Free and open stock market and financial education

Varsity is an extensive and in-depth collection of stock market and financial lessons created by Karthik Rangappa at Zerodha. It is openly accessible to everyone and is one of the largest financial education resources on the web.

Karthik Rangappa heads educational initiatives at Zerodha and has more than a decade of research experience in financial markets. He travels widely conducting educational programmes.


  • 1. Introduction to Stock Markets

    15 chapters
    Investing ensures financial security, and the Stock market plays a pivotal role in this domain, it is a place where people buy/sell shares of publicly listed companies. In this module, you will learn about the fundamentals of the stock market, how to get started, how it functions and the various intermediaries that appertain it.


  • 2. Technical Analysis

    22 chapters
    Technical Analysis (TA) plays an important role in developing a point of view. Like every other research, TA also has its own attributes. In this module, we will discover all those complex attributes of TA, study various patterns, indicators and theories that will help you as a trader to find upright trading opportunities in the market.


  • 3. Fundamental Analysis

    16 chapters
    Fundamental Analysis (FA) is a holistic approach to study a business. If you are an investor that is looking for long term investments this module will help you understand Equity research, help you in reading the financial statements, annual reports, calculation of Financial Ratio, Analysis and most importantly help you in evaluating the intrinsic value of a stock to find long-term investing opportunities.


  • 4. Futures Trading

    13 chapters
    Futures Trading involves trading in contracts in the derivatives markets. This module covers the various intricacies involved in undergoing a futures trade including margins, leverages, pricing, etc


  • 5. Options Theory for Professional Trading

    24 chapters
    An option is a contract where the price of the options is based on an underlying. Options contracts grant the buyer the right to buy the underlying without a compulsory obligation.


  • 6. Option Strategies

    14 chapters
    The module covers various options strategies that can be built with a multi-dimensional approach based on Market trend involving Option Greeks, Risk-Return, etc.


  • 7. Markets and Taxation

    7 chapters
    As a trader in India, you should be informed of all the taxes that are levied on your investments and account. This module overlays the taxation countenance of Investing/Trading in the Markets. It also outlines the various essential topics like calculation of your turnover, how to prepare a balance sheet and the P&L statement, and further about how you can file your Income Tax Returns.


  • 8. Currency, Commodity, and Government Securities

    19 chapters
    This module covers the Currency,  MCX Commodity contract, and the Government Securities (GSec) traded in the Indian Markets.


  • 9. Risk Management & Trading Psychology

    16 chapters
    The module covers the risk management aspect along with the psychology required for being consistent and profitable while trading


  • 10. Trading Systems

    16 chapters
    Have you considered building your own Trading System? Well, then this module is for you. The major components of building a good trading system are input parameters and interpreting output alongside decision-making. In this module, we will learn about all the components and much more including the techniques and different types of Trading Systems.


  • 11. Personal Finance

    27 chapters
    Personal finance is an essential aspect of your life because it can help you meet your short term and long term financial goals. This module encompasses the various aspects of personal finance such as investment, insurance, retirement planning, goal-oriented investments, budgeting, etc. that may help you construct an ideal personal finance plan.


  • 12. Innerworth — Mind over markets

    560 chapters
    A series of articles on the psychology of trading, that will guide you mend your thought and prepare you psychologically to become a novice trader.

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Chapter updates

  • 12. Innerworth — Mind over markets on January 18, 2021

    Ch 560 – Controlling Fear through Stress Prevention

    After an extra-long commute in rush hour traffic, Jim arrives at his trading office an hour late. He’s groggy and uneasy. He had an argument with his wife after dinner yesterday and had difficul ..

  • 12. Innerworth — Mind over markets on

    Ch 559 – Are You Stressed Out?

    Perhaps one of the reasons trading is so difficult is that it often requires one to look for trading opportunities during off-hours and make trade after trade during the trading day. It can be tedious ..

  • 12. Innerworth — Mind over markets on

    Ch 558 – Controlling Stress Ensures Lasting Success

    Trading is stressful. There are times when you must make trade after trade in order to get the odds to work in your favour. When market conditions are in line with your methods, it can be pleasing to ..

  • 11. Personal Finance on January 13, 2021

    Ch 27 – Smart-beta funds

    27.1 – Overview Before we get started with this chapter, I need to inform you that this chapter (and the chapter on Index funds) is not authored by me (Karthik). These two chapters are authored ..

  • 12. Innerworth — Mind over markets on November 29, 2019

    Ch 1 – Introducing ‘Innerworth – Mind over markets’

    Most people start trading the markets lured by the prospect of making easy money. But anyone with experience will agree that the stock markets are probably the toughest place to make easy money. You n ..

Recent comments

  • 44 San on Basics

    Hi Rohan, I am confused as to how do I treat my Tax Liability for my investing and trading activities and more importantly can I claim expenses like (Brokerage, DP charges, Turnover Charge) or deduction of those expenses – Yes, with regards to c ...

    19 Jan 2021
  • Thanx for your reply.. I have another question. Suppose NIFTY down on intraday basis. Is it worth to buy a PE option instead of writing a call option? Because call writing needs huge margin.. If yes, then kindly clarify the difference between writi ...

    19 Jan 2021
  • Hi Lakshya, I am a student and do trading. Do I have to pay tax if I earned 20,000 as profit? There is no tax liability upto Rs 2.5 Lacs. So, no need to pay tax. ...

    18 Jan 2021
  • Hi Apurva Gaurav, Couple of questions regarding business expenses. 1. Can business expense also offset LTCG/STCG/Income other than Business income? - If business expenses are more than business income - it results in Business Loss. Such current b ...

    18 Jan 2021
  • Should 'Other Comprehensive Income' be considered for calculating PAT Margin? ...

    18 Jan 2021

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