We recommend reading this chapter on Varsity to learn more and understand the concepts in-depth.

Key takeaways from this chapter

  1. Buy a call option or sell a put option only when you expect the market to go up.
  2. Buy a put option or sell a call option only when you expect the market to go down
  3. The buyer of an option has unlimited profit potential and limited risk (to the extent of the premium paid)
  4. The seller of an option has an unlimited risk potential and limited reward (to the extent of the premium received)
  5. Majority of options traders prefer to trade options only to capture the variation in premiums
  6. Option premiums tend to gyrate drastically – as an options trader, and you can expect this to happen quite frequently.
  7. Premiums vary as a function of 4 forces called the Option Greeks
  8. Black & Sholes option pricing formula employs four forces as inputs to give out a price for the premium
  9. Markets control the Option Greeks and the Greek’s variation itself



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  1. gaurav says:

    next viedo kb aayegi option ki

  2. MV Rajesh Kumar says:

    Waiting sir for another option video.. No total option series sir

  3. aman jaiswal says:

    sir how can we minimize our risk in selling the option please provide a video on that topic

  4. Mrinal Kr says:

    Hello Karthik Sir, Its a great tutorial. Everything is very smooth and clear the way you taught. While watching this video I got a question.
    Let say a buyer and seller get into a contract, where buyer pays margin. I understood buyer can square off this deal anytime and leave position. If the seller of that particular contact square off before expiry, and Buyer holds the contract and wants settlement on expiry day. Who will settle money to buyer in this case?

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Thanks, Mrinal. The buyer pays a premium, not a margin πŸ™‚

      So for a contract, there will always be a buyer and seller. So assume the seller wants to square off, to square off the seller has to buy, and there will be someone else who will sell. So that keeps going till expiry.

  5. kamaraj says:

    Hi Sir if the market keeps on going down, is it possible to exit while in the F & OP trading, if I will be going to exit what will happen?
    last week i was did same as i mention above, now my doubt is there possible to loss my whole money or no.
    because i had invested 50000 and when i was exit my demand account credited nearly 48000 but I got a message like Margine shortfall happened so need to keep more than the premium which is i have paid. i just scared of my money..

    • Karthik Rangappa says:

      Ah, not sure what could have happened here. But you can exit the position whenever you want. I’d suggest you speak to the support executive to figure what exactly has happened in your case.

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