. One would understand it is highly insensitive to share portfolio details, it’s personal choice. But I differ on a former one. Had every market wizard believed and followed this principle of knowledge sharing restrictions, a vast amount of knowledge pool on stock markets would never have existed in the world and so called internet that Madan is frequently referring to.

    There are opinions and views that one’s trading pattern or ‘SECRET SPICE MIX’ will be ‘disturbed’ if is revealed to a larger group. And some have strongly supported it and some have frustratingly cursed on it. And most of the posts and replies had an aggressive approach towards the group of ‘go and read on your own – after all I have done it for past so many years’. I certainly do not believe, given depth and breath of the market, if someone feels his patterns will be ‘disturbed’ due to larger usage and public revelations, I can only call it, a mere ignorance – After all, turn over every day is in terms of lakhs of crores.

    Dimensional pivots, Moving averages along with ADX and RSI work wonderfully and does the magic for ease trading. Most of the MAs still work wonderfully on larger timeframes. But one need patience and willingness to avoid intraday aggressiveness. I agree with Madan on capital and trade management.

    Some ellioticians in the field give wonderful reports for meager subscriptions. I am not promising that it works 100% but they share vast amount of knowledge that they have gained on their own research, education and experience. I certainly do not prefer to name any individual here as it would sound like marketing. All I wanted to highlight to Madan and his likely minded group is that, those people never thought sharing their knowledge would decimate them, their trades and the market – let me tell you that they don’t give tips but they merely share their analysis, including their journal!!!

    Madan, nothing personal here! Just sharing my frank opinions after reading your responses.

    There is no magic wand in this world for a successful trade. Just follow traditionally successful patterns and selected one or two indicators, and keep moving with smaller positions. Dimensional pivots with the mix of MA will do what Madan is talking about all along as a ‘secret spice mix’ – price based movements.

    All guys who feel satisfied and unsatisfied with this blog: Have a self-confidence, keep inventing and best wishes!

  162. Madan says:


    I guess i would take a recess in answering questions for a while. I really enjoyed interacting with you all. Even the page is loading much slower. I never thought that we would see around 560 comments (including mine). Hope it was of some help. Have a safe and happy trading πŸ™‚

    Nithin – the page is pretty big now. Is there a way to make it load faster?

  163. CA Vicky Jain says:

    if given the option to use bracket order, will u use it? i understand that u don’t have targets, so obvio u will not use it for targets, but u will not have to punch stop order every morning.

  164. Raj says:

    Madan has written he started with 50L and at end has 1.5 Crore.

    He has made 200% then because 50 is capital and 100 is return then total is 1.5 Crores

    • Madan says:


      50L –>1.5C was given as an example. My account size could be 10K or 10C. I have never revealed it and has no plans to do that.

      But larger the account size, more tougher it is to rake in huge returns.

  165. coolblr says:

    @Madan, I have read your post here on full-time/part-time trading and how one should transition too. I have few more questions:

    1. When you are trading part time, a good gauge is one being profitable consistently, as you said in that post about one year and returns do not matter. But, can you tell me if account size during that period where you are consistent matters? As account size eventually means the position size, and smaller account/position size will have a different psych viz-a-viz when trading with larger position sizes. I understand it should be the same, but how did you tackle that problem?

    2. In one of the books that I was reading few months back, mentioned that when you are trading part time you should not go full time till you start getting the returns as much as you make in a full time job. How much do you subscribe to this? As the writer in his case mentions that when he started full time he started loosing money, but he was making money consistently part time. (In the writers case too, even when he was making as much money as full time job when trading part time, he could not when he started full time. A good trade plan should help, but how do you train yourself). Now, this is linked to the first question, if returns does not matter when trading part time, if going full time shouldn’t one know how much return he/she can make, if he/she can eventually live out of it (There is passion which drives, but as you said there is a thin line between passion and addiction :D) and eventually can sustain on trading.

    3. How was your transition, you do not have to give exact figures, but as an example, what did you do, you were profitable when you moved from part time to full time (I know it cannot be replicated to me, but just trying to understand what you went through). Was it easy immediately or there were hiccups and how you handled them? If you were breaking your trading rules/plans what you did to come back on track?

    4. It would be great if you could elaborate on how you transitioned from part time to full time in terms of position sizing and profitability as well, how was your experience.

    5. Another article/trader said that you should’ve a back up plan or some passive income when you transition from part time to full time, do you subscribe to this? Did you think about it when you transitioned?


    • Madan says:


      Your questions show the maturity in your thought process and i can tell you that you are in the right track. You are thinking in the right direction..way to go.

      1. Good question. We can only do so much with the acct size right? If a trader can bring only a lac, so be it. He will have to slowly build it. Key is not to depend on the money coming out of trading. As you rightly said, psych would be different between 1 lac vs 1C account. But, everyone has a humble start.

      2. There are two school of thoughts. a) Make enough money/returns before going fulltime. b) Get some experience and plunge into the water to see how it goes. Both have their pros and cons. The best situation is to have a some kind of backup money for monthly expenses and go full-time. This could mean an hefty bank account or passive income or spouse working. I remember going through Van Tharp’s ‘Peak performance course’ and he states that one needs to make enough returns trading part time before venturing into fulltime. I agree with him partially but very difficult to implement..lets say a traders monthly expense is 50K and he could bring only 5L to trading. So, to cover his expense, he is expected to make approx. 8L(before tax) from 5L..that’s 150% returns and i am not saying for a moment, that it is not doable. But very few people can do this and on top of that, there is also an urge to build the account size. This can put tremendous pressure on the trader’s psychology. So, when someone goes fulltime in trading, the biggest leg-pullers are the account size and the need to make money fast.

      Bottomline – i would say trade part time but it is just delaying the inevitable. Eventually, the trader has to go fulltime to make this as a profession. Ideal scenario would be to have a decent trading acct (say 25L) and have 3 yrs of monthly expense stashed in FD or bonds. In this way, one can trade with peace(other vices of trading has to be handled anyways) and focus on trading properly rather than on making money.

      3. When i moved from PT to FT, i was just breaking even. No loss/no gain. There were lot of struggles in the beginning and was breaking my rules left, right and center. Eventually, mkt taught that i need to be structured to survive. This is where Trading journal really helps. We can go back and see what has happened when we break rules. It’s an ongoing learning process and the understanding on why to follow rules will come over time. Self-realization has to happen.

      4. It was not a smooth ride but well worth it. Please understand that it might take another 1000 words to type the experience but i see that you have the burning desire to understand what goes on in a trader’s mind at various stages πŸ™‚ We can talk about this for hours but to type it in, i need to hire an assistant πŸ™‚

      5. As i said earlier, you need to have fall back money to take care of monthly expenses for atleast 3 yrs..can’t stress this enough.

      Hope it helps.

      • coolblr says:

        Madan, Really appreciate you replying to my queries in detail.

        I am doing better since 1-2 years, well, I’d say some profits from not a big account and overall in the green for the year and for the account size the returns have been good. But as you said going to a higher account size and getting the same returns is not easy as well, which I understand, also have to get accostomed the fact that bigger position means bigger risk as well and eventually bigger drawdowns.

        I would say overall the methodology and system (Since more than 2 years there is no indicator what so ever on my charts, occassionaly I see 20 EMA and BB (20,2), even before that I stopped looking for the holy grain or trying out different indicators) seems to be alright and the mistakes that I use to make before have come down, especially cutting down on the losses.

        Things to improve as you mentioned, importantly on the trading journal part, I do maintain one, but have to accept that I am not completely desciplined with respect to that. Also, I think I have a mind block that the journal I have is not a great one (an excuse I suppose :D), there are no good journal softwares in the market. I kind of feel that an immediate chart reference against the trades needs to be there, trying to figure out ways to do that in excel or linking to the charts in the excel itself in someways.

        Will keep in mind about the points you mentioned about the backup money and the account size. Hopefully will take the route of inevitable and do the right things and hope to see success.


  166. kathiravan says:

    madan wat about gold and silver futures trading where high volatility and liquidity exists; have u tried those instruments?

    • Madan says:


      I have not tried them. As their trading time is more than 12 hrs for these instruments, i have given them a miss πŸ™‚

  167. kathiravan says:

    thanks madan for your patience to answer all our queries for the last 2 months

  168. GEN says:

    Hi Madan,
    Good day to you,First of all congrats for your success,
    Sorry if I ask some basic questions

    1) Since there are no continous charts in indian futures how do you manage to chart on longer time frames,because to find support resistance we need enough history to trade,How do you tackle this?
    2) In india is not possible to place overnight orders so how do you manage this for STOP LOSSES/PROFIT TARGETS.
    3) OCO order capablitly is also not available so is there any work around for this.


    • Madan says:


      1. eSignal offers conitnuous contracts for NF and BNF ( the instruments i issues here)

      2. I have mentioned earlier that i take the losses if the mk opens against me in the morning.

      3. Nope. We will have to cancel the other order manually.

  169. sanig says:

    Hi Sir. Your interview is interesting and inspiring for all newcomers like us. Just I have a few quetions for you and hope you will answer them.

    since you are among the top 25 traders, but you said, that you don’t trade options due to time factor involved. Have you seen any successful option traders in india. how big is their account size,some where in your earlier post you have mentioned that you know some one who traders 250 to 300 lots and the slippage is 5 points for a 2 to 3 crore account, do you think in our market you can by options for 10 or 15 lakhs without much sllipage if its in the money, or out of the money options. kindly share your thoughts. thank you.

    • Madan says:


      I am sure there are successful option traders in India but i have not personally met anybody (who exclusively trade options). I know only few traders out of 1L traders we have in India. So, my sample size is negligible enough to come to any logical conclusion. Brokerage firm’s statistics might reveal the true info.

      Am not really sure about the slippage in options(as i don’t trade them) but can say one thing for certain. ITM options volume is pathetic in India and 90 – 95% of the volume happens in 1st, 2nd and 3rd OTM option strikes.So essentially, the slippage would be higher in ITM than OTM(1st, 2nd and 3rd) options.

  170. Prajit says:

    Thanks for your valuable answers in this post which helped me lot also thanks for sharing info like pshyco-cybernatics its really true resource for me.

  171. Arjith says:


    I am new to futures trading and have started with eSignal data on their software itself. Incase I use continuous contract, I do not need to change the watchlist every month, right? Thank you.


    • Madan says:


      If you have only Nifty and BNF in your watchlist, you don’t need to change every month if you use continuous contracts. Symbols are NIFTY 1!-NSF and BANKNITY 1!-NSF. I am not sure about others.

  172. Vijay says:

    i know i will not benefit out of this in anyway, but still out of curiosity, i wish to know what has been ur highest risk reward ratio in nifty as well as bank nifty. thanks..


    • Madan says:


      The popular metrics is Average Reward to Risk ratio. It is 3.5:1 for me. Am not sure what you mean by ‘Highest’ Reward to Risk ratio.

      • Vijay says:

        let me explain. suppose u took 2 trades. both profit. 1st trade – RR is 5:1, 2nd trade RR is 2:1. so average is 3.5:1, but highest RR is 5:1.

        if its ok can u share what ur highest RR has been. ty

  173. machonitti says:


    I totally second the suggestion/request put forth by Sandeep. There’s a glimmer of hope in your reply. Really kind of you to respond in a positive way. Please count me in as a mentee, if you may. Hope that day comes soon. That is, whenever you might be able to spare a couple of minutes on a weekly basis, if it’s not possible, daily, as per your convenience. Thank you.

  174. vinay says:

    hi Madan ,
    Thanks for your suggestions ..
    can you please guide me is it better to join training centers to learn about tech analysis stuffs.. i want to learn day trading skills…

  175. sandeep says:

    sir if a group of traders wants to be mentored by u , r u interested in such type of activity ?
    can u share ur past trade details as a teaching basis so that one can look on charts and understand the whole structure ?
    u are sucessful in life , so if ur heart says can u , in future wants some followers of u and ur strategy .
    u can select mentees on basis of interview and trained them , this can also be done by virtual medium ….
    hoping some positive response ……..

    • Madan says:


      I have not thought in these lines. Mentoring traders need dedicated time and commitment and i am not sure if i am upto it (esp. in a structured way). it also imposes a lot of responsibility in me… Will think about it. Thanks for the suggestion πŸ™‚

  176. Neeta says:

    sir can i know if you show your data cost to esignal as expense while computing ur tax liability? ty

  177. Madan says:


    I was not able to ‘Reply’ to your had to type anew post…will try to answer your questions. If i have answered something before, i will mention it that way.

    1. The returns are before tax. Why would anyone calculate income tax? we do that at the end of the fiscal year πŸ™‚

    2. I have answered about lot size for last year before. I understand that there are 534 comments so far but would really help if you go through them in its entirety

    3. Have talked about increasing lot size and related psychology in various posts.

    4. Answer already about the number of years it took to be profitable. Paid my share to the mkt in US not in India.

    5. Drawdown is always peak to valley. If i had made 50K from 1L, total equity = 1.5L..So, peak is 1.5L. So, my drawdown in this case would be 1.5L – (30% of 1.5L) =, drawdown lasted till 1.05 and turned around.

    6.Not seen many successful traders but usually the benchmark i see is around 50%. It also depends on the Risk:Reward

    Kindly go through the whole blog to its entirety. It would have saved lot of your typing time but i do understand that it is discouraging just to see the sheer number of posts.

    Hope it helps.

  178. coolblr says:

    @Madan, the book that you mentioned on psycho-cybernetics is the book by Dr. Maltz? The new or the old book? or the content is the same?


  179. Jackie says:

    sir i would like to know how many trades do u take in a week? in nifty and banknifty? thank in advance and congratulation..

  180. Madhav says:

    i have one more question for you. you introduced me to visualisation by recommending psycho cybernetics. i am just blown by this concept. i read the book once and i have started reading it for the second time from yesterday for better understanding. is there any other similar concept/technique you would like to introduce to us which u think has helped u a lot? thanks..

    • Madan says:


      Glad that you are liking it. It’s such a powerful concept. Keep practicing.

      This is the whole idea of sharing what a person knows. Even if one person reading it gets it (or make something out of it), the job is done.

      • Madhav says:

        r there any more such interesting concepts which u would like to share with us? ty..

        • Madan says:

          Nothing really significant..But, i would definitely put lot of importance to Exercise and Nutrition..healthy body = healthy mind πŸ™‚

          • Dharan says:

            hi madan,

            congrats! for winning the challenge. I read all the previous questions, and ur answers. i would like to ask you some new set of questions.

            it says 300% return, just to get a better picture is it after tax@ 30% that your profit is 3 times. like for 1 lakh capital, you made 3 lakh profit or you made 4 lakh plus but after tax, its 300%?

            do you increase your lots size every month, or just keep the same lot size through out the 240 trading days. This performance was achieved by keeping the same lot size or you increased it over a period of time.what rules you follow, or criteria you set before increasing lot size

            for a 20 point loss in one lot its 1000 rupees, when you do 20 lots its 20k, so how you handle your emotions when u increase ur lot size. how u handle those big profits and losses. many traders fail when they increase their lot size, according to you, what is the reason, and how u handle it.

            you returned back to India in 2009, so how many years it took for you to start making profit consistently in Indian markets.What tuition fees you paid in Indian markets?

            somewhere in previous questions, you have answered that your maximum draw down is 30%, is it like you have 1 lakh capital, and at one point u reached 70,000. or just like ur capital 1 lakh made a profit of 50k intially and a 30% draw down from that is back to 1 lakh.

            since you are one of the top 25 traders out of 35000, and has mentioned that your success ratio is 45%, from your experience have you seen people better than you, i mean what success ratio have you seen, over your trading career, which you dream to achieve. i have read in many books, that the best in the industry is 63%. Ed Seykota had a 60% success ratio over 6 years of trading.

            i am asking all this questions on behalf of many traders,like me.Hope you will share ur thoughts on the above questions.

  181. Madhav says:

    assume u r long at 6100 with stop at 6000. as price unfolds, there is a swing low at 6050. will u place ur tsl at 6050 or u will trail only at a price above the entry price? ty!

    • Madan says:


      My TSL moves only when there is a price movement in my direction. I am not sure how the TSL moves up when the price is going towards the Stoploss. So, to answer your specific example, Initial SL would be at 6050 and it moves further up when the market moves in my direction.

      Hope it helps.

  182. Abhishek rathod says:

    Hi Madan,

    Do you trade divergence between NF/BNF? If yes do you use it for swing

  183. Kumaresan says:


    This question is general. You or Nithin sir many answer it. Thanks.

    When carrying forward a futures position, MTM is calculated on which price on the next day?


  184. Prashant kumar says:

    Hello Madan Sir,
    1.Can I use your strategy for trading stocks i.e. always entering on breakouts of high/low and trailing the stop loss?
    2.Where should I keep the stop loss? is it exactly at opposite high/low?
    3.Which particular 1 stock should I select for intraday or should I trade only in nifty future intraday?

    • Madan says:


      1. I don’t see why it would be an issue trading stocks? After all, NF and BNF are made up of selected stocks. But, personally, i have not traded stocks with this idea.

      2. I have explained about it a few times. SL is based on recent swing low/high.

      3. I cannot select a stock for you and i am actually not a fan of strict intraday trading. So,really cannot suggest you anything there.

      • Prashant kumar says:

        Thanx for your reply sir.

        Can u pls explain in little more detail regarding the “SL is based on recent swing low/high” and how to trail the SL by giving any example…

  185. Arjith says:


    I am sorry I am asking you questions on esignal data. The support team just refuses to understand me. Would be grateful if you can answer this.

    If I want to create a watchlist for futures, do I have to type in symbols manually every month? are you aware of any way to simply import the list of symbols to the software?

    Thank you once again.

    • Madan says:


      This video might help.

      For Nifty and Banknifty, you can see continuous contracts (NIFTY 1!-NSF and BANKNIFTY 1!-NSF) but this stuff works only within esignal app. If you are using esignal datafeed to see charts in Ninjatrader or Metastock, it might not work.

      Hope it helps.

  186. damodaran says:

    do you give income tax on your profit from the market. i think we are giving various taxes for each trade being a trader, so do we need to file return if our income is less than 2 lakhs. please share your knowledge on filling income tax return.

  187. coolblr says:

    @Madan, it would be great if you could post your old trading journal, if you got a chance to look for it.

    Also, I have tried to have a simple one on Excel or a book (and the habit goes away, for few reasons like missing charts, I know its all about discipline, and I kick my bucket for that all the times :D). One of the reasons it goes away are – I feel the excel or the book does not have an immediate chart look up for your winner/losers etc.How do you solve this problem?


    • coolblr says:

      Well I have it to some extent taken care of – by pointing it to the chart image file on local drive via a hyperlink, a good journal software would’ve been great.

      You mentioned to my earlier query about the visual patterns, mentioning its both classic patterns and others. BTW, what do you think of Al Brooks methods of price action trading?

  188. Arjith says:


    I recently bought eSignal data. Can you tell me the nifty futures symbol please. Thanks..

  189. Mak_T says:

    Hi Madan,

    Thanks for all the answers to others and specifically to my question.

    Not sure whether you answered this or not; but just want to know what you treat as PIVOTS? I mean do you treat pivots as certain price levels or they are swing pivots (points) based on position of high/lows of previous and next bars?

    Why I am asking this is because, if we treat price levels as Pivots then they are known well in advance prior to day start but if we use Swing pivots, then they are known only after next 2-3 candles are complete.


  190. machonitti says:


    Good Morning!

    If a person were to learn a programming language for the purpose of scripting/coding his own mechanical trading system, then which one would be less complicated, easy to grasp and above all, ideal for a trader’s setup. Is it mandatory to have prior knowledge of College/Engg. level Math or just rudimentary Math suffice?

    How about Python? Kindly opine. I’m sorry, if I might’ve overlooked any previous mention about this topic in one of your earlier posts. Thanks for your time.

    • Madan says:


      I am not really good at programming languages (even though my background is in Computer science). So, really would not know which one would be best for you.

  191. prakash1 says:

    Hi Madan
    Am just reading Position Sizing book. Is SQN ranking is apt to rate a strategy, are there any methods to rank any system. Can you please tell your system SQN rank.

    • Madan says:


      I do not know of any other method to rate a strategy/system. Not interested in revealing my SQN number. Sorry about that.

  192. coolblr says:


    Appreciate you taking out time to reply queries from folks here and that too in detail. Few questions from my side (more might follow :D)

    1. Any reason for choosing 10 mins time frame only? Or you see the patterns in other time frames also, but trade out of 10 mins?

    2. Interesting/useful/informative thread really and its nice to see great emphasis on the psychology part of trading which is the most important thing. You mention “visual patterns” about five times in your replies πŸ™‚ are these based on classic chart patterns or something else (I understand you would not want to give details, but asking are they same as classic chart patterns or different)

    3. The method you are trading currently – did you develop it when you started trading NIFTY or when you were trading US markets also? Did it work well on SP500?

    4. Not a question, but you mentioned that you traded in options earlier, and was really impressed with one of the strategies that you mentioned one could use in options, which clearly shows you seem to be a Guru in options as well. Yes I totally agree with you – we need something like thinkorswim for Indian markets too, I kept on emphasizing this in traderji’s Zerodha thread to Sachin, but a push from just one person is not enough you know. I would recommend this book (While going through this book I felt, why a book like this was never written on options before, and I liked the flow too, its like conversation between two people), if you get some time please read it –


    • Madan says:


      1. No specific reason..i am just comfy with that.

      2. Some are classic and some are not.

      3. It works on S&P as well. But, historically, S&P is not that volatile(except for the last 2 months)…For the last 2 mnths, CBOE Vix is consistently more than India VIX.

      4. I have a list of books to order – will include this book as well. Thanks for the reco.

  193. stocky says:

    Hi Madan,
    if we pay $ 145/- per month to esignal…Can we get data ?( is it included) ..also i would like to know how many exchanges data can we get from their software( US,UK etc included ??) through this monthly amount?
    I appreciate your response

    • Madan says:


      145 is just for software. NSE cash is $12 and NSE Futures is another $14 (to see Futures, one should also go for futures package for $25). So, i am paying approx 145+12+14+25/ month. You can also get other exchanges for more fee. Please have a look at their website for more details –

  194. Rohit says:


    While trading, do you consider larger time-frame support/resistance for taking profits or you exit your trade ONLY on trailing stop-loss hit?


  195. Sumit says:


    A member by name Jawahar had asked this question-

    “Madan,Do you give any importance to vwap and mvwap while trading?hoping you will reply.”

    May I know what is vwap and mvwap please? I am hearing it for the 1st time. Thank you.


    • Madan says:


      Hate to say this but a little bit of searching online would answer your question. I might not do justice by explaining it here. Online articles are vast and well explained.

  196. Rohit says:


    Who is the authorized seller for e-signal in India? could you please provide the web link?
    According to you, which is the best charting software available in India?
    (you might not have used all the charting software available in India πŸ™‚ But from the information you have and the while discussing with your trading friends)

    • Rohit says:

      adding to my above question about charting software:
      1) without considering the price of software
      2) considering the price of software

      Others, Please share your views about the best charting software.
      (Hope zerodha’s terminal will be out soon)


    • Madan says:


      1. As far as i know, there is no authorised data vendor for esignal(premier) in India. Viratech offers Advanced Get(advanced version of esignal) but they don’t offer the regular/premier. You will have to goto directly to subscribe(it has become more expensive as we have to pay in USD)

      2. Without an iota of doubt, it is esignal. I am hoping Tradestation would come to India market but they are charting+execution platform and they told me couple of yrs ago that they are hitting regulations roadblock. So, no hope there.

      In my short stint, i have used Amibroker, Metastock, Ninjatrader, Tradestation and esignal for futures trading. I have tried AB and esignal in India. Other s/w were tried in US markets. Tradestation is really cool because you can also execute trades and automate things.

      For charting, esignal and TS are pretty close..Next would be NT, followed by MS and lastly AB…This is just my opinion. I don’t want to create a war on softwares.

      Having typed all this, I have to say that i use esignal more for their data stability than charting. I am ok with any basic charting s/w as i don’t use indicators but data quality/stability is a must.

  197. Rohit says:

    This is follow up question to your reply to my earlier question

    But when you have to take a new position on 1 day before expiry, will you take current month or next month contract? In case if you are taking next month contract, do you get next month futures chart in your charting software?

  198. Prithvi Raj says:


    Do you reside in Chennai or Bangalore?


    • Madan says:


      Not sure why you want to know where i reside?? πŸ™‚

      I live in Bangalore but visit chennai quite often.

  199. Surya says:

    Hi Madan,

    Say I want to make 25% returns per month on an average(like you have been doing for the past year). Assume I have 10 lakhs trading capital and willing to trade 1 nifty lot per lakh. So I will be trading 10 nifty lots with my trading capital. With that trade size, I will have to make 500 nifty points per month on an average to make 25% returns. But I have heard that even the best of the best traders make utmost 300 points a months on average.
    So basically is it possible to make that kind of returns trading only one lot per lakh?
    I know you do not like speaking about % return numbers but tempted to ask this as i want to understand what is practical and what is not..


    • Madan says:


      It is doable but not easy. Every week/month/year is different. As i said earlier, we cannot force our will into the market. All we can do is trade properly. Personally, i don’t keep goals and take it with the flow.

  200. mukesh says:

    sir, may i know how u trail ur stop incase of gaps? thanks!


    • Madan says:


      If its against me, its easy right? Wait for the market to cool off for couple of mins and come out

      If its in my favor like what’s happening today(Jan 30th 2014), then do the same pivot exits. I might lose out more but thats ok. Thats part of my system.

  201. jawahar says:

    Madan,Do you give any importance to vwap and mvwap while trading?hoping you will reply.

  202. Rohit says:

    Madan, When do you stop trading current month futures contract and start trading the next month contract?

    for example: Do you trade January nifty futures contract today and tomorrow


    Do you start trading February contract from today (and stop trading jan contract) since you told you’ll hold your position till stop-loss is hit and that can happen from few hours to 2 days.


    • Madan says:


      I would try to rollover 1 day before expiry. If i don’t get to close my existing trade on both of these days, i would just sell the current month(if i am long) and buy the next month contract !!

      • Rohit says:

        But when you have to take a new position on 1 day before expiry, will you take curretnt month or next month? In case if you are taking next month contract, do you get next month futures chart in your charting software?

  203. arcus says:

    What percent of your trading capital do you risk for on each trade. Is it 1-2% of your capital or lower/higher ?

    What is your average risk : reward?


  204. NPANT says:


    It seems your strategy is sufficiently objective and so is your execution. Then why don’t you automate it? Normally, a Swing Low or High will also coincide with Highest High / Lower Low of a certain look back period. That way except for the money management part,coding for which would be complex but not diffcult, coding for the entry – exit criteria should be quite simple. Do you believe automation would add further to your trading efficiency? If no, what pit falls do you see with automated trading.

    • Madan says:


      I can’t automate as i have some visual patterns too. I have mentioned this multiple times in the previous posts. But, i am looking to make it completely mechanical but the trade-off is that the returns would get lower. Nevertheless, my quest to automate would continue i guess πŸ™‚

  205. NPANT says:

    Yes, Madan reading your blog and other winners of the challenge one thing is clear, Trading is a game of persistence and hard work. I myself have been not good game at the game until now, but have been able to come up with some observations : (1) All the four winners featured now had blown their initial accounts though the initial account sizes can vary widely from 10,000 to 10,00,000. Though this is not a necessary condition, but it seems it happens. A novice should also not draw wrong inference from it, that if he is blowing up his account he is going to make a top trader. Infact the learning is even the Gods stumble in their initial phases, so it better for a novice to start slow and focus on basics. (2)All showed the gumption and belief in self to get up, to do a brutally honest introspection of the self, identify the mistakes and over come the mistakes. (3) All had the patience to stick to an art which paid them in negative to 0, for some 2-3 years. Which tells about their persistence, positive attitude and passion for learning than trading.

    Also, about the most often referred wizard of literary world of trading – Mark Douglas, (Jack Schwager – in brackets because he does not talk on pyschology per se) and Naseem Taleb – none have been a great trader themselves. But, if we see, if we summarize all their 1000+ pages tomes in single word, it is Stop-Loss. Mark Douglas refers it as able it do what is needed, Naseem Taleb refers it as Black Swan (simpistic example : basically if you are leveraged even by 10%, and your startegy say’s markets can not go down by 90%, one fine day something unexpected, unimagined (black swan) might happen that might put you out of business.)

    So, it seems first step to start with is to develope the ability to execute the SL – without any sort of fear or false temptation/greed of reversal from SL point. If it is some reasonable SL with a risk limit of 1-5% of equity per trade, it is unlikely one will blow up his initial account, because that would give him a time to do the reality check and go and discover the basics. This basic thing every trader learns after having blown up the account. Though these should be the initial step, Risk Management and Money Mgmt learning happen to be the final steps for most of the traders – basically every trader starts with reinventing the wheel.

    • Madan says:


      Good observation. Unfortunately, lot of traders are in a revolving door model. They make some, lose some, and at the end of the year – stay at the same spot. Extremely unfortunate. But that’s what market is.

      By the way, none of the leveraged traders can escape black swan events. 95% of them would not survive those events.

      • Kumar Birla says:

        sir, the term black swan is new to me. i read it here for the 1st time. read more about it on internet. is satyam scam an example of black swan? could u give me 1 or 2 more examples of black swan pls for better understanding. thank u.

        • Madan says:


          In market terms, black swans are stock market crashes that wipes out billions – maybe due to earthquake, war breakout, bomb in major city. This term was popularized by an author named Taleb.

          Please search online for further details on the below-mentioned events

          1. October 19, 1987 – Black Monday
          2. Sept 11 attacks,…

  206. vicky says:


    Since you trade both NF as well as BNF, do you see BNF as leading or supportive indicator? For example, if NF has given you a buy but BNF is extremely weak (say broken the days low), would you still take a buy in NF (ignoring BNF)? Or , another example, BNF has given you a buy and NF is still making your 10 tf pivot, do you buy NF in anticipation?


    • Madan says:


      I have moved on from ‘anticipating’ to ‘participating’ in the markets long time ago. So, no trades based on anticipation.

  207. Mak_T says:

    Madan, now one more question:

    If somebody says, I have a nice system developed myself; know that it works as an overall outcome; when I take a look at results EOD or EO week; I realize that my system gave me good trades. Its an objective clear signal system which is profitable. But still my problem is when I am actually in front of screen, I end up taking wrong trades or delaying trades for more confirmation or end up looking at a indicator I rarely used before and thus waste the opportunity. Where do you see fault laying? Is it in not rehearsing the system as hard work is lacking or not able to take the complete responsibility for my own success or something else? What could be the reason of such behavior?


    • Madan says:


      The reason could be multifold. When i say ‘you’ in the below pointers, its not literally you but its just a figurative speech.

      1. Fear of losing – if this is your only disposable money, this fear would literally haunt to the core. Everyone has an humble start and you gotta take it slow. I have written a big post on how to start trading full-time/part time gradually. The only way to overcome this fear is to understand that it exists and have a big cushion outside of trading capital. This might sound counter-intuitive but thats what it is.

      2. You want the perfect other words, you don’t want a losing one. This is the reason to search for more confirmation from unknown/unexplored indicators. Been there, done that.

      3. You don’t have confidence in your system – real trading with 1 lot for 3 months would help.

      4. You have the strong urge to make money ASAP. This one reason could play a big spoilsport in our quest of mastering this game. As i said earlier, if a trader trades to meet monthly expenses, its going to be extremely difficult to increase acct size and has a lasting effect on psychology.

      5. You are in a drawdown and has a strong urge to make it back to breakeven ASAP. This can force us to not follow the plan.

      Hope it helps.

  208. Sumit says:


    May i know how many screens u use? Many traders use 4-10 screens, but is it really necessary to use so many to be successful?


    • Madan says:


      Number of screens does not matter. Some traders use multiple screens to see various timeframes/instruments or non-trading related stuff.

      Having said that, i have 3 screens – 1 for NF, 1 for BNF and 1 for execution and browsing/watching videos. I like them separate so that i can easily see what’s going on without the need to flip screens. Just makes my life simpler.

  209. Mak_T says:

    Hi Madan,

    I have gone thru the suggested readings. Jim’s book is nice & Mark Douglass’s is a master piece. However while reading Enhancing Trader Performance, I had a doubt. There author (at least in first chapter) talks about “cool” Al & “frustrated” Mick and concludes with high performance people are like Mick than like Al who watch every tick without taking a break etc… So this is slightly confusing than previous two books. So does Brett S. talks of different philosophy of extreme hard work necessary for performance over relaxed approach? This makes sense that to succeed we need to work hard but Douglass points out EXACTLY OPPOSITE of this and says that winning in markets is not so much of knowing too many things but proper psychology and taking complete responsibility of everything that we do. Two totally different approaches and both talking on Psychology… Can you clarify?


    • Madan says:


      Good question. I will try to explain my understanding of this aspect.

      Both of them are right in their own sense. Hard work is the necessary trait that keeps us going when the going gets tough. So, in the early phase, hard work is extremely important but in the later stages, one would do most of the trading related activities sub-consciously.

      Think about this. When Kobe or MJ throw a 3-point shooter in basketball, do they really think about how to
      coordinate the action between their hands and eyes? Do they really think about the angle the elbow has to bend in order for the successful shoot? Do they worry about their footwork while grabbing a rebound? The answer is ‘no’ to all the questions. But when they started out, they would have put long hours to learn the basics of the game. Once the muscle memory is set, its all about tweaking and being strong mentally.

      I gave this analogy because trading is also a performance endeavor and with any such endeavor, tremendous amount of repetition and hard work is needed to attain the muscle memory stage(in trading, it is brain muscle memory). A trader typically puts lot of work in the beginning and later, its all about how well he follows the plan he has put himself to. That does not mean that he can relax and see the road to riches. This game is like going to battle fresh everyday. If a soldier gets lethargic one day in the battle, he might lose his life.

      A trader should also constantly look for improving himself (remember, it is not improving the system but himself). As they say, the biggest ever investment one can make in their life is on themselves (both physically and mentally)

      Hope it helps.

  210. Naveen says:

    Hi Madan,

    Do you consider volume into account while taking a call?

    • Madan says:


      I have answered this question before. Kindly do a search on this page for the word ‘Volume’ πŸ™‚

  211. chethan icc says:

    What are the security measures one should have in pc. Which antivirus you prefer.
    Tnk U.

    • Madan says:


      I use Kaspersky and it is pretty good. There are free options too. I have not used them, cannot comment on it.

  212. Sumit says:


    Any source you would recommend for powerful and positive thoughts for the mind.


    • Madan says:


      My personal favorites are – Biographies and autobiographies of people from various walks of life. Give it a try.

  213. prakash1 says:

    Hi Madan,

    Could you please explain about swings. How to differentiate between valid and invalid swings.
    Do you use retracements for identifying Swing Low/High.

    • Madan says:


      There is lot of articles on pivot swings. In my opinion, there is no way to find out valid vs invalid swings. Over a period of time, one might get an hunch on things but that is not a guarantee. This is the reason why we need to understand money mgmt more than technical analysis (or whatever a trader uses)

  214. Sumit says:


    For rollover, you simply exit current month contract and buy next month contract?


  215. Pradeep says:

    Hi Madan,

    Fantastic and Good Hint I observed from your through communication.In past 7 days I am paper trade the Nifty and Bank Nifty Future.

    Out of 7 trade Only 2 trade got success and 5 trade exit with stop loss. But Observation point is that . I am in loss with Only 2100 Rs includes brokerage.

    Brokerage Paid for 7 trade — 3500
    effective Profit earn from 7 trade = 43 point (43*25=1075)
    Effective loss = 2075

    This is s good and excellent I got of my carrier jut need to follow the SL STRICTLY. and trade as per you plan.

    Please suggest any observation among this post.


  216. Karuna says:

    have u read books of Brett Steenbarger? any view?

    • Madan says:


      Loved his ‘Enhancing trader performance’ book. Brett used to run a blog but stopped posting in it 3.5 yrs ago due to his hedge fund engagement. Extremely valuable blog. Have never seen such a wonderful, no-nonsense blog for traders ever and i doubt i would ever see it in future.

  217. sudheer9995 says:

    Hello mister madan… congrats on your success.. i’m a newbie to the markets.. and i dont want to trade options or futures. i’m more interested in swing trades like keeping a stock for few days or months and get returns. i just want 20 to 30 % return(per year) on my money and i can keep a stock for 1 year.. i just want to put my savings which are not required to me at present. so could that john carter book help me in creating strategies and procedures… i dont know much about markets.. thats why i’m asking this question.. please pardon if the question is too silly…
    Thank you….

    • Madan says:


      I don’t have enough expertise to recommend book for specific needs. I found that book useful and i thought fellow traders could pick some pointers from it as well.

      Good luck with your investing !!

  218. Himanshu says:

    i haven’t read psycho cybernetics, but i have read about visualization on the internet. i want to know what do u visualise? is it a winning trade, is it following ur trade plan, or anything else? ty

    • Madan says:


      It is the whole nine yards. Starting from pulling the trigger to equity curve. It might sound weird for people who don’t believe this concept. I would highly encourage you to read the book ‘Psychocybernetics’ if you are interested to know more about it.

  219. PK says:

    Hi Madan,
    It would be of great help if you could answer these.

    1.After you found the strategy which you are using at present, how did you make sure that you followed it?
    Was it based on the confidence derived from back testing?

    2.What were the major psychological obstacles for achieving consistent success?(commonly referred as trading errors, like jumping the gun, booking profits early etc etc) and how did u overcome them?
    (if you could describe steps you followed that would be of tremendous help)

    3.After your big loss in the initial days, how much time did it take for you to finally start winning consistently?


    • Madan says:


      Good questions.

      1. Back testing would obviously give you confidence to pull the trigger but what would help you when you face a losing streak? I started out with 1 lot, followed my system to the dot. It is really important because it creates that ‘discipline’ brain muscle in us. And, slowly and gradually move up in size. Remember, we are all in this for the long hurry. But, if a trader is in pressure to make money right away(and big), market will show him the road to adversity.

      2. If you have hurdles in these aspects – 1. Reduce size..i can’t stress this enough, 2. Create a plan and follow it, 3. Do not trade for monthly expenses (you can start withdrawing money for your expenses in the later stage but not when we have issues in these aspects..i believe these aspects stem from the urge to make money right away). So, please have backup money(to cover expenses for 3-4 yrs) while you learn trading.

      3. I have answered this q previously. But would answer again. It took me around 3 years.

      The second point needs a big answer(more details more on the pointers) but hope you get the point.

  220. Hi Madan,
    This is Nice discussion you have posted among all the QA Session, I would like to congratulate you for your great success in Stock Market.
    I have once concern and may be i have answer for the same please explain if may wrong.
    U trade with 30K for nifty future and keep 1.20 lac spare. as you management says for not full spend with single index trading . u keep 1.5 lac in account and trade with 30K.
    This is what i observed if some 5-8 trade got fail , u can have sufficient money to make new position where u can easily cover the losses with you 45% success trade ratio.

    Multiple trade can be fail but 1 trade can recover your loss need patience for such trading behaviour.
    Kindly clarification if observation is wrong .

    Looking for Encourage communication with you.

    — Pradeep

    • Madan says:


      I have explained it elsewhere why i have that money in my account.

      If a trader tries to recoup his money lost in 8 losing trades in a single trade, he would probably not have the trading account to put the 10th trade. But, you have understood well that there are gonna be losing streaks. For a 45% winning ratio system, one can easily have 15 losing trades continuously. How he handle them separates a winning from a losing trader.

  221. KAMAL says:

    hi madan,
    i am putting up a link and want to understand from u whether what the article says is something that u do for your trading

    • Madan says:


      Very nice article. Thanks for sharing. Price action trading is same all over the world. But, how we use it differ from person-person. Different people = different style.

  222. NPANT says:

    Hi Madan, Congrats on having mastered the Art and its residual benefits like 300% returns! Now that you have mastered it, All the Best for perfecting it! Also, given the amazing start to the new year, with a 4% return on the 2nd day of the year, I am sure you will repeat the feat. What do you suggest about trading on larger time frames on part time basis? I have tried full time trading for something and have been a failure at that. Seems I can not draw consistent returns from this Art. It seems you have been trading for 5-6 yrs now and have been consistently profitable (on qtrly basis) for 3 yrs. That is also a feat on the account size you deal with (which can be easily ball parked at 1-2 cr). This game is not about size, its about a process implemented correctly and consistently, but psychology does get affected with larger size – so your feat becomes all the more important because it was on a larger size and scale over a larger duration. Can you let us know what has been your returns year wise for last 3 yrs (as it was 300% last yr) ? As advised by Nitin that like an individual trade there should be a SL to trading itself and it seems that SL has been hit. Not sure trying any further would be called ‘persistence’ or intoxication? πŸ™‚

    • Madan says:



      1. I have heard (don’t know anyone personally) that some people trade with EOD charts. They just check the markets at the end of the day and put their orders next day morning. You are the best person to know what would work for you. Good luck !!

      2. I don’t discuss returns. Sorry about it.

  223. Joseph says:

    Dear Madan,

    Can u explain the rollover procedure please. I have never traded futures but intend to do so in the near future.


  224. Mak_T says:

    Hi Madan,

    1. What are you further plans? I mean how you plan to grow your money that you make thru markets? Only real estate or you plan to do some other thing like Option Selling with some strategies to maximize on Time Decay etc.

    2. There must be some limit to how much money can be made by one single strategy like break-out. So do you plan to increase strategies or just keep on increasing lot size by approx rate of 20% per year as you described earlier.

    Thanks & Regards,

    • Madan says:


      I don’t like to discuss my futures plans on a public forum in detail. But, option strategies is on cards (condors, butterfly,..). I did not think much about the size restrictions..i might increase the instruments i trade.

      IRF(int. rate futures) in NSE looks promising (volume wise)..i used to trade 10 Yr notes in US. They move pretty slow but gives good trends..eventually, i stopped trading them as they were pretty slow for my appetite (by then)…but, now i have gotten older a bit and hopefully mellowed down :), i guess i can try IRF’s…will watch IRF for 6 months and will decide on it…most of the banks are still waiting for internal approval to trade them..once they get it, i believe their volume would be better than Nifty.

      But, one thing for sure – will not trade after 5 PM ..would love to have some time in the evening to enjoy life πŸ™‚

  225. Sumit says:


    Somewhere you mentioned that you place your TSL Rs.1-2 below the swing low points. What is the logic behind the same? Why not place it exactly at the swing low?



    • Madan says:


      I see that my stops were taken out and the market goes back in my direction again if my SL is exactly at the swing pivots. So, i keep 2 pts wiggle room. When the volatility is high, i keep even 5 pts wiggle room in NF.

      Hope it helps.

  226. arcus says:

    Hello, Do you do intra-year compounding of your account.

    For example, lets day you start at Rs 100 in Jan and make around 12.5%/m and by Aug you end up with Rs 200.

    Now, you do intra-year compounding and from Sept to Dec continue making 12.5% on average on the Rs 200 to end up with Rs 300 by December?

    • Madan says:


      I have increased my lot size only once this year. After making 100% somewhere in the middle, increased my position size by 20%..thats it.

      I am pasting an excerpt from a post i have written above – “most of us think it is easy to increase lot size when the acct grows but its easier said than done. I have personally seen traders who perform well with small acct like 1L but cannot perform in the same intensity when their acct size is 1C…lot of psychological things are into play here.” Having said that, the fastest way to blow your account is by increasing lot size proportional to the account size increase. I have experienced it before.

      Not sure if this answer has helped you πŸ™‚

  227. Karuna says:

    madan, whenever you have the time, can u in a few words help us understand how john carter/his book has helped ur trading. thanks!

    • Madan says:


      John’s book was one of the first books i read in trading. It helped me in understanding psychology and other aspects of trading(esp trader’s plan)..I never had a plan before that book..well, 60% of his book talk abt proprietary indicators (which is of not much use).

      So, if this question is to decide whether to buy it, it’s your call. It was useful for me and i cannot say if it’s gonna be useful to you.

  228. machonitti says:

    Thank you, Madan for helping with the replies.

  229. machonitti says:


    1) Is it necessary to go through the usual grind of studying candlestick patterns and the part of TA that uses the most commonly used indicators, initially, before getting a hang of how to trade using Price Action Analysis.

    2) When starting out, is it prudent to begin with Options trading and then slowly move on to Futures. I ask this because one needs more capital to trade the Futures market than compared to trading Options.

    3) Hope I’m not rude, if I ask, whether you took any private mentor-ship program with John Carter.

    • Madan says:


      1. Not necessary. I have never studied candlestick patterns but i have studied lot of indicators. But, later decided, that i just falling prey to ‘paralysis of analysis’ when i study more of indicators. Slowly took indicators off my screen and currently, i have none.

      2. I don’t advocate options buying at all. If you really interested in just ‘buying’ options, you could try deep ITM of atleast delta = 70 (but their premium would be high which invalidates your need to pledge less money). Its pretty equivalent to buying futures.

      3. Nope..i did not take his mentorship program but i used to connect with him a lot when i was trading US markets. I don’t speak with him much often nowadays(as i trade only India mks and have also moved out of US) except for being in touch via Facebook πŸ™‚

      Hope it helps.

  230. Sumit says:


    Are you using wifi internet, 3G, wired internet or anything else? Just want to know which is more reliable. Thank you.


    • Madan says:


      I use fiber broadband and i also have a 2G dongle for backup. I always felt wired internet(cable or fiber) is much more reliable than dongles.

  231. How can i get the favourite books prescribed by madan ?…..???

  232. KAMAL says:

    Dear Madan

    i am reposting my question “i was a bit inquisitive about your break out strategy cud u elaborate on it with the help of a live example of any of ur past trades without mentioning the actual volume u traded” it seems thru foresight or for some other reason u did not answer my question pls do give the query a little thought and reply

    • Madan says:


      Maybe you did not go through the Q&A section completely..not sure why.

      I have clearly stated elsewhere that i don’t post charts or discuss trade ideas. Sorry about it.

  233. PRATEEK says:

    Madanji ,
    I think TSL is just a action , but not the logic ,
    for eg to put TSL order , i need to know the levels at which to put my TSL
    i was eager to know which levels u follow to put ur TSL ( if you dont mind sharing that )
    it would be of great help

  234. Sumit says:


    My relatives and friends know that I am a stock trader. Inspite of not being successful, some relatives and friends are behind me to teach them to trade. So I am assuming that you will have more pressure from relatives and friends since you are successfully trading. How do you tackle these people?


    • Madan says:


      Good question. You have 2 options here.

      1. Talk about trading to them and get more questions

      2. Never talk about trading and get less questions.

      Questions will never stop but they eventually die down. Ask them if they can teach you what they do and you start making money in it. Its not really feasible right? They would have put so much effort and time(and face failures) before reaching to where they are right now..You could tell this in a polite way. If they still don’t get it, its their problem.

      On a side note, if you believe you are doing OK in trading then, it is not really bad to teach somebody(only if they really want to learn). Its’ your call by then. But ofcourse, others would also want to join the bandwagon. Most of the times, people want you to tell them ‘what to buy/sell’..they don’t want to learn trading. We gotta accept this fact.

      Hope it helps.

  235. PRATEEK says:

    Thanks Madanji for ur sweet at the same time valuable advice ,
    i also believed that for making money , i will have to devote 100% time for the market ,
    but I was little amused by ur post that ur screen time was only 30 minutes , it really surprised me ,
    that how come a swing or a day trader can generate wealth by just being in the market for 30 min ,where in most people lose even after constantly gazing the market !!!

    • Madan says:


      Answer to your question is ‘you will understand what i am saying as you gain more experience in trading’ πŸ™‚

      This is getting really boring now. I have told multiple times in previous posts(issue is people don’t read the previous posts or they don’t understand it) on what i meant by 30 minutes. I have a system in place, alarms set up at important price points. All i need to do is trail my SL or put a new order(if any)..why anyone would need more than 30 mins to do execution? Lets say you put 5 orders in a long it takes for you to put the orders and SL? 5 hours?…no…the reasoning behind taking the trade might take that long but i have pretty much made the decisions automatic. I don’t see why it is considered wrong or what baffles people?

      Right now, i am typing this post. Does that mean that i am not focused on my trades? this is my bread and butter..i can’t lose focus even for a minute. But, if there are other ways of tracking price points, why would i need to be in my office room all the time?

      Please do me a favor and reread the whole blog to understand what i meant by 30 mins. I explained in detail to a person who had the same question.

  236. KAMAL says:

    Congrats dear madan
    it is good you hv consistently succeeded in your efforts as it is a commendable effort no doubt this is my first visit to this page and therefore i was a bit inquisitive about your break out strategy cud u elaborate on it with the help of a live example of any of ur past trades without mentioning the actual volume u traded

  237. PRATEEK says:

    Madan ji ,
    I am stuck with my strategy , pls help ,
    sir , sometimes rally (either downward ur upward ) last for 2 hrs , sometimes 3 hrs and sometimes even for whole day ,
    so i have got the answer whether the rally is upward or downward ,
    but i am not getting the answer for time for which the rally will continue
    for eg today downward rally started from 6330 in nifty but suddenly changed at 12.33 pm where from the market started rising and came to 6330 , therefore I could not earn even after seeing profits ,
    so pls help me with the above problem
    I would be greatful ,

    • PRATEEK says:

      Thank u for ur time and reply ,
      but frankly speaking i did not try to predict , but only wanted to know where one should stop loss or book profit , if i dont get an answer then i will have to continuously trail my SL , for that i will have to be contentiously on screen .
      is that the way ??

      • Madan says:


        Good to know that you are not trying to predict. Really good.

        There are various ways to exit. Some people use Fibonacci levels, others use predetermined exits, some use Trailing SL, etc. I have found that the last one(TSL) is more attuned to my ideology of trading. I completely believe to my core that markets will decide what it wants to give and when – i don’t have any control over it. TSL perfectly fits my belief. That is why people say “we dont trade the markets but we trade our beliefs about markets”

        With all due respect, i would want to ask you a question. My intention is to make you think in the right direction(according to me) not getting an answer from you. Infact, please don’t answer it here but answer it to yourself. What makes you think that you could make money in your job(if you are working) and you tell your boss that you cannot put 100% time in the job? And What would happen to your job if you say that you cannot be in the chair(if its a white collar job) most of the time?

        You are telling that you cannot give your attention to the market all the time but would like to make money/learn trading? Is it even feasible? Its like a doctor telling that he cannot attend patients but would want to learn how to treat them successfully. Please think in those lines. This profession is no different. The issue is too many of us think that trading is easy. It is true. But, as i have mentioned in some post earlier, it is simple but not easy.

        Honestly, i can exactly see where you are coming from..been there, done that. You have a passion to learn and i congratulate you for that.

        Having said all this, I am not saying you should quit your job t’rrow and be full time here but you gotta figure out a way to drive your focus on the markets. Maybe trade EOD charts and see how they pan out for you. I am not sure if this answer really helped you but i hope against hope that you get the gist of this post.

  238. jawahar says:

    Dear Madan,I have some queries,above in your reply to MAK_T.Kindly reply.

  239. pappa says:


    Knowing that Nifty fut is highly liquid, have you tried buying/selling 150 lots @ market price?

    If yes, what was the difference between average exit price & your planned exit price?
    Coz many times we see orders worth 5000-10000 qty getting executed in market depth.

  240. Madan says:


    Yes, i do run that risk…part of trading πŸ™‚

    My difference in pts b’ween trigger and limit will not serve you any good. Because, it depends on the size we trade.

    If one is trading only 1 lot, even 30 paise in nifty and 1 re in BNF is more than enough(on 95% of the trades), if one is trading 150 lots of nifty, 5 pts difference would look small and in BNF, it is much worse.

  241. Prashu says:

    You said you use SL L order type for placing the orders. Don’t you run the risk of trade not executing and running into more losses than planned especially for exits…

    How many points do you keep as the difference between the trigger and limit for Nifty and Bank Nifty?

  242. Mak_T says:

    Hi Madan,
    Few questions which are (hopefully) not raised yet especially about BNF…
    BNF is extremely volatile to trade. It moves fast but again lot size(25) is half of NF(50) but moves are nearly more than double. So these doubts …..

    1. How you adjust capital between NF & BNF? What I mean is that, if trading capital is X then how you divide between NF & BNF?

    2. What capital you recommend for BNF per lot? For NF i read that you preserve 1.2L -1.5 L, but how much for BNF?

    3. How was the migration from only NF to NF +BNF for you? Any points on trading BNF?

    Thanks & Regards,

    • Madan says:


      1. If trading capital is X, NF = 0.4X, BNF = 0.6X

      2. 1.5L is ok for BNF. Let me make it little bit clear. Lets say i have 3 L in my account. I trade 1 lot of NF and 1 lot of BNF. Not 2 lots of NF and BNF. I don’t trade 1 lot of NF and BNF simultaneously per 1.5 lac. I am just extremely careful with my trading capital and i refrain from putting myself to extreme seesaw in both my equity curve and psychology. For me, emotional wealth is more important than money wealth.

      3. BNF is a beast by itself. It casually moves 50-60 points in few seconds. I was watching it for a while before i started trading it. I don’t believe in DEMO trading as it is useful only to understand the execution software. So, i traded BNF with 20% of what my size would have been and moved to 60% size in 1 month, and 100% size in 2 months.

      It requires a trader to be extremely nimble to trade BNF. Compare to NF, BNF is also less liquid. So, slippages are huge in runaway markets and when the order does not get filled, it puts us in peril as we would get into the mental battle of whether we should wait for the market to come to our price or get the order filled in CMP. I guess, the decision making capability gets matured with experience.

      Hope it helps.

      • jawahar says:

        Dear Madan,in your reply above you said you dont trade 1 lot of NF and BNF simultaneously per 1.5 lac.Means you dont take position at a time in both NF and BNF even if your capital is 3 lac instead of 1.5 lac.IN other way,I explain if you have taken position in 1Lot of NF with 1.5 lac and you see good oppurtunity in BNF to take position with another 1.5 lac in you a/c,will you take both positions or prefer to do one trade and miss other trade.kindly reply.

        • Madan says:


          I said i need 1.5lac to trade NF and another 1.5 lac separately to trade BNF. So, i should have 3L if i have to trade 1 lot of NF and 1 lot of BNF simultaneously. I don’t want someone to think that i trade 1lot of NF and BNF together with just 1.5L in the account

          • jawahar says:

            Thanx Madan for reply.I could not imagine a Mastertrader like you will be afraid of trading in NF and BNF simultaneously.

        • Madan says:


          You did not get what i said. I trade both of them together but not with just 1.5L. I need 3L to trade them together. This is for 1 lot.

      • Mak_T says:

        Thanks Madan. Cool & quick …
        All the very best….


        • PRATEEK says:

          Madan ji ,
          I am stuck with my strategy , pls help ,
          sir , sometimes rally (either downward ur upward ) last for 2 hrs , sometimes 3 hrs and sometimes even for whole day ,
          so i have got the answer whether the rally is upward or downward ,
          but i am not getting the answer for time for which the rally will continue
          for eg today downward rally started from 6330 in nifty but suddenly changed at 12.33 pm where from the market started rising and came to 6330 , therefore I could not earn even after seeing profits ,
          so pls help me with the above problem
          I would be greatful ,

          • Madan says:


            The problem lies within you and not in the strategy (i am not commenting that your strategy is good or bad but the focus of my answer is on the way we think).

            You are thinking that you can predict the size and the duration of the rally. In my opinion, both cannot be done consistently. First, you need to understand this basic concept of trading. We are all very good at advanced things in trading.but not in the basics. We are all guilty of this (and guess what, some never get their mind right to understand it..but that’s is made up of all kinds of people..that’s what make what mkt is)

            I don’t know what you have to do to get this concept into your brain..maybe taking a resolution not to watch stock market channels, not reading stock related websites,newspapers and other sources of info..i don’t know..but this gotta be done.

            Nowadays, i am seeing this trend emerging in twitter/Facebook (social media is the most popular media now) as, many pundits and wizards trying to ‘predict’ the market. Not sure how they do it. One thing i know about them is they are not sipping pina colada in the beaches of the world..they are still tweeting in twitter and showing their face in TV’s. They know so much about where the market is gonna go and where it will stop and reverse, but still loitering around here..irony, isn’t it?

            All we can do is follow where the market goes..In the process, we are gonna lose some money, but that’s perfectly fine. You cannot predict market top and bottom on any timeframe and if you could, definitely not better than a monkey throwing a dart. For sure, forget about figuring out how long the rally (or downfall) will last.

            Predicting is analyst’s game not a trader’s game. We all need to be cognizant of that.

            • PRATEEK says:

              Thank u for ur time and reply ,
              but frankly speaking i did not try to predict , but only wanted to know where one should stop loss or book profit , if i dont get an answer then i will have to continuously trail my SL , for that i will have to be contentiously on screen .
              is that the way ??

  243. Sumit says:


    When you carry forward your position, the next day you place your stop loss order at 9:15:01 sec or wait for a few minutes for the volatility to settle?


  244. Karuna says:

    i am still a new trader and sometimes i notice that i haven’t followed my trade plan after having taken the trade. i am sure u wouldn’t make such a mistake(given the experience u carry), but incase u did(for the fact that we r all humans), what would u do? simply continue with the trade or just exit? thanks!

  245. Karuna says:

    somewhere u mentioned that if an event is coming up, u will reduce ur position size. may i know from which source u come to know about the event(s) lined up?

    • RAHUL says:

      Madan ,
      U did not tell how do u change ur trailing stop loss , if u r on screen only for 30 min ,

    • RAHUL says:

      Karuna better do a Private chat with Madan ( if he also likes)
      ur doubts are dumb and boring ,
      its seem that u r doing time pass by asking free queries ,
      what lame queries , y do such people ever trade

      • Karuna says:

        if u find it boring and dumb, why do u even read it? wonder what really is bothering u? u seem jealous of Madan’s success. request u to stop commenting on my questions since they were directed to Madan and not u.

      • Sumit says:

        Mr.Rahul, many of Karuna’s questions and questions by other members has helped a lot of people like me. If you think Karuna’s questions are dumb and boring, why don’t you start to ask intelligent and exciting questions?


  246. Karuna says:

    say ur entry is 6100 and stop at 6000. so basically % of risk from entry is 1.63%(6100-6000 / 6100 * 100) i.e. entry price – sl price / entry price * 100. its is said that for intraday trades this % should not be greater than 1% because its too wide of a stop for an intraday trade.

    if u r ok with it, can u share ur average % of risk from entry. thanks!

    • Madan says:


      My theory is pretty simple. I don’t care about the point difference between entry and SL.

      Lets say Acct size = 7L, number of lots traded = 5, sl = 40 pts away. So, money wise, i am risking Rs.10000. So, i am risking approx. 1.5% of my account.

      But in another trade, lets say my stop is 70 pts away..i am willing to risk only 1.5% of my account which is Rs.10500. So number of lots i would trade here = 3 lots only as 3 lots would amount to approx Rs.10500 of money value at risk.

      Thats why i said in some other post that i take all my trades and adjust my position size accordingly. This can be done only if you trade multiple lots..if you trade less than 3 lots, then implementing this position sizing will be an issue.

      Hope it helps.

  247. Karuna says:

    assuming u r long in nifty and u get a sudden strong move of say 100 points in ur favour. will u book ur profit or trail stop or any other technique to capture some profits or will do nothing?

  248. saprsha says:

    Hello Madan,

    Do you use scaling in or scaling out of positions?

  249. PradeepKumarA says:


    It was not a self post. It hurts when something this sort of things happen. I am glad that the links are removed.

    Madan, I am following the blog from the beginning and I appreciate your patience in answering the queries. Great cheers for your success in trading and best wishes for all your endeavors.

    Shaan, please refrain from posts that contain personal information.

    Usually I don’t involve in blogs and never thought that I would post in ZConnect.

    • Madan says:


      Glad that it got sorted out. Appreciate you for taking it in the right sense.

      When i said self-post, it was directed to Shaan. He might be a stakeholder of that website.

      Happy trading πŸ™‚

  250. Shaan says:

    Thanks a lot Madan for these wonderful insights on trading. I was very fortunate enough to work very closely with one of the other 5 times zerodha challenge winner Pradeep Kumar A (, the first photo in the winners page). Here is what I feel the commonality between the winners

    1. Concentrate on trading correctly than on making profits
    2. Concentrate on MM and psychology than on strategy
    3. Comfortable with the system who’s win rate is less than 50%
    4. Thorough understanding of probabilities involved (Probabilities instead of Prediction)
    5. Act on the edge without hesitation
    6. Comfortable with the losing streaks… (Mathematically 13 losses in a row is a possible for 50% accurate system when the number of trades are more)
    7. Understand the risk, reward
    8. Have a system for handling uncertainty
    9. Consider loss as a price paid for the piece of info
    10. Keep the system simple and effective
    11. they know that the common instruments for wealth creation can not even beat the returns of inflation and they also know that trading is one of the clean business which is scalable..
    12. let the profits run while cut the losses short
    13. have got all the rules in place (starting from how much money to invest to when to stop trading). We call it complete trading system
    14. Do not switch between securities
    15. Greed and fear does’nt rule their trading…

    Wish Madan and the 10% of winners a huge success in their trading journey and life…

    Madan, you promise to be the Ed Seykota for this group. Continue the good work.

    Best Wishes….

    • Madan says:


      Thanks for your kind words.

      I agree with you on all the pointers. But you could have avoided posting links for an external website that offers subscription services. I always wonder why people offer subscription services when they make money consistently in markets…One can easily scale up if they know what they are doing. It is beyond my understanding…sadly, we underestimate our fellow human-being’s intelligence in seeing the truth.

      People would think that you are promoting(or self-promoting) a tipping website and this is really lame. All your nice pointers would get submerged with the activity of promoting a subscription website..without that external link, this post would have been 2 cents.

  251. Madan says:


    No. I will change my size according to the stop. I take all my trade setups.

  252. Karuna says:

    do u have any such rule that if ur stop is wider than say 50 points, then u simply negate the trade?

    before anyone tells me that Madan will not tell me the number, i would like to make it clear that i only want to know if he has any such rule and not the number.


  253. Ram says:

    Madan Sir,
    please ignore Rahul’s comment. Every one knows that Trading in Stocks is risky and 90% of traders are loosing money in Trading. Why don’t Rahul understand other that 10% of people making super profits. And thanks for your KIND & WISE answering in this blog.

    Rahul Sir,
    I know that it’s difficulty to beleive 300% profit in a year+. The number ”300%” profit in single stratergy is disturbing you (consider that Madam is a successful Trader). Please ensure there is no point of misguiding or begging. This is communication blog and Madan is patiently answering all our quiries by spending his valuable time to answer. If he don’t do that we wil disapoint and i feel this is one of a learning process to become a successful Trader and we wil choose what is good and useful for us.
    Rahul Sir, can you please share with us that HOW TO BECOME A SUCCESSFUL TRADER.

    Dear All,

    • Madan says:


      Thanks. I was just sharing whatever i could.

      I am uncomfortable whenever this 300% is mentioned in a post. This percentage is obviously drawing a lot of attention.

      We all should strive to trade properly and focus on the process goals rather focusing on some number. If we can do that day-in/day-out, money will follow.

  254. SMART Trader says:

    Hi Madan

    Congrats for winning Zerodha challenge thrice in a row.
    You have proven that markets can be traded profitably with pure price action.
    I too trade pure price action on Nifty Futures and am trading for a living since Sept 2013.
    I have written a small E-Book on the subject explaining some of the concepts and tactics I use for my trading. The book can be downloaded for free from

    I request you to kindly go through the book leisurely and give me your valuable feedback.I would like to get a serious feedback from a consistently profitable price action trader like you.

    Wish you a happy and prosperous 2014


  255. ranvijay says:

    sir ap next target kya dekhte ho nifty ke liye

  256. mangoman says:


    Also on what basis you categorise a market whether it is trending or rangebound?

    Do you use Vix ( volatility) in your strategies?

    • Madan says:


      There is no one certain book for all the things you have asked for. Please go through some Mark Douglas books and Brett Steenbarger book. You will find bits and pieces of what you are looking for. The funny thing about book reading is that different people get different things from the same book(it completely depends on the stage of trading they are in). This is the case for any book of any field.

      I don’t use VIX for strategies but i use it for position sizing.

  257. mangoman says:

    Madan, You have mentioned many books

    I feel my strategy is quite working.. But I lack in psychological aspects. Which book talks about the below aspects more and very useful in your opinion

    1. tips/concepts to avoid thinking abt market all the time
    2. cutting losses short
    3. letting the profit run

  258. xuv 500 says:

    Hi Madan,
    My share of queries πŸ™‚
    1. I re-read your Journal post.But it will be much useful if u can post a sample journal excel, at least the fields with masked contents or a part of very old journal.

    2. I understood u trade ONLY NF and BNF. But do u trade individual scrips based on EOD ( delivery based).
    If NO, then u re-invest part of ur earning via MF route ?

    3. If possible, please share ur experiences during transition period when u discontinued night US trading and switched to NF and then towards FTT. What hurdles u faced doing trading+job etc.

    Keep up good work πŸ™‚

    • Madan says:


      1. The current journal i am using cannot be shared (have a gentleman agreement with the person who developed it for me that i would not share it with anybody..he’s crazily good with VBA and excel). I will look for my old journal in my backup (i have been using the current journal for the last 4 years)

      2. I don’t trade individual scrips. I am exploring various investment options for the money i am making.

      3. It was a tough period. When i moved to India market, i was not so used to this kind of volatility(intraday) So, had a rough patch for first 2 months.

      I am doing FTT from the day i moved to India. I have never worked in India ever and i don’t know what it takes to work here. I see that people work for long hours here and i really admire those people who could juggle both their work and trading. But when i was in US, i was doing work from home for 2 years before i moved to India. That was the period, i was trading full-time(definition wise) because of WFH flexibility. I was just lucky to have a WFH job and completely utilized that privilege.

      Hope it helps.

  259. jawahar says:

    Dear Madan,Thanks for educating us.You have given very nice talk..Somewhere in the blog,you said you dont put your tgt,just go on trailing SL.Nice.Q1.How many points away you keep your trailing SL.Q2.You have to keep tracking market to update your trailing SL till it is hit.How you manage ?.kindly reply.I will be obliged.

    • Madan says:


      I guess you did not read between the lines. Thats ok. My SL is dependent on the pivot, no fixed number there. Based on the distance between entry and pivot, i change my lot size.

  260. Surya says:

    Hi Madan,
    I have been trading the markets from 5 to 6 years and I agree with every statement you have made in this blog.
    Thanks a lot for pointing to the book Psycho-Cybernetics. I has been extremely useful with life in general.
    To people looking for secrets and easy money, I have to say that there are no shortcuts to become a consistently successful trader. It is simply not possible to achieve that without many years of hard work, perseverance and good amount of risk capital.

  261. pappa says:

    This blog is meant for candid discussion about trading, psychology, Money Management. Every trader builds it’s own trading system & no question about asking each other secrets. Trader A’s Secret may prove Nightmare for Trader B while Trader A’s Nightmare may become Secret for Trader B.

    sharing Secrets is Bad but sharing Emotions is Better.
    I want to Thank Madan for nice discussion.

  262. chethan icc says:

    My question was not about your charting software it was about how many days charts with what candle duration you use for intraday and swing.
    Thank you.

    • Madan says:


      Sorry that i did not understand your question.I don’t classify my trading style as intraday or swing….So, as i work on just Price action, i need as little as 7 days worth of chart. But for backtesting, i suggest people to do it atleast for a min of 8-10 years.

      Hope it helps.

  263. Umesh says:

    Hi Madan,

    Ignore these kind of comments. Rahul is just plain jealous about your success, He was looking for tips from you or your idea and he din’t get it, so he is upset as well. A real trader knows the value of your answers and don’t worry about him. You will find these kind of people in every profession. naysayers.

    he does not understand the simple fact that there can be 100’s of ideas in the market but the common theme with all successful traders is their money management and the way they deal with the psychology. Don’t post anything about your idea rather post on MM and psychology. We value your advice. No real trader would agree with his bulls**t. Let him go figure out things with tipsters (let him learn from them..he will know that there are not many people like you who does not derive profit out of their sharing).

    By the way, most of the tipsters start giving advices/suggestions, run a blog and eventually start the subscription’s a common formula. try your luck there, Rahul.

    • Rahul says:

      Dont try to gain sympathy from Madan , i also know madan is ace player in market , but like no one can learn swimming by reading books or by others experience similar goes with market , and when u ask query it looks u r begging in froont of madan , stop doing that , he will not reveal d secret and also u shd not ask , keep doing if its fine wid u , good day

      • Umesh says:


        Last post was my first post in this blog. I have never posted here before. where is the question of me asking secret? well, I am not looking to get Madan’s secret as i don’t believe there is a secret in the markets. You are the one keep repeating that there is a mistake. Keep looking and you will get it. hahaha

        When somebody asks a query to Madan, according to you, it is begging. What world you live in? People ask questions to others to learn. this has been the case for 1000’s of years. and there are people like you who would just want the fish. stop spamming this space with your nonsense. what a pity.

        You must be hallucinating on a sunday morning and i understand that. Keep doing that or better yet, go to tipsters/subscription providers. you will learn so much(a lot) from them. actually, 2 persons who got featured in Zerodha is running subscription service now, join them, you will learn great things. go and have a look at their q&a section. no real quality or content and after gaining popularity, they start their service. they are looking for people like you. you are an asset to them because you anyways don’t understand anything about markets, you believe there is a secret here. Deadly combination you have and these guys know how to capitalize on your gullibility. Wake up buddy.

  264. Madan says:


    Thanks for writing your views down and giving me an opportunity to explain things a bit clearer. Let me try.

    1. It is true that i watch only 30 mins of screen but what you have failed to understand is that it is 30 mins of chart watching in a day. That does not include my time answering queries, reading my email and other stuff. Its sad that you did not see this point.

    2. Whenever i stare at the screen for a longer time, my psychology screws me up and i tend to take my profits early..cutting losses would never be a problem for most of us. So, i stopped watching charts a while ago.

    3. I have seen.analysed/backtested various strategies and have had my own share of 15 hr days. But i agree with you on this. People should not think i look at charts only 30 mins a day. It is the case today but it was not few years ago.

    4. You yourself said that it is tough to earn in markets by just watching the price all the time. That is very true. Reason is that our mind would start playing games with us. We just need to stick with whatever works for us.

    5. If my sharing does not earn a penny, so be it. Well, that is not the intention of answering q’s anyways. The intention is to let other traders know that they have to take care of certain aspects other than idea/strategy.

    One more time, let me repeat myself..If you are coming here to make money out of what i am saying directly, you are in for a have tipsters for that (please try it). But, if you are here to understand what a trader goes through in his mind, you are in for a treat.

    I tried my best to not hurt anybody’s feelings/emotions but if did, be assured that it was never my intention.

    • Mak_T says:

      I was curious how you handle this question as it was like “GAP Against Overnight Position”….. Thumbs Up. You have done really very well….
      Need to learn a lot from you….


  265. Dear Madan,

    Pl explain about pivot high/low trading method.


  266. chethan icc says:

    Dear Madan,

    I wish to know what historical chart you use for day and swing trades. I believe you have not answered above.

    Thank you,

  267. pappa says:

    DO you think that impact cost (Slippage) is inevitable part of order? Is there any way to avoid or minimize it?

    • Madan says:


      1. Impact cost is a function of the ‘thickness’ of the market. Even few lots in cardamom would warrant an impact cost but for nifty, buying/selling 175-200 lots would start showing some slippage.

      2. If there is a runaway market, we will have slippage again.

      No way out..gotta live with it.

  268. gtsaccess says:

    hi madan,

    Price action is like back bone but taking assistance of an indicator will help reducing the loss. To trade in Price action needs a bunch of experience and disciplined practice. I think you deserve it.

    Good luck.

    • Madan says:

      Thanks for your kind words.

      It does need little bit of experience and lot of discipline. Thats why everyday is a new day and its 100% in our hands to make things work or screw it up. Following the plan completely is a successful trade(made money or not is immaterial)..but following it(even if the trade makes money) will open gates for disaster.

  269. ravi says:

    Madan,do you use volume in your tech analysis?

    • Madan says:


      I don’t take volume into consideration. I have told this before.


      I think the questions have started to appear again and i am not surprised. The Q&A section is pretty huge now and there is a huge chance that someone might not read it fully or skip certain portions.

      I am gonna refrain from answering the questions that have been answered already. Hope you understand.

  270. PRATEEK says:

    Kathiravan ,
    Whom query r u replying ?? and everyone knows what u r telling ,

  271. Kathiravan says:

    i will answer it for Madan;Madan trades only nifty and bank nifty heee

  272. PRATEEK says:

    Madanji ,
    Price action strategy was working fine for me since last month , but last 4 days from Monday , im getting opposite result ,is it also same with you ,
    Pls reply ( I am worried ,)

    • Madan says:


      You lost money 4 days and you are worried? I am not sure what to say. Drawdowns and losing streak are part of this profession..You cannot run it without experiencing them frequently(how frequent depends on your idea and timeframe)

  273. Shaan says:

    How many securities you manage at once? Do you take follow the growth policy or dividend policy for profit taking?

  274. pappa says:

    Madan, Thanks for being generous to answer so many questions, Regarding GAP up/down,

    1. How do you handle situation where market opens far above/below of the predefined SL level?

    2. How do you avoid false breakouts?

    • Madan says:


      1. I wait for 1-2 minutes to cool off and come out of the trade. This risk is always embedded in overnight positions.

      2. There is actually no way to know if a breakout is true or false (unless a trader have hindsight bias πŸ™‚ ). Thas where money mgmt kicks in. Need to follow MM to the dot to see if the breakout is fake or true. No easy way out.

      • vicky says:

        Hi Madan,

        Regarding Breakout Failure trade, you basically do not worry if the breakout is true or false and wait for your TSL to be hit to close your position. That’s why you are referring to MM in this case. Am I correct?

        By the way, in my opinion as well, you are absolutely correct if the BOF is true or false. I have seen fake breakouts and then fake BOFs and so it is advisable to stay away from such volatility and let market decide over time.


  275. prakash1 says:

    Hi Madan
    Congratulations and thank you for sharing your wisdom here. Wish to follow and learn more from you in some medium.
    I would like to know whether back-testing should be done on Nifty Spot or Nifty Future.
    If we do on nifty future we will see some months gap up and gap down from expiry due to premium or discount. It should be considered or we should work on NS only.
    What you say on trend following with averages on higher time frame. Hr or Daily.

    Thank You Once again for Sharing you experiences.

    • Madan says:



      Backtesting can be done only with Nifty spot. I don’t know of any vendor who gives back-adjusted continuous futures data for NF and BNF.

      Trend following is a very subjective topic and I would not give too much importance on MA’s. Please pick a timeframe you are comfortable to start with and you can work on higher or lower time frames on the way.

  276. Shaan says:

    First of all a Big Thank you for sharing your matured thoughts on trading.
    1. How many points after brokerage and costs (say 2 points for NF and 5 points for BN) are you able to make month after month? (On an average) (for both NF and BN)

  277. Karuna says:

    assuming u r long at 6200 with stop at 6150(-50). now it rallies to 6300(+100) but the next minute itself comes down to 6150(-150 and the stop price) without creating a swing low. so basically, since there was no swing low, u could not trail ur stop and ur initial stop was still at 6150, which was hit. inspite of 100 points rally, u could not benefit out of it.

    i am sure u would have heard or read the following words – never turn a winning trade into a losing one. in the above case, u were at a profit of 100 points, but still got stopped since there was no swing low to trail ur stop. in such a case, how will u NOT turn a winning trade into a losing one?

    though i have fixed targets, for my trade management, even i use technical stops. but at times, a swing low is not formed and the price just comes down and hits my stop. how can still benefit from such a situation? thanks!

    • Madan says:


      I see what you are saying. Nobody can turn this situation into a winning one(unless they have a fixed target and that target should have been less than 50 points)

      Whoever said that statement is talking about general scenario (95% of the time) . What he would do if the market drops the same way next minute? Nothing..he would have just taken the SL and move on..This situation is part of trading. There is nothing you can do about it.

      If it stops me out, i just move on to the next trade. Next trade is a new trade and goal is to be alive next day.

  278. arcus says:

    1) Do you use Mental SL orders or Manual Stop loss order?
    2) Are the SL orders, Limit or Market?

    • Madan says:


      1. No mental SL .. I have real SL in place
      2. SL-Limit..this is the reason why i have alarms set. When the market comes near my SL price, i get nimble.

  279. stockshas says:

    Congratulations Madan !! you are an inspiration to people like us who think trading stock markets can be taken as a full time job.

    I wish you all the best and keep inspiring πŸ™‚

  280. Happy Go Lucky says:

    Hello Madan, congrats on the great stuff and even more on replying to so many posts above. I am 20 now and have been following markets since past 6 years. Over last few months, I have developed a trading strategy for Nifty and punch in EOD numbers manually in excel sheets and take my trade based on it. As my capital is 50K and growing monthly, I trade just Options and have observed that MOST of the time if when my indicator is LONG or SHORT for 4-5 days and Nifty falls 20-25 points each day ( Total 80-100 ), I gain just 15-20 points out of options where as NF would give me those 80-100. I don’t trade in NF because even I believe that I’ll mentally need 100K for it. I also take trades on equities (CASH) based on break outs with volumes. I won the 60 day challenge (Just 5% net in 60 days) too based on both of the above despite losing 15% of my capital in 1 day when I decided to try 1 minute candle stick trading in BNF fut ( Lesson learnt ). I probably would have done much better if that day wasn’t there. Would you suggest me to stop OPTIONS? My positions can go on for 4-5 days and are SAR. Suppose my SAR is breached intraday, I still will wait for EOD to confirm it. Ofcourse, if SAR is breached and a limit it crossed, I reverse it off in intraday itself. I felt NF will expose me to more risk, options are doing good but they hardly give me any points except on days with a 50+ point move on NIFTY and when the market moves against me, Options tend to lose more points than they gain. If I trade options, I need just 10% of my capital to BUY 1 lot and the remaining funds are ideally distributed for my SHORT, MEDIUM and LONG term equity holdings. I have learnt TA by paper trading US Markets at night as I couldn’t Day Trade in Indian markets due to school. I am practically trading since past 1 year and before that it was all virtual. I feel that having a strategy with HIT rate of 40% will also be good enough as long as you can keep the RR excellent. Really looking forward to guidance by Seniors like you.
    PS: I don’t have access to internet everytime as I am a CA student doing my articleship.

    • Madan says:

      Hi there,

      Congrats on making 5% in your challenge. Good start. According to Zerodha, only 10% of the people made money in a quarter.

      I am not a big fan of options and please read one of the previous posts where i gave some idea to a person on ‘how to start trading'(according to me)

      As i mentioned somewhere earlier, the only reason people buy options(in their early years) is because of ‘less money’ needed. You are not alone. Do you want to be in this profession for long term? You are also pretty young. Why can’t you wait to trade in futures until you have a lac in your account? Only you can answer this question.

      I also hope that you know why options lose value when the market does not move much.

  281. machonitti says:


    Congratulations on your determination and resolve to stick to your trading plan. I appreciate your humbleness and humility whilst being successful. The wealth of information you graciously provided on this board will no doubt rekindle the right spark in a lot of folks (including myself). Have a great year ahead and God bless.

    @ Nithin…The Zerodha team has done a commendable job in arranging these interviews. Keep up the good work. Thanks, heaps.

    • Madan says:


      Thanks for your kind words. Appreciate it.

      Yes – Nithin has been instrumental in creating this post and i can’t thank him enough for giving me an opportunity to share.

  282. Karuna says:

    in my understanding, a trade plan is nothing but the steps u follow to identify a setup and to execute it. am i right or is there something more to it?

    • Madan says:


      In essence, you are right but there is much more to a trading plan. Lets see the key features.

      1. Reason for trading this year – very important

      2. Markets to trade – this will include instruments and thier corresponding size

      3. Trading strategies for various mkts mentioned in #2

      4. Execution methods — this section talks about entries and exits

      5. Any other misc trading rules like no new trade on expiry, etc..

      6. Drawdown rules

      7. Personal life and Health – like hitting gym, playing, trekking, weekend parties

      8. Office setup – should include backup plan for everything including electricity, internet, PC

      9. Yearly goals (if any) – personally, i don’t keep trading goals.

      • Sunil says:

        Thanks for this information. These pointers are worth their weight in gold. Wonderful post. This blog is like a gold mine for amateur traders. I am gonna read this Q+A session one more time patiently. No book reading this month for me.

  283. kripal says:

    Hi Madan

    Thanks for answering so many questions..

    You have mentioned keeping a journal. Can you tell how do you write a journal? I mean if you keep it in a word file? or just save charts with comments on them? what specific points you write in journal?

    What i do is write comments on chart itself and then save as image.


    • Madan says:


      This post is going to be long as it is a very important topic. Bear with me for a moment.

      First of all, most of the newbie traders do not journal their trades..there is a reson for that behavior. If we keep a journal, then we will be forced to take responsibilities for our actions in trading rather than blaming the market, blaming others(eg: market makers, software glitches), wife, neighbor’s dog and whatever πŸ™‚

      Records keep us honest. John (author of ‘mastering the trade’) used to tell me that “your equity curve never lies..what went right/wrong in equity curve can be analysed only by journaling the trades”

      Personally, i have an excel file for journaling my trades and i also have done some VBA coding to incorporate certain functionalities in it. I backup my trading journal every week as it is my whole life of trading in a single file..i take utmost care to not lose it.

      Key things in a trading journal:

      1.It should have observations about you and your trading and about the markets themselves. I’ve found that trader journals usually are skewed toward self-analysis and include little in the way of market observation. When I began as a trader, I printed out intraday charts of each day’s action and wrote comments on these, pointing out the patterns that I wanted to watch for in the future(like what Alexander elder of Trading for a living suggests) After some time, this identification of pattern becomes automatic and thats how i identified the visual patterns that work for me.

      2.Observations about your best trades must be included.- Many traders use the journal as a means of self-criticism, and they only journal when they’re having problems in the market. Additionally, it should also tell your best trades so that you can focus on them more.

      3.Journal should outline specific steps for improvement. It is not enough to write vague generalities, such as β€œI need to hold my winners longer” or β€œI need to stick with my discipline”. Identifying specific steps you will take to hold winners (proper setting of profit targets(if any), self-control strategies, etc.) or maintain discipline (risk management, taking breaks, etc.) makes the journal a game plan for the next day/week/month. Such review is an essential step in the kind of continuous improvement that marks winners across all disciplines.

      4. Number of long and short trades – Some people are so smooth in taking short trades butt they have hard time taking longs. This is a real problem for lot of newbies.

      5. Number of winning and losing trades

      6. Time holding trades

      7. Time holding losing trades versus winners – It is very hard to make money over time by holding losers. Eventually, the size of the losers becomes greater than the winners so that even a trader who has more winning trades than losers can end up in the red.

      8. Profit/Loss broken down by long and short trades and broken down by market condition. This is particularly useful for discretionary traders. It tells them if they trade ranges better than breakout movements; If a trader’s performance is significantly worse in one mode than another, then its time to start examining their trading for needed improvements.

      9. It should have ‘entry note’, ‘exit notes’ and ‘what would i do differently’ columns for every trade taken.

      10. Drawdown percentage – to identify the drawdown and see if it matches with the system’s expectations

      11. It should have provision to subtract the commission+other stuff we pay irrespective of winner or loser.

      12. A nice equity curve graph is a must.

      Hope it helps.

      • kripal says:


        Thanks a lot for the detailed answer. Thats hell of a work to be done in an excel file… πŸ™‚

        • Madan says:


          I agree about the work involved in excel file.

          I don’t want to sound weird but, why our tool selection should be different from a surgeon? Would one be comfortable if he/she sees a surgeon (who’s gonna operate) with a butcher knife going in for a operation?

          These parameters need to be tracked and a trader needs a good tool to do that πŸ™‚

      • Sunil says:

        Dear Madan,

        Amazing writeup about trading journal. I have read various books and has actually read about trading journal preparation but this is in another level. This is like bible for trading Journal.

        Man, how do you have so much knowledge and information? You must be crazy about reading books. You don’t need to write about things in detail but you are still doing it. You are such an inspiration to all of us and i wish other successful traders share stuff like you.

        You have a big heart and God bless you.

  284. Karthikeyan says:

    Hi Madan,
    It could be great if you could give me the snapshot of the book “Mastering the Trade”..Because the price is of the book is around 3k ..So,i should not buy the wrong book …

  285. Madan says:


    Good luck with your tool development. I am super excited about the possibility of reducing my data cost if it suffices my need.

    1. 10 Min OHLC is good enough for me but tick charts (esp fibonacci numbers like 133 , 512 tick charts) are very useful for daytrading..I am sure lot of your clients are daytarders and if you can offer them tick charts, it would be a good USP for you. Ubtil today, i am not aware of any charting software in India that can plot tick charts.

    2. We can specify any number of tick size in the parameter box.

    3. for 1 min chart, we can go as back as 5 years of data

    4. Nope..esignal does not allow export of tick to csv.

    For the benefit of others, Tick bars plot the price of each transaction. Tick bars differ from time-based bars because tick bars plot prices based on a transaction-by-transaction basis while time-based bars plot prices during a specified time period. A transaction can represent 100 shares, 200 shares, 1,000 shares, and so on. When plotting tick bars, price and number of ticks are the only factors used, as time and volume are not considered.

  286. Madan,

    Since we are building the new trading tool, I had a couple of questions for you, excuse if they are lame ;), never have looked at price action style of trading:

    1. Is tick by tick so much more important to you than say a 10 minute OHLC or 10 min candle ? Any reason why?

    2. You are looking at how many ticks per bar on your nifty chart?

    3. How many days of historical can you look at one time on esignal for Nifty with your bar size?

    4. Can you export tick by tick in CSV on esignal?

  287. Mak_T says:

    Hi Madan,

    As of now almost every sort of question is asked and you have very well answered everyone of them. One point I wanted to ask was: Can you elaborate when you say “Get OFF the screen & Get LIFE!” Its so very true! I know a friend of mine whose family is frustrated with him as he is trading thru out the day and in evening & morning keep doing back-testing to tweak his strategy or find better strategy. So much time goes just in vain doing all these. No time for exercise or socializing or even with Family. How to address this? I mean what do you feel is a IDEAL DAY for you time-wise?

    • stock says:

      Mak_T, True !!!!! I too know lot of same like people….before Mr Madan mentioned he is not watching mkt full time …..that means it is not necessary to watch all the time…Good learning point !!!
      I appreciate Madan’s response this matter

    • Madan says:


      Only way to learn about it is the ‘hard-way’. The trader has to burn out and he would(hopefully) understand that there is life outside of this profession. This is not common only with trading – it is the case in almost all the profession. I see that trait in all my friends.

      This is what i do dayin/dayout –

      1. wake up around 7:30 AM, do cardio, do some visualization before the mkt opens,
      2. Mkt opens
      3. Read non-trading news for 15-20 mins, talk with wife over the breakfast, watch a movie in my living room(not in the PC), sometimes i help her in cooking(most of my trader friends would not believe this..but this happens pretty frequently in my house)
      5. I could do all these things as my sound alarm is pretty loud and i can hear those sounds from anywhere in the house πŸ™‚
      4. Eat morning snacks like fruits, nuts
      5. Eat lunch around 1 PM
      6. Read a book for an hour
      7. See my open positions around 3:15 PM (just to make sure i have right quantity if my taking it overnight..i could accidentally have more or less size), Close my terminal around 3:35 PM and write my trades on my journal.
      8. Goto bed for a nap for 1:30 hours..wake up around 5:30 PM, eat evening snacks like boiled whole grains, hit the gym for doing some weights(or goout to play cricket/badminton near my place).
      9. Come back around 8 PM…eat dinner, sleep around 11PM and wake up again around 7:30 AM in the morning.
      10.So, my screen time during mkt hours is approx. 30 mins (whenever there is an alarm..thats time else)

      I hope i gave you a picture of what i do everyday and i love what i am doing. I also do frequent trekkings in/around Karnataka (once in 2 months)

      Hope it helps.

      • Karuna says:

        interesting, i am jealous of ur daily routine hehe πŸ˜‰

      • Mak_T says:

        Thanks Madan. This way every wife will want her hubby to be a trader …. Simply great… Keep going.


      • Pravin005r says:

        Thanks very much for your insight and sharing your daily routine to us. I have one doubt on this. As you have said you sit in front of screen for approx 30 min whereas you trade using 10 min TF. As per me, since you are using 10 min TF, then you need to see the screen in every 10 minutes in order to revise SL/TSL. How you manage this ?

        Is your trading system automatically revise SL/TSL and When TSL hit your alarm sounds ?

      • sandeep says:


  288. stock says:

    Madan,It is very interesting to know you are not watching market each and every moment !!!!!It is shocking information .So we can make money even if we are not watching closely…..Anway one more question to you….From your interview I have trading experience with International market(US)..How you differentiate with US market with Indian market ? I think your valuable comment will help one who is trading with international stocks..I appreciate your response

    • Madan says:


      US stock market is less volatile than India (last few weeks might be different a bit). But they have fantastic volume both in futures and options. Some Tier2 stocks in US as as much as volume as SBI here in India (no. of contracts traded)

      Not sure what you specifically need to know.

      • stock says:

        Madan ,I agree with volatility and volume.what i want to know same stretegy which you following Indian market will it works US or any other developed market ?I reasonably good with Indian stocks But that stretegy doesnt work with me in UK stocks…so Do u follow any different stretegy for US market? or your Indian stretegy works fine their as well ??

        • Madan says:


          I see the question now. Markets are different and one shoe will not fit all the size. Having said that, your idea may not do well in UK/US stocks but they should do reasonably well even in those mkts if the underlying idea is based on something ‘solid’.

          I might get 50% returns in India over a period of time but if i apply the same idea to S&P, it may earn only 20%. But, if your idea earns 100% in India and 5% in US, something might be off here(we are assuming that the kind of mkt – bull,bear, less volatile, more volatile, , flat/choppy, sideways but volatile, is similar between the two markets). There could be a situation where your idea is attuned to only India market in 2013 but not attuned to a one-way rising mkt like US in 2013. So, you cannot discontinue something if it doesn’t work in other markets..One should be prudent enough to understand various market conditions and should know their strategy in-out to understand how it would behave in various market conditions. This comes from experience and any amount of reading cannot replace this knowledge.

          Just to give a broader example, lets assume someone employ the same strategy of buying whenever the stock gives a 1-2% correction (like what people did in US in 1995-1999) to the years 2000-2002 & 2007-2009, you know what would have happened. 1995-1999 was a period where anyone can enter stock market , buy some stock, keep it for 6 months – he would have made 10-20% return just like that…but all these people got burned in 2000-2002.

          1. So essentially, one should be crystal clear on what their idea is,
          2. See if it is based on something solid(just not MACD or some indicator) and
          3. most importantly, how it would behave in various market conditions, then

          He’s much ahead of the game and he can trade in any market.

  289. xuv 500 says:

    Hi Madan, congrats.
    You said earlier,’I don’t have more than 2 trades max. a day..Sometimes no trade for 2-3 days.’
    When you don’t have a trade for 2-3 days or you are carrying trade for 2-3 days, what you do during trading hours ?
    I read that you don’t trade equity.Do you constantly visit screen at intervals ? or remain infront ?

    • Madan says:



      I have sound alarms at various price points. I hardly watch the screen(maybe 30 mins a day)…Most of the time, i am watching movies or reading something off internet..I read a lot..So, it works well that way.

  290. Madan says:


    I was short from Jan 2nd and closed my short position yday. I am flat right now. But, to make you feel better, i also want to say that i got whipsawed on 30, 31 and 1st (with less size though as volume was extremely bad)


    I wait for the 1st minute hungama to get over .. will act after 1 minute.

    Hope it helps.

    • vicky says:

      Hi Madan,

      your replies are of definite help to us.
      By the way, there were many 10 minute swing pivots on 3rd jan against the short trade of 2nd Jan taken by you, but you closed your position on 6th jan. I am surprised why your TSL of swing low was not hit during 3rd even if it was few points away. Does it mean that you do not trail your position at every swing formation? thanks

      • Madan says:


        I trail every swing formation but i also have visual patterns. So, this is the reason why i don’t get into detail. it cannot be explained without a screenshot and i don’t intend to post one here.

  291. vicky says:

    Hi Madan,

    Firstly, you come across as a very knowledgeable trader.

    Recently, i have observed that market makes a good move up or down for a day and then gets into choppy days for next 1-2 days. In such days, market will make high and then low and then take out high once again. These movements are limited to 30-40 points move. since it is very difficult to know the market move beforehand and every moment is unique. How do you decide if you have to take long or short or again long based on your 10 minute swing pivots? Or do you wait at high level support/resistance (like previous day high/low) to enter the trade to avoid these moves? Also, it is difficult to know if the next day may turn out to be trend continuation or reversal after such whipsaw day, do you book profits before end of day even if your TSL is not hit or always carry your position next day and not be worried about gap up and down?

    • Madan says:


      It would be very difficult to explain the answer for the first question by words as i take some visual patterns into consideration. And, i am afraid that i am not gonna show a screenshot of the chart anyways.

      I don’t wait for any S/R levels of previous day or whatever day it may be.

      I don’t book profits prematurely..never!!

      As you rightly mentioned,if my TSL is not hit, i carry my position over as i am not worried about the gap up or gap down situation. These gaps are a everyday phenomenon and it is inbuilt into my system by worries there.

      • vicky says:

        Hi Madan,

        Thanks for your reply. Trading is simple (before we start trading and once we become master, but the journey is difficult). I put a famous quote from Bruce Lee (famous martial artist) – “Before I studied the art, a punch to me was just like a punch, a kick just like a kick. After I learned the art, a punch was no longer a punch, a kick no longer a kick. Now that I’ve understood the art, a punch is just like a punch, a kick just like a kick. The height of cultivation is really nothing special. It is merely simplicity; the ability to express the utmost with the minimum.”

        Now regarding the first question, to put it another way, Generally I see myself having upto 3 trades in whipsaw days as it is not possible to know whether the market will be whipping up and down. It is only in the evening we can see that we had whipsaw day and could have avoided these whipsaws by either not trading or keeping TSL at 2nd level pivot. As your trading style is 95% mechanical, Do you also see yourself having 3+ trades in such whipsaw days? And do you tighten or loosen your TSL based on such market conditions or do you have fixed TSL at swing low + fixed points (based on your mechnical trading)?


        • Madan says:


          I don’t have more than 2 trades max. a day..Sometimes no trade for 2-3 days.

          No tightening or loosening of TSL and my TSL is always based on the market. I don’t tweak my TSL based on the previous whipsaws.

          Hope it helps.

          • PRATEEK says:

            Madan ,
            How was ur day today ? I think today was not a good day even for experienced people like u , or am I wrong ?
            Pls tell in relation to NIfty future

          • vicky says:

            I appreciate your candid replies on this blog. In fact, in my opinion, this blog is more than enough (and definitely worth more than the trading books/seminars) for any experienced trader to read between the lines and come out with a good system (based on swing pivots) and healthy mindset (trading selectively, no get rich quick, no fear, no greed, be mechanical, let market decide how much it wants to give you). Thanks once again ….. You are an very thoughtful trader with clear mindset and good human being….

          • vicky says:

            Hi Madan,

            One more question ( I hope I will not trouble you with more questions). If there is a gap up/down against your position, do you wait for first 10 minute candle or pivot before you close or reverse your position or do you close at the open itself without waiting? thanks

  292. Nilesh says:

    Hi Madan,

    You said in one of the comments above that you dont believe in Market orders. However there is a risk of Limit order not getting executed in a fast moving market. How to you manage this risk?

    • Madan says:


      I see whether my limit orders are getting executed..If not, if the market has not run away too much from me, i would enter in that price. But, i won’t chase the market. I would let the market come and fill me in or i have no trade.

  293. sonali says:

    thanks for your genious answers, please answer these-
    before entering into a trade which things you keep in your mind and decide to take a new position? what is your strategy to exit from a position? which clue you get from the market that tells you to cut your position intraday or to keep it overnight?

    • Madan says:


      I have told whatever i could in terms of entries and exits. There is no specific rule that would let me decide on intraday or overnight. If i am stopped out intraday, then the trade is ‘intra-day’. If i am not stopped out intra day, then the trade is a overnight trade…its as simple as that.

  294. saluja says:

    are you always taking single sided position or also keep hedging position while taking position in nifty future?

    • Madan says:


      I don’t hedge my position. I used to hedge positions before major events but nowadays, i just reduce my works better for my psychology.

  295. ramesh says:

    do you give market price order or limit order during entering or exiting a position?

  296. Sumit says:

    Madan Sir,

    You will recommend a trader to go to gym for fitness or for yoga for a calm and composed mind? Which of two will you recommend? Sorry for asking silly question, but I personally feel it is important question for me. Thank you.

    • Madan says:


      I don’t know much about yoga – so cannot comment on it. But lifting some weights and doing cardio is of tremendous help to a trader.

      It is not a silly question … healthy body = healthy one can refute this !!

  297. sonali says:

    sometimes do you try to enter into a trade in a rally to get 5-10 points with in 5 minutes during day trading in nifty future? how can one judge a rally will be small or long? in a moment we see we are in profit but after some time we see we are in loss, so what strategy we should follow during day trading?

    • Madan says:


      I don’t fix my targets like 5-10 points and i don’t indulge in strict daytrading. Market would tell me whether the trade is going to be intraday or overnight..I don’t have the luxury to decide that πŸ™‚

      I am not sure how a person could judge the size of the rally. I have not see anybody doing it on a consistent basis and i am confident that i won’t see any in the future as well.

      Yes – that’s what make trading what it is. People come into trading with a mindset that they will be able to come out easily when they are in profit and they would be able to cut their losses in a jiffy. But the truth of the matter is ‘trading is not an easy profession’. Having said that i would also be the first one to dismiss the popular notion that it is the ‘toughest’ one in the world. It’s not true, in my opinion.

      It is pretty simple but not easy…People confuse simplicity with easiness. And at the same time, they confuse ‘inability to make money’ with toughness in running the profession. You see where i am going with this.

      Hope it helps.

  298. Karuna says:

    like mentioned before, i am a new trader and may not have complete understanding of vital areas of trading such as psychology, money management, etc.

    by money management u mean the management of ur trade after entry, right? so in my understanding, money management and trailing stop is one and the same thing. am i right?

    • Madan says:


      Managing your trade is trade management..not MM

      MM basically what you are willing to risk to figure out if you are right in your market direction. MM can be based on the account size, volatility of the instrument or some other criteria like that. But, the bottomline idea is still the same. I would highly encourage you to pick up Van tharp’s book. Very good read on MM

      • Karuna says:

        sure, thanks πŸ™‚

        • Karuna says:

          just one more thing with regard to this. is money management and risk management one and the same? thanks!

          • Madan says:


            I have seen it being used interchangeably. But if one understands the concept well, it does not matter how it is called.

            We all know Risk is the possibility of loss. The instrument we trade or the loss we incur is not the risk. The ‘possibility of loss’ is the risk. In the matter of trading futures(or stocks), and aiming for profit, risk is fundamentally unavoidable and the best we can do is to manage the risk.

            Risk can be mitigated in the following ways (this is not an exhaustive list):

            1. By properly managing money
            2. Inclusion of diversification and instrument selection into the back-testing process.
            3. Clear understanding of expectation of volatility and return (to mitigate psychological breakdown)
            4. Sticking to the system.

            Hope it helps πŸ™‚

  299. pappa says:

    Hi Mandan,

    Some queries,

    1) Have your ever considered trading Positional Nifty Options? Any specific reason?

    2) How do you manage Risk:Reward ratio?

    3) Any plans to trade Forex?

    4) What are your future plans as the full time trader?

    5) Are you planning to safeguard your financial interests by putting funds gradually into Real Estate?


    • Madan says:


      1. Nope.

      2. I let the market tell me what it wants to give. By doing historical backtesting on the idea, one can figure out the average R:R easily.

      3. Nope.

      4. Just build up the account to a ‘desired’ size and keep trading it. I don’t have plans of trading after 3:30PM as i love the lifestyle i have write now πŸ™‚

      5. Yes – I would obviously use the money i make in trading to diversify into various assets (this is after taking care of the living expenses). But, i see tremendous opportunity for wealth creation .. Life is exciting !!

  300. Madan says:


    As i have mentioned somewhere earlier, I use the simple swing pivot high/lows. So, as long as there is no change in those levels, i don’t change the TSL. But, when there is a new Swing low(assuming we are long), that would be my new TSL. I usually keep couple more points below the Swing low as TSL.

    Hope it helps

  301. Karuna says:

    if it is ok with u, can u share ur trailing stop technique? thanks!

  302. damodaran says:

    what would you suggest for aggressive day traders those are making huge loses..

    • Madan says:


      To be blunt, only advise is to stop trading right away and revisit the whole process to figure out what’s wrong.

  303. sambit says:

    madanji, thanks for your kind answers.some more questions in my mind please answer these.
    1-do you believe operator or market maker see our position when we enter so that
    after sometime market reverse during day trading?
    2-do you take caution for your overnight position i.e taking small size or taking huge size with no problems?
    3-do you take entry position at a time or taking some lots and after sometime taking some more lots to average. likewise do you take exit position at a time or exiting some lots and after some time exit some more lots?
    4- i think no particular rule is working in the market. one day it works but other day it fails. no doubt you are an excellent trader how do your rules work please share it.

    • Madan says:


      1. I don’t believe market is getting manipulated by anybody (esp in Index futures)….Stocks could be a possibility. And, even if we assume that they watch our position – i really think we don’t matter to them individually. They might push up or pull down a bit at important support and resistance levels to shake weaker players out. But, none of these things can be proved statistically.

      2. Nope..i go with same position size. But, if there is a huge announcement pending from FED, i might reduce my size by 20 %

      3. I don’t scale up or scale out. Until this point of time, i always do all-in/all-out..As i said earlier in this blog, if i do scale out, i will have to test every exit as a separate system.

      4. I believe a traders edge (outside of methodology) is largely dependent on how good he can manage the money. So, my MM rules are working just fine so far. I am just fortunate enough to follow it to the dot.

      Hope it helps.

  304. Amol patel says:

    Suggested Book by Van Tharp, mark Douglas, Alexander…. are pretty expensive. Any way out ??

    • Madan says:


      I am not sure what to say Amol..I don’t really encourage piracy as we are stealing somebody’s intellectual property (via online pdfs..if they are available free by author, thats a diff story)..well, this is just my opinion,

      • Karuna says:

        Hi Amol,

        If you have kindle(by amazon) on any device, keep a track of the deals that offers. the ebooks may not be cheap always, but there r times when they offer huge discounts esp. on the ebooks. there r some books(not necessarily related to trading) which i bought at almost 60% off just by keeping a track on how much discount they offer everyday. whenever i see a good deal, i press the buy button. hope it helps πŸ™‚

  305. sambit says:

    when do you carry forward your position for some days while
    you are in profit or in loss.please clarify it.

    • Madan says:


      I just follow my game plan – it does not matter whether i am in loss or profit. If i get a trade and if i had to close it within 3 hours, i do it. If i have to keep it overnight, I always carry the risk of market opening adversely against me. but, still, i just do it. That is my part of my system and no element of doubt creeps in my mind πŸ™‚

  306. Karuna says:

    hi Madan, do you restrict yourself to trend trading or do you even take counter trend trades? thanks!

    • Madan says:


      It is trend or counter trend – i don’t really care..If i get the trade according to my plan, i execute it.

  307. RAHUL says:

    Karuna ,
    I think Karuna’s que was useless , bcoz she is comparing a stock market giant with a fictitious character i.e Aamir Khan , first of all there is no line of comparison as warren Buffet says is ” Pathar kee lakir ” in stock market ,
    I think Karuna is confusing anxiousness with fun , when real money is involved there is no fun there is always anxiety
    but Karuna keep going ,u seem to have impressed Madan , but i dont think it is of any use ,
    as Madan is not going to tell u his strategy , anyways keep trying ,best luck. LolZ

    • Karuna says:

      my friend, i never asked him for his strategy. different people have different interpretations of each and everything. u did not like it, its absolutely fine. i am in no way trying to impress anyone here. all i wanted to know is whether stock market is fun or boring from Madan. instead of asking him directly whether it is fun or not, i brought in Warren Buffet and fictitious character Aamir Khan. if u have trouble because I used a fictitious character, i request you to follow robin sharma as he too tells the same thing as aamir khan. thanks for sharing your view. i understand that too many people don’t accept creativity.

      • Rahul says:

        Karuna good going , i was kidding dear

        • Karuna says:

          ok, thanks for understanding πŸ™‚

          • RAHUL says:

            I think Karuna u have a good interest in share market , which generally girls lack , good to see that , Msg me on ******** , so that I can share a secret with U , Only if u r interested , have a nice day

          • Karuna says:

            if u really had a secret, this thread would have featured u and not Madan. thanks anyway and happy trading.

          • RAHUL says:

            By the way I dont trade with Zerodha , secondly I did not force you ,
            God shows the path where ur goal is , but the person has to walk on its own
            you will always get once what u desire by heart , but u have to judge the time when the thing is offered to you by nature
            better search internet and keep googling for share market software//indicators ,etc, if u think you will get that way.
            People like Madan will confuse all the more( he does not use TA ,neither FA nor any other thing , jus by dumb look , he is able to earn in market where 95 % fails , use brains how can this be true ,- but i dont blame Madan , no one will tell the right path on any forum , will u tell ur neigbour’s if u get a hen which lays golden eggs. )
            keep getting misguided
            I thought of sharing my secret , thought that a girl should be helped , bcoz i would not loose any thing ,
            now better dont Msg me for any secret , msg me for a days trail and u will know what u have missed ,or dont even msg , i will post my call on this forum jus for u ok ( tell me when to do , not tomorrow( i’m busy) , any other day )
            happy search / googling ( bcoz i thing thats what u enjoy)
            I’m a CA by the way and not a ordinary person , and have studied market for 6 years.

          • Karuna says:

            sir pl spare me. no need to post any call also. i am happy with my trading results. even i do not use any indicator. just pure price action. IMHO, this is the best thread i have come across. for whatever i have read that Madan has written, my intuition tells me that its absolutely true. he is in no way confusing me but infact giving me more clarity by plugging in the missing gaps. i am really grateful to u because u lent a helping hand to a girl, but girls aren’t as weak as ppl believe them to be.

          • RAHUL says:

            Karuna ,
            There was no reason for using the word ‘Spare’
            I think u r over excited with your work ,
            I thank God , i was saved ,
            live ur way ,

          • Karuna says:

            glad that u are saved πŸ™‚ best wishes and happy trading(or investing, since u r a CA).

  308. Karuna says:

    Baba Ranchodas Shyamaldas Chanchad of 3 idiots says find some work in which you will have fun. But Warren Buffet says that if you are having fun and finding it(stock market) exciting, then perhaps you are on the wrong side.

    I want to know if you are having fun trading or its boring?

    • Madan says:


      I am getting all kinds of questions in this blog. Very interesting.

      At times, its very boring as you do the same things dayin/day out but most of the times, you enjoy it as you never know what the mkt is goona do next…i just love that uncertainty.

  309. Darshan kn says:

    I read the entire blog, really informative, thanks a lot to Madan for patiently answering all the questions, I started believing in visualization hence ordering the book PsychoCybernetics,

    Thanks to Zarodha for the interview,

    Darshan KN

    • Madan says:


      Thanks for the kind words.

      The principles discussed in that book is useful in even other aspects of life. After all, our mind conceives and achieves what we intend to do.

      Good luck !!

  310. Karuna says:

    incase of back testing, how many samples do you recommend one to consider?

    incase of forward testing, after how many trades/samples should one come to a conclusion that his/her strategy is performing well or not?

    while testing(backtest or forward test), do u prefer number of samples or time period(like one must test his strategy for say 100 samples or one must test his strategy for say 6 months)? which of the two do you think is wiser?


    • Madan says:


      In my opinion, back testing is not about samples but how long it has been tested. If it can include couple of market cycles, thats the best parameter to test your idea. I would say 8-10 yrs is a must.

      I don’t go with samples because sample size is based on the strategy. There are strategies which trade only twice a week and there are ideas which have 5 trades in a day. So, you can’t just go with samples. But ofcourse, anything less than 100 samples is not gonna cut it either.

      Hope you understand.

  311. PRATEEK says:

    Madanji ,

    Today was real testing day for traders , nifty took a U turn and wiped out all the profits ,
    did you loose or gain today ,if you gained today ,at what time the confirmation of sell signal came according to your strategy .

    Pls reply .

    • Madan says:


      I am wondering how this information would help you in trading. I am not getting into details but i had 2 trades in NF .. 1long = +23 points..short from 6383 ..holding it overnight.

      Please refrain from asking these type of questions. I could have easily not answered this question but i want you to tell me the logic behind your query (kindly let me know)

      • PRATEEK says:

        Madanji ,
        Sorry if u did not like the que ,
        i am also watching the market last 3 months (after loosing money on tip providers) I also got the same signal around 12.00 with my strategy
        pls mail me at [email protected] (bcoz i cannot ask ur email here ) for detailed discussion.